On this page we will look back at life in the city during the war years. Here we will provide the visitor with the stories making the news, what was happening in sports and entertainment, city politics, the social scene and the prominent people at the time. We will also recount the events occurring in the war on that day. So, check back often for new updates.

To share your family or neighborhood stories, please email PhillyWWIyears@gmail.com


The forecast for today is for clear and sunny skies with moderate winds from the northwest. The high will be about 53° with the low tonight around 39°. For those searching for the sights and smells of spring the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society opened its spring flower show yesterday in Horticultural Hall. The Hall was filled with hyacinths, lilacs, lilies and roses. But the greatest variety of flower was presented by the array of tulips which came in every color and shade. The public is invited to attend.

A last, sad and heartfelt tribute was paid today to Frank Hymovitz, 14 years old, by his fellow students of the James Wilson Public School of 12th & Wharton. Young Frank died yesterday at his schoolroom desk and today his coffin lay at his home at 803 Wharton Street. His fellow classmates asked their teacher if they could contribute their pennies for floral tributes and wreaths for their friend. She agreed. But eventually all 1700 students at the school donated to the effort. Frank was a very well-liked classmate. And the other students looked after him because he was frail from the heart disease which eventually took his life. Hundreds of Frank’s fellow students went to his home with flowers this afternoon to say goodbye and each was tearfully thanked by his grieving mother and father.

On the sports beat, In the Eastern League Basketball playoff series last night, Camden beat Reading 45 to 35 in front of 3000 cheering spectators at the Third Regiment Armory building. At the end of the first half Camden only led 18 to 17. But in the second half Camden’s quintet pulled away. The next game will be played tonight in Reading.

Down at spring training in Florida at practice yesterday prior to the game with the Cubs, Phillies shortstop Dave Bancroft suffered a broken nose. Bancroft required a few stiches and will probably need an operation on his nose when he returns to Philadelphia.

Dave Bangcroft


In the west, five aeroplanes from the British Royal Naval Air Service bombed the German shipyards at Hoboken, 3 miles south of Antwerp. The targets of the attack were the locations where submarine construction was taking place. The bombs were dropped from 1000 feet and the ship works were reportedly set afire and heavy damage was inflicted. On the eastern front, in the Carpathians the Russians have opened an offensive along a 65 mile front. The objective is to take the passes at Dukla, Uszok and Lupkow.

On the Turkish front, allied troops have landed on the Gallipoli peninsula on the northern, European side of the Dardanelles. At its widest this area is no more than 3 or 4 miles wide. British and French warships have renewed their attacks in support of the landing.


There will be fair and clear skies today over the city with the high reaching 47° and the low tonight about 36°.

Jealousy got the better of Mrs. Mary Pisano of 10th & Mifflin Streets last night and it landed her in jail. Mr. Pisano failed to be home at his usual time whereupon Mrs. Pisano went looking for him at the home of Mrs. Mary Dougherty on Juniper Street. She found her overdue husband there and proceeded to stab him with a pair of shears she happened to have brought with her. After “scolding” her husband Mrs. Pisano went home and retrieved a pistol. She returned to Mrs. Dougherty’s home and shot at her four times. Two bullets hit Mrs. Dougherty, one in the arm and one in the leg. A third went wild and a fourth ricocheted of a wall and hit Mr. Salvadore Guida of 1919 South Juniper Street, who just happened to be strolling by. Mrs. Pisano accuses Mrs. Dougherty of being a home wrecker. The injured were all taken to St. Agnes’ Hospital. None of the injuries are life threatening.

Eugene H. Yerkes, believed to be the heaviest man in Philadelphia, died suddenly last night in his home at 7031 Woodland Avenue. Mr. Yerkes, an undertaker by profession, was 47 years old, 5 foot 5 inches tall and weighed 480 lbs. He had been ill the last few days but the illness was not thought to be serious. He was also suffering from heart disease.

On the sports beat, down in Florida the Athletics were beaten by Brooklyn 7 to 6 yesterday. They will take on the boys of Gainesville College today.  The Phillies will meet the Cubs today. The Camden Alphas will host the Reading Bears tonight at the Camden Armory in the first game of the best of 3 game playoff for the Eastern Basketball League championship.


A fleet of 8 German Zeppelins attempted to bomb Paris last night under cover of darkness. But they were chased away by a squadron of French aeroplanes at around 3:00am this morning. The retreating zeppelins dropped their bombs of surrounding towns and villages causing considerable damage but no deaths were reported.

In the east, Russian soldiers began entering Przemysl in Galicia today. Over 150,000 Russians took part in the siege and there are estimates that 100,000 Austrians soldiers are now prisoners. The city is in very poor condition. Disease is rampant and the dead lay in mounds in the streets. Russian Red Cross units are now in the city offering what help they can. In the Aegean, the Ottoman Empire has amassed 300,000 troops on the Gallipoli peninsula on the southern side of the Dardanelles to stop an allied landing and capture of the forts there.


There will be cloudy skies over the city today with slight breezes out of the northwest. The high temperature will be about 48° with the low tonight around 35°. Yesterday a group of brave young people took to the waters of Atlantic City to welcome in spring and become the first bathers of the season (shown below). All the swimmers said they found the water just fine.


Over 3000 unemployed and desperate men crowded outside the offices of Peoples Brothers at 5th & Walnut Streets this morning looking for work. Peoples Brothers is one of the contractors scheduled to begin work on the new transit system. When the foreman arrived today he informed the crowd that they would only be hiring 30 men. A large number of Police was on hand to control the crowd but the men dispersed peacefully.

On the sports scene there is sad news to report from the Athletics’ today. Louis Van Zelst (shown below), the A’s mascot for the last 5 seasons died today at his parents’ home, 3717 Spruce Street. Louis was 20 years old. He had been ill the last few days.


The little hunchbacked batboy was credited with bringing the team good luck during their 4 pennant and 3 world championship seasons since he joined the team in 1909. Louis was noticed by Connie Mack during a losing stretch and Mr. Mack asked him to take care of the bats. Louis, who attended every home game, was overjoyed. He dressed in his A’s uniform at every game at Shibe Park and even went with the team on a number of away trips. Louis was loved by the A’s players and fans. He was never self-conscience about his hump, which was the result of a fall when he was 8 years old and left him with a twisted spine. He would even let A’s players rub his hump for good luck when they were struggling.


War from the air is becoming increasingly common on the western front. Sunday morning 2 German Zeppelins bombed Paris. French authorities report little damage done except for a fire from an incendiary bomb on the roof of the American Hospital. The fire was quickly extinguished. In retaliation today, French aeroplanes bombed Habsheim in Alsace destroying a number of German Taubes and four hangers.

On the eastern front, The Russians, who just 2 days ago announced the taking of Memel, on the Baltic Sea in East Prussia,  have apparently been driven out by a furious German counter assault. Reports are that the fighting went street by street as the Russians were driven out.  Further south, it was announced today that Przemysl, the strongest Austrian fortress city in eastern Galicia has surrendered to the Russians. Three campaigns have been launched against that city since September but it remained unconquered until now.


The city will have clear and fair skies today and this evening. The high will reach 51° with the low about 32°.

A tiny Mexican Chihuahua sacrificed its life to save its owner and friend, 12 year old Ida Shaw of 3930 Spruce Street, today. The little girl was playing with her pup when a rabid collie, which had escaped from the University of Pennsylvania veterinary hospital, came running around the corner and headed toward her. The girl screamed in fear and began to run away. That’s when the little Chihuahua jumped to her defense and started biting the collie on the back legs. The attack distracted the collie from the girl and it turned on the little pup. The rabid animal grabbed the Chihuahua in its teeth and killed it while little Ida got away. The collie ran away. Police last saw the dog in the Overbrook area near where its former owner lived. They shot at it but it got away and is still on the loose.

Mayor Blankenburg, surrounded by his cabinet and members of city councils, broke ground today at 5th & Walnut on the southeast corner of Independence Square as part of the city’s new rapid transit building program. The Mayor called this groundbreaking the first step in the greatest program of municipal development ever attempted by Philadelphia. Even the Mayor’s wife, Mrs. Lucretia Blankenburg (shown below), took a turn at digging a shovelful of earth for the new project.

3b36671r (1)

On the sports scene, members of the 1915 Penn football team who are not also engaged with another sport will be required to join the Lacrosse team. Coach “By” Dickson said this requirement will help keep the men in excellent physical condition and improve their speed. In Eastern League Basketball, Trenton defeated the Greystock Greys last night 30 to 19 securing 3rd place in the final standings. The Greys finish in 4th. The big game tonight will be South Philadelphia’s DeNeri team heading out to meet Reading for their final game. If Reading wins they will be tied for 1st place with Camden and force a best of 3 game playoff for the championship.


In the west, German Taube aircraft have conducted bombing raids on England. One attack took place on the town of Deal, 8 miles north of Dover. German Taubes also attacked the British arsenal at Sheerness, a naval base at the mouth of the Thames. Reports from the Dardanelles state that Vice Admiral Carden, Commander of the Allied fleet, may have been injured or killed in action. Also, the British admitted today that along with the loss of the French battleship Bouvet, two British warships the Irresistible (shown below sinking) and the Ocean have also been lost. In the east, the Russians have taken Memel on the Baltic Sea. Memel is 91 miles from Koenigsberg, the capital of East Prussia.

HMS Irresistible


Today’s forecast calls for overcast skies and light rain or possibly even snow flurries. The high may reach 47° with the low tonight about 37°.

There is a stunning update in the story reported yesterday about Addolirata Merceara, the young woman kidnapped and taken to Chester. Miss Merceara, who was whisked off the street at 10th & Reed on Saturday by three men, now says she wants to marry the man who planned her abduction and considers him “My Hero”. Apparently there is more behind this story than first known.

Miss Merceara met her chief kidnapper, Mr. Santo Fasconi, in Italy, where love bloomed. After coming to America the pair met again and love was rekindled. However, enemies of Mr. Fasconi spread rumors that he was already married to spoil the couple’s happiness. Mr. Fasconi denied these rumors but so much pressure was brought to bear by the girl’s family that she broke off their relationship. It was while she was taking a walk and contemplating her situation that she was taken outside of Moyamensing Prison.

Today Miss Merceara is adamant “I will marry him as soon as he comes to me. He is a brave man and I feel the stories that he has a wife in Italy are all lies.” She also stated “There is nothing bad about kidnapping for love in my native land. When a man loves a woman, he loves her with all the ardor of his heart and soul. He cares not for the law or police.”

In other crime news, Mr. Charles Messner and his wife Bertha were acquitted today in Municipal Court of creating dissention among the residents of Union Street, below Mt. Vernon, in West Philadelphia. Mr. Messner was indicted for swearing and his wife was charged with being a common scold. A number of witnesses appeared for each side of the issue.


 On the western front, the Allies have launched 2 great drives against German positions. One drive is aimed at Lille near the Belgium border. The other is in the Champagne region. The British are striking German positions at La Bassee while French troops are attacking between Rheims and the Argonne forest. The Belgians are also on the attack in Flanders. More than 1,000,000 men of the Allied armies are involved.

In the east, the Russians are moving to flank the German army in East Prussia and push on toward Memel on the Baltic Sea. In the Aegean, Turkey has claimed that the French battleship Bouvet was sunk today in the Dardanelles from artillery fire from one of its forts.


There will be clear and fair skies today with the high temperature reaching 41° and the low around 30°.

An attempted kidnapping was foiled by the victim of the crime who put up a valiant and violent fight against her abductors. It began at 12th & Reed Streets, in the shadow of Moyamensing Prison. Miss Addolirata Merceara of 1315 South 11th Street was grabbed by 3 men and thrown into an automobile. The men were led by Santo Fasconi who met Miss Merceara several weeks ago and fell madly in love with her. Fasconi proposed marriage to the girl but her family opposed it believing he was already married to a woman in Italy.

Miss Merceara was driven to Chester, all the while fighting and screaming against her abductors. She even kicked out the back windows of the automobile cutting her feet and legs in the process. Her cries eventually attracted the attention of those who called the police. Today she is home with her family and in the care of a physician. Police have issued arrests warrants for Mr. Fasconi, Joseph Garcia and Guidi Freeti. [Editor’s note: Trust me, this story isn’t over.]

Mayor Blankenburg has asked City Councils to immediately move on two bills of extreme importance to the people of South Philadelphia. The two bills provide for the opening of Oregon Avenue from 23rd Street to Delaware Avenue and the grading of that thoroughfare for motor vehicle traffic.

On the sports scene, in the much anticipated boxing match last night at the Olympia A.A., 4000 fans watched featherweight champion Johnny Kilbane (shown below on left) defeat bantamweight champion Kid Williams (shown below on right) in their 6 round bout. From the start Kilbane out maneuvered, out thought and out punched Williams.

Johnny Kilbane                                                                                   Kid Williams

In Eastern League Basketball play last night Camden beat Jasper 49 to 36 at the 3rd Regiment Armory in Camden. The win gives Camden a ½ game lead for 1st place in the standings. Second place Reading will finish their season against DeNeri on Saturday. If Reading wins a best of 3 games playoff between Camden and Reading will be held to determine the Championship.


On the western front, German assaults north of Arras, France have been repulsed. The French are also claiming success in both the Champagne and the Argonne regions. Although there are also reports that in those areas thousands of unburied dead cover the battlefields. In the east, Russian forces have once again entered East Prussia near Laugszarten. Also the German General Staff has announced that for every village or estate burned by the Russians on German soil, three Russian villages will be destroyed by the Germans.



There will be clear and fair skies today with the high reaching 48° and the low tonight going down to a chilly 29°.

Today is the day when the Sons of Eire around the world celebrate St. Patrick’s Day. And those Irishmen of this city are doing their part with celebrations in every section of our town. Every Irish neighborhood is having a party. One example of the festivities was in Port Richmond where McTammany’s donkey (shown below), a staple of the neighborhood, is being treated to his yearly feast. The donkey is used by superstitious parents as a protective charm for neighborhood children against disease. The little ones are told to run under the beast 3 times as a cure for whooping cough and many a mother swears that it works.

3-17-1915-McTammeny's Donkey

More formal celebrations will take place at the various Irish societies in the city. The Friendly Sons of St. Patrick will be having a dinner at the Bellevue-Stratford Hotel where Governor Brumbaugh will be the guest of honor.  The Tipperary Men’s Society will be giving a concert at their hall at 45th Street & Westminster Avenue.  And all of the divisions of the Ancient Order of Hibernians will be having dinners and dances.

The Emergency Aid Committee of Pennsylvania has offered part of the funds it has collected from Self-Sacrifice Day to build a park at the abandoned cemetery adjacent to Zion Christian Church, 526 Christian Street. The church has long been abandoned and the neighborhood children use the cemetery as a playground. The Mayor signed an order condemning the ground last August. With the money the land will be leveled and playground equipment installed.

On the sports scene, tonight will be one of the biggest nights in Philadelphia pugilistic history. Two champions from different classes will meet tonight at the Olympia A.A., Broad & Brainbridge Streets.  Johnny Kilbane, featherweight champion and Kid Williams, bantamweight champion will meet in a scheduled 6 round match. Also tonight at the Fairmount A.C., 11th & Spring Garden, six fights are on the card while at the National A.C., 11th & Catherine Streets, a five card night is scheduled.


There are reports from Rome that Italy is moving toward entering the war on the side of the Allies. Supposedly Italy has made demands upon Austria that the Emperor Francis Joseph will never accept. The demands include the ceding of lands along the Adriatic coast as well as the Dalmatian Islands. Apparently the Italians have been assured by the Germans, who do not want Italy entering the war, that they will induce Austria to accept Italy’s demands.

On the eastern front, a Russian attempt to pierce the German lines between the Orzyc and Skrwa Rivers in Poland has been repulsed.



The city will have cloudy skies today with the chance of some rain or even snow this evening. Today’s high will be about 52° and the low tonight around 34°.

The world’s most powerful battleship, the super-dreadnought Pennsylvania was launched today in Newport News, Virginia. The 31,400 ton ship is 608 feet long and carries twelve 14 inch guns. The great ship was christened by Miss Elizabeth Klob of Gemantown (shown here).

3-16-1915- Elizabeth Kolb

The Governor of Pennsylvania, Martin Brumbaugh and Secretary of the Navy Daniels were on hand for the launching. Secretary Daniels declared that it is President Wilson’s sincere hope that the Pennsylvania will never be called on to demonstrate her prowess in war. In the close vicinity of the harbor, the ships of every warring nation looked on as the Pennsylvania slipped down the ways.

A gunshot rang out this morning at the Stanton School, 17th & Christian Streets, sending the school into a panic. Elizabeth Shackleford, a 14 year old Negress of 1922 Carpenter Street was shot in the foot. It appears the girl was accidentally shot by Emanuel West, 14 years old and also colored of 1546 Woodstock Street who was playing with a gun with his friend Humbert Morsello, 13 years old of 1702 Carpenter Street.  Young Morsello also had a gun but his was not discharged. The boys were taken by police to the House of Detention for a hearing. The girl was taken to the Polyclinic Hospital. Her wound is not considered serious.

On the sports scene, the Phillies will be visiting the Cubs today in Tampa, Florida. In Eastern League Basketball last night Trenton defeated Reading 30 to 24 at Trenton’s 2nd Regiment Armory. Reading’s loss puts them in a first place tie with Camden with just one more game to play for each team. At the Union League, Joseph Mayer of Philadelphia has won the national amateur billiard championship.


On the western front, the British have announced they have recaptured ground lost previously near St. Eloi in West Flanders. The Germans, however, contradict this and assert they have driven the English from their positions south of Ypres near the heights around St. Eloi. In Champagne, the French claim they have taken all the trenches in the forest of Le Pretre which were previously lost to the Germans. In the east, The Germans have repulsed Russian attacks around Przasnysz and along the road from Mlawa in Poland. In the Dardanelles, reports from Athens are that the Turks are repairing the damage done to their forts by the allied naval assault.


There will be overcast and cloudy skies today with probable rain tonight and tomorrow. The high today will reach 52° with the low tonight around 32°.

A fat, angry and possibly “mad” Maltese cat has attacked and befuddled its owners, police and a representative from the Morris Refuge Home. The cat is now putting up a spirited fight to avoid capture in the home of its owners, Mrs. Fannie Fluck and her sister Miss Emma Ritter at 2433 Cleveland Avenue. The cat attacked the two women yesterday so severely they had to be taken to the hospital. Today two policemen and a man from the Morris Refuge have spent hours trying to capture the animal in the basement of the home. So far the miniature lion remains free.

Almost ¼ of the population of Pennsylvania is now Roman Catholic according to figures compiled by the official Catholic Directory. The exact figure is 1,756,763 persons. The total number of Catholics in the country is listed as 16,309,310 and they attend 14,961 churches nationwide.

Richard Donahue of 624 Lippincott Street and Walter Foley of 3112 D Street were arraigned today at the House of Detention on charges of burglary. But even Judge Gorman, who has seen a great deal in his time on the bench, was shocked when the two were escorted before him because both thieves were only 11 years old and possessed the faces of choirboys. The boys were caught red-handed in the home of Oscar Crozier at 1250 West Sergeant Street with their pockets bulging full of jewelry. The boys will be held over for trial.


On the western front, the British offensive in the Artois region of France around Neuve Chapelle appears to have ended. Although the British and Indian forces met with some early success the assault has bogged down due to strong German resistance. It is estimated that the British have suffered 7,000 casualties and the Indian forces 4,200. The Germans are believed to have suffered over 10,000 casualties. The remains of Neuve Chapelle are shown below.

Neuve Chapelle

In the east, In Poland the Germans are now within 4 miles of Prznsnysz as their offensive continues. Also in the Suwalki region a new battle for control of the Neimen River is now under way. In the Caucasus, the Turks are retreating before a Russian advance toward Khopa. On the Turkish/Aegean front, the allied fleet continues its attack today on the interior Turkish forts in the Dardanelles. British mine sweepers are also clearing the area. British warships are also bombarding Smyrna and reports are the garrison there is preparing to evacuate.


There will be gentle northwest breezes over the city today with clear and bright skies. The high will be about 42° with the low tonight around 29°.

In Wilmington, Delaware today the chief warden of the state workhouse, Leonard Crawford, administrated over 200 lashes to 10 different prisoners. The first to receive the lash was the “gentleman burglar”, Cornelius Street, who robbed the home of Mr. Lamott du Pont. Prisoner Street received 20 lashes today and is scheduled for 20 more next Saturday. Mr. Street is also serving 9 years for burglary. Others whipped today and the number of lashes received were Daniel Reynolds (10), Joseph Williams (10), Peter Berry (15), Harry North (15), John Watson (20), George Smith (20), William Johnson (20), Arthur Alden (40) and Thomas Lennox (40).

A sad story is playing out today for Mrs. Cecelia Cohen, 21 years old, widow and mother of a newborn baby. Mrs. Cohen sat in her small 2nd floor room today at 418 North 6th Street while childless couples visited to look at her son in his crib and consider adopting him. The boy is only 1 month old. Mrs. Cohen is an immigrant from Russia. She and her husband travelled to California where he found work. Tragically, he died there 6 months ago and she moved here where the baby was born. Mrs. Cohen explained she loves her child but is unable to properly care for him. Several of the visitors today promised to give her an answer about taking the baby by Monday.

In sports, down in St. Petersburg, Florida at Coffee Pot Park (shown below) The Athletics and the Phillies played to a 5 all tie today when the game had to be called for darkness. The A’s banged out 9 hits while the Phillies pounded out 6.

 Coffee Pot Park


On the western front, 800,000 British and Indian troops are being hurled against the German line in northern France and Belgium. The British have advanced as far as Aubers. The British objective appears to be forcing the Germans to evacuate Lille. In Belgium, east of Lombaertzyde on the seacoast the Belgians have driven the Germans back and captured a number of field forts.

In the east, an enormous artillery duel has erupted along the Narew River in northern Poland. Also the Germans have announced they have taken the towns of Simno and Augustowo. Reports are that the Russians have retreated beyond the Bobr River to Grodno. This advance is part of a German two prong drive at Warsaw. Also in Galicia along the Nadworna-Stanislau front the Austrians are shelling Russian positions.


The city announced today that it has hired 150 unemployed men to work on certain projects. Fifty men will be employed for the Parkway extension west of 19th Street. And 100 men are to be employed by the Fairmount Park Commission for various projects.

The Driggs-Seabury Ordnance Corporation located in Sharon, Pennsylvania has taken a stand against the European war. A position which its president, John Stevenson, Jr., says has cost the company millions of dollars in just the last few months. Mr. Stevenson said the company has refused contracts to produce weapons and ammunition for the Russian, French and British governments. Mr. Stevenson said that even though the company was originally established to produce ordnance it would take no part in this “bloody business”.

On the sports scene down at spring training, The Athletics will visit the Phillies in St. Petersburg today for a game at Coffee Pot Park this afternoon. Over at Daytona, local boy Jack Karst who some may remember as a Penn man and who tried out for the Athletics last season was badly injured today playing for the Brooklyn Superbas (AKA: Robbins and Dodgers). Mr. Karst suffered a double dislocation of the ankle joint and torn ligaments when his spikes caught the second base bag as he was trying to slide. Karst is expected to be lost for most of the season. [EDITORS NOTE: Jack Karst would only play 1 game in his professional career. That game was on October 6, 1915 for the Brooklyn Robbins against the Phillies. He died in Cape May, N.J. in 1976 at the age of 82 and is buried in Sunset Memorial Park in Feasterville, Pa.]


In Italy, the Pope has instructed all parish priests to fully cooperate with the Italian authorities in the event the country declares a mobilization of the armed forces. Previously the Pope instructed all Bishops and Archbishops that even though the Church must work for peace there should be no hint of a lack of patriotism in their pronouncements.

A dispatch from our Ambassador to Constantinople, Mr. Henry Morgenthau (shown below), states that word has been received that the British fleet before Smyrna on the coast of Anatolia has demanded the surrender of that city within 24 hours. If the surrender is not received the fleet will commence the bombardment of the city.

3-12-1915 Henry Morgenthau On the eastern front, on an 80 mile line almost a million men are fighting a great battle in Poland. The battle line begins at Kolno and continues southwestward. The main objective of the German advance appears to be Pultusk, 30 miles north of Warsaw. Throughout the eastern front, in total there are 32 German Corps engaged in action against the Russians from East Prussia through Poland and into the Carpathians assisting the Austrians.


There will be fair and clear skies today with the high reaching 46° and the low tonight about 35°.

Members of the city’s business community and political leaders were all engaged today in discussions concerning the location of a great sports stadium to be built as part of the plan to bring the Olympic Games here in 1916. Additionally, the president, faculty members and alumni of the University of Pennsylvania have joined the effort and will look into expanding the seating at Franklin Field if necessary. However, most involved feel that a new stadium will have to be built. One proposed location is in Fairmount Park, north of the Girard Avenue Bridge and east of the Schuylkill River. The other suggested location is the land presently occupied by the Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane between Market Street and Haverford Avenue and 44th to 49th Streets.

More signs of spring have appeared from the ladies fashion world today. The new spring shoes are on display throughout the city’s stores. Both boots and low shoes will be in fashion among the smart set. One model of boot is fully 8 inches high with a 2 inch Lewis heel. Another model is a lovely low shoe with an imitation four-eyelet Blucher pump and a Spanish Lewis heel.

 3-11-1915 Spring Footwear

On the sports beat, the Chicago Cubs beat the A’s for the second straight day over in Tampa, Florida. The score was 7 to 3. Connie Mack was not with the team and the Athletics looked listless during the contest. The A’s play the Chicagoans again today. At the Union League Club Mayor Blankenburg attended the match between Joseph Mayer of this city and Charles Heddon of Michigan yesterday afternoon in the national amateur billiards championship. Mr. Mayer continued his winning streak by defeating Mr. Heddon, 400 to 165.


On the western front reports are that yesterday the British army opened a major offensive in the Artois region of France at Neuve Chapelle. Both British regulars and colonial troops from India are taking part in the attacks. Also, reports have been received that the Germans are expelling French civilians from the territories they occupy by sending them through Switzerland. The first groups of civilians expelled were from Lille and Maubeuge and comprised mostly of the aged and young children.

In the east, Field Marshal von Hindenburg has amassed an enormous force for a new assault toward Warsaw. In the Middle East, orders have gone out from the British Admiralty that the guns of the fort at Namazieh in the Dardanelles must be silenced at any cost. The fortress has an array of 24 modern Krupp guns of various sizes which are impeding the Allied fleet’s advance.


Today will be another day of fair and sunny skies over the city with gentle winds from the northwest. The high temperature will reach 43° with the low about 33°.

News has arrived from Paris that the next Olympics will be held in the United States. Previously the 1916 Olympic Games were scheduled to be held in Berlin. That is now impossible. Immediately upon receipt of this news a group of Philadelphia businessmen addressed a telegram to the International Olympic Committee offering this city as the new site for the games. Of course, the project would rest on the long discussed construction of a municipal sports stadium capable of holding between 75,000 and 100,000 spectators. For years a number of possible locations for a stadium have been discussed but to little avail. Perhaps now, with the desire to host the Olympics, the stadium project will finally be settled.

Police were rushed twice from the Front & Master Streets station to the Jumbo Theatre, Front & Girard Avenue, last night to quell angry mobs. The disturbances were due to overflow crowds wanting to see Marie Dressler and Charles Chaplin in Tillie’s Punctured Romance (shown below). The Jumbo Theatre can accommodate up to 1,300 customers but over 3,000 people demanded admission. Police engaged in two battles with prospective patrons prior to the 7:00pm show and then again prior to the 9:00pm viewing.


On the sports beat, the Athletics fell to the Cubs yesterday in Tampa, Florida. The Mackmen hope to reverse that decision when they meet the Cubs again this afternoon. Over at Coffee Pot Park in St. Petersburg, the Phillies will meet the Havana Reds in the 2nd game of their 3 game series. In Eastern League Basketball, Camden made a sensational rally in the final 10 minutes of play to beat Reading 33 to 31 and claim 1st place in the standings.


On the western front, between Four de Paris and Bolante in the Argonne the bloodiest fighting along the Franco-Flanders front is occurring. Fighting also continues in Champagne northeast of Mesnil and along a front from Perthes to Maisons de Champagne. In the east, Russia claims that over 15,000 Germans were killed and 30,000 wounded or captured in a failed attempt to capture the Petrograd-Warsaw Railroad line at Grodno. The Russians are now within 12 miles of the East Prussian border. A fierce battle is also continuing at the Pilica River where the German offensive has temporarily been halted.

In the Middle East, Thousands of Christians are fleeing the Turkish possessions in Europe and streaming into Bulgaria to escape massacre. The refugees are telling stories of Christians being slaughtered in the towns in the interior parts of Turkey.



This will be another day of clear and fair skies in Philadelphia. The high temperature will reach about 41° with the low about 25° this evening.

Residents of Egg Harbor, New Jersey today are living in fear of an attack by anarchists. A three cylinder bomb was found in a secret closet in a vacant home by a plumber hired to fix a pipe. The bomb was composed of dynamite, nails and bolts. The plumber, William Senn, not realizing the danger, set off one of the cylinders in a bucket. It blew a hole about 8 feet deep in the ground. He then contacted the police who are now looking for an Italian that formerly lived in the house and was known as an inventor.

For the ladies, in the shops around the city the very latest in spring fashion is now on display. Hats, dresses, coats and every variety of shoes can be seen in the windows of our finest stores. One example is this lovely gown of satin and chiffon (shown here) which is sure to make the wearer the center of attention at any social gathering.

3-9-1915 spring dress In crime news, the body of a newborn baby girl was found today at Broad & Pine Streets across from the DeLancey School. The body was wrapped in cloth and a shawl and left in the middle of the sidewalk. The baby was discovered by Elizabeth Armstead, a Negress, of 1714 Rodman Street. The body was taken to the 15th & Locust Street Police Station. The police believe the child was strangled.

On the sports beat, the Phillies will open a three game series at St. Petersburg against the Cuban Reds today. In Eastern League Basketball tonight Reading travels to Camden to play for sole position of first place. Last night 5th place Greystock beat 3rd place Trenton 39 to 27.


The ocean battle of starvation now being called “The Bread War” between Germany and Britain is in a lull. Germany announced it will cease attacks pending the response of England to proposals put forward by the United States. If Britain agrees to abide by the proposals Germany has declared it will also. In the meantime Germany is building 15 new small submarines to be used in the Baltic Sea against the Russians.

On the western front, in a blinding snowstorm a fierce German attack near Perthes in Champagne was repulsed with heavy losses today. Following the German retreat the French counterattacked and report taking more than 1600 feet of enemy trenches. In the Middle East, Russian troops have routed the Turks at Khoi in northwestern Persia driving them southward and inflicting heavy losses.


The skies will be fair and clear today but the temperatures will remain cold. The high will only reach about 38° with the low tonight around 30°.

There is good news in the story of Dorothy Farr, the 12 year old who last week tried to end her life because she was very tired and very sad over having to take on the role of “mother” for her family. The “Little Mother” is almost fully recovered from the poison she took. Dorothy is still at St. Joseph’s Hospital but her spirits are greatly improved and her outlook on life is now much brighter. Now Dorothy very much wants to live. Yesterday she was visited by her father, brother and sister.

A well dressed and well fed baby was found early this morning in the alley behind 1635 Federal Street. The child is about 1 year old with brown eyes and quite plump. The child’s clothing and weight lead police to believe it was kidnapped by someone that became frightened and left the baby in the alley. The child was taken by police to Philadelphia Hospital where physicians are making every attempt to stave off pneumonia. Anyone having information on the child should contact the 15th & Snyder Avenue Police station.

In the arts and entertainment this week, Evelyn Nesbit (shown below) will be appearing in an evening of songs and dances at B.F. Keith’s Theatre, 11th & Chestnut Streets. Miss Nesbit will be remembered by some as “The Girl in the Red Velvet Swing” whose husband, Harry Thaw, shot and killed Stanford White at the rooftop theatre of Madison Square Garden resulting in what was then called the trial of the century.

Evelyn Nesbit

Evelyn Nesbit

Also beginning today at the Forrest Theatre, Broad & Sansom Streets, are actual motion pictures filmed on the battlefields of Europe which will be shown twice every day. Admission is .25¢.

On the sports scene, down in St. Petersburg, Florida the Phillies will open their spring training exhibition games against the Chicago Nationals today at Coffee Pot Park. It is expected that the entire little town will close down as residents head to the Park for the game. In boxing, tonight at the Olympia A.A., Broad & Bainbridge Streets, two Philadelphians, Battling Levinsky and George Ashe will meet in the featured match. Four other bouts are on the card.


On the western front, French and German forces are in sustained battle in the Champagne region and in the Vosges Mountains. Allied airplanes have again bombed German positions in Ostend, Belgium. In the east, the Germans are reported to be in full retreat from the forest of Augustowo in Poland. But southwest of Warsaw, five German corps are now massed to pierce the Russian lines and drive on that city.


One hundred years ago today was a Sunday. The skies were cloudy and overcast with the possibility of rain or even a bit more snow. The high temperature would reach about 37° with the low around 31°. It being Sunday then, I thought I would take a break from the news and once again offer you a recipe or two that our Grandmothers or Great Grandmothers might have prepared for their families for Sunday breakfast. My best wishes that you have an enjoyable and warm weekend.

Fruit Pancakes

Pass through a sieve 1 cup of cooked peaches, apricots or apples.

Add 1 egg, 1 cup of flour, 1 teaspoon of baking powder, 1 cup of fruit juice or water.

Also add sugar to your taste.

Cook as pancakes and spread with butter, sugar or marmalade.

Roll up and sift sugar and lemon rind over them and serve hot.

Corn Gems


1 cup of sweet milk;

1 cup of corn meal;

1 cup of wheat flour;

1/2 cup of sugar;

1 tablespoon of melted butter; a pinch of salt;

1 teaspoon of baking powder and 2 eggs.

Next mix ingredients well together. Pour into gem pans and bake until golden brown.



The city was expecting rain but instead has received over 3 inches of snow. The snow, following on the earlier rain, has made many streets to slippery for walking and horse traffic. Relief is expected on Sunday as it is believed the Lord’s Day will be clear and warmer. Hundreds of unemployed men have found work shoveling the snow. They are being hired by both the city and private businesses. The high temperature today will reach 36° with the low tonight about 30°.

The Bureau of Health released its weekly mortality report today showing only 484 deaths in the city this past week. This is a remarkably low figure considering that for the same week last year there were 732 deaths reported. This figure is also 63 less than the number from last week.

Today is “Bundle Day” in Kensington. Various locations have been designated where bundles of food, clothing and money can be left to aid the poor of that neighborhood. The arrangements have been made by Mr. George E. Williams along with Mr. A.C. Keeley, president of the Kensington Board of Trade, Edward Weber, president of the North Front Street Business Men’s Association and other leading citizens.

On the sports beat, down in Jacksonville, Florida, Connie Mack will split his team up for an inter-squad game. In St. Petersburg, the Phillies also plan an inter-squad game this afternoon at Coffee Pot Park. Shown below are Fred Luderus taking batting practice and Bert Adams warming up behind the plate.

3-6-1915 - Luderus

3-6-1915 - Adams

In Eastern League Basketball play last night the Greystock Greys defeated the Reading Bears at Cooper Battalion Hall 27 to 19. The defeat knocked Reading out of first place. Tonight Reading will have a chance to retake the lead when league leading Camden visits the Bears. Greystock takes on DeNeri tonight in South Philadelphia.


On the western front, a series of fierce night attacks by the Germans northwest of Beausejour, France have been launched in an attempt to halt French advances in the Champagne region. Paris claims all the attacks have been repulsed. [Editor’s note: the town of Beausejour was completely wiped out as a result of the fighting there and never rebuilt. Today the area contains only a few historic markers.]

In Poland, neither the Russians nor the Germans are meeting with sustained success. The battles between the two armies are mostly local engagements with one side or the other gaining only limited, temporary success. In Galicia the Russians appear successful in halting the Austrian move toward Lemberg. On the Turkish front, reports are that three additional and recently launched dreadnoughts have been added to the Russian fleet heading toward the Bosporus and Constantinople from the Black Sea.


It will be rain and more rain today and probably tomorrow. The high temperature will reach 44° with the low tonight around 29°.

Joe McBride, 14 years old of 1722 South 21st Street sells newspapers from his wagon. But Joe doesn’t pull the wagon, his friend “Billy” does (shown below). Billy is a goat and knows Joe’s route so well that he stops in front of homes and stores where Joe’s customers are waiting. Joe bought Billy last Christmas after saving up the $12.50 asking price. Ten dollars for Billy and $2.50 for the wagon. Billy lives, rent free, in the stable of James Irving at 25th & Moore Streets. In the year they’ve been together no matter what the weather brings, Joe and Billy haven’t missed a day of work yet.

3-5-1915 Goat Wagon

In Washington, D.C. today the Vice President of the United States, Thomas R. Marshall, described himself in what some may consider very stark and honest terms. Mr. Marshall said he is lazy. He also said he looks forward to the long vacation he will now receive with the adjournment of Congress. Mr. Marshall said “If laziness had not overtaken me, I would have been a shoemaker. All I do is hold office, draw a salary, do nothing, and tell everybody about it”.

In Eastern League Basketball play last night Camden beat Trenton 46 to 33 and DeNeri defeated Jasper 41 to 24. Reading will be at Greystock tonight. In the national amateur billiard championship tournament at the Union League last night Joseph Mayer of Philadelphia continued his winning ways by defeating Corwin Huston of Detroit, 400 to 93.


There is little activity to report from the western front. However, the Germans are claiming heavy damage to British artillery positions around Ypres. In the east, It has been confirmed that Czernowitz, capital of Bukowina, has been taken by the Russians. In the Carpathians the Austro-German forces have opened another assault on the Dukla Pass. In the Black Sea a fleet of 6 Russian battleships, 2 cruisers and a number of other smaller vessels is steaming along the coast towards Constantinople. The fleet was sighted off Burghas, Bulgaria heading for the Bosphorus.


The city will have clear skies today with clouds developing overnight and moderate winds from the north. The high temperature will reach 38° and the low about 22°.

Hotel men throughout the city are coming to the aid of the widow and children of one of their own who died last Tuesday. The deceased is William King, 5232 Osage Avenue. Mr. King was the creator of the dish “Chicken a la King”. Twenty years ago Mr. King was an assistant cook at the old Bellevue Hotel. A waiter there was trying to please a guest with a jaded palate and asked Mr. King if he could prepare something. Mr. King cut white meat chicken into cubes, added fresh mushrooms, truffles, red and green peppers and cooked the mixture in cream. The guest loved the dish and asked who made it. The waiter said it was Bill King to which the guest exclaimed “Chicken a la King”. And so a great new American dish was born. Unfortunately, Mr. King died very poor and the Hotel people here in the city are trying to raise funds for his family.

serving-chickenIn business news, Mr. Samuel M. Vauclain, vice president of Baldwin Locomotive Works, is expected home today from a business trip to Russia with contracts for the building of locomotives worth $1,000,000,00.

On the sports scene, in Eastern League Basketball tonight DeNeri will be at Jasper and Trenton will visit Camden. Cricket will be on the athletic schedules for a number of area High Schools and Academies this season. The sport will be played at Frankford High School, Northeast High, West Philadelphia High, Haverford High, Penn Charter and Germantown Academy.


On the western front, two Prussian Guard regiments, considered to be the Kaiser’s most prized troops, were decimated in their attempt to capture trenches northeast of Mesnil in the Champagne region of France. At Rheims the Germans are continuing their artillery bombardment. In the east, in Galicia the Austrian 26th division was routed today by the Russians near Stanislau which is an important railway center. To the north near Grodno the Germans are holding the Russian advance along that line. In Bukowina the Russians have begun an artily assault at Czernowitz. In the Middle East, under heavy fog Turkish warships escaped from the Dardanelles into the Sea of Marmora to avoid battle with the allied fleet. Once the skies cleared the allied fleet continued its bombardment of the interior forts along the straits.


Today’s weather will be for clear and fair skies with moderate winds from the north. The high will reach 48° with the low about 24° tonight.

A terribly sad story is playing out at St. Joseph’s hospital today. Dorothy Farr, 12 years old is barely clinging to life. A life she tried to end by swallowing poison. The little girl had taken on the role of mother for her 8 year old brother Ralph and 4 year old sister, Marie, since their mother died (all shown below). She acted as housekeeper and cooked the family meals at their home at 1860 North Etting Street all the while attending classes at the Kelly School, 27th & Columbia Avenue. Her father works as a night watchman for the Pennsylvania Railroad. The girl said she has just been very unhappy and very tired and wished to end her life. She found the poison in a bathroom cabinet. Her father came to the hospital as soon as he was informed of the news. He was distraught and begged her to get well. But after spending some time with her he had to leave and return to work.

3-3-1915 Dorothy Farr

The two anarchists arrested yesterday in the plot to blow up St. Patrick’s Cathedral were indicted today by a Grand Jury. Anarchist leaders Emma Goldman and Dr. Ben Reitman, publisher of Mother Earth an anarchist magazine, condemned the arrests claiming it was all a frame up by the police to curry favor with the public.

On the sports beat, the High School basketball championship for 1915 will go to Northeast High compliments of Southern High. Although Southern finished the season in last place their victory yesterday over Central, 25 to 20, gave the crown to Northeast. The final standings are Northeast, Central, West Philadelphia and Southern. On the bowling front, in the Insurance League Aetna defeated People’s National. In the Drug League contest, P.W.D. Co. defeated Smith Kline & French in 3 straight games.


On the western front, the allied fleet is continuing its blockade of Germany with the express purpose of starving the Germans into submission. The French Minister of Marine has declared not another ship will reach Germany if France’s navy can help it. In the east, a Russian attempt to cross the Bobr River has been halted southwest of Augustowo in Poland. In the Carpathians, the Austrians failed to pierce the Russian lines near Lupkow and relieve their forces at Przemysl.

In the Dardanelles there are reports that the allied fleet has landed troops at Kum Kale while 9 warships continue the bombardment of the Turkish forts. The forts on the European side of the straits are putting up a vigorous defense. Supposedly 100,000 Turkish troops are being massed to defend Constantinople.


Today’s forecast is for cloudy, overcast skies with the high reaching 42° and the low about 31° overnight.

The Citizens Committee of One Thousand is marshaling the public for a large demonstration on Thursday in support of public transport reform and adoption of the Plan offered by Director Taylor. Thursday is the day City Councils are scheduled to take up the alternate plan dubbed by many to be “fake” and only offered to subvert true reform. Business and Trade organizations and patriotic groups all support the Taylor plan. The Citizens Committee is planning to have the demonstration at City Hall Plaza.

In national news, in New York City an incredible plot to bomb St. Patrick’s Cathedral and the homes of John D. Rockefeller, his son John D., junior, Cornelius Vanderbilt and Andrew Carnegie was stopped today. The plotters are anarchists and the plan included a wave of bank robberies and assassinations of prominent men. The group had assembled an array of weapons to carry out their plans.

A bomb was placed in the Cathedral while over 700 people were attending Mass. But due to the intrepid work of detectives who learned of the plot, the bomb was found and extinguished. Frank Abarno, 24 years old, and Charles Carbone, 18 (shown below) were arrested shortly afterwards. Frank Baldo, 23 years old, was also arrested. Abarno had 2 additional bombs on his person when he was taken into custody. The 3 are believed to be members of the Bresci gang of anarchists.

Abarno and Carbone in court

Abarno and Carbone in court

Across the southern border, reports have been received from Vera Cruz that an army loyal to General Zapata has attacked Mexico City. Railroad traffic between Vera Cruz and Mexico City has been suspended. According to the reports a massacre is feared to be taking place.

In sports, Joseph Mayer of Philadelphia defeated Robert Lord of Chicago last night in the opening game of the amateur billiard tournament and championship at the Union League by a score of 400 to 249. On the baseball beat, the Athletics opened their training camp with practice this morning in Jacksonville, Florida. Likewise the Phillies, under new manager Pat Moran, opened their camp with an early morning practice in St. Petersburg, Florida.


On the western front, Rheims is under German artillery assault once again. In Flanders a German attack southeast of St. Eloi was repulsed by British forces. In the east, the Russians are reporting continued success and advancement along a 60 mile front in northern Poland. Russia also claims the taking of 10,000 German prisoners as a result of recapturing Przasnysz. Also, in the south in Bukowina and southern Galicia the Russians are again on the offensive.  In the Middle East, more than 1000 shells have been fired against the defensive forts lining the Dardanelles by the allied fleet thus far. Only a sudden gale today forced a cessation of the attack.


Philadelphia will have bright and clear skies today with a high temperature reaching 43° and the low this evening around 23°.  According to figures released by the Internal Revenue Collector here today Philadelphia has 3 more “near millionaires” than it did last summer. Returns made before 2:00 pm today showed 11 people with incomes of $500,000.00 or more, 3 more than last year. All told in the city 19,000 tax returns have been submitted by today.

Jews of Philadelphia will celebrate Purim this evening at the Mercantile Hall, Broad & Master Streets, with a dress ball. The event is organized by the Congregation Beth El. Purim was observed in synagogues on Saturday and thousands of dollars were collected for suffering Jews in Europe. More than 20,000 blue and white flags of the zionist movement were also distributed.

The Travelers’ Aid Society opened its new headquarters today at 1309 Arch Street. The increased work of the organization forced it to seek larger accommodations. Agents that speak many foreign languages will be meeting immigrants at railroad stations and at the Delaware waterfront. Also, the organization will be taking special care of young women seeking lodging and work. The group intends to protect them by helping them find respectable and safe places to live and to avoid fake employment ads. The Society was first organized in this city in 1901.

On the sports beat, tonight at the Olympia A.A., Broad & Bainbridge Streets, a 5 bout card will be on the schedule featuring “Sailor” Charlie Grande of California facing Johnny Howard of Bayonne in the final fight.  Admission is .25¢. The amateur Class A Championship Billiard tournament opens tonight at the Union League and will continue for 2 weeks. In all, 21 games will be played. The tournament will be opened tonight by former champion Joseph Mayer of this city against Robert Lord of Chicago.

3-1-1915 Hair Ad


On the western front, two separate assaults of French forces against German entrenchments in Champagne have met with defeat and heavy losses. French attacks in the Argonne are also reported to have met with little success. The Germans also report that the French used a shell which developed an asphyxiating gas when it exploded but the shells caused no damage.

In the east, the Russians are reporting an 11 mile advance on the Niemen-Bobr-Vistula front. The Russians are also claiming the recapture of Przasnysz in northern Poland and Kolomea and Stanislau in Galicia. In the Middle East, sixteen miles inside the Dardanelles Straight the allied fleet is smashing the defenses along the coastline leading to Constantinople. However the advance is not without causalities to the allies. Reportedly 2 mine sweepers were sunk by Turkish destroyers this morning. Unconfirmed reports are that the allies intend to seize the Peninsula of Gallipoli shortly.


The city will have clear and fair skies today but there will be increasing cloudiness overnight and tomorrow with possible snow on Sunday. The high today will be about 44° with the low tonight around 24°.

Trousers for women have become something of a rage among the smart set. And now designers have created the trouser skirt (shown below). The trousers legs are sewn into the skirt and it is hoped by some that this new design will finally do away with the petticoat. There is speculation that this wave of female trouser wearing shows a hidden desire of women to “wear the pants”.

2-27-1915  Womens Trousers A 50 year feud between rival gangs resulted in the shooting of 10 year old Paul King yesterday and the arrest of Edward Sunquest, 17 years old of North Front Street in Darby. The feud is between the Darby boys on the west side of Cobb’s Creek and the Paschall boys on the Philadelphia side.  The fight started with the groups throwing bricks, stones and bottles but at some point Sunquest fired his rifle at the Paschall boys and hit young Master King below his right eye. The bullet is lodged at the base of the boy’s brain.

In International news, the Moulin Rouge in Paris, the center of Bohemian life in that city, was destroyed today by fire. The old building succumbed to the flames quickly even though firemen made a valiant attempt to save it. The cause of the fire is not yet known. In Mexico, reports from Neuvo Laredo state that 20,000 troops loyal to President Carranza have attacked the city of Monterey which is occupied by the forces of General Villa and number about 14,000.

On the sports scene, at the Racquet Club today George H. Brooke and Jay Gould defeated Joseph W. Wear and Wilson Potter for the doubles championship in racquet ball. The University of Pennsylvania water polo team meets Yale this evening in New Haven Connecticut. Penn’s swimming team is also at Yale for a meet this afternoon.


On the western front, the French are reporting that Arras and Soissons are under heavy bombardment today. Large parts of Arras have been completely destroyed. The Belgians are shelling the German positions near Ostend using artillery loaned to them by the French.

In the east, the Russians are mounting a new offensive in Poland. Vast numbers of Russian troops are now west of Lomza and Grodno and south of Przasnysz (which is about 50 miles north of Warsaw). In the Middle East, the Anglo-French fleet continues to move through the Dardanelles. Reports are that 3 trains have been stationed at Constantinople to evacuate the Sultan and members of the government if necessary.


There will be fair and sunny skies today but the cold has returned. The high today will only reach 42° with the low about 30°.

A woman, Elsie Robbins of the Monterey Apartments at 43rd & Chester Avenue attained the highest score in the recent Civil Service examination for assistant bacteriologist at the Bureau of Health. The position pays $1,500.00 per year. The top 4 qualifiers for the position of fourth assistant bacteriologist were also women.

Director of Public Safety George D. Porter advised city councils today that he intends to ask for 500 new policemen. Director Porter has been criticized by some for keeping 200 policemen at city hall doing work other than patrol. Porter recently lowered this number to 52 but is adamant that more policemen are needed both at city hall and in the outlying sections of the city.

On the sports scene, the Phillies and the Athletics left today for their training camps in Florida. The Athletics will be in Jacksonville and the Phillies will head to St. Petersburg. Both teams left from New York today on the liner Apache. Shown below are some of the Athletics’ squad waiting for the train to New York at North Philadelphia station (L to R: Foster, Reed, Crane, Harker, Myers, Wyckoff, Bressler, Pennock, Hamilton and Schang). Interestingly Connie Mack did not join his team on board ship. Mr. Mack who does not like sailing is going to Florida by train. On the college level Penn’s baseball and lacrosse teams also started their workouts today.

2-26-1915-Athletics Leaving For Florida


In the west, there are reports that 1,800 British troops were lost today when the transport they were traveling on was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine in the English Channel. In the east, Field Marshal von Hindenburg has amassed 350,000 troops in Poland along a front from the Bobr to the Vistula Rivers. It is believed the Germans next intend to attack Ostrolenka on the Narew River. In the Middle East, it is reported that 4 of the forts protecting the Dardanelles have been destroyed and Allied ships have entered the straits. Mine sweeping ships have been sent ahead of the fleet to clear the way for entrance into the Sea of Marmora and on to Constantinople.


There will be clear and fair skies over the city today with the high reaching 56° and the low about 42°

The local Women’s Suffrage Association has opened it fund raising bazaar at the New Century Club, 124 South 12th Street. The Bazaar is also the beginning of the “Votes for Pennsylvania Women” campaign. The various booths and exhibits will include flower displays as shown below being managed by Mrs. H. M. Lowry, Mrs. William Derr and Miss Josephine Sherron. Other booths include gardening tools, domestic articles, kitchen appliances, dolls, books and artist’s drawings and paintings for sale.

2-25-1915-Womens Suffrage Booth

The city has contracted with Byberry that all brooms for city departments will henceforth be made by the insane men at that institution. One of the old farm buildings on the institution’s grounds has been transformed into a workshop for broom making.

On the sports scene, John Henry Wagner, better known as Honus Wagner celebrated his 41st Birthday yesterday. Mr. Wagner states he is eager to start his 19th season in the game. He has already played 2,432 games of professional baseball which is more than anyone else in the recorded annals of the game. In Eastern League Basketball tonight 1st place Reading Bears will take on the Jasper Jewels. In last night’s action the Greystock Greys beat the Camden Alphas 48 to 46.


Reports are that the Germans are sending a flotilla of trawlers into the North Sea to plant mines along the British coast in support of their submarine blockade. In the east, in northern Poland fighting continues along the Nieman, Bobr and Narew Rivers. Also the city of Przasnysz, a heavily fortified base 58 miles north of Warsaw has been taken by German reserves from East Prussia. The Germans claim they have taken over 10,000 prisoners. In the Carpathians near Stanislau a great battle is raging between Austrian and Russian forces. This action is part of the Austrian movement to push north and retake Lemberg in Galicia.

In the Middle East, the Anglo-French fleet is continuing its bombardment of the forts protecting the Dardanelles. Thirty two warships under British and French flags are conducting the attacks.  Reportedly the Turkish crown jewels have been removed from Constantinople and taken to the interior of Asia Minor. In Africa, British forces have taken Nonidas Goanikas in German Southwest Africa after a brief fight. The British suffered no losses.



The forecast is for rain today and tonight with the high reaching 60° and the low about 50°.

An all too common and sad tale of alcohol was told today at the 4th Street and Snyder Avenue station before Magistrate Carson. The tale was of Nellie Hulges of 942 South Water street. Miss Hulges was asking the Magistrate to allow her to take the pledge to abstain from any further use of liquor to avoid jail time on the charge of drunkenness. Nellie Hulges is 29 years old and was once a celebrated beauty. She was for a time the model for Charles Dana Gibson and Howard Chandler Christy. Her countenance was admired by thousands as a “Gibson Girl”. But alcohol has not only robbed her of her beauty but also of her husband and little daughter. The picture below shows Miss Hulges in better times on the left and more recently on the right. She told the judge she had nothing to live for. The Magistrate took pity on the woman, administered the oath and set her free with his sincere best wishes for her reform and recovery.

Nellie Hulges

Nellie Hulges

A bazaar was held today at the Stetson Auditorium, 4th street & Montgomery Avenue for the benefit of Stetson Hospital. As part of the festivities a recital was given by Mr. Adam Geibel, the blind organist and composer. Donations for the hospital are still being accepted.

There is great shock and sadness among our city’s resident marines today. Captain Arthur E. Harding USMC, a hero of the Boxer uprising and at one time marine aid to President Taft, shot himself in his room at the Racquet Club this morning. The officer was not known to be suffering from any medical trouble or other disorders. Captain Harding was 42 years old and a member of the Racquet Club.


On the western front, in the Champagne region, the French report progress north of Perthes and also in the direction of Auberve-sur-Suippe. The French are also engaged in artillery assaults against the Germans between Rheims and the Meuse River. In Belgium, the Germans are launching continued attacks against the British at Ypres.

In the east, Russian and Austro-German armies continue a ferocious battle along a 125 mile front in the Carpathians. The Austrians are also continuing their attacks on the Russians at the Dukla Pass. In the Middle East a terrible land and water battle occurred across the Suez Canal between Turkish and British troops. After 16 hours of fighting the Turks retreated to the east bank of the canal.



The will be overcast and cloudy skies today with the chance of rain tonight. The high will reach 55° with the low about 39°.

One thousand members of the east coast Rotary Clubs will meet here today in celebration of the organizations 10th anniversary. The convention will meet at the Adelphia Hotel and will include a banquet where Governor Brumbaugh will speak, a vaudeville show, sightseeing tours and other entertainments.

A herd of cattle was destroyed today in Nicetown by Federal and State agents to prevent the spread of foot and mouth disease. The herd belong to Louis Erbreck a milk dealer at D Street and Nicetown Avenue. The disease was detected Friday. The cattle were buried in a trench 36 feet long and 7 feet deep.

In Bellefonte, Pennsylvania this morning John Talap became the first person to be executed in this state by the electric chair. Talap was led into the death room between 2 guards and accompanied by a Greek Catholic priest who knelt before Mr. Talap as he sat in the chair and prayed for his soul as the execution took place. Mr. Talap was sentenced to death for the murder of his wife in August 1913.

On the sports beat, in a thrilling High School basketball game today Central High (shown below) squeaked by West Philadelphia 25 to 24. Also, Swarthmore Prep beat Chestnut Hill Academy 23 to 21. In boxing at the Fairmount A.C. tonight (11th & Spring Garden Streets), “KO” Jack Farrell of the 17th Ward meets Willie Lucas of Fairmount. There will be 6 other bouts on the schedule.

Central High School Basketball Team

Central High School Basketball Team


A second neutral steamship has been sunk by the German submarine blockade of the British Isles. The Norwegian ship “Regin” was struck at 7:00am this morning and went down in less than 15 minutes. The ship’s crew was rescued. The first ship sunk was also a Norwegian vessel, the “Belridge” on February 19th.

On the western front, the city of Rheims, France is under bombardment. The shelling began last evening and lasted 6 hours. At least 500 shells have been fired on the city. It is estimated that 20 civilians have been killed so far. At Ypres, Belgium the British and Germans are going back and forth mounting attacks and counter attacks with little progress by either side.

In the east, in the Carpathians the fighting between the Russians and the German-Austrian forces has reached a stalemate. The Russians continue their hold on the Dukla, Laborcz and Uszok passes but the Austro-German army continues its assaults. In Poland, the German army is driving back the Russians defending the fortress of Novo Georgievsk on the Vistula River toward Warsaw.


The city will have cloudy and overcast skies today with the high reaching about 51° and tonight’s low around 34°.

Philadelphia’s detectives held their annual “stick up” day today. This is where crooks are paraded in front of the assembled sleuths for identification and familiarization by the detectives with the most notorious characters of the city’s underworld.   But this year, in order to protect the identity of his men, Detective Captain Cameron had his men fitted with full face masks made of black silk (shown below). The captain explained that detectives have been targeted or even lost their lives as a result of being seen at previous “stick up” days and the masks would prevent this happening again.

2-22-1915 Detectives at Stick Up Day

John Lang, 24 years old, was in Samaritan Hospital today for an operation on a ruptured vein in his right leg. But Mr. Lang refused any anesthetic. His surgeon, Dr. W.W. Babcock, argued with the patient that anesthesia was necessary but Mr. Lang refused. The young man wanted only a cigar. After some debate the doctor relented and the operation proceeded as the patient puffed away.

In national news, word has been received here that on Thursday, February 18th Alexander Franklin James better known as Frank James, brother of Jessie, died at his home in Clay County, Missouri. Mr. James was 72.


The Bethlehem Steel Company has received an order for munitions and other war materials from the British government. The order includes the manufacture of 360 field pieces and 6 million artillery shells. The company has announced the hiring of 200 girls over the next few days to be put to work in a new fuse factory at the company’s Redington proving grounds.

On the western front, it is reported that a zeppelin has dropped bombs on Calais, France this morning killing 4 civilians. Otherwise there were no serious infantry engagements. In the east, an enormous artillery duel is developing east of Cernowitz, Bukowina signifying that the Russians are attempting to maintain their positions and not retreating. The Austrians have also announced the capture of Stanislau, a strategic point in Galicia south of Lemberg. Reportedly the Russians are retreating across the Dniester River. In East Prussia, battle has erupted all along the 200 mile front.



The forecast for this Sunday in Philadelphia is for clear and fair skies with the high reaching 50° and the low 37°.

Mayor Blankenburg has received a letter from Paul Cret, assistant professor of architecture of the University of Pennsylvania. The letter was in response to the Mayor’s Christmas greetings sent to the professor. As will be recalled, Professor Cret is serving with the French army but no information of his whereabouts was disclosed in the letter. The Professor did write that he expects to return to Philadelphia next fall.

Ithan is a small hamlet south of Villanova in Radnor Township. Of late it has become the lair of “Jill the Hugger”. Jill chases men late at night and if she catches them clasps them in a tight embrace. At least 3 men, William Hilson, James Whiteman and Samuel Miller, have been forced to flee Jill’s grasp recently. About this same time last year the town had the case of the “Ithan Ghost” which stalked the village byways at night. Radnor police believe both the Ithan Ghost and Jill the Hugger are either a man dressed in women’s clothing or a demented woman who has wandered away from an asylum. Regardless of whether it is a ghost, demented women or man in ladies clothing, men walking alone at night in Ithan should be on guard.

In entertainment, on the motion picture screens this week there are a number of new photoplays opening. At The Chestnut Street Opera House, 11th & Chestnut Street, “Neptune’s Daughter” staring Annette Kellermann (shown below) who some call “The Perfect Woman” will open. At The Stanley, 16th & Market Streets, “The Country Boy” staring Marshal Neilan will be playing. At The Tioga, 7th & Venango Streets, “The Thief” staring Dorothy Donnelly will be shown twice per day.  And at the Iris Theatre, Kensington & Allegheny Avenues, Carlotta DeFelice stars in “Money”.

Annette Kellermann

Annette Kellermann


On the western front artillery exchanges are occurring all along the line from Belgium south to Rheims in France. In the east, the Germans are reportedly sending between 15,000 and 25,000 troops per day to Hungry to assist the Austrians against the Russians. The fighting in Poland and the Carpathians continues unabated but neither side has made any significant progress. The Serbs and Austrians are again engaged across the Danube River and have also been exchanging artillery fire at Semlin and Belgrade on opposite sides of the River Save.



The city will have clear and sunny skies today. The high will reach 44° with the low around 34°.

A young lawyer gave his life in the early morning hours today saving the residents of a burning building at 708 Pine Street. The attorney’s name was Louis Silverman. He had an office in the Commonwealth Trust Building at 12th & Chestnut Street. Mr. Silverman lived in the building on the 3rd floor and was awoken by the smell of smoke. He ran throughout the 3rd and 2nd floors waking the other residents and helping them escape. It is believed Mr. Silverman returned to the 3rd floor in the belief others were still trapped and it was there he was overcome by smoke. Mr. Silverman was to be married in June to Miss Pauline Cohen of 527 South Street. When she was informed of his death the distraught young woman attempted to take her own life by hanging herself with a veil. She was stopped by relatives. Only a few other minor injuries were reported because of Mr. Silverman’s sacrifice.

The Bureau of Health released the weekly mortality report today. The Bureau reports 533 deaths last week which is an increase of 11 over last week. Also, 237 new cases of chickenpox are reported, 175 new cases of mumps, 107 new cases of measles and 90 new cases of diphtheria.

On the sports scene in basketball, Swarthmore College beat Lehigh University 42 to 28 and West Point over Cornell 15 to 11. In High School games Catholic High beat Villanova Prep 38 to 22 and Chestnut Hill Academy beat Lansdowne High 35 to 13. In other High School sports news, both Southern and Northeast will organize wrestling teams this year. And Southern has also decided to field an indoor track team.


For the first time in history the Victoria Cross was awarded to a Jew. Lieutenant Frank Alexander de Pass who served with the Indian cavalry posthumously received the award today. The “VC” is the most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to Commonwealth forces. On November 24, 1914 Lt. de Pass exhibited conspicuous bravery in attacking German positions and rescuing fellow wounded soldiers. He was killed in that action.

On the western front, a fierce German attack against British forces at Ypres has been repulsed with heavy German losses. In the Middle East the British navy is attacking Turkish forts on the entrance to the Dardanelles in an attempt to open passage through the straits and assault Constantinople. In the Far East, Japan has demanded complete military, political and commercial control of China and will in effect make China a Japanese protectorate. Apparently, the British government full supports Japan’s actions.



Today’s forecast calls for clear and fair skies with the high reaching 41° and the low tonight around 28°.

From across the river in Camden comes a story of devotion and friendship. “Beans”, a Boston bull dog who some consider ugly was adopted several years ago by George Henkersen and his family. Mr. Henkersen and Beans developed a close and loving relationship and became inseparable, until last week when the police came and took Mr. Henkersen away. Since then Beans has been inconsolable. Yesterday Henkersen appeared in court to be sentenced for an assault. Beans was there with the family. And when he saw his master he caused quite a commotion. Unfortunately, Henkersen’s case was held over and as he was being led back to jail Beans began crying and moaning uncontrollably. Under Sheriff Hewitt was touched by the dog’s lament and decide to charge him with disorderly conduct and place him in the cell with his master where he had a good supper (shown below).

Beans-2-19-1915In Washington D.C. last evening, President Wilson along with family members and friends was shown the motion picture The Birth Of A Nation. The film is directed by D.W. Griffith and is based on the book, The Clansman. This is the first time a motion picture has been screened in the White House.

On the sports scene, for wrestling fans all eyes will be on the match tonight at Weightman Hall on the Penn campus where Lehigh’s Nick Pons will meet Penn’s Mike “The Big Greek” Dorizas. Pons weighs in at 267 lbs. while Dorizas is a full 40 lbs. lighter. It will be remembered that Mr. Dorizas, has previously appeared in the 1908 and 1912 Olympics. In shooting, the Fox Gun Club has decided to hold all its’ meets at the Philadelphia Shooting Academy, Wyoming Avenue and A street. The first shoot will be held tomorrow. In college basketball, Temple University’s Girls team overwhelmed Moorestown Academy 53 to 10.


The British Admiralty has issued an order suspending all traffic in the English Channel. It is not clear to what extent this will affect American ships already in or proceeding to the Channel. On the continent, the French have renewed their offensive against Metz in the Vosges.

In the east, Berlin is estimating that the Russians have lost 150,000 men in their East Prussian campaign. Berlin also announced that its forces have taken Tauroggen, 18 miles from Tilsit, East Prussia. Reports are that 300,000 Russian reinforcements have been sent to Grand Duke Nicholas in Poland. Further south, the Austrians have taken Czernowitz, the capital of Bukowina. The Russian army there has been driven back 70 miles and has retreated across the border.



The city will see another day of clear and fair skies today. The high will reach 42° with the low tonight about 26°.

A meeting was held last night at the Knights of the Golden Eagle Hall, 814 North Broad Street, by the Washington’s Birthday committee to finalize the plans for the celebration of the President’s Birthday on Saturday. The main event will be a parade of thousands which will begin at Broad and Spring Garden Streets and proceed to Market Street then down Market to Independence Hall. Participants will include marines and sailors from League Island, units of the Pennsylvania National Guard, veterans’ organizations and numerous religious and fraternal organizations. At Independence Hall the crowd will be entertained by bands and children’s choirs.

In national news, over 50 renegade Piute Indians have left their reservation and are fortifying themselves in the mountains of southwestern Utah. A posse of 50 men was sent after them to bring them back but they have telegraphed for help. An additional 40 men led by United States Marshal Nebeker has been sent to help and join the chase. The Indians are led by Old Chief Polk, who has been arrested 4 times for murder and his son Tse-Ne-Gat who is only wanted for 1 murder.

On the sports scene, Frank “Home Run” Baker has retired from baseball. Connie Mack announced the news of the Athletics 3rd baseman’s departure from the game at the Philadelphia sports writers’ dinner Tuesday evening. When reached over long-distance telephone today, Mr. Baker said his heart will always be with the “Mackman”. He also promised that if he ever gets baseball fever again that Connie Mack will get first consideration for his return. Both Mr. Mack and Mr. Baker denied rumors that the infielder’s retirement was due to a contract dispute.

Frank "Home Run" Baker

Frank “Home Run” Baker

In college basketball Drexel Institute defeated Delaware College 35 to 21. Bucknell fell to the Pennsylvania Railroad Y.M.C.A. team 34 to 21 and Princeton beat Dartmouth 18 to 13.


On the western front, the German submarine blockade of the British Isles and northern France officially begins today. However, so far there is no sign of any effect on merchant shipping into Britain.  On the continent, the Germans have acknowledged that they have retreated from Norroy in the Woevre region. Fierce fighting continues between Arras and Lille and northeast of Rheims.

In the east, the Austrians continue their advance against the Russians in Bukowina. The Austrians are attempting a two-fold enveloping movement to encircle the Russians. And in northern Poland the Russians are defending against massive attacks on their positions on the east bank of the Vistula River.


On this Ash Wednesday there will be fair and clear skies but the temperatures will be colder with the high only reaching 46° and the low about 36°.

Harold Murdock of 3012 Sydenham Street is a junior at Central High School. At lunch today Harold received a lettuce sandwich but before he took the first bite he noticed something strange. It was a fingertip. Young Harold’s discovery caused a sensation. Mr. George Roth who is in charge of the lunchroom preformed an immediate investigation. He found that another student had cut his thumb while using the bread cutting machine. In the excitement and pain that youngster didn’t notice the missing part of his finger. He was attended to by the school’s physician and sent home. Young Mr. Murdock found the other boy’s thumb tip. After the discovery young Harold went outside for some fresh air, skipped having lunch and then returned to class.

Businessmen and residents of West Philadelphia are suggesting that the city purchase the land presently occupied by the Kirkbride Asylum, from 42nd Street to 49th Street between Market Street and Haverford Avenue, and use the land for the construction of a large municipal sports stadium and athletic field.  Proponents of the project say the land is ideal due to the easy access to the location from the Market Street elevated line and the Market Street and Haverford Avenue surface cars. Area Businessmen also believe such a stadium would greatly improve the economic situation in the neighborhood.

In Washington, the Department of Agriculture has ordered certain restriction on the transport of livestock from all states east of the Mississippi River due to the foot and mouth disease situation. However, these restrictions will not affect the movement of livestock within this city and from the surrounding farms as is shown below with the movement of a flock of sheep across the Chestnut Street Bridge.

Sheep On Chestnut Street Bridge-2-17-1915


On the western front, a general commencement of battles has begun from the North Sea to the Swiss border. German forces are reportedly being attacked near Verdun, along the Meuse, in the Argonne and in Champagne. The Germans believe this is a tactic to relieve pressure on the Russians in the east. Berlin reports these attacks are having no effect on German strategy.

In the east, The German army, under the approving eyes of the Kaiser, has won an overwhelming victory in East Prussia. The battle in the Mazurian Lake region lasted for 9 days. The Russian 10th army which consisted of over 200,000 men was decimated. The Germans report taking 50,000 Russian prisoners. Also, further south the German army has reportedly completely surrounded the city of Kovno in Russian Lithuania. In Bukowina, the Austrians have driven the Russian army back to the River Pruth where it intends to make a stand.



The city will have overcast and cloudy skies today. The spring like temperatures will continue with the high reaching 67° and the low 44°.

Mayor Rudolf Blankenburg celebrates the anniversary of his birth today. The Mayor was born in 1843 in Germany. Mr. Blankenburg said he intends to spend the day working at his desk in City Hall. The citizens of Philadelphia send the Mayor their most sincere congratulations.

Women and girls busily going about their afternoon shopping today at Germantown & Chelten Avenues were terrified when an army of rats poured into the streets. It seems the rodents were hiding in boxes on a garbage wagon which fell off when the wagon made a sharp turn at the intersection. The ladies ran screaming to and fro looking for any available open building to take refuge. The screams brought a policeman who took aim at the rats with his pistol a few times but held his shot due to the women running in front of him. However, Dan McCarty, a peanut boy with one leg didn’t hesitate to deal with the rat attack. Young Dan used his wooden leg to kick several of the rodents that were chasing the ladies. The kicks were so hard that those rats will never attack again.

In national news, The Memorial to the men of the battleship U.S.S. Maine was dedicated yesterday at Arlington Cemetery (shown below). The dedication was attended by President Wilson and Cuban Minister to the United States Carlos Manuel De Cespedes. Both men laid wreaths at the memorial. The mainmast of the ship stands as the centerpiece of the memorial.

U.S.S. Maine Memorial

U.S.S. Maine Memorial

 On the sports scene, in boxing tonight at the Fairmount A.C., 11th & Spring Garden Streets, “Kayo” Jack Farrell of the 17th Ward will meet Jimmy McBride of the 20th Ward. Five other bouts are also scheduled. In Eastern League Basketball 4th place Trenton beat 3rd place DeNeri 30 to 25. In scholastic basketball today West Philadelphia High beat Southern High 23 to 15.


On the western front, the French report that British forces have retaken St. Eloi south of Ypres. The Germans have announced they will use zeppelins to assist in the blockade of the British coast. The plan is to have the airships drop bombs on those ships that escape the submarine cordon.

In the east, the German advance in Poland continues. Reports are that Plock and Bielsk just 65 miles from Warsaw on the Vistula River have fallen to the German army. Also, Austria reports a new offensive has been launched in southern Galicia. The town of Nadworna has been captured and a force of 80,000 Russians routed.



There will be cloudy skies today and unseasonably warm temperatures. The high today will reach 53° with the low around 47°.

Today Philadelphia sends its greetings to Dr. Russell Conwell (shown below), president and founder of Temple University. Dr. Conwell is 72 years old today. This morning a reception was held at Broad & Berks Streets by students and faculty where Dr. Conwell was presented with a silver loving cup and a leather traveling bag. A dinner will be held tonight in his honor.

Dr. Russell Conwell

Dr. Russell Conwell

Two attempts were made today to set fire to the Roman Catholic Church of St. John at 21 South 13th street. Two piles of burning rags were discovered, one on the steps leading to the belfry and one behind the organ. The burning rags were discovered by Rev. John Wheeler, assistant rector, who heard shouts of fire from a crowd of people. Numerous threats have been received recently to do harm to the church. Some threats have come from men who have been ejected from the church because they were drunk and sleeping in the pews.

Nicola Perpetuo who conducts his barber shop at 435 Bainbridge Street, loves quiet although he has become use to the chatter of voices in the shop as he plies his trade. But lately his son-in-law, Charles Roccia who lives with him in the building, has taken up the mandolin and Mr. Roccia loves to play, removing any brief moments of silence for Mr. Perpetuo. This has caused great conflict between the men of late. Mr. Roccia even brought a parrot into the home which he then taught to say very unkind things about his father-in-law in front of customers. All this was too much for Mr. Perpetuo to take any longer. First he hit Mr. Roccia with an Italian cheese. Then the barber went outside, grabbed his barber pole and used it to beat his son-in-law. A fight ensued resulting in the arrest of both men. They are being held now, in separate cells, on $300.00 bail.


Kaiser Wilhelm has made it known that he is unhappy about the current anti-American feeling begin expressed in the German press. He wants more restraint shown by the papers and more effort taken by them to fully explain Germany’s position and its reasoning for the recent decision to enforce a naval blockade around the British Isles. On the western front, the French claim to have recaptured the heights at Norroy in Lorraine. In the east, the Austrians claim that all the bridges over the Sereth River have been blown up by the Russians to hinder the Austro-German army advance in Bukowina. Also, the Russian forces in East Prussia appear to have been driven back into Poland and Russia itself. The Russians report they have decided to make a stand along the River Nieman.



The forecast for today is for sunny, clear and fair skies. The high today will be 48° with the low tonight about 32°.

A riot call went out to the police in Germantown today claiming people were being killed and houses destroyed by ruffians. Over a dozen policemen were dispatched to deal with the situation. The melee occurred at Rittenhouse and Baynton Streets where rival gangs were contesting the ownership of an abandoned house. More than 150 men and boys were in the battle. Most of the fighting was hand to hand but bricks and other projectiles were also being dropped from the roof of the building. Some were throwing cabbage bombs (heads of cabbage spiked with long nails).

The two gangs involved were the “Cowtowners” and the “Five Pointers.” The Five Pointers were reinforced by Italians and Negros from the Germantown Bowery.  Leaders of the Cowtowners were arrested and claimed the fault for the fight was with the Five Pointers who had lost the house in a game two weeks ago but refused to give it up. Since no one was seriously injured in the fight the police decided to let everyone go free.

The Bureau of Health released its weekly mortality report today showing 522 deaths last week. That is 25 more than the previous week. Also 123 new cases of measles were reported including 3 which resulted in death. Additionally, 186 new cases of chicken pox, 76 new cases of mumps, 7 new cases of whooping cough, 30 new case of scarlet fever and 58 new cases of diphtheria were reported.

On the entertainment scene, Al Jolson opens tonight in Dancing Around at the Lyric Theatre, Broad and Cherry Streets. Although Mr. Jolson is well known from his appearances in a number of shows at the Winter Garden Theatre in New York since 1911, this is his first starring role in a production.

Al Jolson

Al Jolson


In Poland, reports are that the Kaiser has personally ordered Field Marshal von Hindenburg to make a full assault, regardless of the cost, to capture Warsaw next week. The Kaiser wants to capture the Polish capital prior to the Reichstag consideration and vote on a new war loan equaling 11/4 billion dollars. The Kaiser wants no opposition to the loan and believes a great victory will assure passage.

In East Prussia the Russians claim they have made a “strategic retreat” of 80 miles with the purpose of selecting more favorable ground to engage in battle. However, the Germans characterize this strategic retreat as a complete rout in battles between the Mazurian Lakes and Insterburg. In the Carpathians, reports from the Dukla Pass suggest the Russians have won a major battle there. It is reported that the Austrians have lost 8,300 men in the fighting.


On this Lincoln’s Birthday the city will have cloudy skies with the possibility of rain this evening. The high will be around 46° with the low about 35°. In celebration of the 106th birthday of President Lincoln throughout the city there will be banquets, musicals and other entertainments held by social and fraternal groups and organizations composed of veterans of the war. “Billy Sunday” will preach a special sermon today at the tabernacle, 19th & Vine Streets, for 5000 veterans of the Grand Army of the Republic. In Washington D.C. this afternoon the cornerstone was laid for the Lincoln Memorial in Potomac Park (shown here).

 Lincoln Memorial Cornerstone

Philadelphians are enthusiastically supporting Self-Sacrifice Day. Large crowds formed at the Lincoln Building to wait in line to give whatever donation they could afford to help the needy. By 4:00pm the Emergency Aid Committee said $35,149.00 had already been collected at the main office. However, hundreds of donation envelopes remained to be opened and contributions at other locations were also uncounted.

In business news, the Baldwin Locomotive Company has received a rush order from the French government for 100 narrow gage locomotives. The contract is said to be worth $2,000,000.00 and will result in the recall of several hundred employees previously laid off.

On the sports beat, in scholastic basketball today Haverford School beat West Philadelphia High 27 to 23. The School of Pedagogy defeated the Philadelphia Trade School 32 to 7, Bryn Athyn Academy over Abington High School 56 to 18 and Jenkintown High School over Germantown Friends 40 to 29.


On the eastern front, in East Prussia, Germany is reporting that the Russian troops south of the Mazur Lakes are being beaten back and are retreating toward Poland. In Galicia, the Austrians are claiming that they have broken the Russian lines at the Stryj Valley north of the Carpathians and that the Russian assaults at the Dukla Pass have been checked.



Today will bring more clear and sunny skies to our area. However, the cold remains with the high only reaching 42° and the low about 22°.

The sound of the Liberty Bell was sent across the continent to San Francisco this afternoon over the wires of the Bell Telephone Company (shown below). Chief Ball of the Bureau of City Property had the honor of striking the Bell 3 times with different size mallets. The Bell was struck on the side opposite the crack. The striking was also recorded on a gramophone furnished by the Victor Talking Machine company. The event was attended by Mayor Blankenburg and 200 invited guests.

Liberty Bell-2-11-1915

An estimated 40,000 people went to the tabernacle at 19th & Vine Streets to hear Billy Sunday give his famous sermon on “Amusements”. Mr. Sunday heard of the crowd size while at the home of Mr. and Mrs. E.T. Stotesbury and about 200 society folk. Upon hearing of the crowd he rushed to the tabernacle. His sermon denounced gambling, theatres, card playing and dancing as breeding grounds of sin. Mr. Sunday gave 2 sermons today to accommodate the large crowd.

Tomorrow will be “Self-Sacrifice Day” in this city. The day is to be set aside to ask every Philadelphian to make some contribution, no matter how small, to help alleviate the suffering of our poverty stricken fellow citizens. Funds collected will be distributed to the poor for food, to pay rent or buy clothing for children. Contributions can be made at the headquarters of the Emergency Aid Committee at the Lincoln Building, Broad Street and South Penn Square, until midnight tomorrow evening. There are also various other locations around the city authorized to accept contributions. It is hoped that $100,000.00 will be raised.

Graduation exercises were held today for both West Philadelphia Girls High School and West Philadelphia Boys High School. Sixty two girls and 55 boys received their diplomas as members of the Class of 1915.

Dog fanciers and society leaders will head to the Metropolitan Building, Broad & Wallace Streets, today for the opening of the Kennel Club of Philadelphia Dog Show. Over 1000 dogs representing 52 breeds are set to compete.


On the western front in the Argonne, the French have suffered heavy losses near Fort Marie Therese. In the east, Petrograd is reporting that the Germans are evacuating Insterburg in East Prussia and Lodz in central Poland. In East Prussia, Russian forces are 60 miles from the capitol of Koenigsberg and battle is being fought along a 50 mile front. In the south, the Russians are still in retreat in Bukowina. West of there, in the Carpathians, fighting continues around the Dukla Pass.


Philadelphians will have a clear, sunny but cold day to enjoy. The high will only reach 36° with a low tonight of around 16°.

The Fairmount Park Commission is considering a proposal to hire a professional dog killer. Mr. Theodore Justice of the Commission said the dog slayer is need because stray dogs have been attacking the deer in the Park. The commission has gone to some expense to re-populate the deer herd in Fairmount Park. Mr. E.T. Stotesbury took exception to Mr. Justice’s proposal and asked that Mr. George Wharton Pepper, counsel to the commission, look into the authority to hire a dog slayer and advise as to any ramifications that may arise if dogs are killed that actually have owners. A decision on the proposal will now await Mr. Pepper’s findings.

The city has imposed fines totaling $900.50 on 6 street cleaning, ash and rubbish collecting contractors for dereliction of work during January. The total paid out by the city to the contractors was $147,143.65.

In Municipal Court today a jury awarded Miss Esther Alper $500.00 in a case she brought against Mr. Sam Kamanarsky for breach of promise. Miss Alper claimed she became engaged to marry Mr. Kamanarsky in November of 1913 but he broke the engagement telling her he would never marry. Miss Alper testified she gave up a steady position and expended funds on her trousseau in anticipation of her wedding.  Mr. Kamanarsky claimed he only postponed the wedding while his mother was ill and would have married the women eventually but she decided to sue him.

In sports, the National League of Baseball released the 1915 schedule today. The Phillies will open the season against the Braves in Boston on April 14th with a 3 game series. In basketball today, the Temple University Girls team (shown below) defeated the girls of the Beachwood School 33 to 7. The members of the team from right to left are: Irene Morrison (captain), Willamina Gates, Frances Hannington, Sara Taylor, Mabel Bockelmann, Anita Preston, Sara Ferris, Mary Zesinger and Bessie Taylor.

Temple Girls Basketball-2-10-1915


Fighting on the western front is generally confined to artillery exchanges. However, in the Lorraine the French do report some slight gains around Manonviller. In the east, Petrograd is reporting an unprecedented slaughter near Kozlowa in Galicia. The Russians claim an Austro-German army charged 22 times and was beaten back on every attempt. The Russians say the area is now littered with corpses for as far as the eye can see. In the Middle East, Constantinople reports that Turkish advance units have crossed the Suez Canal and are awaiting the main army before attacking the British.


The city will have a clear and sunny skies today but it will still be on the chilly side. The high temperature will reach about 36° with the low about 26°. There is a chance of snow flurries later in the afternoon and tonight. The bright sun brought out many of those who have been kept indoors due to the cold, rain and snow of late. They included the little ladies shown below in Rittenhouse Square. They are from left to right, Misses Elizabeth Ellison, Virginia Freeman, Sarah Ellison and Dorothy Frothingham.

Girls in Rittenhouse Sq-2-9-1915Mayor Blankenburg asserted today that “mysterious influences” appear to be responsible for City Councils failure to act on the ordinance to change the 11,092 public street lamps from gasoline to gas. The measure has been languishing for over a year now and would provide work for unemployed men to connect or replace the lamps. The change it is thought will save the City $70,000.00 per year. The Mayor has written to Samuel Bodine, President of the United Gas Improvement Company, asking his help to move the issue through City Councils.

In Harrisburg today the House passed a resolution calling for an amendment to the State Constitution granting women the vote. The measure passed by a vote of 130 to 71. The Senate will now take up the issue. If the measure passes in the Senate the matter will be put before the voters next November.

On the sports scene, in high school basketball today Southern took down league leading Central 25 to 24. And West Philadelphia’s defeat of Northeast 24 to 18 puts them in a tie with Central for 1st place in the standings. In other games, Lansdowne High over Brown Prep 35 to 15, Haverford School over De Lancey School 36 to 25 and Chestnut Hill Academy beat Germantown High School 13 to 11. In boxing tonight at the Fairmount A.C., 11th & Spring Garden Streets, Kid Goodman of New York will meet Mickey Daley of Kensington in the featured bout. Five other fights are also on the schedule.


On the western front, severe fighting is reported in Flanders northeast of Ypres. There are also unconfirmed reports that the Belgians and British have captured Passchendaele and Langematck. In the Argonne, French and German forces continue fierce fighting near Bagatelle. In Germany it is reported the government has seized control of all wireless stations. No private messages of any kind will be transmitted. The action was taken so that the government could present to neutral countries the facts of the war from the German standpoint.

In the east, Petrograd reports that the German offensive toward Warsaw has collapsed. The Russians believe the Germans have diverted forces from the Warsaw action to bolster its army in East Prussia. There are also reports that the Austrians are driving the Russians back in Bukowina.



There will be clear and fair skies for this start of the week. The high will be around 40° with the low near 27°.

Thomas S. Lyons, 25 years old, appears to be a jolly fellow even though twice trying to hang himself today. Lyons attempted to end his life from an enormous elm tree on a farm near Frankford and City Line Avenues. Mr. Lyons tied one end of his suspenders around his neck and the around a branch on which he was sitting. When he let himself down the suspenders broke. So he tried again after tying the broken suspenders together. This time it worked for awhile until he was discovered by Mounted Patrolman Powell who cut him down. Lyons was taken to the Front & Master Street police station. While awaiting transport to Philadelphia Hospital he entertained the policemen with songs, dances and jokes.

For the first time in the history of the public schools in this city teachers are to be assigned specifically to teach backward and mentally deficient students. Five young women will be assigned to take charge of these classes. The women have all voluntarily taken post-graduate courses to enable them to meet the needs of “impossible” children that cannot be reached by regular methods of pedagogy. The women are Misses Hazel Leslie of 706 N. 39th Street,  Selinda McCaulley of 5010 Newhall Street, Helen L. Farrell of Bustleton, Helen G. Findley of 2232 N. 18th Street and Laura M. Bitting of 1818 N. 16th Street.

With a break from the bitter cold weather, fisherman were able to return to the Schuylkill River. Shown below are fishermen doing some net fishing just above the Fairmount dam. Most of the catch in this area is comprised of large carp.

Schuylkill Fishing-2-8-1915


On the western front, from the sea to the Oise River an artillery duel continued throughout the day. Further south, the lull due to bad winter weather having abated in the area, fighting has again resumed in upper Alsace. And there are reports the Germans have been reinforced with Austrian troops and artillery.

In the east, reports are that 120,000 more men have been sent to East Prussia and that the Kaiser has himself traveled to Koenigsberg in preparation for a great battle. In Poland, fighting continues at the junction of the Bzura and Vistula Rivers. In the Beskid Mountains in the Carpathians the Austrians appear to have lost the ground they gained previously from the Russians.



This Sunday in the city will see clear and fair skies with gentle winds from the west. The high today will be around 39° with the low tonight about 32°.

The Bureau of Health released its weekly mortality report yesterday. The report lists 497 deaths in Philadelphia last week. Sixty three new cases of diphtheria were also reported which is an increase of 17 from the previous week.

In national news, a plot has been uncovered to incite a revolt in 5 Southern States and effect their secession from the United States. The plotters are mostly Mexicans whose object is to offer the seceding States to Mexico. Papers found on Mr. Basilio Ramos after his arrest, implicate prominent persons in Mexico. The States in question are Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and California. The plan, which is titled “The Plan of San Diego”, involves an uprising on February 20 of Mexicans, Indians, Japanese and Negroes in those states against “Yankee tyranny.” It specifically calls for the execution of all white men in those states.

On the sports scene yesterday, in scholastic basketball Northeast High School defeated Bordentown Military Institute 39 to 18. Girard College beat Southern High 29 to 25. Chestnut Hill Academy over DeLancey School 42 to 29. In soccer yesterday, in the American League, Victor and the Hibernians played to a 4 all tie. In golf, Mr. George Hoffner took the championship at the Gimbel’s Amateur Indoor Golf Tournament. Finally, the College Football Rules Committee yesterday went on record favoring the use of numbers on all football players’ uniforms. However, they did not make the use mandatory.

In entertainment, George Bernard Shaw’s play “Pygmalion” will open here on Monday at the Broad Theatre. The play will star famed English actress Mrs. Patrick (Beatrice Tanner) Campbell in the lead role of Eliza (shown below). Many Philadelphians will be familiar with the play from its printing in Everybody’s Magazine.

Mrs. Patrick Campbell as Eliza

Mrs. Patrick Campbell as Eliza

Also, The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts opens its 110th annual exhibit to the public today. This year’s exhibit is considerably larger than last year with 100 more pictures, 30 more sculptures and 78 artists represented included Mary Cassatt and Thomas Eakins.


The cruise liner Lusitania sailed into Liverpool England yesterday flying the American Flag. The ship’s captain took that extraordinary step of lowering the flag of Great Britain and hoisting the Stars and Stripes in order to protect his passengers from German submarine attack. The ship was carrying 741 passengers, many of whom are American. The British Admiralty explained that British ships claim the same right as other nations’ vessels to fly the flag of another country to escape the enemy.

In the east, The Russian General Staff has announced further success against the Germans west of Warsaw at Borjimow. The Russians also claim to have crossed the Rawka and Bzura Rivers and are opening a new drive against German forces in Poland.


Today’s weather forecast calls for clear and sunny skies. The temperatures will be unseasonably warm. The high today will reach almost 50° with the low about 36°.

The New Jersey State Motor Vehicle Commissioner, Job H. Lippincott, intends to spring a trap on Philadelphians who have been avoiding paying the special license fee to use their automobile on the streets and highways of New Jersey. Mr. Lippincott asserts that Philadelphia automobile owners, both private and business, cheated New Jersey out of $40,000 last year by abusing the reciprocity privilege. This privilege allows Pennsylvanians to drive in Jersey on their home state license providing the automobile was not kept in the State for more than two weeks. Some motorists have evaded this and are keeping their machines in resort towns all summer without taking out the special license. A detail of detectives will now be stationed at the Camden ferry ports to catch evaders.

A concert will be given tonight to benefit the German, Austrian and Hungarian families of Canada. Since the beginning of the war over 30,000 of these men have lost their employment and positions and their families have suffered as a result. The concert is to raise funds to help with their support. The event will be held at Turngemeinde Hall, Broad Street & Columbia Avenue, and is organized by the Austro-Hungarian Consul Georg von Grivicic and German Consul Dr. Karl Muller.

Soccer will be taking over the sports scene in the city and surrounding areas today. Thirty games are on the schedule and fans are hoping for good weather. The big contest in the American League will be between the Victor Team and the Hibernians at 3rd & Lehigh Avenue. Also, the Falls of Schuylkill team will meet Disston Saw Works this afternoon.  In United League play Cardington plays Feltonville for 1st place at Rising Sun Lane & Wyoming Avenue. Five other United League games are also scheduled. And there are 14 games scheduled in the Allied League.

Fencing has become quite popular among the feminine set at Temple University. The girls’ fencing team spends hours preparing for their matches. Below are Miss Morrison and Miss Gates practicing thrust and parry.

Temple Girls Fencing-2-6-1915


In Eastern Europe, 3 companies of German infantry were annihilated when they attempted to cross the Rawka River in Poland by Russian artillery. In Hungry, German troops are now defending that country against the Russian invasion and possible nationalist revolt.


There will be rain throughout the day and this evening. The high will reach 34° with the low tonight about 26°.

Almost all of this city’s fraternal and patriotic organizations have joined together to form The Washington Birthday Committee. The purpose of the committee is to plan an elaborate celebration in our city in honor of our first President’s birthday on February 20.

A heroic battle was put up by Mrs. Marie Tyson yesterday in her home at 4935 North Camac Street. At about 2:00pm Mrs. Tyson was sewing in an upstairs room when her French poodle began barking on the 1st floor. She went downstairs to investigate and encountered a man with a gun who demanded she open the small safe in the kitchen. She refused and he threatened her. The brave women dared him to shoot.

The man, described as about 40 years old, 5’8” tall, and heavily built, grabbed Mrs. Tyson to force her to comply. She fought back and grabbing a plate in each hand hit the burglar in the face. One plate broke and she used it to slash the man’s face. The fight continued with Mrs. Tyson grabbing anything she could to fight with. Unfortunately the man finally got the best of her and knocked her unconscious. When Mr. Tyson came home he found his wife and summoned police. Some of Mrs. Tyson’s jewelry was taken but the safe with the family’s savings was not opened. Police are now combing the area and searching hospitals to find this man with the badly cut face.

The 9th Floor of the Wanamaker Department Store will be turned into a sports arena tonight. The John Wanamaker Commercial Institute will hold an athletic carnival beginning at 7:30pm. The organization is composed of younger employees of the store who attend educational classes in the evening. Events will include basketball, wrestling, boxing and gymnastics. The Institute’s band will be on hand to provide musical entertainment. Over at Gimbel’s Department Store, Miss Maud Hoffman of the Whitemarsh Valley Country Club won the Ladies Amateur Indoor Golf Tournament today defeating Miss Edith Larzelere of the Old York Road Club. The men’s tournament is still continuing.


The German Admiralty announced yesterday that beginning February 18 it will consider the waters surrounding Great Britain, Ireland and the whole of the English Channel as a war zone. The German decree states that all enemy vessels found in these waters will be destroyed. The German Admiralty also advised all neutral nations to avoid these waters because of British misuse of neutral flags.

In the east, the army of Field Marshal von Hindenburg continues its move on Warsaw. Reports are that the Germans have taken at least 6000 Russian prisoners in their operations around Borjimow and Bolimow. Hindenburg’s army has been reinforced by 50,000 fresh troops.


The forecast for today includes clear and fair skies but with a cold biting wind. The snow will not be melting anytime soon. The high will be only around 32° today and the low tonight about 22°. The city has hired more than 3000 previously unemployed men to help clear the snow from streets. But yesterday’s snow did not stop the hearty and intrepid members of the United States Post Office from completing their rounds as is shown below.

Postman-2-4-1915 The Germantown Boy’s Club has chosen its camp for the summer of 1915. The location will be in the old Ocean City Yacht Club at 6th & Pleasure Avenue. The Old Yacht Club is a 3 story building which can accommodate 100 boys per week. The boys of the club have been saving their pennies to help defray expenses for the camp.

Articles of Incorporation were filed today in the Camden, New Jersey County Clerk’s office for the Philadelphia and Camden Bridge and Terminal Company. The object of this corporation is to build and maintain a bridge across the Delaware River between Philadelphia and Camden. The proposed bridge will carry railway cars, street cars, automobiles and pedestrians.

In national news, President Wilson’s veto of the immigration bill has been sustained. The House of Representatives today failed by 5 votes to reach the 2/3 votes needed to override the veto. Also, the bridge bomber, Werner Van Horn, who tried to blow up the bridge over the St. Croix River in Canada, was sentenced to 30 days in jail for property damage caused on the American side in Vanceboro, Maine. A number of private homes had their windows blown out by the blast. The United States Attorney General has telegraphed the local sheriff in Vanceboro and told him to hold Van Horn at any cost and to inform him if any habeas corpus petition is brought.


On the western front, the British have rushed 47,000 fresh troops across the Channel to meet a German offensive in Flanders. The German intent is to smash through the Allied lines and reach the coast. The attacks are mainly between Lens and Bethune and so far are being repulsed. The Germans have had more success in the Argonne near Massiges against the French lines there. The French have been driven back about 11/2 miles and their trenches taken.

In the east, the Russian advance on Thorn in East Prussia is continuing. The Germans have been driven out of Skempe in northwest Poland. Further south, Field Marshal von Hindenburg is continuing his march on Warsaw.

In the Middle East, two separate Turkish attacks on the Suez Canal were repulsed by British troops. One attack was launched at Toussoum, 35 miles north of Suez. The second was at El Kantara, 40 miles south of Port Said.



There will be a continued snow fall throughout the day and tonight. Already 5 inches have been reported on the ground in Germantown. Other sections of the city are also experiencing heavy accumulations. The high will only reach 30° today with the low around 23°.

On the waterfront this morning 30 of the remaining striking longshoremen attacked stevedores loading flour on a Belgium relief ship at the Cambria street wharf in Port Richmond. Three strike breakers were beaten and received cuts and bruises. They were taken to the hospital. Police were called and the melee was broken up. A detail of police is now stationed at the wharf.

In national news, the British Ambassador, Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, formally made application for the extradition to Canada of Werner Van Horn. Van Horn has admitted to the attempted destruction of the bridge spanning the St. Croix River. Van Horn said today that Germany knew nothing of his actions and that he acted because Canada is sending men and supplies to the allies in Europe. He felt it his duty to try and stop these shipments over that bridge.

Van Horn (shown below) who stands over 6’ tall and weighs a muscular 190 lbs. said he has been living and working in Mexico and America for 5 years. He was permitted to send a telegram to the German Ambassador in Washington in which he requested the Ambassador to protect his interests as a German citizen. Van Horn claims that he cannot be extradited. He asserts that he committed a political crime as a German against a country at war with his homeland. And since America is a neutral country it cannot extradite him to a belligerent party.

Werner Horn-2-3-1915

On the sports scene, in scholastic basketball today, Central High School beat West Philadelphia 27 to 17. In other games, Chestnut Hill Academy defeated Mt. Airy Theological Seminary 31 to 19 and St. Luke’s School topped Haverford Prep 34 to 22. Also, the 2nd qualifying round of the Gimbel’s indoor amateur golf tournament continues today.


In the east, the Russians continue their drive toward the German stronghold of Thorn. German forces have now been forced back to Lipno, just 26 miles from Thorn. The Russians also claim to have annihilated an entire German battalion at the Dukla Pass in the Carpathian Mountains.

On the western front, most of the fighting entailed artillery exchanges in Belgium and France. There were a few small infantry engagements. One occurred at St. Paul’s on the north bank of the Aisne River not far from Soissons. Here French Moroccan troops halted 3 separate charges of General von Kluk’s infantry, showing their bravery in the face of a larger force.


The rain will continue today with possible sleet this evening and overnight. The high will be around 38° and the low about 28°.

The heavy rains of yesterday caused the Schuylkill River to overflow its banks early today sending scores of families from their homes. The Pennsylvania Railroad yards at 29th & Chestnut streets were shut down due to the waters covering the tracks. The flooding was at its worse in Manayunk. All mills and other businesses along the banks in Manayunk have been closed. Some had to use boats to navigate the streets (shown below). As of this morning 3.76 inches of rain has fallen within the last 24 hours. The normal rainfall here for the entire month of February is 3.34 inches.

Manayunk boat during flooding-2-2-1915

On the sports beat, in high school basketball Central beat West Philadelphia 27 to 17 and Northeast defeated Southern 37 to 18. In boxing last night Sam Robideau defeated Willie Houck at the Olympia A.A. In golf, 17 men and 6 women played today in the 2nd qualifying round of the amateur indoor golf tournament in the Gimbels Department store. At the end of today’s competition Mr. J.J. Kelly led the men and Mrs. W.J. Peck led the women.

At about 1:00 am this morning in Canada, the steel bridge over the St. Croix River which runs from Vanceboro, Maine to McAdam Junction, New Brunswick was damaged by a dynamite explosion. A German, Werner von Horn, has been arrested on American soil and has confessed to the crime. The bridge is an essential line for the Canadian railway and the transport of war material to the port at St. John’s. Van Horn told American officials he had the right to blow up the bridge as an act of war.


Canada’s Princess Patricia’s regiment has borne the brunt of the fighting south of the La Bassee Canal in northern France of late. Although the Canadians were driven back at first they have since regained their previous positions. German aeroplanes successfully attacked Dunkirk today dropping 60 bombs on the town. A German aerial bombardment raid also took place against Verdun today. The son of German General Von Kluk, Egon Von Kluk who served as a Lieutenant in Belgium has been killed during a British naval bombardment of Middlekerke. Lieutenant Von Kluk was 28 years old.

In the east, during the last 4 days Field Marshal von Hindenburg has launched a new thrust at Warsaw which appears to be meeting with some success although it has resulted in heavy German losses. The Russians report 6000 German dead and scores more captured in the fighting. The offensive was begun from the junction of the Bzura and Vistula Rivers.



The City will see a steady rain today with warmer temperatures. The high will reach 37° with the low about 34°.

Gunfire broke out at 7:00am today at a saloon at 7th & Buttonwood Streets. Patrick Morgan, 42 years old of 351 North Bodine Streets, entered the establishment and shortly thereafter had an argument with one of the patrons. Morgan took out a gun and fired wildly into the crowd of 15 customers. Two were shot. The bartender and other patrons jumped on Morgan and subdued him until police arrived. The two injured men, John McCabe of 701 Buttonwood street and Peter Campbell of 817 North Capitol street were taken to the hospital. Morgan was taken to the 10th & Buttonwood police station. He is known as a gambler in the area and has served time in the past.

The city’s Catholic schools are planning on providing night courses to those persons of good moral character regardless of their religious affiliation. The courses will be comprised of elementary type subjects for those of limited education but will also include courses in philosophy, logic, ethics and psychology for more advanced students. The work will be under the direction of the Jesuit Fathers and will begin at St. Joseph’s College.

On the sports scene, in boxing Sam Robideau will meet Willie Houck at the Olympia A.A., Broad & Bainbridge streets tonight. Four other matches are also scheduled. In Saturday’s bout between Jack “Red” Keating and “Lengthy” Rosen at the National A.C., 11th & Catharine streets, “Red” Keating was awarded the decision. In golf, those clubs associated with the Women’s Golf Association announced the day of the month that their courses will be open to women members. Some clubs include: Philadelphia Cricket Club which will be open on the 2nd Thursday of each month; Aronimink Country Club, open on the 2nd Friday of each month; Merion Cricket Club, open on the 3rd Friday of the month and St. David’s which will be open on the 4th Friday of each month.


On the western front, recently arrived Canadian troops have proven their worth. During a fierce attack in Flanders the Canadians beat back an assault by German landstrum regiments and in a counter charge drove the Germans from the field. In Germany, reports are that German bakers have been told to cut the production of wheat bread by 25% as a result of shortages. In the east, the Austrian army, with support from German reinforcements, has begun an offensive at the Dukla Pass in the Eastern Carpathians. Also, in the north, as part of their defense of Koenigsberg, East Prussia, the Germans have attacked the advancing Russian army centered west of Pilkallen.



The skies will be overcast and cloudy today with the high reaching only 33° and the low about 21°

The Department of Health issued its weekly report on mortality and disease in the city yesterday. The report showed 478 deaths in the city last week which is a decrease of 43 from the week before. The chickenpox outbreak continues to spread with 293 new cases reported. There were also 157 new cases of measles, 151 new cases of mumps and 80 new cases of diphtheria.

In entertainment news, Philadelphia has a new theatre and it is located at 17th & Venango Streets in Tioga. The Tioga Theatre is the most modern of buildings with a seating capacity of 1700 and 20 safety exits. The building is constructed of steel throughout and is considered fire-proof. There is no staircase or balcony. Every seat is on the ground floor and no posts obstruct the view. The Theatre opened last evening with a concert by the Tioga Symphony Orchestra followed by the showing of the motion picture “Samson” starring William Farnum.

William Farnum

William Farnum

On the sports beat, Shanahan Catholic Club had a very strong showing in matches against St. Gregory’s today. Shanahan took the pool game 100 to 70, won all three pinochle games and 2 out of 3 games of checkers. The Haverford School has announced it will add boxing to its sporting program. This will make Haverford one of the first preparatory schools in the country to take up the art of self-defense for sport.


Reports are that new armies have been formed by all the European powers and are ready to join the battles. Upwards of 5,600,000 new men are to be thrown into the fields. Austria reports it will send 1,100,000 men to Galicia, Poland and the Caucasus. The French claim they will send 2,500,000 men into the field and the British say they have 2,000,000 new Tommies ready to head for Belgium and France.



The weather forecast today calls for overcast and cloudy skies with the possibility of snow overnight. The high today will reach 20° and the low this evening about 14°.

By all accounts the longshoremen’s strike on the Delaware waterfront has failed. The reasons according to shipping men were that the demands of the strikers were exorbitant and there was dissension in the strikers’ ranks. The members of the Industrial Workers of the World now say they never called for a strike. They say they merely called for a meeting to discuss the situation. The longshoremen reply that that is a lie. Many of the strikers have returned to work. Stevedores on the waterfront say none of the “agitators” will be taken back but good men who were misled will be welcome.

The 266th Anniversary of the beheading of Charles I of England will be observed today by members of the Anglican Church with a Mass at St. Elizabeth’s Episcopal Church, 16th & Mifflin Streets. Many Anglicans recognize Charles as a saint. The commemoration is organized by the Society of St. Charles, King and Martyr.

Fire signals in this city will henceforth be a uniform Cl-ang-Cl-ang. A metronome has been installed in the Electric Bureau by Chief Pike which will send out alarms in a consistent, unified sound and speed. The Chief said it was time to stop sending alarms out in ragtime, waltz and other rhythms and adopt a single standard.

On the sports beat, in volleyball last evening the Philadelphia Central Y.M.C.A. defeated the Wilmington team in 3 straight games becoming the undisputed champions of Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. In boxing, Jack “Red” Keating holder of the U.S. Navy’s heavyweight championship belt will meet “Lengthy” Rosen tonight at the National A.C., 11th & Catharine streets.  Keating serves on the U.S.S. Alabama. Four other matches are on the card.

Jack "Red" Keating

Jack “Red” Keating


On the western front, in the Argonne almost an entire French regiment has been wiped out. At least 500 bodies are left on the field and another 743 were taken captive by the Germans. In northern France around La Bassee, British and German forces are engaging in furious fighting. In the east, the Czar’s armies are continuing their march into East Prussia. In Poland, the Russians assert they have decisively defeated the German army under General Mackensen near Rawa. Further south an Austrian army under Archduke Joseph Ferdinand is advancing toward Tarnow in Galicia.

In the Middle East, the Turks have occupied the fortified town of Katiyeh, just south of Port Said. Port Said is the Mediterranean entrance to the Suez Canal. Also, the Russians report that they have driven the Turks out of Tabriz, Persia.


There will be fair skies today but cold temperatures are on the way. The high today will reach 36° with the overnight low about 18°.

A crowded trolley full of men, many heading for their jobs at Pencoys Iron Works, turned into a rabbit hunting excursion this morning. It all happened at 33rd & Midvale Avenue. It seems construction along the Wissahickon disturbed a community of hundreds of bunnies. The scared rabbits dashed from their burrows when dynamite was used to clear some rocks. The bunnies hopped out into the path of the oncoming trolley and quite a few didn’t make it past the wheels. The workingmen on board jumped off the trolley and began gathering dead, injured and dazed rabbits. Considering the high price of meat this winter who can blame them? The smell of fresh rabbit stew will be wafting through the neighborhood tonight.

Burglars attempted to rob the candy and cigar store of Michael Zimmerman at 1107 South 2nd Street last night. But while in the store they somehow started a fire. The Zimmerman family lives on the 2nd floor of the building. Calls from outside the dwelling woke Mr. Zimmerman who helped his wife and oldest daughter out a back window to safety. He returned to the home to rescue his two younger children (shown below) but was driven out by the heavy smoke and flames. But the children were saved from a fiery death. The two burglars who started the fire fought their way into the children’s room picked them up and carried them to safety. The thieves ran away leaving the money and silverware they intended to steal in the backyard.

Zimmerman children

Zimmerman children

 Yesterday in Washington D.C. the President vetoed the Immigration Bill and sent a letter to Congress explaining his reasons. One reason mentioned by the President was the inclusion of a literacy test in the bill. The President said this requirement was in contravention of America’s historic open door policy.

In Eastern League Basketball last night Jasper defeated DiNeri 24 to 20. In other basketball games yesterday Catholic High beat Camden High 32 to 29. And the girls’ team of Germantown Friends School defeated the girls’ from Friends’ Select 28 to 11.


On the western front, the French are claiming success in Belgium. They report they have gained a foothold on the great sand dunes near Nieuport. In the east, two Russian armies are marching on Koenigsberg, the capitol of East Prussia. One army is moving on the city from Tilsit in the northeast about 60 miles away and the other from the Darnehmen-Insterburg line southeast of Koenigsberg. In the Middle East, British troops have landed at Alexandretta in Syria and have cut railway lines supplying the Turkish forces invading Egypt.



The skies will be overcast and cloudy today. A cold snap is predicted to arrive this evening or tomorrow morning. The high today will be around 37° with the low about 34°.

Miss Clara Cozzi (shown below), 18 years old of 1514 South Hicks Street, tells a terrifying story of abduction and imprisonment at the hands of a group of men and women today. Miss Cozzi said that as she was walking by 12th & Federal Streets a woman approached her and asked if she would like to take a ride. Miss Cozzi refused at which time two men grabbed her from behind and threw her into an automobile. The young woman said one of the men pressed a handkerchief soaked with chloroform over her mouth and she lost consciousness.

Carla Cozzi-1-28-1915

She awoke at a house around Race or Vine Street and was surrounded by a group of men and women. She told them she wanted to go home but they refused and told her to be quiet or she would come to harm. She was left in a locked room crying until a Negro woman, who said she was a servant, came to check on her. Miss Cozzi pleaded with the woman to help her. Eventually the woman agreed and helped Miss Cozzi to escape through a back window.  She walked to 12th & Federal where she found a policeman and told her story. The girl is now safe at home with her family. Police are searching for the house where the girl was taken and believe the group may have been part of a white slavery ring.

On the waterfront, the Longshoremen who struck yesterday saw their jobs filled today by an army of unemployed men willing to accept the wages the strikers rejected. Shipping men stated the strikers chose an inopportune time to press their claims. A steamship to be loaded with food for the starving in Belgium at Pier A in Port Richmond had to be filled. New workers have also replaced strikers at Pier 48 at the south wharves loading a British ship with food and other goods. Police are now stationed at a number of Delaware Avenue piers. The leaders of the striking workers say the men will not go back to work until their demands are met. They want a pay raise to .60¢ per hour, .90¢ an hour for overtime and $1.20 per hour for work on Sunday.


The French are claiming that the German army’s attempt to win a victory for the Kaiser’s birthday over the last 3 days has cost it 20,000 men killed or wounded along the western front. In the east, the Russian advance against Koenigsberg appears to have been halted by fierce German resistance along the River Inster. In the Middle East, a Turkish force of 120,000 men advancing on the Suez Canal has been checked by predominately British Hindu colonial troops.



The city will be under cloudy and overcast skies today with the high reaching 36° and the low about 29°.

On the Delaware waterfront 3,000 stevedores went on strike today. The men are employees of Charles M. Taylor’s Sons and Murphy, Cook & Co. They are demanding higher wages and better working hours. Presently they are paid .30¢ per hour. They want a .10¢ per hour increase. Also the men complain that due to the war they often only work 2 days a week. The walkout could spread to the entire waterfront and include over 10,000 stevedores. The strike is being led by the Industrial Workers of the World. A meeting for the strikers is scheduled tonight at a hall at Front & Catharine Streets.

In national news, President Wilson sent birthday greetings to Kaiser Wilhelm, Emperor of Germany. The President’s message read “In behalf of the Government and people of the United States, I have the pleasure to extend to your majesty cordial felicitations on the anniversary of your birth, as well as my own good wishes for your welfare.” The Kaiser is 56 years old today.

Kaiser Wilhelm II-1-27-1915

Here in Philadelphia 12 German-American societies will celebrate the Kaiser’s birthday with a large banquet and dance at Casino Hall, 2nd Street & Girard Avenue.  The Kaiser shares the day with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Samuel Gompers, President of the American Federation of Labor.

On the sports scene, in high school basketball Central High School leads the league followed by Northeast, West Philadelphia and Southern High.  A marathon bowling event will begin today at 4:00pm at the Casino Bowling Alleys, 10th & Chestnut Streets. Sixteen of the best pin men of the city will compete in 8 teams of two until midnight. In boxing last night, Young McGovern, the Port Richmond bantamweight, defeated Marty Kane of Kensington at the Fairmount A.C.


In honor of the Kaiser’s birthday, German forces launched a series of infantry charges all along the western front today. The charges are being described by the British and French as reckless and bloody. Reports are that all the attacks have been repulsed. Near Craonne, France, French aeroplanes were used to bomb attacking German infantry. This is the first time aeroplanes have been used to directly attack an opposing force in conjunction with infantry movements.

In the east, German forces took the offensive in East Prussia and gained some ground around Gumbinnen. However, the Russians are fighting to regain the lost ground. Also, the Russians announced a new offensive towards Koenigsberg, capital of East Prussia on the Gulf of Danzig. Reportedly the Russians are within 55 miles of the city.



The city will see clear skies today with the high temperature reaching 40° and the low tonight about 27°.

New cases of foot and mouth disease have been discovered at the Pennsylvania Railroad stockyards at 30th & Race Streets. The pens were immediately quarantined. The disease was found in 12 cows recently arrived from Chicago. The quarantine will probably last 2 weeks while all the pens are fumigated and cleaned.

Strawbridge & Clothier is now using motor vehicles for their suburban delivers (shown below). The vehicles are manufactured by the Autocar Company of Ardmore, Pennsylvania.

Strawbridge's Autocar-1-26-1915

In Harrisburg today a bill for an appropriation of $1,082,500.00 was introduced in the House for maintenance and construction of new buildings for Temple University. The money will be used for the construction of new buildings for the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and the erection of an annex in South Philadelphia. Also in the legislature a bill was introduced to permit the sale of heroin only by prescription from an authorized and practicing physician, dentist or veterinary surgeon. The bill is an attempt to stop the heroin traffic that has grown in the last 2 years.

The Law Association of Philadelphia met last evening at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania and for the first time in its 100 years existence admitted women to the meeting. This was also the first meeting under the administration of Chancellor Frank P. Pritchard. Last night’s guest speaker was Ezra Thayer, Dean of Harvard Law School.

In sports, last night Trenton took on Eastern League leading Camden. At half time Trenton trailed by 9 points. But Trenton put on quite a show in the 2nd half and beat the Alpha’s 35 to 28. In boxing, at the Fairmount A.C., 11th & Spring Garden Streets, tonight Marty Kane of Kensington will take on the up and coming bantamweight Young McGovern of Port Richmond. Four other bouts are also on the card.


On the western front, the Germans have launch attacks on British defenses west of La Bassee in the region from the Lys to the Oise Rivers.  The Belgians forced a withdrawal of German artillery positions south of Nieuport. The guns had been doing considerable damage to that city.

In the east, over the last 5 days the Russians have sent 6 army corps comprising 250,000 men to southern Bukowina. The Russians intend to clearly take the area and break through the Austrian defenses and inhibit any Austrian flanking movement into Galicia. Control of the passes through Bukowina will also allow Russian forces a path into hungry.


Rain and ice continues today with the possibility of the precipitation turning to snow overnight. The high today will only reach 32° with the low around 28°.  Off the coast about 200 miles east of Atlantic City a gale is raging which could bring us additional rain or snow. The rain and hail storm of yesterday caused scores of injuries due to the icy streets and sidewalks. At least 2 deaths have also been reported. One man died when he slipped off the top of a freight car and was crushed under the wheels. Another man died from exposure after falling asleep in a vacant lot at 24th & Mifflin Streets.

The cold, rain and ice has caused a desperate situation for hundreds of men who are out of work and homeless. An abandoned factory at 12th & Hamilton Streets has been turned into a place of comfort for these men in the bitter cold of winter. The building has been named by the men the “Hotel de Glink” and is provided by the charity of the Sunday Breakfast Association. Over 300 men can find a place on the floors to sleep (shown below) and a hot meal.

Hotel de Glink sleeping room-1-25-1915

Many of these unfortunates are out of work artisans, mechanics and even professional and business men who have lost their jobs in the hard economic times. The men wait in line for admittance and once inside no alcohol is permitted (shown below).

Hotel de Glink waiting line-1-25-1915


For over 4 hours in the North Sea a fierce battle took place between British and German vessels yesterday. The engagement started about 200 miles off the German base of Heligoland and ended only 80 miles from that base. The German battle cruiser Bluecher, 15,500 tons, was sunk with the loss of most of her 700 man crew. The British Admiralty denies any loss of their ships. In total, 10 German warships and over 15 British warships are thought to have taken part in the fight.  On the western front, the French have blown up the pontoon bridges set up by the Germans across the Meuse River below St. Mihiel. The bridges had been part of the German attempt over the last few months to cross the River and break the French defenses between Verdun and Toul.

In the east, the Austrian army has taken the offensive in Galicia. Austrian victories are reported around Tarnow and directly west of the Dunajec River. Apparently the Austrians are taking advantage of the large Russian engagements in East Prussia, at Warsaw and in Transylvania. The Russians report that the entire air fleet of the Ottoman Empire was destroyed today when the Russian navy sunk the steamship Georgius off Sinoub in the Black Sea. The ship was carrying all 6 Turkish aircraft.


On this Sunday in January 1915 I thought we could take a break from the news and instead present some recipes from those days that our grandmothers or great-grandmothers might have been working on in the kitchen as the rest of the family gathered round. It would have been a cold morning. The high temperature today would only reach 39° and the low about 28°. So below I provide two pancake recipes that I came across. You might want to try them yourself for breakfast or brunch. If you do please let me know how they turned out. One cautionary note from what I’ve read, the chefs always advise that when making pancakes always use a perfectly flat frying pan. They say the iron ones are best because they hold the heat longer and can be regulated so the cake will not burn. But that was 1915.


Pancakes Au Fait

Ingredients for pancake and first step:

-Beat to a mix 1 cup of milk, 2 eggs, 1½ cups of flour, 2 teaspoonfuls of baking powder, 2 tablespoonfuls of shortening, ½ teaspoonful of nutmeg.

Next, separately prepare ½ cup of nuts (chopped very fine) and 1 dozen maraschino cherries (well drained and chopped fine).

-Pour the pancake mix into the hot pan and let them form.

-Sprinkle the chopped nuts and cherries onto the pancakes.

Let bake then lift.

-Spread with honey and dust with pulverized sugar.

-Roll the pancakes and garnish with whole or chopped cherries.


Irish Pancakes


-1 cupful of mashed potatoes, 2 cups of flour, 1 teaspoon of salt, 3 teaspoonfuls of baking powder, 2 eggs, 1 cup of milk, 4 tablespoonfuls of syrup, 1½ teaspoonfuls of nutmeg.

– Beat ingredients into a smooth mix.

Bake in a hot pan.

When ready spread with butter and sugar and serve.


Today’s forecast will be for cloudy skies with the chance of rain. The high today will only reach 31° with the low tonight around 28°.

A chickenpox epidemic is spreading in Philadelphia according to the Department of Health. This week 238 new cases were reported. Since January 1 there have been 571 cases. Along with chickenpox, there were 38 new cases of scarlet fever and 75 new cases of diphtheria. The Department’s weekly mortality report showed 521 deaths in total from all causes last week.

The city released the list of those Philadelphians subject to personal property tax today. According to the list, the estate of Thomas Dolan, late president of the United Gas Improvement Company, will pay the heaviest tax, it being assessed at $9,341,878.00. The A.J. Drexel estate is assessed at $6,450,350.00. The largest assessment on an individual fell upon Mrs. Anna Walker Penfield at $3,537,182.00.

In sports the anti-trust case against organized baseball continues in Chicago. The attorneys for both sides are expected to make their closing arguments sometime today. Judge Landis will probably issue his ruling next week on the Federal League’s request for a temporary injunction against the other leagues to stop them from interfering with the signing of players.

In the gallery watching the proceedings are almost every major league team owner and quite a few managers. There is also a good deal of maneuvering going on. Charles Ebbets of the Brooklyn Club announced today he had signed outfielder Charles “Casey” Stengel (shown below) to a new 2 year contract.

Courtesy Library of Congress

Courtesy Library of Congress

In entertainment this weekend at the Nixon Grand, Broad & Montgomery Avenue, the vaudeville comedy act of Frank Milton & The DeLong Sisters will be on stage. Admission is .10¢. At the Cross Keys, 60th & Market Streets, The Seven Russells and Earl’s Diving Lilies are in town. Evening admission is .20¢. And at B.F. Keith’s, America’s favorite dramatic actress Henrietta Crossman stars in the peace play “Thou Shalt Not Kill.”


 On the western front a fleet of up to 10 German Taube aeroplanes attacked Dunkirk yesterday dropping 80 bombs. The attack caused heavy damage and at least 8 were killed. Artillery exchanges continue between French and German forces at Ypres, Arras and Soissons. In Alsace, fierce combat is engaged at Hartmannsweiler Kopf, a rocky spur in the Vosges Mountains [Editor’s Note: The battle for Hartmannsweiler Kopf would last throughout 1915 and cost 30,000 lives, most of them French. Neither side would prevail and eventually troops were repositioned elsewhere on the western front leaving just enough to maintain the lines].

In the east, in northern Poland the Russians continue their move toward East Prussia. In southern Poland the city of Kielce has been recaptured by the Russians. The German army has reportedly been pushed back 30 miles.


Snow is in the forecast for tonight and tomorrow. There is a possibility of the snow turning to rain tomorrow evening. The high temperature today will be around 36° with the low about 25°.

“Billy” Sunday took his message of the Gospel to 1,490 prisoners at Eastern State Penitentiary today. The evangelist was greeted by Warden McKenty (shown below) before preaching a message of hope and encouragement to those behind the grey prison walls. On a number of occasions some inmates’ wiped tears from their eyes as Mr. Sunday spoke of redemption and a new start once they leave the prison. Sunday led the men in prayer. After the prayers one “trusy” present the preacher with a hand carved wooden plaque of the Lord’s Prayer. The carving had been done by inmate number 5271. The gift brought Mr. Sunday to tears.

Billy Sunday-Warden McKenty-1-22-1915

Two small boys, who longed to be firemen and use the boots and fire helmets they received for Christmas got their wish last night. The boys, William and James Kress, 8 and 5 years old, saved the family chickens from a fire in their home, 1328 North 4th Street. They donned their gear and accompanied the firemen by going into the basement through dense smoke. Each boy carried 3 chickens to safety. The fire was extinguished with minimal damage.

The Sons of Italy opened their national convention today at the Hotel Walton, Broad & Locust Streets. The first items to be addressed by the 300 representatives from every state were to raise funds for the relief of the Italian people affected by the recent earthquakes. A second resolution was passed calling on President Wilson to veto the recently passed immigration bill which calls for a literacy test for new immigrants.

In international news, snow and cold weather has made the recovery of bodies in central Italy an agonizingly slow process. New deaths from exposure to the elements and hunger have been reported. In the mountain regions of the affected areas soldiers are fending off wolves trying to feast on the injured and the dead.


On the western front, the Germans are bombarding Nieuport, Belgium. German artillery bombardment is also taking place against the ancient city of St. Die in the Vosges in the Lorraine. In the east, northwestern Poland has been turned into a massive battlefield where some of the bloodiest fighting of the war is taking place. Russian forces are advancing on a 40 mile long front from Mlawa to Soldau in East Prussia and towards Thorn in Wes Prussia. In the Middle East, there are reports of a Turkish army being massed at Beersheba in preparation for an attack on Egypt and the Suez Canal.


There will be cloudy skies today with winds out of the northwest at 14mph. The high temperature will reach 43° with the low about 32°.

Kensington is at last to have a girl’s high school. A modern structure costing $600,000 and able to accommodate 1000 pupils is to be erected on a site bordered by Coral & Cumberland Streets and Firth & Amber Streets. The Board of Education recently completed negotiations with the householders on the site to purchase the land for a total sum of $175,000. The school’s curriculum will be the equal of what Kensington’s boys receive at Northeast High School but will also include domestic economics and typing.

Special Policeman Whalen told Magistrate Coward at 2nd & Christian Street station that when he arrested William Brown he thought him the fattest man he had ever apprehended. That was until the policeman began searching him. Policeman Whalen removed from the prisoner 2 overcoats, 4 sack coats, 4 vests and 3 shirts. It was then that the policeman discovered the ham hanging around Brown’s neck, the mackerel in his back pocket and the pig noses draped along his left arm. The clothing had been used to cover the stolen goods. Brown’s defense was that he was hungry and did not want to starve to death. He will now be feasting on prison food for the next 30 days.

In sports, Camden continued its hold on 1st place in Eastern League Basketball by beating Trenton 38 to 22 last night. In boxing at the Broadway A.C., 15th & Washington, Grover Hayes a veteran of 10 years in the game takes on Mickey Gallagher whose career is only 2 years old along with 4 other matches. At the Quaker City A.A., 26th & Dauphin Streets, Paddy Bedley takes on Happy Davis in the feature match. Four other bouts are on the schedule.


The aerial bombardment of England last night was carried out by zeppelins and not aeroplanes as was originally thought. The eventual targets, King’s Lynn and Great Yarmouth in Norfolk we hit purely because of the direction the ships were blown by the winds. The bombing killed 4 people and injured 16 and did great damage to many homes (shown below). This is the first time zeppelins have been use to conduct aerial bombing raids.

Courtesy Library of Congress

Courtesy Library of Congress

Courtesy Imperial War Museum

Courtesy Imperial War Museum

Courtesy Imperial War Museum

Courtesy Imperial War Museum


On the western front, The French advance toward Metz, in the Lorraine, has been checked. At Soissons in France the Germans have begun a massive artillery bombardment. Many buildings are reportedly in flames. In the east, the Austrians have sent reinforcements into Bukowina to stem the Russian advance toward Hungry. In Poland at the junction of the Vistula and Bzura Rivers a desperate battle is taking place between Russian and German troops.


The weather will be unsettled today with cloudy skies and the possibility of snow flurries overnight. The high will reach 45° with the low about 29°.

The 11th annual Charity Ball of the Hebrew Ladies Emergency Society will be held tonight at Mercantile Hall, Broad & Master Streets. Mrs. Isaac Dubrow, President of the society, said that the ladies are making an extra special effort to raise funds at this year’s event owing to the urgent need among the poor.

“Barney” (shown below) is an 18 year old prize winning horse belonging to Mounted Patrolman Charles Spicer of the 65th & Woodland Avenue station. Barney is considered one of the smartest horses in the police service and consistently wins the blue ribbon at police carnivals and horse shows, especially in jumping events. But Barney has a problem with women. He refuses to let women touch him. Men can approach him and pet him with ease but when a woman approaches, even offering sugar or a big red apple, Barney flares his nostrils, shows his teeth and rears back on his hind legs. It’s at that point Office Spicer must take control and politely ask the lady to step away. It seems Barney is just a confirmed old bachelor.


In Washington D.C. the White House announced today that the President’s grandson will be named Francis Sayre, after his father. Supposedly the President himself asked that the child not be named after him so as to assure the child his own individuality.

In sports, the suit against baseball as it is presently organized goes to court today in Chicago. The suit brought by the Federal League charges that the American and National Leagues and the National Commission operate in violation of the Sherman anti-trust law. The case is being heard in Federal Court before Judge Kenesaw Landis. Also in baseball, the Cleveland American League team changed its name today to the “Indians.”


On the western front, with the end of the winter storm, fighting has resumed in Belgium and France. Also, last evening an air attack took place on England in which 6 people were killed. The attack occurred at Norfolk. Thirty houses were destroyed as well as many other structures. It is unclear whether the attack was carried out by aeroplanes or zeppelins. Also, there are reports from London that the capitol of the Australian commonwealth has been moved from Melbourne to Sydney. It is believed this action was taken out of fear of an attack on Melbourne by German warships.

In the east, Russian Cossack cavalry have driven the German army back and are close to the border of East Prussia only 19 miles from the main German base at Thorn. Also, south of there in Poland the Russians report recapturing ground on the left bank of the Vistula River.


The city will have cloudy skies today but it will be dry with no chance of rain. The high will reach 60° with the low tonight around 40°.

In Harrisburg at Noon today Philadelphia’s former superintendent of Public Schools, Dr. Martin Brumbaugh was inaugurated Governor of Pennsylvania. A crowd of about 25,000 attended at the west side of the capitol for the swearing in despite very cold winds. Philadelphia’s contingent numbered 3,000 and included political figures, businessmen and a large number of teachers.

Martin Brumbaugh

Martin Brumbaugh

In his inaugural address Governor Brumbaugh told the crowd and assembled legislators that he would push for new laws prohibiting child labor for any child under the age of 16.  Also regarding housing, he is in favor of ensuring that every family is housed in a private, sanitary, safe and reasonably affordable dwelling place. As for education the new Governor stated that agriculture should command greater attention in schools. And that more high schools must be built in rural areas. Finally Dr. Brumbaugh again voiced his support for the right of women to the vote and for ensuring such right by amendment to the United States Constitution.

In international news, in Italy a 2nd strong earthquake is reported today. This one centered at Cosenza, a city of 21,000 people. Cosenza is in Calabria about 12 miles east of the Mediterranean Sea. No information on damage or loss of life has as yet been received. The death toll from the previous earthquake centered in Avezzano is now at 33,460.

In sports, LaSalle College announced that football will be added to the school’s sporting program next year. In high school sports, members of Catholic High School’s 1914 baseball, football and track teams were awarded their letters this morning in the auditorium at Broad & Vine Streets. In boxing tonight Jack Blackburn will meet Knockout Harry Baker in the wind-up at the Fairmount A.C., 11th & Spring Garden Streets. Four other bouts are also on schedule. At the Olympia A.A., Broad & Bainbridge last night, local boy Willie Moore beat Taunton, Mass. native, Freddy Yelle, in a sensational match which featured 5 knockdowns. In Eastern League Basketball last night the Trenton Tigers defeated the Greystock Greys 44 to 30 in Trenton. The Camden Alphas lead in the standings but only by a ½ game over Reading.


On the western front, in Belgium and northern France a severe snowstorm has hindered infantry movement. However, artillery exchanges continue without interruption. In the east, after four days of bloody fighting around Mlawa in northern Poland, the Germans appear to have been forced back into East Prussia. However, in southern Poland the Germans have announced the capture of Kielce. Kielce is an important railway center.



Today’s forecast is for rain today and tonight. The high will reach 54° with the low about 48°.

Estimates were made today by business leaders and charitable organizations that 250,000 able bodied men are out of work in this city. Many are relying on relief organizations for their daily bread and many also for a place to sleep. President Ulrich of the Central Labor Union said that never in the history of the city has the condition of wage-earners been so bad. The Salvation Army, The Inasmuch Mission and many others are daily overflowing with people needing help. Both businessmen and charities agree that the lack of work is due to the continuing general economic downturn.

Reports are that the directors and shareholders of the Union Traction Company appear to be coming around in support of Director Taylor’s plan for a new transit system. This change of heart may be a result of the massive public demonstration last Thursday evening.

President Wilson was presented today with the gift of a grandson. The President’s daughter, Mrs. Francis B. Sayre, Jr. (formerly Miss Jessie Wilson) gave birth to the boy yesterday. The baby is the 11th child to be born in the Executive Mansion. The President is overjoyed with his first grandchild and is receiving congratulations from across the nation and around the world.

Mrs. Jessie Wilson Sayre

Mrs. Jessie Wilson Sayre

In international news, in Italy five trains have been dispatched by Rome full of quicklime to cover the bodies of the dead from the earthquake. This is being done to limit the danger of epidemic from the corpses. A heavy rain is falling in central Italy today which has mercifully extinguished the fires that had broken out in Avezzano and other towns. The latest reports are that the death toll from 29 towns is now 32,764. Over 125,000 people are now homeless as a result of the earthquake.


In an attempt to quell any rumors about Austria seeing a separate peace, dispatches and communications between Baron Stephen von Burian, Austro-Hungarian Foreign Minister and German Imperial Chancellor von Bethmann-Hollweg were made public today. The communications show that both Empires intend to maintain their alliance and to carry on the war together to the very end. Also, Germany has reported that at present it and Austria-Hungry have 800,000 prisoners of war in their custody. According to other sources the Allies hold 200,000 prisoners of war.

On the western front, violent storms swept Belgium and France from the sea to the river Oise today. However, north of Arras, France the Germans have taken La Boiselle. The Germans have also announced success in the Argonne. In the east, Russian forces have reportedly taken Kirlibaba Pass on the Transylvania border with Hungry.


The weather today will be for cloudy skies and rain with the high reaching 52° and the low about 31°.

Philadelphia’s first woman policeman or more correctly policewoman is on the job. Her name is Mrs. Marie McGlone (shown below) and she is stationed in Kensington at the Bellevue Theatre, Front and Susquehanna Avenue. Mrs. McGlone ensures that the patrons of the theatre are able to enjoy the show without disturbance. She will not allow any “freshies” to “kid” the pictures by laughing at sad scenes or speaking out loud. If they do they get a firm tap on the head to remind them she is on the job. Mrs. McGlone prefers to use “molasses” instead of “vinegar” to quell disturbances. But when necessary she is not averse to putting her 175 lbs. behind her club.

Marie McGlone

Marie McGlone

There are those in the neighborhood that can attest to her ability. Two Kensington youths attempted to “get gay” a few nights back. They were laughing, talking loud and causing a disturbance when the fair “coppess” caught them by their necks, banged their heads together and tossed them out of the theatre. The people of the neighborhood know that this lady cop has the goods and knows how to handle any situation. Mrs. McGlone is a widow and is the sole support for her 2 children and aged parents. She lives at 3512 North Mascher Street.

In entertainment, Anna Pavlowa will be dancing next week at the Metropolitan Opera House, 11th & Chestnut.

Anna Pavlowa

Anna Pavlowa

Also, George M. Cohan’s first dramatic play “The Miracle Man” is on stage at the Garrick Theatre, 1330 Chestnut Street.  Additionally, new Vaudeville bills will open at The Globe, 12th & Market Streets and The Victoria, 9th & Market Streets.

The Department of Wharves, Docks and Ferries is making plans to purchase additional properties on the Delaware River under the recently passed eminent domain law. Friday the Department announced the intention to purchase the Fotterall property at the Pine Street wharf for $12,000.00. Also property is being considered at the foot of Snyder Avenue for the construction of more piers. New piers are also being constructed at Catharine Street and are expected to be finished this summer.

In sports this week in Cleveland, sportswriters gathered with the American League team’s club officials to decide on a new name. Since the sale of “Nap” Lajoie back to the Athletics, the Cleveland Naps is no longer an appropriate name for the team. Some suggested names were the “Colts”, “Black Sox”, “Bucks”, and “Hustlers”.


Yesterday in Vienna the Papal Nuncio delivered a letter to Emperor Frances Joseph. The two spoke in private for over an hour. There are rumors the letter and meeting may be in regards to a request from the Austrian Emperor that the Pope open peace negotiations.


There will be cloudy skies today and tonight with possible rain moving in this evening. The high will reach 46° with the low about 27°.

The children of Gladstone Street in South Philadelphia are in mourning today over the death of Tessie the cat. Tessie, who lived with the Zacker family at 153 Gladstone, died in a fire last night. Tessie it seems was playing with a box of matches and somehow ignited one. The flame caught the lace curtain on a window and the fire spread. The Zacker children Mary, 12 years old, Harry, 10 and Alice, 6, tried to save Tessie but they were unsuccessful. Tessie had lived on Gladstone Street since she was found abandoned in an ash can 8 years ago. She was a much loved playmate of all the children on the street.

36,000 people in total crowded into the “Tabernacle” at 19th & Vine Streets today to hear the morning and afternoon sermons of Billy Sunday (shown below). Thousands were turned away due to lack of space. Today’s sermons centered on the need for the churches to reach out to the people. Tomorrow’s meeting will be for men only and is entitled “When Chickens Come Home to Roost.” Mrs. Sunday and other members of the crusade will be holding meetings throughout the city tomorrow for women only.


In Italy the tragedy of the earthquake continues. Fires have broken out in several of the effected towns and many persons trapped in the ruins were burned to death. Italian troops have now arrived in all stricken areas to provide help to the injured and also perform rescue operations. Italian Premier Salandra reported today that 26,186 people are dead. However, the Premier noted that 35 towns and villages have yet to be heard from.


On the western front, reportedly the Germans have evacuated all towns along the coast as far north as Maria Kerke in Belgium due to shelling from British ships. Fighting along the Aisne River is stifled due to the river’s flooding after heavy rains. Along the entire front, from the Somme to the Meuse, not a single infantry engagement was reported.

In the east, in northern Poland the Russians report they have retaken Plock. The Germans have retreated to the south bank of the Vistula River. Germany has sent troops to Hungry to assist the Austrians. Also in the Balkans, The Montenegrin army has now occupied the Dalmatian sea coast from Piazza to the south side of the entrance to the Gulf of Cattaro.

The Russians also report that a fleet of 8 Turkish troop transports have been sunk in the Black Sea. There are no reports on survivors. Also, the Russians report that the Turkish 11th and 10th Army Corps has been completely defeated at Kara Urgan in eastern Turkey.


The city will see sunny and fair skies today with just a trace of passing clouds. The high will reach 46° with the low about 38°.

Last night thousands of Philadelphians marched in center city and filled Broad Street from Spruce to Arch. Bands, fireworks and a canon fired from the roof of 147 South Broad Street accompanied the marchers who came from all sections of the city and converged on the Academy of Music where a mass meeting on the public transit situation was held. The crowd was so large that many were forced to wait outside and be told of the events within through relays (shown below). The march and meeting was in support of a new transit plan linking all sections of the city.

 Crowd Outside Academy-1-15-1915

Philadelphia’s Italian colony in the southern section of the city has sprung into action to help those suffering as result of the earthquake in Italy. Two Italian language newspapers have already begun organizing campaigns. La Voce del Popolo, 906 Carpenter Street and L’Opinione, 1011 South 8th Street are leading the way. Frederick Cuneo, Common Councilman of the 3rd Ward said there are 75 Italian societies in this city with almost 100,000 members and these organizations will rise to the aid of those suffering in Italy.

On the sports scene, in Eastern League basketball last night Jasper defeated Reading 22 to 17. In boxing both professional and amateur bouts are scheduled tonight at the Nonpareil Athletic Club, Kensington Avenue & Ontario Street, Quaker City Athletic Club, 26th & Dauphin Streets and the Gayety Theatre.

In Italy, officials announced that they believe 20,789 people have lost their lives as a result of yesterday’s earthquake in the center of the country. However, they expect the death toll may rise to 50,000. Thirty-thousand Italian soldiers have been sent to the area to conduct rescue operations. King Victor Emmanuel visited Avezzano and the surrounding area today and was seen weeping over the destruction. The King has taken personal control over the rescue operations. Pope Benedict XV has offered the full resources of the Catholic Church to help the victims.


On the western front, the Germans have captured six towns on the Aisne River northeast of Soissons. The French troops in that area have retreated to the south bank of the river. This puts the Germans within 38 miles of the outer French forts defending Paris. In the east, the Germans have launched a new offensive at Warsaw. A fierce German artillery bombardment is being directed at the Russian position 26 miles from the city. Also German troops have established a foothold on the east bank of the Bzura River. In Galicia, the Russians have been repulsed again at the Nida and Dunajec Rivers in their attempt to move on Cracow.

In the Middle East, Turkish troops have taken the Persian city of Tabriz. This gives the Ottomans direct control over railroad lines and highways leading into Russian territory.


There will be sunny and fair skies today over the city. The high temperature will reach 48° with the low around 32°.

Activities along the Delaware River front were virtually paralyzed today due to the flooding on streets adjacent to the docks. The water comes not only from the river itself spilling over its banks but also seeping up through manholes and dirt covered streets. Merchants have spent the day moving their goods to upper floors in expectation of high tide at around 1:00am tomorrow. The damage to the Camden waterfront has resulted in a number of the ferries suspending service.

A huge march and meeting is planned tonight demanding a modernization of the city’s transit system. Before the meeting thousands are expected to march from all sections of the city and converge on City Hall. The demand is that all sections of the city deserve reliable, safe and affordable transit. Residents of all economic classes are expected to participate. Marching music will be provided by the Police and Navy Yard bands. Fireworks are also planned. The meeting will take place at the Academy of Music and speeches will be made by Senator Penrose, the Mayor and Director of Public Transit, A. Merrit Taylor. Mr. Taylor has presented plans for a high speed system but an election giving voters the opportunity to vote for the funds for construction is necessary. The directors of the present transit companies oppose Mr. Taylor’s plan.

In national news, in Washington, D.C. on Wednesday night the House of Representatives debated the Bristow-Mondell resolution providing for an amendment to the United States Constitution granting women the right to vote. However, after debate when the vote was taken the resolution lacked the 2/3 support necessary for a Constitutional amendment to proceed. The vote was 174 in favor with 204 opposed, 57 members did not vote.

In International news, at 7:55am yesterday central Italy shook under the effects of a massive earthquake. The earthquake was centered in the province of Abruzzi near the town of Avezzano. There are believed to be at least 8,000 dead in Avezzano and the town has been leveled (shown here).

Avenzziano, Italy

Avenzziano, Italy

The town’s ancient Castle Orsini is also destroyed (shown here).

Castle Orsini

Castle Orsini

Throughout central Italy at last report, there are 25,000 dead and 35,000 injured. Thirty one towns in the area have been destroyed or damaged. The death toll is expected to rise.


On the western front the French have abandoned some positions at Vregny on the north side of the Aisne River and retired to the south bank. Heavy fighting is also taking place around Soissons and the German bombardment of Rheims has resumed. In the east, a Russian army is reportedly moving through Bukowina into Hungry in two columns.

In the Middle East, the Turkish advance into Persia has been accompanied by the massacre of Christians. Reportedly Kurdish forces have killed 300 Christians in the town of Minadoab near Tabriz. Thousands of Christians are fleeing the area and seeking shelter behind Russian lines.



Today the skies will be cloudy with the high reaching 53° and the low about 34°.

Last evening this city and the surrounding area experienced one of the most violent and massive storms in its history. Torrential rains and gale force winds caused the Schuylkill River to overflow its banks west of the city for nearly 100 miles. When high tide fully reaches this city today it is feared it will result in the worst flood in history.

Factories and mills along the Schuylkill River have been closed. Virtually every riverfront business in Manayunk is shut where the River was measured at 18 feet above normal this afternoon. Residents along the River are desperately trying to move their belongings and furniture to higher ground. The roar of the River rushing through Manayunk can be heard ½ mile away.

Barges on the Schuylkill at Callowhill Street have been ripped from their moorings and sent down to Gray’s Ferry endangering other vessels. Additionally, the Wissahickon Creek is 15 feet above normal. And the Delaware River has overflowed its banks and flooded streets along its waterfront as shown below at Delaware Avenue & Arch Street.

 Delaware & Arch-1-13-1915

The city was virtually isolated for hours due to the fierce winds. Telephone, telegraph and electric lines all through the city have been blown down. At times the winds in the city were measured at 60 mph which is considered gale force and making them the 3rd highest winds on record. At the Delaware Breakwater winds were measured at 80 mph.

Every section of the city is strewn with wreckage from the storm. Awnings, signs, chimneys, trees and even rooftops have been blown off. Buckius Street in Kensington was blocked when the metal roof connecting 4 homes was blown into the street (shown below).  Trolley lines are blocked by fallen trees and their passengers marooned. Homes and buildings around Huntington Avenue and Reese Street are in danger of destruction because an 80 foot smokestack on the Quaker City Morocco Company building is so badly bent from the wind it may fall on homes at any moment.

Buckius Street-1-13-1915

In center city windows were blown out along Market, Walnut and Chestnut Streets.  Wanamaker’s and Gimbel Brothers department stores lost large display windows on Market Street. Also, Berg & Berg lost its windows on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd floors. And Kresge’s 5 & 10 cent store at 927 Market Street had its windows smashed. Display items and merchandise are scattered in the streets.

At present there are no reports of deaths in the city from the storm although many serious injuries have occurred. It is estimated the destruction to businesses and homes will cost many thousands of dollars to repair and could take weeks of work.


There will be rain throughout the day and the possibility of snow tonight. The high temperature will reach 38° with the low about 34°.

The woman known as “The Guardian Angel of the Tenderloin”, Emma Gertrude Mason, is going to be married tomorrow at the Columbia Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church. Mrs. Mason’s nuptials will cause the closing of the Mason Rescue Mission, 402 North Franklin Street for a week. For the last 10 years this home has been a haven for young women of the area who have been down and broken by the life of that neighborhood. Many a girl has found help and support there to get themselves back on their feet and start a new life. The new Mrs. Botsford and her husband will return continue the Mission and its work when they return from their honeymoon.

The winner of the Italian barbers haircutting and shaving contest last night at the Casino Theatre, 8th and Walnut Streets, was Joseph Papaleo, proprietor of the Sanitary Shaving Parlor on South 7th Street. Mr. Papaleo received $1,000.00 as his prize. Mr. Papaleo shaved and cut one of the hairy men provided by the Inasmuch Mission in under 41/2 minutes without leaving a scratch. All contestants agreed that Mr. Papaleo was the rightful winner.

In crime news, Andrew Fregter, 2118 Bridge Street in Frankford, was fined today in the amount of $22.50 for cruelty to animals for keeping 20 head of cattle without bedding in a stable only 35 by 20 feet.

In entertainment tonight, Caruso is here and performing at the Metropolitan Opera House, 858 North Broad Street, this evening in “Pagliacci”. Due to the situation in Europe and the possible entry of Italy into the war this may be Mr. Caruso’s last appearance in Philadelphia for some time.

Enrico Caruso

Enrico Caruso

In Washington, D.C., the House of Representatives passed by a vote of 209 to 34 a Rule this morning allowing a 6 hour debate followed by a vote this evening on an amendment to the United States Constitution giving women the right to vote. The Rule passed today does not assure the amendment will meet with success but it is a first step in having the issue dealt with as a national question.


On the western front, the French have repulsed a German attempt to retake the trenches north of Soissons. In the Argonne the Germans are conducting a general attack north of Beausejour, between Rheims and Verdun. The attempt is to drive a wedge in the French forces and envelop Verdun. In the east, reports are that German forces have seized Plock in Poland on the Vistula River. Plock is an important industrial city about 58 miles northwest of Warsaw.


There will be cloudy skies and cold temperatures today with the chance of rain this evening. The high will only reach 36° with the low about 22°. Skating is permitted today on the lakes and ponds in Fairmount Park.

In crime news, Miss Grace Blair, 617 North 16th Street, was assaulted and robbed of $1,600.00 this morning at Woodlawn & Magnolia Avenues in Germantown. Miss Blair was attacked as she was returning home from the sale of a property she owned. The money was the proceeds of that sale. Near St. Vincent’s Seminary a man jumped from behind a hedge and thrust a revolver in her face. She attempted to cry out but was struck in the head by the highwayman who grabbed her purse and escaped. Police are searching for the thief and Miss Blair is in the car of physicians.

Pious Jews yesterday held funeral rites for the Holy Scriptures which had been damaged in a fire last week at the Tefereth Israel Synagogue, 3940 Girard Avenue. Over 1000 men and women followed a white hearse bearing the damaged Torahs from the synagogue to Mount Lebanon Cemetery in Darby. Rabbi B.L. Levinthal conducted the services which included prayers and hymns. The scrolls were placed in an earthen urn and then in a white coffin for burial.

There will be a haircutting contest among Italian barbers tonight at the Casino Theatre, 8th & Walnut Streets. The subjects to receive the cutting will be men supplied by the Inasmuch Mission and will be the hairiest men the Mission can provide.  The men chosen will not only receive a haircut and a shave but also a hot meal and a show. The barber providing the best and fastest shave and haircut will receive a $1,000.00 prize.

In sports, indoor golf schools with ranges have been opened at both Wanamaker’s and Gimbels. In Wanamaker’s the range is on the 5th floor and surrounded by a large green sheet and netting. Instruction is available to men and women (shown here).

Wanamaker's Indoor Golf-1-11-1915

In Gimbels along with a driving range on the 4th floor with a target to aim for (shown below) there is also a 9 hole course to play.

Gimbels Indoor Golf- 1-11-1915


On the western front the heaviest fighting is at Soissons, France. After a series of charges the French have captured German positions north of that city. In the east Russian forces in northern Poland are holding against a fierce German drive from Mlawa toward Novo Georgievsk which is a stronghold that guards Warsaw in the northeast. West of Warsaw the Germans are also attacking but here also the Russians are holding.

The Turkish fort city of Tchanak-Kalessi which guards the entrance to the Dardanelles has been demolished by allied warships. The Turkish garrison there has evacuated. Also in the Middle East the Turkish 8th Army Corps has left Damascus and is moving toward Egypt. It is estimated that 120,000 Ottoman troops are now heading toward Egypt.


The city will have fair and sunny skies today with the high reaching 38° and the low tonight about 22°.

One of our city’s fine Boy Scouts has the honor of being the only child ever born in the Betsy Ross House, 239 Arch Street. Charles Vexildomus Weisgerber, Scout 2nd Class of Troop 7, was born in a 2nd floor room on April 14, 1902.

Charles Vexildomus Weisgerber

Charles Vexildomus Weisgerber

His birthplace was just above the room where Betsy Ross, under the direction of General George Washington, sewed the silken stars and stripes of Old Glory. Vex, as he is called by his fellow Scouts, has lived in the house all his life. His farther is the caretaker of the home and secretary of the American Flag House and Betsy Ross Memorial Association. The house is shown here shortly after Vex’s birth.

Betsy Ross House @ 1905

Vex is a veritable storehouse of patriotic and historical information and according to his Scoutmaster an excellent Scout. He is an avid soccer player and runs on the track team for his school and the local Y.M.C.A. He also plays the piano, sings in the choir at St. Mark’s Protestant Episcopal Church, 17th & Locust Streets, and is very handy with tools. Vex’s only concern is his height. Presently he stands 4’7” and is hoping to grow at least another foot as he very much wants to attend West Point and his height will matter for admission.

In religious news this Sunday, the Billy Sunday crusade continues at the tabernacle at 19th & Vine and throughout the city. So far it is estimated over 200,000 people have attended Mr. Sunday’s meetings. Three meetings are scheduled for today at 10:30am, 2:00pm and 7:30pm. Over 1,000 sailors and marines from the Navy Yard will be special guests at the service tonight. The men will march up Broad Street from the Y.M.C.A. at Broad & McKean accompanied by a 50 piece band.


Rumors from Europe are that six additional countries may soon enter the war. Rumania is mobilizing 750,000 men. Persia has issued a demand to Turkey that it immediately withdraw its forces from Persian territory. Italy has occupied Avlona, Albania claiming it was necessary for the country’s self-defense. Greece has also sent naval vessels to Durazzo, Albania ostensibly to protect its citizens from Albanian rebels. Albania and Bulgaria seem to be poised to join the conflict at a moment’s notice should these other nations declare war.

Off the coast of Brazil the German battle cruiser Von Der Tann has been sunk by the British cruiser Invincible near Pernambuco. Reports are the entire crew was lost. In Africa, the French are reporting a victory in battle with German and native forces in the German Cameroons at Edea.


Philadelphia will have clear and sunny skies today with gentle breezes out of the west. The high will reach 41° and the low about 26°.

Five men fell from a building under construction at 27th and Catharine Streets. The structure is being built by the Philadelphia Electric Company. Three of the men suffered minor injuries and were released from the Polyclinic Hospital. One man, Tony Chesso, 806 South Darien Street, fell about 70 feet and suffered a fractured shoulder. The final man is Charles Anderson, 28 years old of 2627 Christian Street. Mr. Anderson fell about 60 feet and fractured his skull. He is not expected to live. All the men are structural iron workers.

The 14th annual Philadelphia Automobile Show opens tonight in the Metropolitan Building at Broad and Wallace Streets. There will be 45 representatives of gasoline cars and 3 representatives of electric cars displaying their vehicles throughout the building in designated areas. The show will continue till January 16th. Admission is .50¢.

Auto Show 1-9-1915On the sports scene today, in basketball Cornell visits Penn tonight in the opening game of the intercollegiate championship series. In high school games, St. Joseph’s travels to Maryland to meet Washington College, Penn’s freshman team takes on Northeast High’s team, Catholic High School plays Glen Mills and Girard College is at the George School. In the professional game, Camden defeated Greystock last night, 41 to 31, to increase their lead in the Eastern League standings. Jasper plays DeNeri tonight while Greystock is at Reading.

In boxing at the National A.C., 11th & Catharine Streets, an international featherweight match will be held tonight between Eddie Morgan, champion of England and local negro gloveman Preston Brown. Morgan defeated Brown in their previous match.


On the western front the Germans have retaken the important town of Burnhaupt-le-Haut in Alsace. The town had been captured by the French yesterday. On the other hand the French have announced the capture of the town of Perthes just north of Chalons. There are also reports that an enormous fleet of Zeppelins are being made ready for an attack on England including London. They will be supported by a large number of aeroplanes and naval vessels including submarines and destroyers. Count Zeppelin is in command of the operation.

In the east, the German forces in Poland have veered from their move on Warsaw due to heavy Russian defense and are now moving towards the Vistula River between Warsaw and Ivangorod. The Russians also report the Austrians have evacuated all their positions in Bukowina and the Russians are in control of that territory. The Russian army now claims to be at the very frontier of Hungry holding the mountain chain separating the two provinces.


There will be fair skies today under a bright sun. The temperature will be colder than yesterday with the high reaching 46° and the low about 30°.

Two abandoned babies were found this morning and are now in the care of Police. A 6 week old baby girl was found on the step at 322 South 10th Street by Mr. Henry Krantz who resides there. He took the child inside to Mrs. E.C. Stockton who warmed the child by a fire until police arrived. The second babe was discovered by Patrolman McMahon of the 10th & Buttonwood Street station. The 6 day old boy was left in a market basket beside a lamppost in the rear of 1304 Green Street wrapped only in a towel. The bright blue eyes of the boy have had their effect on McMahon who said he would like to adopt the child himself and will speak to his wife about doing so this evening.

In crime news, a basketball game at Beale’s Hall, 412 East Girard Avenue, last night resulted in an arrest. Two rooters who supported different teams engaged in a serious fist fight. The rooter of the losing team thought it a good idea to “wallop” a fan of the winning team. Philip Seigle, 1248 Marlborough Street was the aggressor and is now being held for court at Front & Susquehanna Avenue. The game was between the First Presbyterian Church team and the Bethesda Church team of the Inter-Church league. Apparently Mr. Seigle has missed a few sermons.

Around the city tonight, a talk will be given on “Opportunities” by Miss Katherine Puncheon, principal of the Philadelphia High School for Girls, to the Hebrew Literature Society at 310 Catherine Street. In sports, there are full boxing cards tonight at the Nonpareil A.C., Kensington & Ontario Streets; Quaker City A.A., 26th & Dauphin Street; National A.C., 11th & Catharine Streets; and the Olympia A.A., Broad & Bainbridge Street.


On the western front the German army has launched a two pronged attack against allied positions west and north of the Oise River and along the Aisne. In the east, German forces have crossed the Bzura River in Poland and have taken Russian trenches on the eastern bank. Berlin also reports that Field Marshal von Hindenburg is massing 1 million men for a final push toward Warsaw. Further south, the Russians have invaded Hungry through the Uzsok Pass in the Carpathians. This coupled with their advance into Transylvania through Bukowina has caused great concern in Bulgaria and Rumania.


There will be sunny skies and spring light temperatures today with the high reaching 57° and the low tonight around 46°. There will be no skating permitted today on the lakes or rivers.

The Billy Sunday crusade continued today at the tabernacle at 19th & Vine Streets. This afternoon Mr. Sunday preached to 20,000 men and women on faith and sin. Also in our city speaking today is the former President of the United States, William Howard Taft. Mr. Taft is the guest of the Ohio Society which is meeting here. He was greeted at Broad Street Station escorted to the Hotel Adelphia for a formal reception. Mr. Taft will speak tonight at Horticultural Hall. The title of his speech is “Executive Power, Duty and Responsibility”.

William Howard Taft

William Howard Taft

An unprecedented number of foreigners crowded into the Federal Building today in search of citizenship. Most of the 500 aliens were men from countries in Europe now at war. Some were honest enough to admit they were seeking citizenship now to avoid being called to service in the armies of their home countries. Extra police were dispatched to the building and streets outside to keep the crowd in order.

On the social scene this evening the most anticipated event is the dance to be given by Mr. and Mrs. Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, 2104 Walnut Street. The event is in honor of their daughter, Miss Cordelia Biddle (shown below), and will be held in the Rose Garden of the Bellevue-Stratford. This is expected to be the largest debutante ball of the season and all the prominent members of the younger set are sure to attend. Cordelia Biddle


On the western front, the French have continued their advance in Alsace and are now within 21/2 miles from Altkirch, an important railway city. Fighting in Flanders and along the Aisne is almost entirely artillery exchanges. Reports have also been received that 2 grandsons of Giuseppe Garibaldi, one of the Founding Fathers of modern Italy, have been killed in France. Bruno and Constantino Garibaldi were both killed fighting with the “Garibaldi Regiment” of volunteers fighting for France. In the east, the Austrians report they have occupied several positions on the Russian left wing on the Nida and Donajec Rivers in Galicia.


There will be rain throughout the day today. The high temperature will reach 43° while the low will be about 35°. There is no skating permitted today on any of the city’s lakes or rivers.

Dr. Richard Harte (shown below), Director of Public Health and Charities, resigned his position today at the request of Mayor Blankenburg. Friction between the Mayor and Dr. Harte began last June when Dr. Harte appointed Philip Johnson as the architect in charge of the reconstruction of Philadelphia Hospital (“Blockley”). The Mayor objected to the 5% fee paid to Johnson and to Dr. Harte’s seeking republican support in city councils to push Mr. Johnson’s appointment through. This is the first time in the Mayor’s administration that any internal discord has arisen to the level of resignation or dismissal.

Dr. Richard Harte

Dr. Richard Harte

In baseball, after a 13 year absence Larry “Nap” Lajoie (shown below) will be returning to the Athletics. Connie Mack signed Lajoie away from Cleveland to fill the spot vacated by the trade of Eddie Collins at 2nd base. Lajoie’s experience will not only give the A’s a solid 2nd baseman but also a superb teacher for Billy Kopf, the A’s 2nd basemen of the future.

Larry "Nap" Lajoie

Larry “Nap” Lajoie

Also in baseball news, the Federal League filed suit today in the United States District Court in Illinois charging that the National League, the American League, Ban Johnson (President of the American League), August Herrmann (Chairman of the National Commission) and others are acting as a combination, monopoly and in conspiracy in restraint of trade. The case will be heard before Judge Kenesaw Landis.

In national news, Acting Secretary of the Navy Franklin Roosevelt announced today that the Navy Department has succeeded in establishing reliable radio communications across the continent. The naval station in San Diego, California and that at Arlington, Virginia can now receive and transmit messages both day and night.


On the western front the French advance in Alsace appears to have been checked. Violent clashes continue in the Argonne. In the east, there is evidence that the German forces along the Bzura and Pilica Rivers in Poland may be preparing to retreat and give up the assault on Warsaw. Also, Russian forces report the capture and occupation of Bukowina and are now preparing to move on the Austrian province of Transylvania. The Russians are also claiming to have routed the entire Turkish army composed of 2 army corps which invaded Russian soil via the Transcaucasian border. The battle took place around Sari-Kamysh. The Russians claim 50,000 prisoners have been taken.


There will be bright and clear skies over the city today. The high will reach 33° with the low about 25°.

Billy Sunday (shown below) continued his crusade today at the tabernacle at 19th & Vine Streets. Mr. Sunday is determined to drive the Devil out of Philadelphia or at least give him a good whipping. This morning Mr. Sunday took on the liquor business and declared that when the church of God stops voting for saloons, saloons will “go to hell”. The hall was filled to capacity with singing, applause and praise for God. Mr. Sunday will hold another service this afternoon.

Billy Sunday

In police news, 6 prisoners were smuggled out of the jurisdiction of Magistrate Briggs who hears cases in the 17th and 34th districts to City Hall last night. The prisoners were under arrest for rowdyism and attempting to wreck the grocery store of Thomas Burkhardt, 3110 Wharton Street. They were removed by police who feel Magistrate Briggs is too lenient in sentencing. Briggs is known to have close organization affiliations.

A gang attacked Mr. Burkhardt’s store last night and tried to demolish the doors and windows. Mr. Burkhardt called for police of the 17th District. Once the police arrived most of the gang dispersed but 6 were caught. Police Lieutenant Bennett and other officers told Burkhardt they felt he would receive justice and the men be dealt with more harshly if they were transferred to City Hall from the 15th & Snyder Avenue station.

Upon arriving at his office today Magistrate Briggs was told he had no cases to hear. He then learned what happened overnight. Briggs said he cared nothing at all what the police did and that it only meant less work for him. However, he hinted he would take vengeance against the 17th District police for their actions once this present administration (Mayor Blankenburg) comes to an end next year and a new director of police is in place.


Cardinal Mercier, the prelate of Belgium, was arrested today by the German army. The arrest was the result of a letter the Cardinal had sent out to be read in the churches pleading that the Belgian people remain loyal to the Belgian King and government. The French report gains in their advances in Alsace and through the Vosges passes.

In the east it seems the Russian drive on Cracow has been brought to a standstill. The Austrians are reporting that the Russians have suffered enormous casualties in Galicia and that 30,000 Russian prisoners have been taken. However, it is also reported that 200,000 Russians have moved through the Carpathians and are posed to invade Hungry.


A cloudy and overcast sky will be over the city today. The high will reach 32° and the low about 23°. Skating is again permitted on the Schuylkill River from Girard Avenue to the dam. Skating is also allowed on Concourse, Gustine and Chamounix lakes in Fairmount Park, Cresheim Valley Lake at Mount Airy, Hunting Park Lake and Wissahickon Creek above Ridge Avenue.

Reveille was sounded at the Navy Yard at daybreak this morning and 1800 marines sprang into action. War games began today on League Island under the command of Colonel Littleton Waller (shown here), a veteran of the Indian wars in the west and of the Spanish, Boxer, Philippine and Mexican campaigns.

Littleton W.T. Waller

Littleton W.T. Waller

This training which includes artillery drills, machine gun drills, mine laying and trench building is the first part of instruction for the Advanced Base School which will be held here for the training of all marines. Eventually 4000 marines will be housed at the Navy Yard and go through this training.

Famed evangelist “Billy” Sunday opened his campaign against sin yesterday at the tabernacle built for him at 19th & Vine streets. Each of his 3 sermons yesterday packed the enclosure which holds 19,000 people. Others stood outside straining to hear Sunday’s words. It is estimated 60,000 people attended inside while another 15,000 stood outside. Mr. Sunday and his family are staying at a home provided them at 1914 Spring Garden street.

In police news, history was made today when the bluecoats of the 11th & Winter street station raided 244 North 10th street and confiscated the largest amount of “coke” and “hop” ever taken in a single raid. Four young men were also taken in custody and a large amount of jewelry and other stolen property was recovered. This “joint” has been in operation for 11 years and it is known existed only because of certain political protection.

The Little Theatre, 17th & Delancey Streets, was scheduled to present the French war story play “Courage” tonight but that has changed. The play has been withdrawn by the management of the theatre after protests were received that the play presented only one side of the war and that at such times as these was not neutral enough. Mrs. Jay, managing director of the theatre, said that the theatre must take public opinion into account. In its stead, the play “The Critic” will be staged.


In the west, the French are claiming the capture of Cernay and Steinbach, important towns in Upper Alsace. Between the North Sea and the Oise River heavy rains have hindered any infantry action but artillery duels continue. In the east, artillery exchanges are also reported along the Vistula River in Poland between Russian and German batteries.


There will be fair skies today but it will be cold with the high reaching 34° and the low about 13°. Skating is permitted today on the lakes in Fairmount Park and on the Wissahickon Creek above Ridge Avenue.

The highlight of this day was of course the Mummers Parade. It seemed that nearly every Philadelphian was at the parade on Broad Street or would see Mummers parading in their neighborhoods later in the day. The 5 mile parade started at 8:00am at Broad & Porter Streets and ended officially at Broad & Girard Avenue. The crowds packed the sidewalk, 10 deep in most areas. And every window in every home along the route was filled with spectators.

Mummers Parade 1-1-1915The pageant told the story of the city and the world of 1914 with dancing clowns, extravagant Indians, kings and princes and garishly arrayed belles. Many of the costumes cost several hundred dollars to produce and some as much as $3000.00. Of course the war in Europe was addressed with portable forts, armored automobiles, aeroplanes, zeppelins and battleships on land. Once the parade on Broad Street reached its conclusion the Mummers dispersed to other parades and festivities throughout the city [A full account of the parade and the list of winners will appear in a special edition].

On the social scene many of the city’s clubs and fraternal organizations were holding some sort of event today. Most were hosting lunches, concerts or dances. The Union League held a reception where visitors were treated to a musical program and refreshments. The Manufactures Club, Racquet and University Clubs did much the same thing.


The British battleship Formidable was sunk today in the English Channel. It is feared 700 of the 780 crewmembers have been lost. Although it is not definitely known what took the great ship down, it is believed it was the result of submarine attack. The Formidable was the sister ship of the Bulwark which was destroyed Thanksgiving Day.

On the western front, the French admit to being driven back by German forces in the Argonne although the ground lost is only measured in yards. France also reports that their forces are on the offensive around Verdun. In the east, the Russians report victory over a German attack for control of the Bzura River. The Russians claim the Germans suffered an enormous slaughter. Also in the east, the allies report a naval force of 30 ships has attacked the Austrian base at Pola on the Adriatic.


New Year's Eve 12-31-1914

This New Years’ Eve will be cold and cloudy with the possibility of light snow this afternoon. The high temperature this afternoon will reach 40° with the low tonight about 27°. Skating is permitted today on Concourse Lake in Fairmount Park.

The city is anxiously awaiting the annual Mummers Parade tomorrow. The 24 clubs consisting of over 12,000 members are ready to go. Many of the clubs will hold New Year’s balls tonight which will be attended by many “shooters”. The parade itself will start at Broad & Porter Streets and proceed up Broad to Girard Avenue. After that the clubs will travel to other sections of the city for additional parades.

There are also many other activities planned in every section of the city to bring in the New Year. A cross-country race will be held in Fairmount Park. Brewerytown will hold its annual carnival along with a race through the streets of the neighborhood followed by a parade and then a soccer game between local teams. In Germantown, basketball games are planned and a cross country race. And all the city’s social and fraternal clubs are having dances and entertainments throughout the day and evening.

In sports, the sale of the New York Yankees to Col. Jacob Ruppert, Jr. and Capt. T.L. Huston was completed today. Although the purchase price was kept secret it is estimated the team sold for $500,000.00. “Chief” Bender, pitcher for the Athletics, will open his new skee ball alleys at 13th and Arch today with a tournament. All the city’s boxing clubs have scheduled full cards for today and tomorrow. And the Eastern Basketball League has double headers scheduled both today and tomorrow.


The British Cabinet met again today to draft a response to President Wilson’s protest over the detention of American ships by the British Navy. A formal response is expected early next week. On the western front German aeroplanes raided Dunkirk and for over an hour dropped bombs all over the city. Reports are that 15 people were killed and 32 wounded including a young child that had his arm blown off. Many building were destroyed. In the east there is no change in the positions of the armies in Poland and Galicia. Fighting continues in the Caucasus between Russian and Austrian forces.


The city will see cloudy skies today with the high reaching 40° and the low about 32°.  There will be no skating permitted in Fairmount Park or on the Schuylkill River today.

The 1914 results in high school sports are all in now and the champions are crowned. They are: In Basketball – Southern High School; in Baseball – Central High School; in Outdoor Track – Central High School; in Rowing – Central High School; in Indoor Track – Central High School; In Football – Northeast High School; in Soccer – Northeast High School; in Cross-Country – Central High School; in Tennis – Penn Charter; in Checkers – Southern High School; in Chess – Southern High School; and in Swimming – West Philadelphia High School.

A terrible accident in South Philadelphia may cost the life of 7 year old Sylvia Nemetz of 533 Jackson Street and her mother. While Mrs. Nemtez was out shopping little Sylvia tried to prepare her own lunch. She stood on a chair over the gas stove but the flame caught her dress and took fire. As she screamed for help and ran for the front door her mother returned home. The little girl threw her arms around her crying for help. This caused the mother’s clothing to also catch fire. An older brother was able to separate the two and douse the flames on the mother but Sylvia ran into the street. She was eventually caught and the fire extinguished. Mother and daughter are in Mt. Sinai Hospital in critical condition. Little Sylvia is not expected to live.


The British Cabinet was called to Downing Street today to discuss President Wilson’s protest and demand for an explanation of the search and seizure of American ships by British vessels. Unofficially the British have responded that ships have been searched due to fraudulent practices by American shippers. Britain is trying to keep certain cargo it considers contraband from reaching enemy ports. The British recognize the seriousness of the situation and do not want any breach of relations with the United States.  Lloyds of London has placed the odds of war between Great Britain and the United States now at 15 to 1.

Editiorial Cartoon-12-30-1914

On the western front, the Germans are attempting to retake St. Georges, southeast of Nieuport Belgium. Also, the French are reporting the capture of Zonnebeke, northeast of Ypres. In France, in the valley of the Aisne and in Champagne fierce fighting continues. In the Argonne, artillery engagements are going on along the entire front.  In the east Russian forces continue to gain ground in Poland and Galicia. The Austrians admit to retreating in the Carpathians from the Plain of Gorlice.


Rain will be falling today across the region. The temperature will be higher today reaching 33° with the low around 29°. In the city this has caused most pedestrians to avoid the slippery sidewalks and walk in the streets. Dozens of people have fallen on the icy streets and sidewalks and have suffered broken arms and ankles. One death was also blamed on the ice. George Murphy, 57 years old of 2620 Catharine Street was killed when he was crossing 30th Street at Race. A team of horses at the intersection was hauling a heavy truck. One horse slipped and in trying to recover its balance kicked Mr. Murphy in the head. He died before reaching the hospital.

Businessmen are proposing that a fund be established by every business organization in the city to provide prize money for the mummers. There are presently 32 business organizations which have shown interest in the idea. They are also suggesting that the route be enlarged so that as many people as possible have an opportunity to view the parade. One idea is for stands to be erected along the route where seating would be sold to recoup some of the prize money. Common Council President John H. Baizley is looking into a 3 day carnival type celebration like that held for the Fourth of July. Council President Baizley also announced today that the parade would start at Broad & Wolf Streets so patients at Methodist Hospital can view the procession. The end point of the march will be Broad & Girard Avenue.

In national news the State Department has formerly requested the Ambassador of Great Britain to inquire of the Governor General of Canada a full accounting of the killing of American duck hunters on the Niagara River yesterday by Canadian soldiers.

In sports the Jasper Jewels (shown below) meet the last place Greystock Greys in Eastern League basketball tonight at the Kensington Athletic Club. Jasper is fighting to get back in contention and repeat as Eastern League champions. Presently they trail first place DeNeri by 3 games. Last night Camden beat Trenton 30 to 21.

Jasper Jewels - Eastern League Basketball Team

Jasper Jewels – Eastern League Basketball Team


Fierce winter storms of snow and ice have hampered military activities in Flanders. However, also in Belgium the French are reporting the occupation of St. Georges. In the east, in Poland there are no reports of any major engagements around the Vistula River front. In Galicia, the Austrian army has reportedly been cut in two by the Russian force heading toward Cracow.


The skies will be partly cloudy today but the bitter cold remains. The high will only reach 28̊ with the low about 21°. The Schuylkill River is frozen and skating will be permitted from the Fairmount Dam to the Girard Avenue Bridge. Skating is also permitted on the lakes in Fairmount Park. The city has deployed the familiar old white horse and ice scraper (shown below) to ensure a smooth surface for skaters.

Ice Scraper-12-28-1914(2)

In Nicetown, 1200 children participated in the annual Holiday entertainment provided by “Uncle Joe” Ziegler. The children assembled at “Uncle Joes” barber shop, 1827 Cayuga Street and then marched to the theater at Germantown and Dounton Streets where refreshments, movies and other entertainment were provided.

In the Roxborough section, racial tensions have erupted when Joseph Carroll, a Negro, was forced to leave the house he just bought at 774 Monastery Avenue because of the threats of white residents who do not want a Negro family among them. Some residents even threatened him with the loss of his job at Pencoyd Iron Works. Carroll and his family left the home and agreed to move if someone bought the house from him. Police are detailed at the house to prevent disorder.

In national news, President Wilson celebrated his 58th birthday today and received greetings from leaders around the world. The White House also announced today that the President would veto a proposed immigration bill if it contains a literacy test requirement. Unfortunately, trouble has arisen with our northern neighbor. Canadian soldiers patrolling the border near Fort Erie, Ontario on the Niagara River fired on boats containing American duck hunters. Two Americans from Buffalo were killed.


 On the Western Front, there was little activity reported in Flanders today. The Germans report some gains south of Ypres. While the French claim they have gained 800 yards around Lens, Belgium. The French are also conducting vigorous attacks just east of the Meuse. On the Eastern Front the Russians and Austrians continue fighting in the Carpathian Mountains. The Russians also report they are making great gains in Galicia against the Austrians.


There will be fair and clear skies this Sunday over the City but the cold remains. The high will only reach 25° with the low overnight around 3°. The Business community estimates that Philadelphians spent $24,408,000.00 on Christmas gifts this year despite the hard economic times. Department stores garnered the bulk of that amount estimating that $16 million dollars was spent in their establishments. Also $1,700,000.00 dollars was spent in jewelry shops and $700,000.00 on candy.

The Department of Health released its weekly mortality report yesterday. The report showed there were 534 deaths reported last week. This is 51 more deaths than the previous week. Fifty four new cases of measles were reported. Nine deaths were a result of measles last week. The Department also reported on a chicken pox epidemic which is moving through the city. One hundred thirty four (134) new cases of chicken pox were reported this week. However, as of yet no deaths from this disease have been reported.

In entertainment next week, the new Cross Keys Theatre, 60th and Market Streets, opens tomorrow evening at 7:00pm with both a Vaudeville bill and a motion picture. Admission starts at .10¢. Miss Billie Burk will be appearing at the Broad in Jerry and at the Walnut Street Theatre Mr. Chauncey Olcott , the great Irish tenor (shown below), will be appearing in The Heart of Paddy Whack.

Chauncey Olcott

Chauncey Olcott


In the east, Petrograd reports that the Germans have been thrown back across the Bzura River at an area 30 miles from Warsaw. The Russians also report progress in southern Poland and Galicia. Also there is heavy fighting around Mlawa in northern Poland and around the southern border of East Prussia. Russia has also ceded its portion of Sakhalin Island to Japan in exchange for much needed heavy guns.

In the west, the French are claiming advances in Upper Alsace especially near Cernay. At Nancy, France a zeppelin dropped 14 bombs as it flew over the city. Two persons were killed and two were wounded.


Bitter cold has gripped the city. This December 26 will be the coldest day of the winter so far and perhaps the coldest December 26 in history. The city will be under fair and sunny skies with the high today reaching 19° and the low tonight around 3°. The snow on Christmas Day made the day seem even more festive. Yesterday’s high reached 30° but the overnight low was measured at 9° in sections of the city. The Schuylkill River has frozen. And the cold had produced sheets of ice on many streets making it difficult for horse traffic.

Horse on ice-12-26-1914

An act of heroism was displayed Christmas Eve in Manayunk when B.I. Evans, who conducts a confectionery store at 4390 Main Street, leaped from a 2nd story window into the ice coated Schuylkill Canal to save Edward Daily, 4217 Terrace Street, from drowning. While tending to customers at his shop Evans heard cries for help. He looked out the rear window and saw Daily struggling for help in the canal. Evans, who describes himself as an athletic Greek and a good swimmer, jumped into the freezing water to rescue the man. It took 5 minutes to fight his way to Daily through the ice but he reached him. Both men suffered severely from the cold but are now out of danger.

It is estimated that the Mummers are providing employment to 1000 otherwise unemployed men and women in the city. These workers are being employed by costumers creating the royal robes and comic attire that will be used by the marchers on New Year’s Day. Many of the “captain’s capes” are as wide as Broad Street and reach 100 feet in length. Costumers have hired extra floor space and workers to produce these beautiful raiments.

The parade is a boon to the city in many ways. Thousands of visitors attend from out of town. Hotels and restaurants reap the benefits of the good feelings and free spending. Business men’s organizations are planning on making the event even larger than it is now and extending the route up Broad Street. Additionally new stands and viewing areas are being considered for next year. Special trains will be coming from Maryland, Delaware and New York packed with those wishing to view the spectacle. Since the railroads benefit greatly from the out of town visitors to the parade, discussions are planned to have them contribute funds to the prize money.

In sports, Henry Rabinowitz won the 5 mile Port Richmond Business Men’s Association race yesterday. In basketball’s Eastern League DeNeri and Reading split a double header. DeNeri beat Reading 33 to 30 in the 1st game. But Reading took the nightcap 27 to 22. In the other game Greystock defeated Camden 47 to 25.

The Christmas Truce


On Christmas Eve, 1914 along the western front at the Ypres salient something wonderful occurred. Enemies, separated at some points by only 30 yards, stopped the war for a brief time. In their trenches in the dark, damp, mud and cold and surrounded by death, a miracle occurred.

It is said to have begun when British troops looked across no man’s land and saw small Christmas trees with lit candles and paper lanterns along the German parapets. Then the British heard the singing of “Stille Nacht” (“Silent Night”). The British responded by singing carols of their own. Soon, the enemies were singing together.

On Christmas morning more songs were sung. Rations and small pieces of cake and candy were tossed back and forth. Eventually, men began to venture out of their trenches. They walked across the field of death and shook hands with their enemy. Some exchanged gifts. Some shared photographs of their families back home and even exchanged addresses so as to keep in touch when the killing was over. Some attended a joint service to bury their dead and pray for their souls. Some played football.

There have been those who have claimed that the Christmas Truce was a myth. Something created out of whole cloth or at most an expansion of a small, single incident at an isolated part of the line. But just recently a letter was released by the family of Captain Alfred Dougan Chater, 2nd Battalion, Gordon Highlanders. Captain Chater saw the truce first hand and wrote about it to his mother. Chater said it was the “most extraordinary sight that anyone has ever seen.”

He describe what he witnessed “About 10 o’clock this morning [Christmas Day] I was peeping over the parapet when I saw a German, waving his arms, and presently two of them got out of their trench and came towards ours… We were just going to fire on them when we saw they had no rifles, so one of our men went to meet them and in about two minutes the ground between the two lines of trenches was swarming with men and officers of both sides, shaking hands and wishing each other a happy Christmas.”

He details soldiers from both sides using the brief respite from shelling to bury their dead “lying between the lines”. Joint burial services were held for German and British soldiers, he said, and former enemies posed for pictures together to commemorate the occasion. Cigarettes and autographs were exchanged between some men, while others simply enjoyed the first opportunity to stretch their legs without facing machine guns in months. And all day the pipes were playing and men walked about unmolested.

Captain Chater painted a vivid picture of this brief goodwill in the war. “This extraordinary truce has been quite impromptu,” the letter continued. “There was no previous arrangement and of course it had been decided that there was not to be any cessation of hostilities.” There have been other letters found from other soldiers writing home about the occurrences that day, Captain Chater’s is just the most recently released and is full of stark details.

The Christmas Truce lasted only for the day and was not observed everywhere along the Western Front. There is no evidence of anything similar occurring on the Eastern Front. But on Christmas Day 1914, amidst the horrors of war in Flanders fields there was peace and goodwill toward men. By December 26th the killing had begun again.


On this Christmas Eve Philadelphians will see snow falling throughout the day. Snow is also forecast for Christmas morning. The high temperature will reach 34° with the low about 24°. There will be skating today at Concourse and Gustine Lakes in Fairmount Park, on Hunting Park Lake, on Creshelm Valley Lake at Chestnut Hill and on Wissahickon Creek from Ridge Avenue to the log cabin. Last minute shoppers are crowding center city today such as those shown here on Chestnut Street.

Chestnut Street 12-24-1914

Charitable organizations are preparing to distribute the bounty donated to them. 15,000 blankets will be distributed throughout the city with food sufficient to feed a family of 5. Christmas dinners will be available at most police stations. The Salvation Army will hand out 1200 baskets each one containing 1 chicken, 1 loaf of bread, ½ peck of potatoes, 1 package of cereal, ½ peck of turnips, ½ lbs of sugar, ½ lbs of coffee,1can of condensed milk,1 bunch of celery, onions, jelly and fruit. The American Rescue Workers are also prepared to feed 1000 families at dinners throughout the city. And the Volunteers of America led by Colonel Alice Herron (shown below) are distributing baskets of food and toys door to door to poor families.

Baskets For Poor-12-24-1914

In sports, the Phillies traded Sherwood Magee to the Boston Braves. In boxing, full cards are scheduled for Christmas afternoon at the Olympic (Broad & Bainbridge), National (11th & Catherine) and the Nonpareil Athletic Clubs. Also, The Port Richmond Business Men’s Association would hold their race tomorrow through the streets of the neighborhood. The 5 mile race will begin at 2:00pm at Richmond and Somerset Streets. Presently 76 runners from various local Athletic Clubs are scheduled to compete.

And one of the largest shooting matches of the year will take place Christmas afternoon at the Southwark Field Club grounds in South Philadelphia. Yesterday in shooting, Turkeys were the prizes handed out to the winners of the competition held by the Point Breeze Gun Club at Point Breeze Park in South Philadelphia. Harry Fisher, Charley Wiltbank and “Izzy” Hoffman took home the feathered awards.


In Eastern Europe, Russian positions around Mlawa near the East Prussian-Polish border have fallen to the Germans. German Field Marshall Von Hindenburg admitted today in an interview  that the Russian forces opposing him were holding fast but he believed the German army would be the ultimate victor.

On the Western front the French report some advancement between the sea and the River Lys. Also it is reported that the French have begun a new offensive on the Meuse north of Verdun. The British report that a German aeroplane has dropped a bomb on Dover.




Representatives of 24 New Year’s Shooters clubs met last night at City Hall and declared they were very happy with the city’s arrangements for the New Year’s Day celebration. The city has set aside $6000.00 in prizes. Twenty six prizes in total will be awarded. There will be 5 prizes for floats, 5 for brigades, 3 for special features, 3 for fancy clubs, 6 for comic clubs, 1 prize for best-dressed captain, 1 for handsomest captain, 1 for most comic captain and 1 for most comically dressed captain.

Additionally, business associations from other parts of the city have also offered additional cash prizes for the groups to march in their neighborhoods once they complete their trip up Broad Street. One association is the Columbia Avenue Business Men’s Association which is offering $500.00 in prizes for clubs that march from Broad to 10th Street on Columbia Avenue.

The clubs and the city also decided the order of march last light. The clubs will parade on Broad Street in the following order:


Silver Crown … 450 men

Lobster          … 800 men

Charles Klein … 350 men


White Caps … 1000 men

Campbell    … 300 men

Kucker String Band … 65 men

M.A. Bruder … 1000 men

D.R. Oswald … 500 men

Sterling Chaplin … 150 men

John Borelli … 100

Trilby String Band …75 men

Blue Ribbon … 75 men

Oakley String Band … 50 men

Fralinger String Band … 50 men

Dark Lantern … 100 men

J.J. Hines … 200 men

Binder String Band … 55 men

Half Smokes … 50 men

Mike and Ike … 75 men

Federal … 1200 men

Jacot … 50 men

Sauer Kraut … 65 men

Passyunk … 150 men

Robert Morrow … 175 men


It will be cloudy and cold today with the high reaching 35̊ and the low about 24°.

In City Councils a bill is being considered to authorize spending $988,000.00 to acquire property and continue work on the planned Boulevard west from Logan Square. So far the city has acquired 75% of the properties necessary to complete the project from Broad & Filbert streets to Fairmount Park.

Policeman McLaughlin was attending Municipal Court at 61st & Thompson streets today and while there was showing other officers a new pair of white gloves given to him as a Christmas gift by his sister. He put the gloves in his overcoat and hung it on a hook on the wall while testifying. Apparently he hung the coat too close to one of the miscreants appearing today for judgment because when the officer retrieved the coat his new gloves were gone.

The City welcomed 900 Marines who arrived today at the Navy Yard on board the transport ship U.S.S. Hancock (shown below). The marines had been serving in Vera Cruz and Haiti. The men were overjoyed to be home for Christmas. All the men will receive a 30 day furlough.

U.S.S. Hancock

U.S.S. Hancock

In sports, Germantown High School’s basketball team was awarded victory by forfeit last night over Strayer Business College. Strayer’s team refused to play the 2nd half unless the referee reinstated one of their players who had been ejected for “ungentlemanly sportsmanship”. John Carr, the referee, refused the demand and Strayer failed to return to the court. The score at halftime was Germantown 5, Strayer 2. Also in basketball, St. Joseph’s College defeated Vineland High School 56 to 28.


In Belgium, the French are reporting slight gains around Nieuport. In France, fighting continues east of Amiens, on the Aisne and in Champagne. Also in France, General Joffre has reportedly dismissed 24 French generals due to incompetence. In the east, a surprise attack by Russian forces has driven the Germans back west of Warsaw. Battle is also continuing near the Bzura, Rawka and Pilica Rivers which are tributaries of the Vistula. German losses are reportedly heavy.

In the Middle East, Constantinople has announced that a Turkish army under the command of Djemal Pasha has begun its march into Egypt towards the Suez Canal. This army’s specific task is to “deliver Egypt from the hands of England.”


There will be fair skies over the city today. The high will reach 39° with the low tonight about 29°. Lamps on automobiles and other vehicles must be lit by 4:45pm today.

Mayor Blankenburg vetoed a bill providing that city employees be paid for vacations, legal holidays and sick days. The Mayor believed the bill did not have enough safeguards against an “unscrupulous” employee taking advantage of the city.

Charitable organizations are making noble efforts to try to relive the hunger of the poor, destitute and unemployed at this time of year. Most of these organizations work year round to provide assistance in the form of food and shelter. But at this time of year these charities redouble their efforts. The photograph below shows some of the 475 men lined up for free bread and coffee at 3:00 am this morning at the Inasmuch Mission at 10th & Locust. The mission also offers a place to sleep for the night as shown in the 2nd picture. Mr. Anthony J. Drexel Biddle was also in attendance and spoke to the men of his own conversion to Christianity 6 years ago.

Men waiting for bread-12-22-1914

Men given place to sleep-12-22-1914

The Mummers are readying for the New Year’s Day Parade. As part of their preparation representatives of the clubs will meet tonight at City Hall to develop a strategy to ensure they are not hoodwinked again this year. Last year many clubs were lured to different sections of the city with the promise of cash prizes from businessmen. These prizes either never materialized or when paid were less than ½ what was promised. Tonight the Mummers will meet with business representatives from various sections of the city to assure the funds will be there. The Mummers want all offered prizes to be deposited with responsible persons before New Year’s Day. The Shooters are promising the city that this year’s spectacle will eclipse all former parades. Over 15,000 marchers are expected.


In Belgium there was little activity reported for today. However, the British have continued their naval bombardment of the German positions on the coast. In France however, in the Champagne region there is violent combat reported including bayonet charges.

In the east, there is continued fierce fighting around Warsaw. In the northern part of Poland the Russians report the Germans have been forced back into East Prussia. In Galicia, there are presently 800,000 men in both the Russian and Austro-German armies facing each other along a 100 mile front.


Today’s weather will be cloudy and rainy with the high reaching 37° and the low around 30°.

Tragedy occurred in South Philadelphia overnight. Police believe the “Black Hand” was responsible for an explosion at 810 Catherine Street. The explosion was set off by dynamite dropped into the house through a hole cut in the roof. Little 7 year old Maurice Dicecco, who lives at the house with his parents and aunt and uncle, was blinded in the blast. Young Maurice was playing with his cousin and sister on the 4th floor when the explosion occurred. His aunt, Mrs. George Azemoro, explained the Black Hand is angry with her husband for refusing to sell them the house.

A happier scene was occurring less than a block away at 705 Catherine Street at the home of Louis Vuotto. In the back of the home there is a garden in which Mr. Vuotto has carved and built a wooden miniature portraying the Nativity. The scene has over 500 figures. It includes shepherds, angels, sheep and other animals, a humble stable and the Holy Family. The town of Bethlehem is also depicted as is the caravan of the 3 kings. The scene is an extraordinary work of art and devotion. Mr. Vuotto has opened the display to all who wish to come and see it.

On the sports scene, in baseball news, Phillies outfielder “Dode” Paskert (shown here) has come to terms with the team for next year. There were rumors that Paskert had received offers from several Federal League teams. But now it is certain he will be with the 1915 Phillies.

[Dode Paskert, Philadelphia NL (baseball)]

In basketball, Catholic High School is scheduled to meet Brown Prep at Hallahan Hall, 40th & Lancaster Ave. this afternoon. Tomorrow afternoon Southern High School will meet LaSalle College at Cloverdale Hall, 12th & Dickinson. Finally, The Lit Brothers’ Team is looking for matches with other grade A industrial or commercial basketball teams.


In the west along the Franco-Belgian front the allies are reporting some steady gains. Near Lens, the allies announce they are within 21/2 miles of the city.  The French have also claimed success in the fighting between the Argonne and the Meuse River.

In the east, German forces are attempting to batter their way through the Russian defenses west of Warsaw. The sounds of the cannons can be clearly heard in the city. With the Russian reinforcements recently arrived, Grand Duke Nicholas has an estimated 1,000,000 men along the Russian defensive line in Poland. Also, there are reports that the Serbian and Montenegrin armies have again joined near Vishegrad and are pursuing the retreating Austrians toward Sarajevo in Bosnia.


The city will see cloudy skies with possible showers today. The high may reach 38° with the low around 32°.

This being Sunday businesses in Philadelphia, like all of Pennsylvania, are generally closed for the Sabbath under the Blue Laws. Those businesses that provide certain “essentials” are open. Pennsylvania’s Blue Laws were passed in 1794 and forbid any type of “work or toil” on Sunday. Of course, Philadelphians being Philadelphians are enterprising in the methods and ways of getting around some of these laws, especially as it relates to alcohol.

In religious news, Bishop McCort dedicated the new Catholic Church of Mater Delorosa, Paul and Ruan Streets in Frankford today. Sermons were preached in both English and Italian for the predominantly Italian immigrant congregation. Also, Bishop Rhinelander ordained 9 new ministers at the Episcopal Church of the Advocate, 18th & Diamond streets today. Four of the men were made deacons and 5 were elevated to the priesthood.

At the Navy Yard, with the arrival of the battleship Kansas, which has recently returned from Mexico, 14 warships are now docked at League Island. Most of the ships are undergoing repairs. The battleship Michigan and the armored cruiser Washington will also soon be joining this fleet.


The British government released a report today which estimates that 84,000 British soldiers have been killed, wounded or are missing since the beginning of the war 4 months ago. On the western front, French and British forces are reporting gains in Flanders and northern France around Ypres and between the Lys and the Osie Rivers.

In Malmo, Sweden the conference of the three Scandinavian Kings (shown below from left to right); Haakon VII of Norway, Gustave V of Sweden and Christian X of Denmark ended today with the rulers agreeing that the three countries would remain strictly neutral in the present war.



It will be a cloudy, rainy day in Philadelphia this Saturday. The high will reach 33° with the low about 24°.

In Police news, the entire detective force stationed at City Hall has been mobilized to fight a pickpocket gang operating in center city. The gang is responsible for a rash of robberies totaling over $1,000.00. Also, detectives of the city’s mendicant squad have arrested 50 “hobos” who had come to the city after hearing of the $50,000 appropriation passed by city councils for the city’s unemployed. These travelling “beggars” had heard there was “good pickin’s here”.

The first annual Common Dog Association Show was to take place at Washington Square today. But due to the rain the event was moved indoors to a vacant storeroom at 254 S. 6th street. This show is specifically for non-pedigree, common, everyday canines. One entry is “Spot” owned by Mrs. Lidie L. Conkling (shown below) of 2210 Watkins Street. Spot is a bull terrier who Mrs. Conklin relies on because she is deaf. Spot lets Mrs. Conkling know when someone is at the door such as the ice man, baker, milkman or butcher by tugging on her dress and leading her to the entrance. The little fellow is also a protector of Mrs. Conkling who lives alone. Spot’s only idiosyncrasy is that he has a taste for vaseline.

Spot & Mrs. Conkling 12-19-1914


On the western front the Germans have reportedly sent 70,000 men to reinforce the area around Antwerp. Fierce fighting is reported in Flanders and northern France. In the air, a squadron of 8 French aviators flying out of Toul has bombed Metz and Strassburg. Fifteen bombs were dropped on the German forts at Metz. The planes flew as high as 4000 feet. The attack on Strassburg was less successful and one plane was lost.

In the east, reports from Poland are that the Russians have checked the German advance on Warsaw. Heavy reinforcements have been rushed to Poland by the Russian high command to stem the assault.

In the Middle East, the British have declared that Egypt would be made a British protectorate. This action was partly due to the Khedive Abbas’ declaration of support for Turkey. Abbas Hilmi has stated publicly his intention to march into Egypt with Turkish forces and drive the British out. It is assumed the British will name Prince Hussein Kemal the new Khedive and Sultan of Egypt.


The city will have fair and sunny skies today but the cold remains. The high will reach 32° with the low tonight only around 11°.

Yesterday Mayor Blankenburg signed the bill passed by city councils last week for a $50,000.00 appropriation for relief of the poor and needy. However, in signing the bill he reiterated his objection to it because he does not believe that public money should be used for such purposes. He instead believes tax money would better be used on municipal improvement projects through which the unemployed could find work.

Today in Orphans Court Judge Gorman heard the sad story of the Helmar family of 950 Cantrell Street. The Judge was considering sending one of the little girls in the family, who is an invalid and suffers from epilepsy, to an institution. But the oldest child, 14 year old Mamie, pleaded with the Judge to let her little sister remain at home and spend Christmas with the family.

Mamie explained her father had died last year and her mother had become too ill to work. So the family is supported by her alone and she only earns $4.00 per week working at a box factory. Mamie begged the judge to let her sister stay home until after the holiday which will also give her time to get a better job so she can provide better care and support for her family and sick sister. The Judge’s heart was touched by the girl’s story and he agreed to let the sick little girl remain with her family until after Christmas.

In sports, Newark, New Jersey’s bid to host the 1916 Olympic Games were dashed today when the International Olympic Committee ruled that Berlin, which had been awarded the games, had not relinquished the games and the Olympic Committee would not revoke the award. Newark wished to hold the games as part of the 250 year anniversary of its founding.


 The Pope has written Cardinal Mercier of Belgium (shown below) and said that he deeply deplores what is happening in Belgium and considers it one of the greatest outrages in history. The Pope sent his blessing to Belgium and its people and exempted all Belgians from the payment of Peter’s pence. On the front lines in Belgium and France the fighting continues. Advances by both sides are measured in yards.

Cardinal Mercier

Cardinal Mercier

 In the east, the German Army continues to push the Russians back in Poland. The Germans are now reportedly within 12 miles of Warsaw. It is estimated that the Russians have lost 125,000 dead and wounded in the fighting in Poland.


The cold will continue today under fair skies. The high will reach 28° with the low about 15°. The skating season has opened today on Concourse Lake in Fairmount Park and unofficially at all other ponds and lakes in the city including League Island. The ice at Concourse Lake is measured at 31/3 inches thick and fairly smooth. Attendants are on duty to watch for cracking ice (shown below).

Skating In Fairmount Park-12-17-1914

 900 boys and girls today will be staying home from school because they have insufficiently warm clothing to wear. Their coats and jackets are too thin for this weather. The figures were gathered by the attendance officers of the Bureau of Compulsory Education in the 10 school districts of the city. Mr. Henry Gideon, chief of the bureau, stated the cause of the problems is the lack of work for the parents “Where there are no jobs there is no money, which means no money for clothes for children.” The Board of Education is not authorized to provide clothes or food for children. Any help must come from philanthropic organizations.

In sports, another new boxing arena will be opening in the city on Christmas Day. The Quaker City Athletic Association will open at 26th & Susquehanna Avenue. The arena will have a seating capacity of 2500. In Eastern League Basketball, DeNeri will meet the Jasper Jewels in Kensington tonight. In last night’s contest Trenton defeated Camden 55 to 41.


The German fleet which struck at the English coast yesterday has laid mines during its retreat. Three British steamships have already been sunk by these mines today. The Admiralty is suspending ship traffic in the area until further notice. The German Navy also stated today that all the warships in yesterday’s attack have escaped with little or no damage.

Reports today from England state that the attacks on the coastal cities have been terrible. In Scarborough 18 are reported dead with 150 wounded. In Hartlepool the number is 55 dead and 125 wounded and in Whitby 2 killed and 2 wounded. Many buildings in all these cities have been damaged or destroyed. Almost all the victims were women and children. In one home, 4 members of a family of 7 were killed while having breakfast.

[EDITORS NOTE: The attack on these English coastal cities stunned the British people and even more so the British Admiralty because the Germans slipped through their defenses. The final casualty reports compared to what was happening on the continent were small but the British psyche was shaken. The war had come to their Island. All told there were 137 killed and 592 injured. Almost all were civilians. Soon dismay and fear turned to anger. Military recruitment surged and the British government used the attacks in their propaganda publications. “Remember Scarborough” became a rallying cry.]


The severe cold continues today under fair skies with a moderate northwest wind. In Frankford this morning the temperature was recorded as 0°. The temperature recorded officially for the city will be a high of 22° and a low of 11°. However, the cold weather has not dissuaded Christmas shoppers as is shown in the pictures below taken along Market Street between 8th and 9th.

Shoppers at 8th & Market

Shoppers on Market St.

 Tragedy occurred yesterday afternoon at G & Venango Streets. Eleven year old William Lauder of 1823 East Westmoreland Street was playing with friends and sliding along the ice on the pond when the ice gave way. His friends tried to help him and even gathered other boys in the area to try and rescue him with poles but to no avail. As he was sinking for the last time he called to his friends and said “Give my love to mamma and grandma.” His body was recovered last night.

In entertainment, Victor Herbert will conduct rehearsal tonight of “the Serenade” by the Philadelphia Operatic Society in the Parkway Building. Mr. Herbert is expected to appear as conductor when the opera is presented at the Metropolitan Opera House on January 21, 1915.

In sports, the Marines at League Island have organized a soccer team and are looking for opponents. If you have a team interested in a match, contact Captain Charles Sanderson at the Navy Yard. In boxing, the Nonparell Athletic Club, Kensington Avenue & Ontario Street will reopen Friday night with a series of bouts. In the main match Freddy Kelly of Rising Sun will meet ‘Young Jack” O’Brien. In basketball Temple University lost to Mount St. Joseph College in Baltimore 42 to 18. In Eastern League play, Trenton plays Camden tonight.


German cruisers bombarded the English North Sea coast towns of Scarborough, Hartlepool and Whitby this morning. The attack was completely unexpected. Off Hartlepool 4 British destroyers immediately engaged the Germans and a terrific battle is now being fought. Fears of a German land invasion have caused seaplanes from Blyth to patrol the Northumberland coast. Numerous buildings in Scarborough are reportedly destroyed or on fire. In Whitby the historic abbey is reportedly destroyed. The bombardment of Scarborough began at 8:00am and lasted at least 20 minutes. The full extent of the damage and the death toll from the attacks are not known.

In the east, German troops have been heavily reinforced near Warsaw and are attacking the Russian center. The Germans are also reforming on the south bank of the Vistula River about 40 miles west of Warsaw. In Serbia, King Peter and Crown Prince George rode into Belgrade at the head of the Serbian army to a tumultuous welcome today.


The city is going through a bitter cold snap. At 8:00am this morning the mercury registered only 13°. For the remainder of the day the skies will be clear and fair with the high reaching 28° and the low tonight 13°.

A shower of rocks and boulders wrecked the home of Patrick Maxwell, 167 Roxborough Street, in Manayunk this morning. The damage was the result of dynamite set off by Samule Farke, 137 Jamestown Street also of Manayunk, a contractor blasting in the neighborhood. The rocks traveled almost one hundred feet into the kitchen of Mr. Maxwell where his daughter and wife were having breakfast. Mercifully neither was injured. The blast was heard for miles around. One boulder that tore into the kitchen is estimated as weighting 250 lbs. Mr. Farke was arrested for violating city construction ordinances.

A woman claiming to be the mother of the little lost boy found at 9th & Market Streets last week appeared at the Detective Bureau last night. She was sent to the Children’s Bureau by police but never arrived. The women claimed to be a Mrs. Katz of Darby and said her husband had deserted her. She claimed to have been on the way to New York to obtain aid when she lost the boy. Today Police have gone to Darby to investigate the woman and her claim.

In sports, at the Olympia A.A. last night, Broad & Brainbridge Streets, in front of a record crowd for this arena, featherweight champion Johnny Kilbane (shown below on the left) defeated Willie Houck (on the right) in a 12 round decision. In basketball there are no games scheduled today in Eastern League play. The current standings in the league have DeNeri on top with a 2 game lead followed by Reading, Jasper, Camden, Trenton and Greystock in last place.

Kilbane and Houck3


The Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mohammed V, said today that the Empire was forced to go to war because the actions of Russia, France and Britain threatened Islam. The statement was made from the throne at the opening of the Turkish Parliament. The Sultan said “Because of this fact I called all Moslems into a holy war.” Also in the Black Sea region, the Turkish cruiser Midirli has reportedly bombarded Sebastopol on the Crimean Peninsula.

Also in the east, the Serbs report they have retaken Belgrade and are sweeping the Austrians back across the Drina and Save Rivers. However, Austria reports they have had major success against the Russians driving them back 50 miles from Cracow in Galicia.

In the west, British and French forces south of Ypres have advanced against the German lines. Reportedly the Germans have been driven back 5 miles south of Ypres.


Snow fell on the city overnight and may come again tonight. During the afternoon there will be cloudy skies and intermittent rain. The high may reach 48° with the low about 26°.

Armstrong Drexel (shown below), son of Anthony J. Drexel, Jr. and grandson of Anthony J. Drexel, banker, financier and founder of Drexel Institute, has returned home due to illness. Mr. Drexel has been volunteering in Europe as a chauffeur for British General French. The nature of his illness was not disclosed nor where his plans on returning to Europe in the future. Mr. Drexel will be remembered here in his home city as an aviation pioneer and for setting the altitude record some years back.

J. Armstrong Drexel

J. Armstrong Drexel

It has been learned that an order for steel shrapnel cases has been placed with the Eveland Engineering and Manufacturing Company, 2324-26 Market Street by two of the warring nations. The order will total over $4,000,000.00. Mr. S.S. Eveland stated that he is sure that filling the order does not violate the neutrality proclamation of President Wilson. Mr. Eveland also said the orders were placed through New York and the countries requesting the shell cases were not named. However, most believe the countries to be England and France.

The Police Department is instituting a new “foreign squad” made up of policemen that speak foreign languages. The first member is Policeman Jacob Gombarow who speaks English, Russian and Yiddish. Captain Cameron, who is in charge of the squad, is looking to appoint other members with foreign language knowledge.

In sports, in boxing Johnny Kilbane, World Champion featherweight will meet Willie Houck, of Mount Airy, tonight at the Olympic Athletic Association Club, Broad & Bainbridge Streets. In basketball, The Lit Brothers have decided to organize a team to represent the store this season. The team will be managed by Mr. A.M. Friedenberg, formerly of the DeNeri club of the Eastern League.


With the exception of intermittent artillery exchanges, the belligerents did not report any major fighting from the North Sea to the Oise River. In the east, the Austrians are reporting success in western Galicia. In Poland, along the Vistula and at Cracow the situation remains unchanged.


This Sunday in Philadelphia will see cloudy skies with moderate westerly winds. The high will reach 31° with the low tonight about 23°.

Fire Marshal George Elliott announced today that no lighted candles will be permitted on Christmas trees this year. This order pertains to all trees no matter whether they are in a church, a hall or a private home. If a tree is discovered with burning candles the person responsible will be prosecuted. This decision is part of the “Safety-First-for-Christmas” program of the Fire Marshall. Mr. Elliott said there are too many fires, injuries and fatalities due to dry trees catching fire. He recounted stories of men dressed as Santa being horribly burned when their long white beards caught fire from being too close to these trees. And also children, left alone with lit trees being burned reaching for decorations. Last year 40 fires were reported as a result of candle lit Christmas trees.

Mr. Anthony J. Drexel has donated the magnificent 65 foot high Lancaster Avenue Community Christmas tree which now stands at 40th Street & Lancaster Avenue (shown below). The tree is part of the Lancaster Avenue Business Men’s Association holiday celebration. The Association is also collecting presents which will be delivered Christmas day by automobile to needy families in the area. The tree is now being decorated and will be lit tomorrow night by Mayor Blankenburg.

Lancaster Ave Tree-12-13-1914

In sports, a report out of Chicago states that 85 deaths and 918 injuries were suffered by baseball players in 1914. Twenty of the deaths were caused by pitched balls, 5 were due to being struck by a bat, 4 were due to collisions, 4 were because of over exertion and 1 person was killed in a fight. Of those injured 60 were in the American league, 6 in the National League, 56 in the Federal League and 116 in minor league teams.


In Paris the Minister of the Interior, Louis Malvey will submit a measure to the Chamber of Deputies to cancel all elections in France until after the war. Mr. Malvy asserts this is necessary because nearly all voters have been mobilized. [EDITOR’S NOTE: Malvy would be charged with treason in 1918. He was acquitted on that charge but found guilty of negligence and exiled for 5 years].

In the east, reports are that at the decisve moment at the battle of Topola, Serbia the aged King Peter appeared on horseback to exhort his troops. The King rode among the men and said “Soldiers, Heroes, your old king has come to die with you for the fatherland… let us drive out the enemy.” With that the Serbians charged and defeated the numerically superior Austrians. King Peter is 70 years old.


DO YOU KNOW THIS BOY (shown below)? He was found Tuesday wandering around at 9th & Market Streets. He is presently being cared for at the Children’s Aid society, 415 South 15th Street. The boy said his mother brought him to see the Christmas displays in the store windows and bought him candy. But then he lost her. The youngster is about 4 years old with light curly hair. He does not know his last name or his address. If you recognize this boy, contact police immediately.

Lost Boy - 12-12-1914 The sun will be out today and the city will have fair skies. The high will reach 41° with the low about 34°.

Two deer, a buck and a doe, appeared along the Wissahickon yesterday. Park Guard Grant White, who was in charge of the Park deer corral, attempted to persuade them back to the caged area. The deer would have nothing to do with that. They charged Guard White and chased him several hundred yards back to his guard house where he took shelter. They then waited for a time to see if he would come out. He didn’t. Eventually the deer tired of the hunt and disappeared. When reinforcements arrived for Mr. White, a search was conducted for the deer to no avail.

The members of the 114th Regiment of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, who gained glory in the war as Collis’ African Zouaves, will meet this afternoon for their 44th annual reunion at the G.A.R. Headquarters, 5th & Chestnut Street. One Hundred and forty-five of the 850 members who volunteered in 1861 remain. Most of them now are over 70 years old and some have said this will probably be their last opportunity to see old comrades in arms. The invitation to the event promised the men there would be no stairs to climb for them to reach the hall and each other.

In sports two fine basketball games will be played tonight at Penn’s Weightman Hall, 235 South 33rd Street. In the opener, South Philadelphia High School will meet the freshman team of Penn. Then at 8:00pm Penn’s varsity will take the floor against Muhlenberg. In Eastern League play last night Camden defeated Greystock 43 to 36.


The French report that after a series of terrific attacks the Germans have been driven back from the west bank of the Yser Canal in Flanders. Allied forces have now occupied the position. Artillery exchanges continue in the areas around Arras, the Aisne, the Meuse, the Somme and in the Vosges.

In the east, Russian and German forces continue fierce fighting around Lowicz, Poland. Also, near Cracow Russian sources claim success against The Austro-German armies. Along the entire eastern front from East Prussia through Poland five major battles are taking place. In the Black Sea region, a Turkish fleet is bombarding the Russian port city of Batum.


It will be another cloudy day in the city with the high reaching 39° and the low about 34°.

Firemen made a valiant attempt to save the laundry of Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Silverman, 812 Snyder Avenue, last night. A fire in the couple’s home was started by a defective ash-separator next to a pile of kindling. The fire burned a hole through the kitchen floor and into the basement where the weekly wash was hanging to dry. The couple pleaded with firemen to save their clothes. Unfortunately, after repeated attempts and being hampered by dense smoke the firemen had to end their attempts.

Spending Christmas in prison can be a sad, dreary experience even for the most hard-hearted criminal. But at Eastern State Penitentiary the inmates are trying to make it a bit brighter for the children whose fathers they are serving time with. The men are working hard and saving every penny they can get to make this a happy Christmas for the little boys and girls of prisoners. To date $200.00 has been scraped together from the sale of articles made by the men. The money has been entrusted to Warden Robert McKenty (shown below), who is highly regarded by the men. Warden McKenty is also charged with choosing the gifts. An additional surprise came when a local candy manufacture heard of the men’s efforts and promised that each child shall also receive a box of treats and other gifts from him.

Warden McKenty

Warden McKenty

 In entertainment, two photoplays are on screens in this city staring Mary Pickford. Miss Pickford stars in Caprice at the West Allegheny Theatre, 25th & Allegheny and in Hearts Adrift at the Iris Theatre, Kensington & Allegheny Avenue.

In Eastern League Basketball play, the Jasper Jewels beat the Reading Bears last night 32 to 23. The Camden Alphas meet the Greystock Greys tonight. DeNeri, which leads in the standings by 2 games, meets 5th place Trenton Saturday night.


On the western front, German assaults at Ypres were repulsed. The French report some success in the region of Arras and in the Argonne. In the east, the Austrians are claiming that the Russians are abandoning their attempts to capture Cracow. Vienna asserts this is due to recent Austrian victories in western Galicia. Additionally, the German capture of Lodz has placed the Russians in a defensive position in all of Poland. In the Balkans, the Serbians report that they have defeated the Austrians at Mount Rudnik after a 5 day battle. The Serbians claim that 2 Austrian corps have been completely routed.


The city and area will continue to be under dreary and cloudy skies. There will be periods of rain and perhaps snow in some sections. The high will only reach 36° with the low around 32°.

City Councils today passed a bill including a provision for $50,000.00 to be transferred from the Department of Public Works to the Department of Public Health for the relief of the unemployed. There are an estimated 100,000 unemployed in the city. There is great need of this money as hundreds of families are without funds for food, heat and rent. The bill now goes to the Mayor for signing who is known to support the measure.

Patrolman Joseph Phillips of the 7th & Carpenter station was attacked by a crowd last night at 21st & Naudain Street. Gangs in the area have been planning to “fix” Phillips when they got the chance. Last night they lay in wait and when the policeman passed he was met with a hail of bricks, broken bottles and other missiles. Phillips was hit in the head and body by the objects. He drew his gun and fired but the bullet hit the pavement and ricocheted hitting Mr. Harry Horseman of 5623 Carpenter Street in the leg. Patrolman Phillips was knocked unconscious before help arrived. He was taken to Philadelphia Hospital for treatment. Phillips was able to identify one attacker as Robert Durrem of 2140 South Street who was later arrested.

In entertainment, Adgie and her 10 lions (shown below) will be appearing at the Victoria Theatre, 9th & Market Streets this week. Adgie (born Adelaide Castillo) is considered one of the best animal acts in Vaudeville.

Adgie and Her Lions

In sports, Connie Mack refuted and denied today certain rumors that he has been offered the position of manager and part owner of the New York Yankees. Also, Mr. Mack gave pitcher Jack Coombs his unconditional release. Additionally two other A’s pitchers, Chief Bender and Eddie Plank have jumped to the Federal League. Bender will be throwing for the Baltimore Terrapins and Plank for the St. Louis Terriers next season.

In Eastern Basketball League play DeNeri extended its lead in the standings by beating the Camden Alphas last night 34 to 29. Tonight the Jasper Jewels meet the Reading Bears at the Kensington Athletic Club.


Fighting in Belgium and northern France was sparse today although artillery shelling continues. In the east, the Germans are within 40 miles of Warsaw. There is vicious fighting along a 50 mile front. The city of Lowicz is reportedly in flames. In the South Atlantic the British Navy reportedly has sunk 2 German cruisers the Nurnberg and the Dresden. These ships had previously escaped when the British engaged a German convoy off the Falklands and sunk 3 other German cruisers.


The skies will be cloudy today with light rain and perhaps snow in some areas. The high will reach 37° with the low tonight around 31°. Now that the terrible storm this week has passed, communities along the east coast are assessing the damage it left in its wake. At the New Jersey shore the Music Hall on Steel Pier seems to have sustained less damage than originally predicted. The Hall did not collapse into the Ocean. Ventnor’s boardwalk is destroyed and will have to be completely rebuilt. Further north, Coney Island has suffered over $200,000 in damages. Trolley and railroad services in many places are still out of service.

The Christmas trees are here. Today 121 railroad cars arrived in this city and are waiting for unloading at the 19th & Allegheny Avenue freight yard. The cars are all loaded full with Christmas trees from Canada, Vermont, Maine and New Hampshire. The evergreens have been consigned to 30 dealers who will sell them throughout the city.

In a terrible crime last night, Miss Anna Conway (shown on the right), 24 years old of 2254 South Hemberger Street was shot and killed at her home by a rejected suitor, Jeffie B. Adams (shown on the left), a Petty Officer on the U.S.S. Tallahassee, who then killed himself. Miss Conway taught at the James Wilson Public School, 12th & Wharton Street. She had been receiving attention from Adams for some time. Her family and friends were against the man and she promised them she would give him up. Last night Adams appeared at her home and Miss Conway told him she did not want him to call on her again. An argument ensued and Adams shot the girl in the chest and then shot himself in the head. Miss Conway died in her mother’s arms.

Miss Conway and Adams-12-9-1914


German aviators have dropped 5 bombs on Dover, England which is just 60 miles from London. Also, the Kaiser is reportedly suffering from pneumonia combined with nervous depression resulting from overexertion. On the western front, the French report success with their assaults along the entire front. Fighting is particularly fierce in the Argonne. Artillery exchanges are common and almost continuous throughout Flanders and northern France.

In the east, Warsaw is in peril of attack from German forces to its north. In Galicia, the Austrians claim that the Russian assault on Cracow has been halted. In the Balkans, Serbia reports success against the Austrian army sweeping through the center of their country and the capture of 20,000 Austrians in northwest Serbia.


Snow fell on the city this morning but due to the already wet streets there was little accumulation. The remnant of the terrible storm is now passing through our area. Today we will see cloudy skies with intermittent rain. The high will reach 36° with the low about 32°.

5,000 men crowded onto the Mifflin Street Pier of the Philadelphia Ship Repair Company this morning looking for work. The company has advertised for 300 new workers to do repairs on the San Marcos and Denver which have just returned from Mexico transporting the marines home to their barracks here. There were some scuffles among the men while they waited but nothing of a serious nature.

The Santa Claus storehouse is now open. Santa’s helpers will be collecting donated toys for the poor and forlorn children of our city. The storehouse is located on the 1st floor in the Washington building at 608 Chestnut Street. It is impossible to miss the storehouse because the windows are beautifully decorated with dolls, bicycles, rocking horses and toys of all description. The storehouse will be open for donations until December 24th.

Santa Storehouse-12-8-1914

In a move that has shaken the baseball world and especially the Philadelphia baseball fan, Connie Mack has sold the contract of Eddie Collins to the Chicago White Sox. Mr. Mack did not reveal the price he received for one of the best players in baseball but many knowledgeable baseball people think it must have been considerable. Philadelphia fans will now ask why Mack sold Collins. It will be remembered that after the World Series, Mack decided on a policy of retrenchment. He felt the Philadelphia fans did not support the team. But Mr. Mack was also unhappy with the last contract Collins forced on him under threat he would jump to the Federal League. Mack has also asked waivers on Bender, Plank and Coombs. There are rumors that Rube Oldring may be next to go.


On the western front, Passchendaele has reportedly been taken by British troops. Passchendaele is between Roulers and Ypres. The wedge created by this move may compel the Germans to abandon their drive toward the coast.

In the east, Russia has confirmed the loss of Lodz, Poland to the Germans. In the Middle East fierce fighting is reported between Russian and Turkish forces along the Persian border. In Palestine, the Turks are reportedly looting hospitals and shops for supplies. Missionary hospitals in Jerusalem and Damascus have been stripped of all surgical supplies. Also, German units with the Turks have now erected a wireless station on the Mount of Olives.


The city will be under heavy rains today and tonight. There is also the possibility of snow this evening. The high will reach 35° with the low about 32°.

The brutal winter storm on the east coast continues to dump drenching rain on our area. Electric, trolley, telegraph and telephone wires are down throughout the city. Property damage along the east coast is estimated at $1,000,000.00. In Atlantic City numerous cottages have been destroyed and Steel Pier is severely damaged. The Music Hall at the end of the pier is considered a complete loss. The steel frame of the structure is twisted out of shape and it is feared it will soon fall into the ocean.

Nearly every New Jersey resort is suffering flooding and heavy damage. Boardwalks have been washed away. The storm is battering the coast from Maine to the Carolinas with gale winds averaging 72mph. Numerous distress calls are being received from ships caught in the storm. It is feared the toll in vessels and lives will be the largest in many years.

In other news, two schools were closed today due to the discovery of scarlet fever among the students. The schools are the Walton School at 28th & Huntington and the George W. Childs School at 17th & Tasker. The schools will be closed until they can undergo fumigation.

The Baldwin Locomotive Works announced that it has received an order from Russia for 30 locomotives. The order will allow the company to provide full time work to 2000 formerly part time workers making this a joyous Christmas for their families.

On the entertainment scene, Houdini (shown below) begins a week long engagement at B.F. Keith’s, 12th & Chestnut, today. Matinees are at 2:00pm with seats at .25¢ and .50¢. The evening shows will be at 8:00pm with tickets from .25¢ up to $1.00.



In the east, the city of Lodz, Poland is in flames but there is no confirmation as yet that the Germans have taken it. Unofficial reports are that the Germans took the city on Sunday night. Reports also suggest that the Germans are in control of the main railroad lines in the area which lead to Warsaw. On the western front, the allies report concerted attacks from the coast to the Argonne. But the attacks appear to be meeting with little success as German resistance is strong.

In the Balkans, King Nicholas of Montenegro has admitted that 1/3 of his army has fallen on the battlefield. At the war’s start the army of Montenegro numbered about 50,000. The king stated that notwithstanding his country’s losses Montenegro will continue to fight on.


It is a dreary Sunday in Philadelphia today. The city’s weather will be cold and windy with periods of rain. The high will reach 39° with the low around 31°.

There are many charitable events taking place this time of year in the city and Philadelphia’s society set are actively involved in raising money for many deserving and worthy causes. An evening of music and dance will be presented tomorrow night at the Bellevue-Stratford for the Northern Home for Friendless Children at 23rd & Brown Streets. This facility serves as a home for the innocent victims of poverty and abandonment. Also, the Diocesan Fair held to support St. Martha’s Settlement House at 8th & Snyder Avenue ended last evening with a gay dance. Many of Philadelphia’s most prominent ladies attended including Miss Katharine Herman Kremer, Miss Edwina Elkins Bruner and Miss Margaret Crozer Fox shown below.

Society Girls-12-6-1914

In news from the religious community, Philadelphia leads all cities in America in the number of professed Methodists. A report released yesterday shows there are 49,163 Methodist Episcopal Church members in the city. Methodist ministers expect an increase of 20,000 more members over the next few years.

In medical news, the case of Michael Campson, 30 years old of 1034 Federal Street, has baffled physicians at Hahnemann Hospital. Mr. Campson went to the hospital yesterday and begged doctors to help him. He has been hiccoughing constantly for the past 7 weeks and is desperate to find relief. Doctors have attempted various treatments today but to no avail. Physicians say this is the most perplexing and puzzling case ever seen in this city.

In sports yesterday afternoon, Penn defeated Princeton in soccer 2 to 1 virtually clinching the championship of the Intercollegiate League. Penn will now face Haverford in their last game of the season where either a tie or victory will give Penn the title. Haverford lost to Harvard yesterday 1 to 0.


There are reports that French forces are fighting their way toward Metz in Lorraine and Strassburg in Alsace. The fighting in Alsace has taken place amidst enormous snow storms. In some parts of the region 2 feet of snow has fallen. In Flanders, winter storms also continue and a gale is sweeping over Belgium and northern France constricting troop movements.  In the east, German forces are said to have reformed their lines in Poland along a 130 mile long front Plock to Petrokow. The Germans are preparing for another advance toward Warsaw.

In the Middle East, Enver Pasha, Minister of War of the Ottoman Empire has reportedly gone to Libya to persuade the Senussyeh tribe to attack the western frontier of Egypt. Supposedly Mr. Pasha will distribute $40,000.00 to leaders of the tribe to help with his request.


Today’s weather will be windy with periods of rain and sleet. The high this afternoon will reach 43° with the low tonight about 37°. The gale moving up the coast and raging over the Delaware Bay overnight brought snow and sleet to the central part of the city at around 2:00am this morning. The winds from this storm have been measured at 70mph. The gale was so fierce that the steamship Great Northern was driven ashore by the force of the winds at Fort Mifflin.

A horse shot a bullet through the window of the Manayunk Chronicle newspaper this morning on Main Street. The horse was being backed into the driveway of the Klauder Feed & Coal Company, 4435 Main Street when it stepped on a .22 caliber cartridge lying in the street causing it to explode and the bullet to crash through and shattered the window. No one was injured.

In sports, Ty Cobb took the title of leading hitter in the American League for 1914. Eddie Collins of Connie Mack’s Athletics finished second. Cobb’s batting average was .368 while Collins was .344. However it should be pointed out that Cobb only appeared in 97 games this season while Collins played in 152. Collins bested Cobb in doubles, triples and total base hits. He was also the leading base stealer with 58 this past season.

Ty Cobb                                                                                              Ty Cobb

Eddie Collins 2                                                                                          Eddie Collins

In basketball, DeNeri beat Greystock last night 25 to 22. It will be Eastern League leading Reading Bear’s turn to visit DeNeri tonight at the Musical Fund Hall at 8th and Locust.


Air attacks are becoming more common on the battlefront. Berlin reports that bombs were dropped on Freiburg in the Grand Duchy of Baden today. Arial bombardment also took place in the east today where Russian aviators dropped bombs at Breslau while the Kaiser was holding a conference with the German and Austrian General Staffs. The Kaiser was not harmed in the attack.  On the western front fighting has been hampered by the weather. A fierce gale has hit the French and Belgian coast and heavy snow is falling in the Vosges.

In the east, heavy fighting continues between Lodz and Lowicz in Poland.  The Russians claim they have driven the Germans back 20 miles. The Germans continue to hold the left bank of the Vistula River but the Russians are making a determined effort to cross. In Galicia, the Russians report they are within 2 miles of the defenses protecting Cracow.


There will be cloudy skies with rain today and tomorrow with the high reaching 55° and a low of 34°. Also, the national weather bureau is predicting a serious storm along the northeast this week.

An outbreak of diphtheria in the Polyclinic Hospital at 18th & Lombard Streets has resulted in two wards being placed under strict quarantine. Apparently the disease started in the children’s ward and then spread to the men’s ward. Both wards are now quarantined. Eleven nurses have showed signs of the disease and have been taken to Municipal Hospital for treatment.

The food exhibition in the Reading Terminal Market continues with today being “Sea Food Day”. Fish, frogs, lobsters and a 10 foot shark were on display along with recipes on how to cook them. Many of the merchants at the Market credited Mr. Harry Gerhart (shown below), president of the Market’s Business Men’s Association for the great success of the exhibition.

Harry Gerhart-12-14-1914

Residents around Germantown Avenue & McFerran Street are agitated over the prospect of a Negro family moving in the neighborhood. There are also rumors that the Mt. Carmel Methodist Episcopal Church at that corner is to be purchased by a colored congregation. Mrs. Wesley DeFrehm who owns the house at 3961 Germantown Avenue has admitted she rented it to Rev. Dr. J. Jackson, a Negro pastor of a colored Baptist Church. She said she believes Dr. Jackson will be a much better tenant than the last white renter she had in the house.

In basketball, DeNeri will meet the Greystock Greys tonight at Cooper Battalion Hall, 23rd & Christian Streets. DeNeri presently holds 2nd place in the Eastern League while Greystock, although in 6th place, has been on a winning streak. In the Interstate Basketball League Germantown will travel to New Jersey to meet Camden tonight.


The principal fighting in Flanders today is centered at Ypres. Both the British and the Germans have made attacks without any real success. There is renewed fighting in Alsace around Altkirch and Muelhausen. There is also news that there is an outbreak of typhoid in the Belgian army along the coast. This may have been fostered and increased by the terrible storms they have been subject to.

In the Middle East, it is reported that 34,000 Canadian volunteers have landed in Egypt and large contingents of Australian and New Zealand troops are heading to join them to meet the Turkish army.


The city will have overcast and cloudy skies today with the high reaching an unseasonably 62° and the low around 49°.

This morning William Able became the last man to be hanged in Philadelphia. It occurred at Moyamensing prison (shown below) at 10:02 AM. Able was executed for the murder of 12 year old Thomas Kane of 2466 Memphis Street. For a number of hours before his walk to the gallows Able sat in his cell chanting the 23rd Psalm and reading the 14th chapter of the Gospel of St. John. He expressed regret for the death of the boy. He was attended to by Rev. J. Francis Behrens of the Fiftieth Baptist Church. Before leaving his cell he left messages for his wife and daughter saying he would meet them in Heaven. Future executions in Pennsylvania will be done by the electric chair.

Moyamensing Prison 1

Over 1,000 Ohio boys and girls are visiting the city today as part of the Buckeye Corn Special Tour. The young agriculturists, all champion corn growers in their home state, arrived in the city at Broad Street Station at 6:30 this morning. They were greeted by a marching band and a contingent of mounted police who led them to City Hall for a formal reception. Later today the youngsters will visit Independence Hall and other historical sites.

More clubs have applied for New Year’s Day parade permits. Judging by the number of requests it appears there will be many more comic clubs this year. The clubs applying today included: The John Borrelli New Year’s Association, Captain John W. Myers, 1204 Gerritt Street; Clearfield New Year’s Association, Captain Joseph Velten, 2030 West Lippincott Street; The Spirits of South Philadelphia, Captain W. Boyle, 2512 S. Reese Street; Daniel R. Oswald Club, Captain Augustus D. Wilson, 1819 S. 5th Street; The Picaninny New Year’s Association, Captain Harry Bockelman, 2411 S. Mildred Street; The South Philadelphia String Band, Captain Thomas  Morrissey, 2229 S. 13th Street and The Fralinger String Band, Captain Joseph A. Ferko, 207 Sigel Street. Two fancy clubs were also granted permits. They are the Silver Crown Club, Captain Michael Quigley, 2020 Tasker Street and The William M. Waltman Club, Captain Leo Moss, 2122 McClellan Street.


The allies have again cut the dykes along the Yser River to check a German advancement from Dixmude. Heavily reinforced British forces are now under the personal command of Field Marshal Sir John French. The Germans are again bombarding Nieuport and further south at Ypres. In the east, the Russians are attempting to reform their center in the battle between the Warthe and Vistula Rivers. Fighting is also ongoing in the vicinity of Lodz and Lowicz. In the Balkans, Belgrade, capitol of Serbia has been captured by the Austrians. The government has been moved to Nish.


There will be cloudy skies today with moderate winds and continued heavy fog. The high will reach 54° with the low around 45°.

The 2nd annual food exposition opened today at the Reading Terminal Market. Exhibitors lined the walls with colorful displays of meats, vegetables, fruits and flowers. The exhibition was opened with speeches from Mayor Blankenburg, John Wanamaker and others. The dealers at the Market want the public to visit and see how clean, neat and reasonably priced the foodstuffs are. They have also instituted automobile delivery service free of charge to the suburbs. The motto of the exhibition is “Strive to Please”. For the public’s listening pleasure the Franklin Cornet Band will be performing every afternoon.

Reading Terminal Food Fair-12-2-1914More Mummers applied for permits today at City Hall but Jesse Mintzer, 5252 Locust Street, president of the “I Should Worry Club” refused to accept permit number 13 thinking it bad luck. But that didn’t stop Paul Schreiner, 2300 North 3rd Street from taking the permit. Schreiner is captain of Kucker’s String Band. Schreiner said he’s as superstitious as anyone but for him it works backwards. So 13 may bring him good luck. After Mr. Schreiner received his permit, Mr. Mintzer received his as number 14.

A grand pageant will take place tonight in the ballroom of the Bellevue-Stratford Hotel. A “Feast of the Cherry Blossoms” costume ball in aid of the Pennsylvania Museum and School of Industrial Art will be attended by all the fashionable and smart set of Philadelphia. The committee in charge of arrangements includes Mrs. A.J. Drexel Biddle, Mrs. J. Gardner Cassatt, Mrs. Edward T. Stotesbury and Mrs. Alexander Van Rensselaer.


The French report the destruction of 3 batteries of heavy German guns in an artillery duel at Vermilles about 4 miles south of La Bassee in northern France. Also, south of Ypres at St. Eloi German attacks were repulsed.

In the east it has become apparent that contrary to Russian reports the Germans in Poland and East Prussia have not been defeated. The Germans are contesting every move by the Russians along the Vistula River. In Galicia, although the Austrians have been pushed back by the Russians, the fortress of Przemysl is still in Austrian hands.


Philadelphia will have cloudy skies today with a heavy fog throughout the morning hours. This fog caused a serious tie up of steamships and ferryboats on the Delaware. There are a number of near misses reported between ferries and other craft on the river. Visibility was limited to 20 feet. The high today will reach 53° with the low about 45°.

In crime news, Felix Finalaea, 52, is a tailor who lives at 3299 Gaul Street. He believes in getting a good night sleep and has no patience for unnecessary noise. Last night Adam Nevella, 25 of Thompson & Westmoreland Streets and Peter Korlowski, 25 of 2630 Westmoreland Street were speaking loudly outside Mr. Finalaea’s window. He asked them to speak quieter. They refused. So Mr. Finalea took the gun he keeps under his pillow and shot them both in the head. Both young men were taken to Episcopal Hospital where they are now quiet. Mr. Finalea is being held in jail without bail.

In national news, The United States Supreme Court ruled yesterday that Railroads must furnish sleeping cars, chair cars and dining cars accommodations to whites and negroes alike. The case arose out of a test of Oklahoma’s “Jim Crow” law which bars Negroes from such accommodations. The decision, written by Justice Hughes, held that substantial equality of treatment must be provided for all travelers regardless of color.

In sports, at the Olympic boxing club last night, Broad & Bainbridge, “Kid” Williams the bantamweight champion of the world met local boy Fred Diggins in the main bout (shown below). Diggins gave the champ a spirited fight for 3 rounds but once Williams got the measure of him he moved in and delivered a series of body blows and hard rights to the face which sent Diggins to the canvas. In Eastern League Basketball last night Trenton beat Camden 41 to 36.

Williams-Diggins Fight-12-1-1914


Dispatches from Amsterdam state that 120,000 Germans are poised and ready for the effort to take Ypres. Along the battle line in France there is an uneasy quiet today. In the east, the fighting in Poland continues. Reports are that the Kaiser’s army broke out of a trap laid for it around Lodz. The Germans also announced that another army has begun an attack south of the Vistula River toward Lowicz.


The city will have cloudy and overcast skies today with occasional showers. The high will reach 53° and the low around 42°.

Captains of the Mummers organizations that will march on Broad Street New Year’s Day received their parade permits today. The Mummers are restricted from masquerading in uniform as policemen and from carrying firearms. All captains are held responsible for the conduct of the men marching under their organizations banner.

Businessmen were advised today not to hire women as salespeople. Mr. Barclay Doyle, sales manager of the Keystone Publishing Company made the statement to the weekly luncheon of the Walnut Street Business Association. Mr. Doyle said women rarely develop the skills necessary to sell goods. He also said women customers were often antagonized by salespeople of their own sex and male customers generally do not care to deal with women in a sales position.

Four people were seriously injured and dozens of other sustained cuts and bruises when 2 trolley cars collided at 9th & Dickinson Streets this morning. Apparently the cars were unable to stop due to slippery rails. One car was thrown off the track and smashed into the other. The seriously injured were Catherine Grace, 17, of 2838 Rosewood Street, Harry Sesty, 60, of 41 South 59th Street, May Burns, 39 of 16 South Ringgold Street and Victoria Capparella, 18 of 1816 South Hicks Street.  All the injured were taken to Mt. Sinai hospital.


In the first interview with anyone from the foreign press by a member of the German Royal Family since the war began, German Crown Prince Wilhelm (shown below) said today “Undoubtedly this is the most stupid, senseless and unnecessary war of modern times. It is a war not wanted by Germany, I can assure you, but it was forced on us, and the fact that we were so effectually prepared to defend ourselves is now being used as an argument to convince the world that we desired conflict.” The Prince also said he is saddened and surprised at the attitudes of America in seeing Germany as the aggressor in the conflict.

German Crown Prince-11-30-1914

It is announced from London that King George has gone to France to visit British troops and to meet with President Poincaire of France. Also, in Flanders it appears the German attack has ceased for now. There are unofficial reports that French and British forces have been heavily reinforced. In the Middle East, Christians in many Turkish ports have been threatened with violence and there are riots in many cities against them. In Beirut, Moslems have organized gangs with the express purpose of slaughtering infidels.


Philadelphia will have rain today with the high reaching 51° and the low about 27°

There is much new building construction on Allegheny Avenue from Front Street to B Street. A large motion picture theatre is being completed at the southeast corner of Front & Allegheny as well as other new business buildings. There are also many new 2 story homes built in this same area. The south side of Allegheny Avenue from Front Street to A Street has also seen the completion of 23 new 2 story homes.

Also in building construction news, business men and political leaders of our city are proposing that a huge stadium be built which would seat at least 80,000 people for large athletic and civic events. Mr. E.J. Berlet (shown below) of the Walnut Street Business Association and president of the Army-Navy Game Committee believes it is just the thing the city and country needs. According to him Philadelphia is the ideal spot for such a structure because of its location on the east coast and large population. Such a stadium would be perfect for athletic events and large exhibitions. And it would ensure the future playing of the Army-Navy game here.


Governor Tener and numerous business leaders fully support the plan. The Governor said, it is safe to assume that Philadelphia teams will continue to be in the World Series, so such a stadium would be a perfect location for the contests. Mr. Berlet said that even if the stadium were to cost $300,000.00 to build, it would soon pay for itself because of the large seating capacity.


In Belgium, the Germans flatly refute the story that French marines retook Dixmude. In France around Arras it is reported 700,000 Germans have been concentrated for an all-out assault.

German reports from Poland state the Russian offensive there has been stopped and 60,000 Russians have been taken prisoner. General von Hindenburg made the announcement as part of his general orders to the troops and after receiving the rank of Field Marshall from the Kaiser.

In the Middle East, Berlin is reporting that General Ahmed Izzet Pasha is marching toward the Suez Canal at the head of 76,000 Turkish troops. Also, following the declaration of a Holy War or “Jihad” on November 11th by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed V, attacks have been carried out against Christians in the territories under Turkish control. Reports today state, that in Erzerum, Turkey, Moslem mobs have burned and destroyed all the Armenian churches and schools in the city. A number of Armenians are also reported to have been killed.


Philadelphia will have fair and sunny skies today with the high reaching 53° and the low at night around 30°.

The big event in our city today was the Army-Navy game at Franklin Field. The sun shone down on the dry and hard field with just a slight breeze from the northwest. The middies entered the stadium first led by their band about a half hour before kickoff and marched around the field to their section. The cadets came next through the southwest entrance in columns of four. Flags of each academy waved vigorously, gold and blue of Navy and black and grey of Army and the sight was one to behold. Some of the players are shown below.

Army-Navy Players-11-28-1914

Before the game complimentary cheers to the opponents were offered by both sides as well as a cheer for the game’s host, the University of Pennsylvania. 30,000 spectators filled the stadium including the Secretaries of the Army and Navy and other government officials. President Wilson did not attend as he is still in mourning for his late wife.

It was the forward pass employed by Army with exacting precision which overwhelmed Navy. For their part the Midshipmen’s own use of the pass was poor and fumbles on a number of punts resulted in self-inflicted wounds that they could not overcome. When the clock struck 0 it was Army 20 Navy 0. Army’s scores came on 3 touchdowns for 18 points. The other 2 points were scored as a result of a Navy safety.

In non-sporting news today, police were notified of a roaming cow around 12th & Susquehanna Avenue. The Holstein was strolling through the crowds and enjoying a bite to eat now and again. Policeman McKenna arrived and lassoed the cow which quietly went with him through the streets to the 20th & Berks Street station. The cow is black and white and missing her right horn. The policemen at the station will enjoy fresh milk until the cow’s owner appears to retrieve her.


The general situation in the western theatre remains unchanged. Artillery exchanges continue along the Franco-Belgian lines. Between Dixmude and Ypres the allies have increased their artillery contingent by 100 additional guns.

In the east, there is as yet no confirmation of the Russian victory over the Germans between the Warthe and Vistual Rivers. Also, the Germans are claiming that their forces are holding their ground against tremendous Russian numbers around Lodz and Lowicz, Poland.


It is Thanksgiving Day in Philadelphia. There will be fair but slightly cloudy skies with the high reaching an unseasonably warm 62° and the overnight low about 36°.

Philadelphians greeted this holiday with gatherings of family and friends. For those unable to provide a meal for themselves or their loved ones, there are many charitable organizations in every part of the city offering a hearty meal to the less fortunate. Many of the newspapers today pointed out that Thanksgiving in this city has become something of a sporting holiday, even more so than one for prayer and reflection on the bounty Americans enjoy. And Philadelphians did spend much of their day attending sporting events around the city including football and soccer games, boxing matches, shooting contests and track events.

In football, in the much anticipated match up at Franklin Field the stands were filled to capacity to cheer for the Penn Quakers. Although Penn put up a valiant fight, the day went to Cornell with the score 24 to 12 (some scenes of the game are shown below).

Penn-Cornell Franklin Field-11-26-1914

Scene From Penn Game-11-26-1914

In other collegiate games: Brown defeated Carlisle 20 to 12; Pittsburgh over Penn State 13 to 3; Lafayette 56 Dickinson 7; Washington and Jefferson 34 Bucknell 0; and Villanova and Fordham played to a 6 all tie.

Track meets were held in various sections of the city today. The Eastern Championship Interscholastic cross-country run in Fairmount Park occurred this morning with over 60 runners from 9 area High Schools taking part. The meet was won by Mercersburg Academy with Central High finishing 2nd.   Central High of Newark, NJ placed 3rd and West Philadelphia High finished 4th.  Down in South Philadelphia the Moyamensing Avenue Business Men’s Association held their Thanksgiving run starting at 5th and Jackson and ending at Point Breeze Park. Hugo Koenig of the Cambria A. C. took the prize.

Boxing matches were held at 4 of the larger clubs this afternoon. The National A.C., The Kensington A.C., the Olympia A.A. and the Broadway at 15th and Washington all had full cards and sold out crowds.


German submarines have struck close to London and sunk the British battleship Bulwark in the Medway River at Sheerness harbor only 35 miles from the capitol. Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty announced the sinking in the House of Commons this morning.  Over 750 men on board are lost. There were only 12 survivors. The explosion was terrific and shook many buildings in Sheerness.

There are unofficial reports that French marines may have retaken Dixmude, Belgium. The report states that it took 3 ferocious attacks to drive the Germans from their trenches and capture the city. French artillery continues bombardment around Metz. At Ypres, the German force facing the British has been reinforced leading to the belief that another assault is coming soon.

In the east, the Russians are claiming that they have routed the Germans between the Warthe and Vistula Rivers. Also, Petrograd claims the Russian army is now just 12 miles from Cracow.


Philadelphia will have cloudy skies today with the high reaching 52° but tonight’s low will drop to about 26°.

Hundreds of people cheered from the wharf and shouted “Bon Voyage” as the Orn left the dock on its way to Belgium today. City officials, business leaders, members of relief and charitable committees and clergy were all on hand to say goodbye and wish the ship and its crew a safe trip.

Miss Bertha Gilvear of 118 Van Pelt Street is employed as a telephone girl at the Bell Telephone Locust exchange. Today, as she handled a call for the fire department she realized the call was for her own home. Over the line Miss Gilvear could hear the voices of her mother, 3 sisters and baby brother as they screamed for help. The Fire Department was dispatched and with the help of a heroic neighbor, Michael Greeley of 2118 Samson Street, who rushed onto the burning building and carried the children out, everyone in the house was rescued.

In sports today, 10,000 spectators filled the stands of Houston Field and lined every possible standing area to watch Philadelphia’s high school football championship game between Northeast High and Central High. A safety on a blocked punt provided Northeast with the only score in this hard fought defensive battle. Northeast took the Gimbel Trophy, donated by Mr. Ellis Gimbel (shown watching the game below, seated 2nd from the left in light overcoat and cap) and with it the City’s scholastic championship 2 to 0. Tomorrow’s big Thanksgiving Day game will pit Penn against Cornell at Franklin field.

Ellis Gimbel-11-25-1914


There are reports from New York that the German Navy has dispatched the cruiser Karlsruhe to find and sink the British liner Lusitania. A confidential source has said a German steamship is traveling with the Karlsruhe for purposes of removing passengers from the Lusitania before it is to be sunk.

The French have launched an assault towards the German stronghold of Metz, France. Reports are that the French have moved within 10 miles of the city. If the French were to invest the fortress they will threaten the German line of communication and may force a retreat. The French have also claimed gains in Belgium between Langemarck and Sonnebeke.

In the east, Russian armies under the Grand Duke Nicholas have stopped the German advance on Warsaw. However in East Prussia, Berlin announced that Russian attacks have all been repulsed. In the Middle East the Russians have announced that their forces are moving on the Turk fortress of Erzerum in Armenia.


Philadelphia will have continued clear skies today but the temperature remains cold. The high will reach 39° with the low overnight down to 18°.

The turkeys have arrived just in time for the Thanksgiving feast. With the fear of hoof & mouth disease fading 100,000 turkeys arrived in the city yesterday and today (some of the gobblers are shown below). The birds will be selling for between .28¢ and .32¢ cents per pound.

 Turkeys Arriving-11-24-1914

Philadelphia’s second relief ship for Belgium, the S.S. Orn is set to leave port tomorrow. And Philadelphians have every right to take great civic pride in the generosity of her citizens. The final donations including food and clothing amounted to $119,000.00. Yesterday, the total was $115,000.00 but at the last minute an appeal went out for extra funds to buy milk for Belgium’s children. And this morning an additional $4,000.00 poured in. A member of the Belgium Relief Committee said today that “Philadelphians may sit down to a Thanksgiving dinner, knowing they have sent life and light to a nation dying for food.”


Major General Hughes, Canadian Minister of Militia has announced that 100,000 American men have offered to come to Canada and enlist to fight in Europe. The General said he was personally in favor of accepting the men. He also said that presently there are hundreds of Americans already serving with Canadian forces. In France, there is fierce fighting in the Argonne despite heavy fog in the area.

In Belgium, German heavy siege guns from Liege and Brussels have been moved into western Flanders. The allies expect these guns will be used as part of an assault on Ypres. British warships continue bombardment of the Belgian towns of Lombaertzyde and Zeebrugge which are presently occupied by the Germans.

In the east, the German drive toward Warsaw has been checked at the Bsura River. However, there are reports that a German airship has dropped bombs on Warsaw killing many civilians. In the Middle East, the British are in pursuit of Turkish troops which had been repulsed at the head of the Persian Gulf. The British also report the seizure of Basra.


The city will be cold again today with clear skies and a slight breeze from the north. The high will reach 38° with the low about 25°.

For a time today the residents of 20th and Ellsworth watched their street burn. Robert McCauslin, of 2506 Federal Street was working on a roof when he fell from a ladder. In his fall he knocked over a boiling cauldron of pitch. The pitch then oozed down the street setting it on fire. Residents were forced from their homes because of the smoke and smell. Firemen arrived and extinguished the flames. Mr. McCauslin’s legs were badly burned in the incident but he refused to go to the hospital saying he needed to clean up the pitch and get back to work on the roof. His burns were treated by a neighborhood druggist.

Co-eds at the University of Pennsylvania are considering the adoption of a course in athletics. This is because the girls have been prohibited from wearing small brown hats with their class year, “17”, emblazoned on them. The girls adopted the little hat because of a lack of space in the wardrobe room for the large hats so common now with the young ladies. However, the custom at Penn is that no numeral is permitted on a hat unless the wearer has shown proficiency in freshman athletics. Another objection is that the hats are mannish and unbecoming. The girls have agreed, for now, to forego wearing the hats in honor of the tradition. But they adamantly refuse to concede the right of any man or group of men to dictate what is mannish or becoming in their choice of attire.

Lit Brothers department store, 8th and Market Streets, is having a Thanksgiving Day sale (shown below). On sale are women’s coats and furs and also men’s, women’s and children’s shoes.

Lit Brothers' Sale-11-23-1914

In National news, American soldiers, sailors and marines are leaving Vera Cruz, Mexico today. Navy transports are in the harbor being loaded for departure. Eight Thousand Mexican soldiers, under the command of Constitutionalist Party General Aguilar Jara, are waiting outside the city to enter once the Americans leave.


Along the Franco-Belgian front the fighting continues principally as an artillery engagement. It is reported that the Germans are directing their cannons at Ypres, Soissons and Rheims. Ypres has been badly damaged and portions of the city are aflame. In the east, the German army has regained much of the ground previously lost and is moving again toward Warsaw. It is believed the Germans are within 30 miles of the city. In the Middle East, Constantinople reports that Turkish troops have reached the Suez Canal and fighting is engaged with British forces 19 miles east of the canal at Kantara.


Today would be a Sunday. In Philadelphia the skies are bright and clear but it is still on the cold side. The high temperature will only reach 40° with the low around 31°. For something a little different I thought I would provide a few dishes that our Grandmothers or Great-Grandmothers might have cooked on this Sunday 100 years ago for their families. One is for breakfast and one for lunch. If you try them yourself, please let me know how they turn out. I provide these recipes as I find them in newspapers, magazines and books from the time period.

Belgium Pancakes


  • 2 cups of unsweetened thin applesauce;
  • 1 well beaten egg;
  • 3 tablespoons white corn syrup;
  • 2 1/2 cups of flour;
  • 3 teaspoons baking powder;
  • 1 tablespoon lard or shortening;
  • ½ teaspoon of cinnamon.


  • pour all ingredients into a mixing bowl.
  • Beat to a smooth mix.
  • Pour portions as desired into a flat frying pan (preferably iron) on griddle.
  • cook each side till a golden brown
  • Serve with butter and maple syrup

Cheese and Pepper Sandwich

Place in a bowl:

  • 1 cup of cottage cheese;
  • 1 finely minced onion;
  • 2 peppers chopped fine;
  • ½ cup of mayonnaise;
  • 1 teaspoon of salt;
  • 1 teaspoon of paprika.
  • Beat into a mix.
  • Butter slices of bread. Layer mixture on one slice of bread. Cover with other slice. Serve.


The City will have clear skies today but it will continue to be very cold. The high temperature will reach 38° with the low around 24°.

Mr. Samuel Fels, President of Fels-Naptha and also President of the Vacant Lots Association reports a banner harvest this season. Over 600 poor families were assigned garden lots throughout the city to tend this year. Mr. Fels also said he will be looking for more vacant space next year to accommodate the several hundred families who were turned away this year.

The Reading Terminal merchants released the weekly market prices today. A sampling of items included chickens for .25¢ per pound, duck at .23¢ per pound. Fish is also priced very reasonably with mackerel at .50¢ a piece, flounder at .12¢ a piece and halibut at .25¢ a piece.

The City’s Bureau of Health released its weekly mortality report today. The report noted 468 deaths this week which is 25 less than last week. There were also 84 new reported cases of tuberculosis, 70 new cases of diphtheria, and 25 new cases of scarlet fever.

In entertainment, at B.F. Keith’s, 8th & Race Streets, Eddie Foy and his Seven Little Foys will be appearing in 2 shows daily at 2:00pm and 8:00pm.

Eddie Foy-11-21-1914

At the Little Theatre, 17th & DeLancey Streets “Hindle Wakes” is being performed. And “Tosca” will be on stage at the Metropolitan Opera House, 11th & Chestnut Street.

In today’s college football games, Lafayette travelled to Easton to meet Lehigh in their 49th annual battle. Lehigh came out on top 17 to 7. And in a match first played in 1879, Haverford and Swarthmore played to a 3 all tie. In other games, Rutgers 83 Stevens 0, Army 13 Springfield Training School 6, Navy 33 Ursinus 2, and Villanova and Muhlenberg played to a scoreless tie.


The German Foreign Office has advised Sir Roger Casement, one of the Irish leaders, that Germany only desires freedom and prosperity for Ireland and its people. The missive also stated Germany would never invade Ireland. On the western front, the winter storms continue to inhibit infantry maneuvers. However, artillery exchanges are occurring south of Dixmude, along the Aisne, in the Argonne Forest and at Verdun.

In the east, reportedly the Germans have added 500,000 fresh troops to the battle raging between the Warthe and Vistula Rivers. In the Middle East, the deposed Khedive of Egypt, Abbas Hilmi, has declared his support for the Ottoman Empire and the Central Powers. He has gone to Palestine to join the Turkish forces there and intends to enter Egypt and raise an army to fight the British.


More snow fell in our area this morning. This time the flurries were seen in Fox Chase and the Northeast. But that was nothing compared to the snowfall experienced in central New York where 14 to 20 inches have fallen in the last 2 days. Here the sun will be out and it will be slightly warmer than yesterday. The high today will reach 42° with a low around 34°.

For those who love Hires Root Beer, why not add Hires Champanale (shown below) to your Thanksgiving table. It’s delightfully refreshing and non-alcoholic.

Hires Champanle-11-20-1914This morning Policeman Toulson of the Midvale and Ridge Avenue station arrested a loiterer for assault. Ordinarily this would  not be seen as unusual but in this case the prisoner is a goat. The goat was hanging about at Smedley and Venango Streets when the officer came upon him. The patrolman tried to get the goat to move along but it refused. Finally, Toulson tapped it on its horns with his nightstick. At that, the animal turned and attacked, wounding officer Toulson’s pride and his best uniform trousers. The prisoner is now being held in a nearby livery stable awaiting trial.

In other police news, George Porter, the City’s Director of Public Safety has sent posters to all police stations to be given to shops selling weapons in their district. The posters explain that the sale of firearms, gunpowder and cartridges to children under the age of 16 is illegal. The Director has ordered Police to ensure the posters are put on display in each establishment. Police are also directed to speak to parents who are buying guns for their children and remind them to teach their children proper gun safety.


A severe winter storm is battering western Flanders and northern France. Because of this the contending armies have suspended infantry operations. In the east, in western Poland a huge battle along the Bsura River seems to have checked the recent German offensive. Further south, the battle between the Warthe and Vistula Rivers in Poland continue. Berlin also announced that Russian forces in East Prussia have been driven back to the River Bug. In Galicia, there are reports that the civilian population of Cracow has been evacuated. A Russian army is approaching the city from the east while a Polish army loyal to Russia is marching from the north.


Snow fell briefly this morning in West Philadelphia. But most of the city saw rain. And the rain will continue throughout the day. This evening a strong rain storm will reach the city from the south with winds gusting up to 45 mph. The high temperature will only reach 36° with the low about 26°.

In crime news, for the past month police have been looking for “Bullsy” Stuski, 18 years old of Beck Court in South Philadelphia. Stuski was wanted for 50 robberies along Moyamensing and Snyder Avenues. Last night Patrolman Carney of the 4th and Snyder Avenue station caught up with Stuski. However, Stuski resisted arrest and put up a fight. Patrolman Carney used his blackjack to subdue him. Stuski is now at Mt. Sinai Hospital with a fractured skull and is not expected to survive.

Two Philadelphia hospitals are having a “Donation Day” today. The Germantown Hospital is appealing for contributions of money, groceries or other useful articles. A dance will also be held for the hospital at the Manheim Cricket Club this Friday. The Mercy Hospital and School for Nurses at 17th & Fitzwater is also asking for donations today of money, groceries, blankets and coal.

On the sports scene, in Eastern League Basketball last night DeNeri beat Camden 35 to 31. Tonight’s game will have Camden facing Jasper. In boxing, at the Broadway Athletic Club, 15th & Washington Avenue, two Southwark boys will face off. Al Nash will meet Lew Stiner in the main event. In the opening bout another Southwark boy, Joe O’Keefe will meet Tommy Shields of Point Breeze.


In Paris, Madame Marie Curie, winner of 2 Nobel Prizes, has organized a group to provide automobile x-ray equipment to the front lines. Mme. Curie believes such equipment will be very usefully in locating bullets in the bodies of wounded soldiers before surgery. [Curie, shown below in one of the x-ray trucks, established the first ever military field radiological centers. Along with her daughter Irene, she manned the first truck at the front. Eventually she trained and organized 20 truck units and also established 200 radiological units in field hospitals throughout France and Belgium.]

Marie Curie x-ray turck

Berlin announced that a French attack on the western slope of the Argonne forest has been repulsed with heavy French losses. Along the Aisne near Tracy-le-Val, French colonial troops from Algeria routed German troops from their recently acquired positions. In Belgium, 7000 German engineers are reportedly busy repairing the dykes blown by the Belgian army and building pontoon bridges.

In the east, the Germans have regrouped and are apparently advancing back toward Warsaw. In north western Poland between the Warthe and Vistula Rivers a fierce battle continues along a 70 mile front.


There will be clear skies today but this will be the coldest November 18th in the last 10 years. The high today will reach 33° with the low tonight reaching 25°.

The second Belgium relief ship, the S.S. Orn, is being readied for sailing next Wednesday. The ship has been nicknamed the “Thanksgiving” ship. The goal of the committee collecting the food is that $110,000 be raised here from generous Philadelphians. The Orn is capable of carrying 2,100 tons of food.

In a cautionary tale of the lure of the bright lights, Miss Helen Fisher, 18 years old of Bivalve, New Jersey is returned home to her family today. Some months ago the girl had attended a burlesque show and became greatly excited about a life on the stage. She asked the manager of the show if he would help her. He said yes and that she should come to Philadelphia and see him. She saved her money and finally made the trip. Unfortunately when she got to North Philadelphia train station she had spent all her savings on the Ferry and Train fare. So, she decided to walk into center city but got lost.

Miss Fisher is a very pretty blonde country girl and not acquainted with a large metropolis. She was found wandering the streets by a policeman and brought before Magistrate Tracy at the 11th & Winter Street Station. The Judge and the officer took pity on this sad, scared young girl far from home. The men bought her a hearty breakfast, a ticket for the trip home, took her to the station and sent her home.

Members of the Philadelphia Athletics returned home to civilization from their 3 week hunting trip in the backwoods of Maine. The players (shown below from left to right) are Bob Shawkey, Herb Pennock, Jack Coombs, Jack Lapp and Danny Murphy. The men returned with a bounty of 10 deer and will share the venison with their friends. They said they hunted through incessant snowstorms and temperatures hovering around 20° most of the time but it was well worth the experience.

Athletics Return From Hunt-11-18-1914


In Flanders, the day has been a series of infantry attack and counterattack and ceaseless artillery bombardment. In the east, the Serbians have sent a delegation to Petrograd to ask for Russian reinforcements against the Austrians. During the course of the war to this point the Serbian army has lost 200,000 killed or wounded. Also, near Plock, Poland the Russian and German armies are engaged in a ferocious battle along a 20 mile front across the Vistula River.


Philadelphia’s weather will be for clear skies but cold today. The high temperature will only reach 46°, with the low tonight dropping to 28°. Record snowfalls are reported across the northern part of the country from Michigan through New York. Also, the gale that lashed the eastern seaboard from Norfolk, Virginia to Maine has abated today.

The annual Hatfield, Pa. turkey sale has been cancelled due to fears of hoof & mouth disease. This news has caused great consternation to thousands of Philadelphians who regularly get their Thanksgiving birds there. Farmers have said they will hold the birds over till Christmas time in the hope the epidemic will be over by then. Over 2000 turkeys were sold last year at the 2 day affair. Sixteen states are still under quarantine. However, the West Philadelphia stockyards are now reopened and receiving cattle from non-quarantined states.

The Pennsylvania Railroad will raise the cost of the ferry to Camden beginning today. Automobiles will be charged a .25¢ flat rate. However for autos carrying more than 4 passengers and additional .03¢ for each passenger will be added. Motorcycles will be charged .05¢ plus an additional .03¢ for an additional rider.

In sports, the football game between Temple and St. Joseph’s was forfeited by Temple last Friday after serious incidents on the field over calls in the game and the assault on the referee by one of the players. Temple Coach Hess has contacted St. Joseph’s Athletic Director, Nicholas to request the game be played over. In basketball, Trenton beat Greystock 24 to 20 last night.


Due to the flooding and weather the combatants have been unable to move troops in western Flanders. Therefore the forces are engaging in artillery cannonading. Further south along the Aisne a German attempt to cross the river has been repulsed.

In the east, the ancient Polish capitol of Cracow, now part of the Austrian Empire in Galicia is reported in flames as a result of Russian artillery. Near Warsaw and in East Prussia the Germans report that Russian advances have been repulsed. There are also reports that German troops and artillery are being transferred to East Prussia from the western front. Also, the Empress of Russia and her eldest daughters, Olga and Tatiana (shown below), are serving with the Red Cross and ministering to wounded Russian soldiers.

Olga and Tatiana


Philadelphia will have overcast and cloudy skies today. The high will reach 61° with the low around 44°. A fierce Nor’easter is battering the New Jersey coast from Sandy Hook to Cape May today. This is the most severe storm to hit the coast since last January. Parts of the boardwalk in Ventnor have been destroyed.

The Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia opened today as $2,000,000 in reserve notes passed through the streets of center city without notice on route to the Bank located at 4th and Chestnut. Similar activities occurred in the 11 other cities where the regional banks are located. The inauguration of this new banking system is a complete revolution in the currency system of the United States.

Doctors have concluded that the death of Miss Isabella McFadden (which was reported yesterday) was not due to anthrax. After an autopsy performed today it was found the women died of a form of blood poisoning called streptococcus.

Young John Evans, 12 years old of 5215 Chester Avenue in West Philadelphia, has spent the last 3 years building exact miniature replicas of steam and sailing ships. His home is a virtual nautical museum. The boy uses wood and tin to build the models and all are exact down to the last detail. Master Evans also builds the scenery within which to set his vessels in, like ports and harbors. He recently completed the USS Oregon (shown here).

Model Builder-11-16-1914


The German advance across the Yser Canal to the coast has again been hindered by the cutting of the dykes and the flooding of the land and trenches. Near Bixschoote, Belgium an entire regiment of 3000 Germans were drowned by the sudden inundation. This coupled with a raging blizzard has caused a lull in the fighting. In the east, 7 Russian armies are moving toward Germany through East Prussia and Silesia. In the Middle East, Petrograd has admitted that Turkish forces have driven the Russian invading army out of Armenia.


 This Sunday in Philadelphia will see cloudy skies but also warmer temperatures. The high will reach 61° and the low will be around 40°.

Miss Billie Burke, the poodle not the actress, is a drunkard. The dog (shown here) is owned by Dr. James Galbraith of 2239 North 19th Street.

Beer loving Poodle

The pooch was presented to the doctor as a gift 2 years ago. However, 2 months ago, as a joke at a party the dog was given a saucer of beer. Since then she has gone about trying to find beer wherever she can. She has stolen bottles of the intoxicant and strategically dropped them on the cement sidewalk lapping up the beer from the broken bottle. She also regularly escapes from home and finds her way to a nearby saloon where she begs patrons for sips. She then returns home stumbling drunk and drops down into a deep sleep. The doctor is attempting to find a way to break her of this disagreeable and unbecoming (for such a pretty poodle) habit.

In Religious activities this Sunday, ground has been broken for a new Roman Catholic Church at 602-604 West Erie Avenue. The church will be dedicated to Our Lady of Pompeii and is being built for the Italians of Franklinville. Also Old St. George’s Methodist Episcopal Church at 4th below Vine will be celebrating its 145th anniversary beginning today. Festivities and guest speakers will be occurring at the Church all through the week. And, the cornerstone for a new Russian Orthodox Greek Catholic Church of St. Michael’s will be laid today at 6th & Spring Garden. Bishop Alexander Nemolovsky of New York will officiate.


After 3 weeks of ferocious fighting in Belgium and northern France the lines of the combatants remain largely unchanged. The soldiers of all the armies are reportedly exhausted and suffering from lack of equipment, poor food and the damp, cold and wet weather.

In the Middle East, the British report they have secured the Abadan Passage which is the western entrance to the Shatt-el-Arab River.  This river is where the Tigris and Euphrates join and enter the Persian Gulf.


Philadelphia will have sunny skies today with the high reaching 59°. Tonight’s low will be around 36°.

Cramp’s Shipyard (shown below) is expected to receive contracts to build at least 2 and possibly 3 new torpedo destroyers for the Navy. The Navy will disclose the winning bidders for the ship projects next week. The ships will be equipped with anti-aircraft batteries, torpedo tubes and 4-inch rapid fire rifles.

Cramp's Shipyard-11-14-1914

Tragically, Miss Isabel Agnes McFadden, 33 years old of 1724 North 10th Street, was afflicted last Wednesday with what doctors now believe was anthrax. She died in agony last night. It is unknown how the woman contracted the disease. Dr. A.A. Cairns of the Bureau of Health is investigating the situation but said there is no danger of an epidemic. Also, the City’s Bureau of Health released its weekly mortality report today showing 493 deaths last week. Of those 125 were children.

It was a beautiful day for a football game in Philadelphia. And at Franklin Field 15,000 fans crowded the stadium to see the Quakers rebound from last week’s lost. Sadly, it was not to be as Dartmouth crushed Penn 41 to 0. Penn held Dartmouth scoreless in the 1st quarter but then the flood gates opened and Penn could not stop the Big Green’s running game. In other games, Lehigh beat Villanova 10 to 0, Army 28 Maine 0; Navy 31 Colby 21; Lafayette 42 Albright 6; Bucknell 25 Gettysburg 0; Notre Dame 48 Carlisle 6; and Virginia 47 Swarthmore 0.


In Belgium, the allies have reported a gain of 5/8 of a mile east of Bixschoote. The very fact that so small a gain is even reported by the French War Ministry shows the desperate nature of the fighting there. The Canadian troops, recently arrived in England, have been rushed to the front in Belgium to reinforce the British. In France, the French army is making another attempt to retake St. Mihiel.

In the east, the Russians claim continued advancement toward Cracow in Galicia. The Turks are claiming to have invaded Russian territory by striking at the Black Sea port of Batum. In the Middle East, fighting is alleged to be going on near the Suez Canal between Turkish and British forces.


There will be cloudy skies today with increasing cloudiness overnight. Temperatures will be  warmer this afternoon with the high reaching 67° but the overnight low will fall to 36°.

Two forest fires broke out in West Philadelphia this afternoon. The first fire was discovered at 70th and Haverford Avenue near Cobbs Creek Park. Dried leaves fed the flames before firemen could get the blaze under control. The lack of water in the area forced the firemen at times to use blankets, coats and shovels to fight the blaze. Farmers from the area assisted in the fight by creating dirt earthworks to break the fire’s path. A second blaze was later found around 60th and Lancaster Avenue. Eventually 6 engines companies were engaged at the scenes. Both fires were under control by 5:00pm. It is believed the first blaze was caused by a bonfire started by young boys in the area. The 2nd may have been started from sparks from a Pennsylvania Railroad locomotive. Many of the trees in that heavily wooded area were consumed.

Mr. John Wanamaker has announced that he and other generous and concerned parties have taken an option to procure a 2nd steamship to carry relief supplies to Belgium. The ship is yet unnamed but is expected to arrive here around November 16th.

In high school football, Northeast defeated West Philadelphia 20 to 0 this afternoon (shown below).

Northeast-West Football-11-13-1914

In other high school games, Penn charter beat Episcopal Academy 27 to 0, Southern High and Penna. Institute played to a 0-0 tie, Germantown Academy over Friends Central 14 to 0, Ambler High over Germantown Friends 38 to 12, and Chestnut Hill Academy over St. Luke’s 14 to 7. In college football today, the Michigan Aggies defeated Penn State at State College 6 to 3. Tomorrow’s local games feature Penn against Dartmouth at Franklin Field; Villanova visits Lehigh; and Virginia comes to Swarthmore.

In Haiti, the regiment of Marines sent to that island country to preserve order in the recent fighting is being withdrawn. Secretary of the Navy Daniels has announced the marines have boarded the transport Hancock and are now in route to Guantanamo, Cuba for drill practice.


It was announced in Parliament today that the British government will call for 1,000,000 more men for the army. This will bring British forces up to 2,186,400 strong. In Belgium, a German attempt to cross the Yser Canal west of Dixmude, Belgium has reportedly been stopped. Also, German assaults around Ypres have been repulsed. In fighting in the Middle East, Constantinople reports a complete rout of Russian forces in Armenia.


Philadelphia will have clear and fair skies today and this evening. The high temperature will reach 56° with the low around 31°.

The steamship Thelma sailed today from our port at 12:16pm with 1,900 tons of food and clothing for the starving people of Belgium. Over 3000 people came to the wharf and gave the ship a hearty sendoff. All told Philadelphians donated $135,000.00 to the relief effort.

In the arts, soprano Alma Gluck (shown below) gave a magnificent recital last evening at the Academy of Music. Mme. Gluck preformed 25 songs some of which were composed by her husband, the celebrated violinist Efrem Zimbalist, who also accompanied her last evening. [Mme. Gluck was also the mother of Efrem Zimbalist, Jr. who starred in such television classics as “The FBI” and “77 Sunset Strip”.]

Alma Gluck-11-12-1914

In Washington D.C. a heated exchange took place today between President Wilson and William Monroe Trotter (shown here),trotter_william_monroea Negro delegate of the National Independent Equal Rights League. Mr. Trotter demanded an end to segregation in government departments which President Wilson has instituted. In response the President said “You have spoken to me as no other man…since I assumed the Presidency.” The President went on to say that if the organization ever wishes to meet with him again they must select another spokesman. Mr. Wilson said the interests of the Negro would best be served by making him independent of the white race. And he said segregation was instituted to avoid friction between the races.

In Eastern League Basketball last night Camden beat Greystock 39 to 30. Tonight the Reading team visits the city to take on Jasper at the Nonpareil Hall in Kensington.


Germany claims that the Allies have been driven back across the Yser River. In the fighting around Rheims and along the Aisne River fierce engagements are taking place. In some areas the fighting has devolved to hand to hand combat.

In the east, the Russians report they are within a few miles of Cracow in Galicia. The Russians are said to be bringing heavy siege guns up for use against the city. The Russians are also reporting victories in East Prussia as they advance westward from the Mazur Lakes. They have reportedly captured 20,000 German troops. There are unconfirmed reports of infighting and arguments between the German and Austrian commanders.


There will be fair and sunny skies today. The high will reach 56° with the low tonight about 33°.

Hotels in the city are being deluged with requests for rooms for the Army-Navy game set to take place at Franklin Field on November 28. The Army team will be staying at the Bellevue-Stratford while Navy will be at the Walton Hotel at Broad and Locust Streets.

Last evening at the Philadelphia branch of the American Pharmaceutical Association a new invention was discussed which would allow radium treatments at home for a small cost. The invention allows the radium to be administered by means of highly charged water. The apparatus costs about $16.00 and gives off powerful gamma rays for 1800 years. It consists of 8 bottles, each holding 9 ounces of water and 8 clay rods containing radium sulphate which permits the charging of the water.  This radio-active water has naturally healing virtues.

In entertainment, Hazel Dawn (shown below) is appearing in the Victor Herbert operatic comedy “The Debutante” at the Garrick Theater, 1330 Chestnut Street. At the Lyric Theater, Broad and Cherry Streets “The Story of the Rosary” is on stage this week and next. The Walnut Street Theatre presents “Within the Law” staring Catherine Tower playing a women unjustly sentenced to prison but who finally triumphs.

Hazel Dawn - 11-11-1914


Dixmude, Belgium has fallen to the Germans. Today the French War Ministry announced that the city which had been the center of fierce resistance finally gave way to ceaseless bombardment and attack. The occupation of the city by the Germans gives the Kaiser more hope in his drive to the sea. Also, the fighting at Ypres is escalating as the Germans are attempting to break through there. In the Argonne, the Germans are being held in check.

In the east, the Russians are reportedly moving into East Prussia on two fronts. One army is proceeding near the Mazurian Lakes. The other army is moving towards Soldau. In Galicia the Russians continue their advance on Cracow.


 The area will have clear and fair skies today with but it will be cold. The high will only reach 47° and the low tonight reaching around 25°.

Hoof and Mouth disease has been found at the West Philadelphia stockyards. The yard has been placed under a strict quarantine this morning and all operations there are suspended. The disease was brought in with a shipment of 900 head of cattle from Lancaster County yesterday. Although the cattle were inspected before shipment some apparently developed the disease on route. All the Lancaster animals will be destroyed. There are presently 2500 head of cattle at the West Philadelphia yard as well as 3000 sheep and 1000 hogs.

The city’s Transit Director, A. Merritt Taylor, advised the Union Traction Company that if it did not agree with the proposed transit development plan the city would consider creating and operating its own transit line. Director Taylor stated that the transit lines must be extended and the Union Traction Company cannot be permitted to stand in the way.

A new theatre has opened in the city. It is the New Yiddish Theatre at 10th and Callowhill Streets. The night opened with the singing of Yankee Doodle in English by a small girl dressed as a boy. This was followed by the Yiddish language play The Eternal Tragedy, the story of a young girl in Russia during a pogrom, her defilement by Russian soldiers and her immigrating to America to find her family.

Yiddish Theatre -11-10-1914

In basketball, DeNeri defeated Trenton in a hard fought match 29 to 22 at Trenton’s home court. Last place Greystock will meet 1st place Camden tomorrow night in Camden. In track, The West Branch Y.M.C.A. will hold its weekly 2 mile street race tonight. The race starts at 52nd and Samson streets with the runners off at 8:00pm. All local athletes are invited and there is no entry fee. The race is sanctioned.


Fighting continues through the dense fog that hangs over Belgium and northern France. Reports are that Ypres and other towns along the line have been set on fire by German artillery. French, British and Belgian troops are putting up strong resistance.

In the east, the Russians are claiming that Cracow is under assault. The Russians have opened an artillery assault against the city and Cossack cavalry are sweeping the surrounding the area. Also, 600,000 Russians are said to be pressing the Turks in Armenia.

In the Pacific, the British Admiralty reports today that the German cruiser Emden which was responsible for the sinking or capturing of 24 allied vessels has been destroyed by the Australian cruiser Sydney. The Emden was run ashore and set afire off the Keeling Islands.


 The city will have cloudy skies with colder temperatures this evening. The high will reach 64° with the low tonight 35°.

 The American Federation of Labor opened its convention here today at Horticultural Hall. The AF of L represents over 2 million workingmen throughout the country.  The convention was opened by the organization’s president, Samuel Gompers (shown below). In declaring the convention open, Mr. Gompers said “Ours is a great struggle for social justice.” One issue to be considered includes the formation of a group for working people to organize against war.


Donations continue to pour in for the relief of Belgium’s civilians. The steamship Thelma is expected to sail in just two days. As of today, $64,000.00 dollars has been raised. This amount does not include the clothing and medical supplies already given.

Cattle infected with hoof and mouth disease have been found in Delaware making it the 12th State to be affected by the epidemic.  The disease has also been found at a farm in Chester County which will necessitate the destruction of 400 head of cattle there. No cattle in Philadelphia have as yet been found to be infected.

In sports, the finals in the amateur winter boxing tournament will be held tonight at the Athletic Club of Philadelphia, 17th and Arch Streets. Also in boxing at the Olympia A.A., Broad & Bainbridge Streets will present a fine card of professional bouts tonight. Fights will include Johnny Duffy of Kensington vs. Frankie Netter of New York, Leo Tracey of Tioga vs. Mickey Donnely of Newark and Joe Heffernan of West Philly vs. Pete Malone of Gray’s Ferry.


The German army has opened new offensive against Dixmude and Ypres. Heavy fog clouds the area under attack. The ground attack was preceded by heavy artillery bombardment which has demolished some villages surrounding the area. The French War Ministry reports that the attacks have been repulsed with heavy losses.

In the east, The Russians report they have crossed into German territory on the Silesian frontier. The Germans are setting up a defensive line at the Warthe River. Petrograd also reports continued advances in Galicia.  Additionally in the Middle East, Cossack troops have moved into Armenia against the Turks. The Cossacks have met with support from the Armenians. And Turkish troops have invaded Egypt. The Turks expect they will gain support from the Egyptians to oust the British.


There will be sunny and clear skies today in Philadelphia. The high will reach 66° with the low around 44°.

Twelve hundred Philadelphia Poles, known as the Polish Falcons (some shown here) undergo grueling military drill twice a week in anticipation of the moment when they may be called to fight for Polish freedom.

Polish Falcons-11-8-1914

The men train in the uniforms of the Polish army and according to strict military rules. Across the country over 30,000 Poles living in America belong to the Falcons. The organization is composed of 16 districts and subdivided into 516 smaller units called “nests” Philadelphia is in Circuit No. 13 and there are 12 nests in our city.

There are also 4000 Polish women in this country that engage in drills no less rigorous than the men. Most of these women train as field nurses. But some have organized uniformed and armed units to fight alongside the men if necessary.

Poland is presently divided between Russia, Austria-Hungry and Prussia. The Poles in these divided sections have been told by those nations that if they fight for them, when the war is over Polish independence will be recognized. This has put the Polish people in a precarious position, forcing them to choose to fight for one occupying power against another and not knowing if any promise of independence will be kept.

The organization hopes that at the conclusion of the present war Poland will be reunited and gain its freedom. A petition is being prepared which hopefully will be signed by 3,000,000 Poles in America to present after the war demanding Polish independence. But if freedom is not granted these men and women are perfectly willing to return to Poland and fight for it. As P.Wasowicz, vice-president of one of the Philadelphia nests said, “We hate the slavery that holds our country down”, “Every one of us is ready to return to fight… and die for freedom”

1 Polish Falcon

 In sports, a new basketball league was formed yesterday. The league will be called the Interstate Basketball League. It will be composed of six teams from Trenton, Camden, West Philadelphia, Germantown, New Brunswick and Bristol. Each team will play a 30 game schedule.


There will be clear skies today with slightly colder temperatures. The high will reach 58° with the overnight low down to 28°.

Contributions continue to arrive for the people of Belgium from the people of Philadelphia. The Norwegian steamship Thelma (shown below) is in port waiting to be filled. Any contribution will be gladly accepted. Even .05¢ will feed a child for a day. All Philadelphians are asked to give to this noble effort.  A station for collecting donations has been opened in the Lincoln Building at Broad Street & South Penn Square.

SS Thelma(2) - 11-7-1914

The city milk inspector issued an order today that all milk arriving in Philadelphia must be pasteurized. The order is the result of reports of hoof and mouth disease being found in cattle in 10 states.  Philadelphia is the first city to issue such an order. The action was not taken before because it was not believed the disease could be spread to humans through milk. But new investigations by State and Federal authorities have now shown it can. There is no evidence of the disease presently in any of the Philadelphia stockyards.

The city released its weekly mortality report today. The report shows an increase in diphtheria with 82 new cases reported. Forty-one new cases of scarlet fever were also reported. In total 439 deaths were reported last week with 106 of these being caused by transmissible diseases.

In the arts, the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts exhibit of water colors will open to the public today in the Academy’s galleries at Broad & Cherry Streets.

In football, at Ferry Field in Ann Arbor, Michigan, the red and blue of Penn took on the University of Michigan today before 25,000 fans. Unfortunately, the men of Penn had no answer for the Michigan forward passing attack. Penn’s only score came on a 38 yard drop kick. The final score was Michigan 34 Penn 3. In scores from other games: Army 20 Notre Dame 7; Navy 21 Fordham 0; Lehigh 20 Penn State 7; Villanova 7 Ursinus 0; Rutgers and Syracuse played to a 14 all tie; Lafayette 24 Muhlenberg 3 and Washington & Lee 10 Swarthmore 0.


The German army continues its assault southeast of Ypres, Belgium and northwest of Arras in France. The allies report both of these attacks have been repulsed. In the east, the German army in Poland has been forced into general retreat. This will allow the Russians to turn their attention to Austrian forces in southwestern Poland and Galicia.

In the Far East, the Japanese announced today that they have taken the fortifications of Tsing-Tao which protects the German concession of Kiao-Chau, China. The German garrison had held out for 65 days. Japan will now administer the area until the end of hostilities.


There will be bright and clear skies today with the high reaching 51° and the overnight low around 44°.

The loading of the steamship Thelma will start tomorrow at the City Pier at Dock Street. The ship is to be loaded with over 2100 tons of food for the relief of Belgian non-combatants donated by people of our area.

In crime news, Richard Carroll, 1533 Winter Street, appeared in Magistrate’s Court today charged with disorderly conduct and public drunkenness and got lucky. The accused told Magistrate William Tracy that he just couldn’t help it. He had been celebrating since the great Republican election victory on Tuesday. He told the Judge he hoped he would understand and wouldn’t blame him. The Judge stared at the man for a few seconds and said “I don’t blame you. You’re discharged.”

As a result of Tuesday’s election 4 new states now prohibit the sale of alcohol bringing the total to 14. Pennsylvania is not among them. Also as a result of the elections, 11 states now provide full suffrage to women. Pennsylvania is not among them either.

In basketball last night Jasper defeated DeNeri 36 to 29. Tonight the Greystock team of South Philadelphia will take on Camden at the Greystock’s home court at 23rd & Christian Streets. In boxing there will be an amateur tournament tonight at the Kensington Athletic Club.

On the southern border, Americans and Mexicans engaged in a gun battle on the Mexican side of the border yesterday. A gang of Mexicans crossed into Texas and stole horses belonging to an American rancher. A posse of cowboys pursued the gang into Mexico and caught up with them a few miles south of the border. A gunfight ensued and 7 Mexicans were killed or wounded. The cowboys recovered the horses and returned them to their owner. None of the cowboys were injured.


Following on the declaration of war by Great Britain against Turkey yesterday, the French government announced today that a state of war now exists between the French Republic and the Ottoman Empire.

In Belgium, the opposing armies are gripped in a deathlock between Dixmude and the River Lys. Also, at Ypres the desperate and fierce fighting continues unabated. Around Arras, France the Germans are mounting heavy assaults.

In the Caucasus the Turks claim to have repulsed an attack by Cossacks and that 90,000 troops are prepared to meet any Russian invasion there.


Bright and sunny skies today will cover the city with temperatures getting colder tonight. The high today will reach 66° with the low around 40°.

A terrible fire last night at the stable of William Johnson at 47th & Wyalusing took the lives of 40 horses. Johnson is a contract collector of city garbage. John Callahan who lives next to the stable arrived home from work just in time to see the flames and rescue his wife and children from their home which was also destroyed. Tenants in other nearby homes were able to flee their dwellings. Firemen were able to stop the fire before it spread any further and did save a few horses before the stable collapsed in flames. The origin of the fire is under investigation.

An evening of music will be given tonight at the Benjamin Teller Memorial School house at Broad and Jefferson streets. The concert is presented by the Lyceum Institute and will feature soprano solos by Miss Louise Keene and Miss R. Bauer along with classic dance performances and other musical offerings.

The Penn football team left today for their game Saturday against the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. And they were given a stupendous send off by the student body this afternoon (shown below). Nearly 5000 students led by the marching band sang songs and cheered their boys on. The parade left the team’s training building and traveled down Market Street to the Reading Terminal where the team’s captain and others delivered spirited speeches to the throng before departing.

Penn Sendoff (2) - 11-5-1914Also in sports, there will be an exciting boxing card at the Broadway A.C. tonight at 15th & Washington Avenue. In the bantamweight class “Young” O’Brien of Gray’s Ferry will meet Andy Mitchell the former amateur champion. Two Southwark boys, Freddy Corbett and Jimmy Morrow will meet in the lightweight match. And another Southwark boy, Johnny Russell will take on Billy Longdon of the U.S.S. Cordina in the middleweight set.

In basketball the DeNeri team will travel to Kensington tonight to take on the Jasper Jewels. In last night’s game Camden beat Trenton in a whirlwind finish 32 to 30.


Police in Toronto report that 5 men, believed to be foreigners, attempted to blow up the Grand Trunk subway at High Park last night. The police opened fire on the men and they fled. Now, Militia will be placed at all bridges in Ontario to guard against sabotage.

Great Britain declared war on the Ottoman Empire today. The Foreign Office announced today that King George signed the proclamation after consultation with the Privy Council. The Turkish ambassador and his staff left London yesterday. In Turkey there are reports that the Cabinet has fallen and Enver Bey, War Minister, is essentially dictator. Also, Great Britain formally annexed the island of Cyprus today. Cyprus had previously been a nominal possession of Turkey.


It will be warmer today with sunny and clear skies. The high will reach 78° with the low overnight around 46°.

In the national election yesterday, The Republican Party rode to victory across the country in a landslide. Here in Pennsylvania Republicans took both houses of the Pennsylvania Legislature with overwhelming majorities. Martin G. Brumbaugh (shown below), Republican, was elected the 26th Governor of Pennsylvania.

Brumbaugh - 11-4-1914

Boies Penrose retained his Senate seat. The Republicans also elected 31 of the 36 Congressman representing the Commonwealth in Washington. All Philadelphia representatives to the United States Congress and the Pennsylvania Legislature are now Republicans. In New Jersey the Republicans have also taken control of the states’ Legislature. Nationally, the Republicans also made large gains in the House of Representatives winning 213 seats and cutting the Democrat majority in the House to only 5 seats.

In other election news, the state of California banned prize fighting. It appears the women’s vote carried the measure to victory.

From the Women’s pages a household hint, when washing windows put a few drops of turpentine in the water. The windows will dry quicker and be clear and bright.

In sports, Reading meets Camden tonight at Camden’s home court in Eastern League Basketball action.


It is reported that in Flanders the allies have gained ground forcing the Germans retreat. However, the Germans continue their attacks between Lys and Arras. In the east fighting continues in Poland, Galicia and East Prussia.

Russian troops have crossed the Caucasian frontier capturing 8 Turkish towns and driving the Sultan’s armies before them. Also, a combined French and British fleet has begun a bombardment of Turkish forts on the Dardanelles. As yet no formal declarations of war have been announced.


The city will have sunny and fair skies today with the high reaching 64° and the low around 36°

This is Election Day across the country and a heavy turnout is reported in Philadelphia and throughout Pennsylvania.

Church groups and their members protested today against the decision by City Solicitor Ryan that public dancing and cabaret amusements are legal in hotels and cafes of the city. Many see this decision as meaning the closed and disreputable Tenderloin establishments may soon be reopening. Rev. D. Clarence Gibboney, of the Law and Order Society, said proprietors of cafes and hotels may jeopardize their businesses by permitting disorderly dancing and shows. He said he hoped the License Court would look closely at these establishments when granting or renewing their licenses.

The Immigration Station at Washington Avenue wharf is being torn down. The work began this morning and is expected to continue through March. For a time immigrants will be landed at Vine street pier. Once the new station in Gloucester, N.J. is ready immigrants will be discharged there. Untold thousands of immigrants have passed through the old station but it has become too dilapidated to continue with that mission.

In sports, the Trenton Tigers defeated the Jasper team in Eastern League basketball last night 35 to 22.  In boxing last night at the Olympia A.A. at Broad & Bainbridge streets, “K.O” Brennan of Buffalo proved too much for New York’s “Italian Joe” Gans. Two Philadelphia fighters were victorious in their fights. Joe Phillips defeated “Young” Fulton of New York and Tommy Buck beat Frankie McCoy of Ireland.

The 36th annual chrysanthemum show opens today in Horticultural Hall at Broad and Locust streets. The Pennsylvania Horticultural Society promises many new varieties of chrysanthemums from around the world will be on display.


From the North Sea to Alsace the French, Belgium and British armies have reported success. German attacks in Flanders and along the Meuse failed to break the allied lines. Also, it is reported that on Sunday the Germans launched a massive attack at Ypres under the Kaiser’s direction. However, the attack failed and the Germans suffered massive losses.

In the Middle East it is reported that the Turkish Grand Vizier, Said Halim Pasha (shown below), has apologized for the attack on the Russian ships and cities by the Turkish fleet under German officers.

Grand Vizier - 11-3-1914

However, it is not clear that the apology has or will be approved by the Young Turks who currently control the government. Great Britain, France and Russia have demanded that turkey make reparations for the attacks and that the 3 German cruisers used be dismantled and their crews returned to Germany. Also, Martial Law has been proclaimed by Great Britain in Egypt. Turkish troops are reportedly at the border but have not yet invaded the country.


The city will see fair and clear skies today with the high reaching 62° and the low around 43°.

On the social scene, Miss Margaret McGillicuddy (shown below), daughter of Connie Mack the manager of the Philadelphia Athletics, married Mr. Robert McCambridge of Chicago today at the Catholic Church of the Holy Souls, 19th and Tioga streets. Mr. McCambridge formerly lived in this city. The couple met as children when Robert accidentally hit Miss McGillicuddy with a snowball in the back of her head. He immediately ran to her to plead for forgiveness and brush the snow away. She forgave him and over the years love bloomed. Both the bride and groom are 21 years old. A reception followed the ceremony at Mr. Mack’s home, 2119 West Ontario Street.

Connie Mack's Daughter-11-2-1914

Tomorrow is election day in Pennsylvania and across the country.  On the ballot is of course Senator Boies Penrose. Senator Penrose is being challenged by Gifford Pinchot, a Republican running on the Progressive Party ticket and Mitchell Palmer, the Democrat.  In this city all eyes will be on South Philadelphia where the sometimes Penrose allies the Vare brothers will be watched to see if they will turn out the vote for the Senator or ask their followers to split their tickets. The recent rift between the Vares and Penrose has cast great doubt on the loyalty of that vote. If Penrose loses South Philadelphia it is widely agreed he will lose his Senate seat.

In sports, the Eastern League of Basketball opens tonight with last year’s champions, the Jasper Jewels meeting Trenton’s Tigers at their court. In Boxing, at the Olympia A.A., Broad & Bainbridge Streets, 5 matches are on the schedule including “K.O.” Brennan of Buffalo facing “Italian Joe” Gans of New York in the main bout.


There appears to be somewhat of a lull in the fighting in Belgium and France today. This is most probably the result of the enormous losses suffered by both sides over the past few weeks. Both sides are thought to be bringing up reinforcements to fill the ranks caused by the depletion of forces. The Germans are reportedly transferring troops from East Prussia and Silesia to the western front.

In the Middle East there is still no formal declaration of war from Turkey or Russia. It is believed Turkey is attempting to force such a declaration from the Triple Entente Powers so as not to appear as the aggressor. There are however, unconfirmed reports that Turkish troops have crossed the Egyptian border. The Turkish Ambassador to Great Britain, H.H. Tewfik Pasha, received his passports and papers from Foreign Secretary Sir Edward Grey today and is expected to leave London immediately.


Today will bring fair and sunny skies with slightly warmer temperatures. The high will reach 69° but the low tonight will dip to 38°. In anticipation of winter, the city announced yesterday that it will begin taking bids for snow removal on city streets for the months of November 1914 through March 1915.

The city mortality report was released yesterday showing 411 deaths. Eighty-eight deaths were from transmissible diseases. Additionally 64 new cases of diphtheria, 24 cases of typhoid and 26 cases of scarlet fever were reported.

Alonzo Fox, of Burlington, New Jersey has offered his services to Philadelphia to rid City Hall of pigeons. Mr. Fox has read newspaper accounts of the great numbers of the birds that have made the building their home and how their droppings are quite disagreeable. Mr. Fox wrote to city officials noting he had done similar work at the cathedral at 18th and Race some years back. He explained he uses a “silent rifle” with adamantine cartridges and was sure he could do away with all the pigeons plaguing City Hall. His fee would be $1.00 per bird carcass.

The Director of City Property, Mr. Cooke, responded to Mr. Fox thanking him for his offer. However, perhaps remembering the outcry from the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals when exterminating the pigeons was discuss a few weeks back, Mr. Cooke declined the offer. Mr. Cooke told Fox the city has no desire to be rid of the birds and even recently placed some cotes on the roof for them to nest in. Mr. Cooke did mention to Mr. Fox that his silent rife might be of great use in dealing with certain other real nuisances in the city.


 Fighting in Belgium and northern France continues in a back and forth, attack and counter attack cycle. Neither side is making any significant gain. The French, however, seem to feel secure enough in the safety of Paris that they have announced that the government will return there from Bordeaux on November 20. In Belgium, the reports are that thousands of German troops were drowned as a result of the opening of the dykes on the Yser River. The situation between Russia and the Ottoman Empire is still unsettled. No declaration of war has been issued by either country as of yet.


The city will have fair and sunny skies today with the high reaching 58° and the low tonight about 38°.

Halloween Costumes2

There will be many festive parties this evening throughout the city celebrating Halloween. One of the most popular games at these parties will be bobbing for apples. But there are other games popular now especially among the younger set which your party guests may enjoy. One involves hiding a dime, a ring and a thimble in the mashed potatoes served at dinner. The guest that gets the ring will soon be married. The one finding the dime will come into riches and the one finding the thimble, if a man will be a bachelor all his life, if a lady she will become an old maid.

Another fun game is that where a lit candle is placed in the middle of the room. Each guest is blindfolded in turn and must jump over the candle. Those who do so without extinguishing the flame will have a happy and prosperous year ahead. Those who fail to clear it or knock it over will have an unlucky next 12 months.

Also, you can amuse your guests with the game of snapdragon. Pour a pint of brandy into a bowl and light it on fire with a match. Then turn out the lights in the room. Fling a handful of candied fruits, raisins or sugared almonds into the bowl. The guests must now try to snatch them out. This always causes great excitement and much laughter and will make your party a success. The guest retrieving the highest number of fruit, etc. will meet their future mate within a year.

In college football today, Penn overwhelmed Swarthmore 40 to 6, Army rolled over Villanova 41 to 0, Navy squeezed out a victory over North Carolina A&M 16 to 14, Lehigh 33 John Hopkins 0, Penn State 17 Lafayette 0, Bucknell and Muhlenberg played to a 0-0 tie and Notre Dame defeated Haskell 21 to 7.


 Reports are the Germans have made a concerted assault on an 80 mile front of the allied lines from the Belgian coast to Arras, France.

In the Middle East, no formal declaration of war has been made yet by either Russia or Turkey. In fact there are reports from Petrograd that the Russians may believe the Turks were tricked into this situation by the German commanders of the ships used in the attacks on the Russian ships and cities. And the Grand Vizier today advised the British Ambassador that Turkey has no intention of embarking on war.

Italian troops have invaded and are now occupying the island of Sasene in the gulf of Avlona, Albania.


There will be sunny and fair skies today with a light westerly breeze. The high will reach 53° with the low about 43°.

A King and Queen of North Philadelphia will be crowned tonight at the North Philadelphia Business Men’s Association Carnival and Mardi Gras. Miss Marjorie McDevitt of 4349 Germantown Avenue and Mr. George Ziegler of 4450 North 11th Street have been elected to the royal titles. A stage with thrones has been erected at 18th and Germantown Avenue for the event. A parade will begin at 8:00pm tonight starting at 18th and Wingohocking Streets.

Little Franklin Archibald Grier, 8 years old, is a happy boy today having met his father for the first time yesterday. The boy’s parents were divorced when he was a year old and his mother had kept the boy in ignorance of his father’s identity. However, mother and father rekindled their love and they will be remarried today. A honeymoon tour is planned of New England after which the happy reunited family (shown below) will live at 240 West Tabor Road in Olney. And Franklin will have a father in his life.

Grier Family - 10-30-1914

In Washington, D.C. President Wilson is spending some time relaxing now that Congress is adjourned. He has abandoned his semi-weekly cabinet meetings and is spending time golfing, automobiling and reading. The President’s health is reported as very good.

In sports, in girls’ field hockey Lansdowne defeated Merion 3 to 1. Germantown defeated Haddonfield 7 to 0.


BREAKING NEWS, the Ottoman Empire has now entered the war on the side of the central powers. There are reports that German ships under the Turkish Flag have attacked and sunk two Russian ships in the Black Sea and opened a bombardment of the Crimean city of Odessa and Theodosia on the Black Sea. No declaration of war had been made by Turkey prior to these attacks. However, the Russian embassy in Rome has issued a statement that a state of war now exists between the countries. The British Ambassador at Constantinople has informed the Turkish Grand Vizier that if the Turks cross into Egypt it will mean war with Great Britain and France.

In Belgium, reports are that the Belgians have opened the dykes in the lower Yser Valley and flooded the German troops forcing them to retreat or drown.  British and French forces have also attacked the German lines above Ypres and LaBasse.

In other news, Greece has landed 1200 soldiers at Santi Quaranta and taken control of southern Albania. The Greeks claim the ongoing civil war in that country forced their hand.


There will be cloudy and overcast skies today with the high reaching 60° and the low over night about 30°.

The North Philadelphia Business Men’s Association Carnival continues today with 200 children marching in the baby parade. The parade begins at 3:00pm at Wayne Junction and proceeds down Germantown Avenue.

Voter registration records were released today for each county of Pennsylvania. The list shows a gain in Republican registration and a decrease in Democrats since 1912. Republican registration numbered 718,419 while Democrats numbered 356,835. The Washington/Bull Moose party numbered 74,168. The Republican Party will be holding a rally this evening at the Academy of music (see below) for those wishing to attend.

Republican Rally 10-29-1914

In the criminal court today the tears of a 2 years old child touched the heart of Magistrate Stevenson at the East Girard Avenue Police Station. The Magistrate was hearing the case of Mrs. Alvina Semtle, 22 years old, who was charged with public drunkenness and child neglect by the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. But the woman’s child’s pleading and tears to give his mother back to him led Stevenson to hand down a suspended sentence of 3 months and set the women free on probation.

In entertainment, Mary Pickford will be appearing at the Stanley Theatre, 16th & Market Streets, tonight to greet the audience and see herself in her new motion picture “Behind the Scenes.”


Paris has announced gains by the allies around Ypres in Belgium and Arras in France. No new gains or retreats are reported from Nieuport to Dixmude in Belgium. However, the allies have admitted that German forces have affected a crossing of the Yser River north of Dixmude. The allies have also reported being reinforced by the arrival of more Indian troops.  Reports from Flushing, Holland are that the Germans have 250,000 soldiers in the battle between Dixmude and Nieuport and will be sending in 100,000 more soon.

In the east, reports from Petrograd are that the German front in Russian Poland has been broken in two by a Russian advance up the Piliza River. The Russians are now attempting to encircle both wings of the German army. Reports from Berlin have admitted that the Germans have withdrawn to more defensive positions.


The skies will be sunny today with continuing cool temperatures. The high today will only reach 52°. The low tonight will be a chilly 29°.

Mr. John Wanamaker has purchased property at the northeast corner of Broad & Chestnut streets from the Franklin National Bank. The property, at 1416-18 Chestnut Street, was formerly known as the Hazeltine Building. It is estimated the Mr. Wanamaker paid $2,750,000.00 for the property. Property values have been rising in that area and this purchase is very likely to help continue that increase.

In the arts, The Philadelphia Operatic Society will bring the opera “Carmen” to the Academy of Music tonight. The part of Carmen will be performed by Philadelphia’s own Miss Vivienne Segal (shown here).

Vivienne Segal

 In sports, The Kensington Athletic Club, Kensington Avenue & Ontario Street, will be hosting a much anticipated card of amateur boxing tonight. A dozen young boys in the 105lbs, 110lbs, 115lbs, 125lbs and 135lbs class with take to the ring.

In Washington, D.C. today, President Wilson issued his annual Thanksgiving Day Proclamation setting Thursday, November 26 as a day of “Thanksgiving and Prayer” and calling on all to “render thanks to Almighty God” for America’s bounty and freedoms.


The French War Office reports that the allies are on the offensive in Belgium and northern France. Allied gains are also reported in the Woevre region in the Lorraine. Off the coast the Germans are laying mines from Ostend to Zeebrugge where they are directing their submarines.

In Belgium, the fighting along the Yser canal continues and is horrific. In the last week the Germans have made 7 attempts to cross only to be driven back each time. The canal runs crimson from blood and is choked at points with corpses. There are also reports that the Belgium village of Langemarck has been totally destroyed by German shell fire.

In Africa, reports are that Belgian troops from the Congo Free State have defeated a German force at Kissenie on Lake Tanganyika. This area separates the Congo Free State from German East Africa.


Today the city will have partly sunny skies. But winter has arrived in our area.  A cold northwest wind is whipping through the area with strong gusts. Today’s high will only reach 58° and the low will be around 34°. The first snow of the season was reported in Manayunk and over in Hammonton, New Jersey. So bundle up against the cold when going out as these ladies have (shown here).

Winter Winds 10-27-1914

In State College, Pa. a terrible accident occurred last night at what was meant to be a celebration of the Penn State football team’s tie with Harvard on Saturday. A wood structure reaching almost 3 stories high had been built for a bonfire on the drill grounds. The pile was composed of old telephone poles, wagons, fences and other discarded wood. Almost 3500 people had assembled on the grounds for the party.

Four gallons of gasoline was poured onto the pile for lighting. The honor of lighting the bonfire was given to the team’s captain E.W.Tobin. Mr. Tobin threw a torch toward the pile but it hit a full gasoline barrel nearby which exploded and then caused the pile of wood to ignite and explode. Hundreds of spectators were knocked to the ground and suffered injuries from flying debris. Buildings all around the grounds were shaken and windows were broken in a number of the college buildings. The flames could be seen from miles away.

Unfortunately, Mr. Tobin and Mr. G.J. Saurhoff of Haddon Heights, N.J. who is president of the sophomore class were standing only 25 feet from the pile and were terribly burned. The 2 young men are in Bellefonte Hospital and it is feared both will lose their eyesight.


In France there are conflicting reports about the fighting on the right wing of the allied lines. The French claim they have driven the Germans back from Nancy and across the border. Berlin flatly denies this. The Germans claim they have driven the French back and have now isolated Verdun. Fighting continues to be fierce in Belgium between Dixmude and Nieuport.

In the east a heavy snow storm is ranging in East Prussia and Russian Poland but fighting appears to be continuing unabated.


Today the city will have mostly cloudy skies with cooler temperatures. The high will only reach 59° while the low this evening will reach 46°.

Theodore Roosevelt brought his considerable oratorical skills and political weight in criticizing Senator Bois Penrose and “Penroseism” today in a speech in Pottsville. Speaking to over 17,000 listeners Roosevelt said “Penrose typifies all that is worst and basest in our political life. He is the tool of the privilege interests against the ordinary, wage earning and decent man.” Mr. Roosevelt is making a speaking tour of Northampton, Lehigh and Schuylkill counties in support of Gifford Pinchot in the race for Senate against Mr. Penrose. It is estimated that the former President will speak to over 50,000 people during his trip.

The Henry C. Lea School opens today at 47th & Locust. Twenty four rooms were ready for the 320 students who will begin their primary studies today. When the renovation and construction is fully competed the school will be able to teach 1,450 students.

The North Philadelphia Business Men’s Association Carnival and Mardi Gras opens tonight. The festival will cover 8 city blocks on Germantown Avenue from Wayne Junction to Hunting Park Avenue. The entire length of the carnival will be illuminated and 18th street will devoted to a midway. The affair will end Saturday night with a Halloween parade.

In boxing, the Olympia Athletic Association, Broad and Bainbridge streets will host a full card tonight. Jim Coffey (“The Dublin Giant”) will face “Young Charlie” Weinart of Newark. And Willie Houck (shown here) of our city will meet “Packey” Hommey of New York.Willie Houck 10-26-1914

Finally, Tommy O’Keefe of 5th and Catherine will take on Freddy Yelle of Boston.


In Belgium it is reported Dixmude is in flames from German bombardment. In an effort to slow the German advance in that area, the Belgians have cut the dykes around Nieuport and Dixmude. Also, the British and French have checked the German offensive at the Yser River. In France the French army has attacked in the Woevre region of Lorraine and in the Argonne. It is believed this action was taken to divert troops from Belgium.

In the east it is reported the Germans have now been pushed back 50 miles from the west bank of the Vistula River in Poland. In the Balkans, the Montenegrin War Office admits the abandonment of the siege of Sarajevo, Bosnia by its forces and those of Serbia.


The weather today will be mostly cloudy skies with cooler temperatures. The high will only reach 60° with the low around 49°.

The Boy Scouts have joined the effort to gather Christmas gifts for the orphaned children in war torn Europe. The Scouts are now standing on practically every important thoroughfare in the city requesting donations and standing guard over contribution bowls (shown here).

Boy Scouts 10-25-1914

Gifts of every denomination are being dropped into the bowls and there is great hope that the contributions will continue for the remaining 5 days of the effort.

William Goodhail, 25 years old of 3312 North Hope Street, was shot in the wrist by his friend Frederick Keppfer, 23 years old of 112 East Tioga Street, yesterday at B Street and Erie Avenue. The two men were out “gunning” (target and practice shooting) when the accident occurred. No charges will be filed by police.

Old Confederate soldiers have written the Philadelphia chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy asking their help to have a historic field gun returned to the south. The gun now sits at Germantown and Chelten Avenue at a memorial to Germantown soldiers. The gun had been taken from Union forces by rebel soldiers at the battle of Perryville early in the war. It remained in Confederate service until 1864 when it was recaptured at Nashville. On the breech of the cannon is an inscription to Q.T. Mitchell a gallant Tennessee soldier killed at Perryville. The old Confederates believe it more appropriate to have the gun placed in Nashville where many old veterans of Mitchell’s brigade live.

In Washington, D.C. the German Ambassador, Johann von Bernstorff, announced yesterday that Germany will respect the Monroe Doctrine and the views of the United States regarding it.


Fierce fighting continues along the entire line from the North Sea to south of Arras, France. The fighting is attack and counter attack with neither side gaining any real advantage. The battle taking place between Nieuport and Dixmude, Belgium is the first where land, sea and air forces have all been employed together.

In the east, the Russians are claiming victory over the Germans in southern Poland. Supposedly the Germans are being driven back into Silesia leaving Cracow undefended. In Galicia, fighting continues from Jaroslav to south of Przemysl.


There will be cloudy and overcast skies today and this evening with possible rain. The high will reach 61° with the low around 40°.

A huge crowd in center city lined Broad Street to watch and applaud Philadelphia’s finest as they paraded on their way to the final day of the Police Carnival at the ballpark at Broad & Huntingdon Streets. A reviewing stand was erected opposite the Union League (shown here) where the men were greeted by the Mayor and other city officials. Four Thousand Police and Fireman marched by in their ranks to the sounds of the Police band and other musical organizations.

Police on Parade 10-24-1914 The Bureau of Health released the city’s mortality report today showing 406 deaths last week, 17 more than the previous week. One hundred deaths were due to transmissible disease. Sixty one new case of diphtheria were reported along with 32 new cases of scarlet fever and 19 new cases of typhoid.

Over in New Jersey, 40 South Jersey fire companies participated in the celebration of the 150th anniversary of the Haddon Fire Company. A parade through Haddonfield included an apparatus used by the company in 1764 when it was formed along with the latest in firefighting equipment. A banquet and public reception will be held tonight attended by Governor Fielder.

In college football today, the University of Pennsylvania defeated Carlisle 7 to 0 in a hard fought contest in which the Indians outplayed Penn for the first 3 quarters but were unable to manage a score. Carlisle’s ground game totaled 184 yards to Penn’s 130 but they weren’t able to get over the goal line. In other games, Lafayette 14 Villanova 3, Rutgers 16 Tuffs 7, Pennsylvania State and Harvard played to a 13 all tie, Army beat Holy Cross 14 to 0 and Navy demolished Western Reserve 48 to 0.


The French admit that the Germans have made gains in fighting north of Dixmude, Belgium and around LaBassee in northern France. Further in the southeast, an armistice has been requested by the Germans near Thiaucourt between St. Mihiel and Metz in order to bury their dead. The French have refused. Also, 600,000 German reinforcements have been brought to the line between Lille and Arras.

In the east, the Russians report a crushing defeat of the Germans attempting to cross the Vistula River near Ivangorod. The Russians claim 60,000 German casualties. Further to the south in Poland the Austrians are reporting the defeat of 2 Russian divisions in the lower Vistula region.


The weather today will be fair and mostly sunny with the high around 65° and the low about 45°. Today is Arbor Day and hundreds of Philadelphia school children gathered in parks across the city to plant trees and promise to watch over them and care for them as they grow.

The police athletic carnival opened today at the Philadelphia Ball Park in front of a fair size crowd. The carnival benefits the Police Pension Fund. The games will continue through tomorrow. Music for the crowd and participants was supplied by the police band. Policemen thrilled the crowd with military type marching drills (shown below) and a revolver drill. Today’s events include a first aid exhibition, a police horsemanship show, foot races including a 100 yard dash and boxing matches according to weight classes.

Police CarnivalIn high school football this afternoon Southern High will meet the National Farm School at 10th & Oregon, West Philadelphia takes on Allentown Prep at 29th & Somerset streets, Episcopal Academy plays Chestnut Hill Academy at 62nd & Walnut streets, Friends Central will meet Ridley Park at 44th & Parkside Avenue, Germantown Academy faces St. Luke’s School at the Germantown Cricket Club and the boys from Northeast High will try their skill against St. Joseph College at 29th & Cambria.

In hockey, the Philadelphia Cricket Club team was beaten by the Lansdowne Country Club, 2 to 1.


In France, The Germans are mounting a fierce offensive to break the allied lines at Arras. Enormous losses are reported by both sides and British and French troops have given ground. Unofficial sources place British and French losses at 15,000 killed in the last 14 days. Estimates of the German losses put them at close to 20,000. In the region of the Meuse fighting is virtually continuous. Around St. Mihiel and Verdun the opposing trenches are only 70 yards apart. French warships have joined the British off the coast of Belgium shelling German positions.


There will be sunny skies today with the high reaching 76° and the low around 49°.

One hundred and sixty girls (some of which are shown below in picture 1), seniors of West Philadelphia High School for Girls left Broad Street Station this morning for Washington D.C. on a 3 day visit to the capitol.

West Phil Girls 1

The trip is a substitute for an out of town trip during commencement week activities. The trip will include an automobile tour around Washington and visits to the Congressional Library, the Washington Monument, The Treasury, State, War and Navy departments, Mount Vernon and the White house where the girls hope to catch a glimpse of President Wilson. In the 2nd picture left to right are Florence Young, Charlotte Thompson, Mildred Livingston, Dorothy Barnes and Dorothy Stewart.

West Phila Girls 2

Students at the University of Pennsylvania are collecting cards and Christmas gift to be sent to 3 of their professors presently serving in the armed forces of their native countries. The teachers are Paul Philippe Cret, professor of design in the school of Architecture who is serving in France. Professor Cret designed the Valley Forge Soldiers and Memorial Arch and the fountain in Rittenhouse Square. Also in France is Leon Arnal, an assistant professor in the Architectural School and Dr. Fred Urban, an assistant professor of psychology, who is serving with the Austrian army.


The battle front in Belgium and northern France now stretches for 300 miles. In Belgium, British dreadnaughts’ off the coast are bombarding German positions in and around Ostend and Nieuport. In France, the Germans have taken the canal system of northern France from Arleux to the Oise River. The canal which is now completely dry, is being turned into a fortified position by the Kaiser’s forces.

In the east, reports are that the last remaining Russian troops in Galicia have now fled back into Russia. Also, Berlin claims that all Russian troops have now been driven out of Hungry. In Russia a decree has gone out that all male high school students must now register for military service. It is thought this will increase the Russian army by 200,000.


Philadelphia will have clear and fair skies again. The high will reach 74° and the low 48°.

A pavilion in the City Hall Courtyard is attracting hundreds of generous visitors. The pavilion was set up to collect Christmas Gifts for the orphaned children of Europe. It is gaily decorated with American and Philadelphia city flags as well as festive holiday touches. Although donated toys, dolls and teddy bears are everywhere, the majority of the gifts are of warm apparel. Coats, sweaters and underwear are most desperately needed now by the children. October 28th is the last day the center will be accepting donations as everything must be packed up and transported to the dock for shipping.

In Washington, D.C., The American Bar Association at its convention has again postponed a decision on the admission of women lawyers to their organization. A 5 member committee was appointed to review the question and prepare a report to be considered at the 1915 convention. The question of admitting Negroes will be debated tomorrow.

In sports, Pat Moran (shown here with his son) has been named the new manager of the Philadelphia Phillies.

Pat Moran & son

Moran, who has been with the team since 1910 as a catcher, is also undoubtedly the most popular player on the squad and the players 1st choice for the top job. In basketball, the Eastern League announced its schedule today. The 5 teams, Trenton, Reading, Camden, Jasper, Greystock and DeNeri will begin play on November 2 and finish on March 20th. Each team will play 20 home games and 20 road games.


Censorship by all the combatants has increased today. In Belgium along the Yser the city of Dixmude is under heavy German bombardment. Also, British warships are shelling German positions in Nieuport and Ostend. In France, there are reports that the allies are making a determined attempt to retake Lille. However, a German bombardment and attack is taking place against Arras. Violent fighting continues along the Meuse and in Alsace. In the east, the Germans appear to be making a general retreat from the area around Warsaw. In central Galicia the Austrians are reporting steady progress against the Russians.


The weather will be sunny and fair today with the high reaching 72° and tonight’s low about 46°.

Philadelphians love oysters and therefore lovers of that seafood are happy that today begins National Oyster Week. Although there is no mention of such a week in any law, ordinance or encyclopedia, oyster dealers here assure us it exists. Oystermen say Philadelphians love oysters because they are nutritious, healthy, easily digestible and cheap. Philadelphians know a good bargain.

In news from across the river, The New York Shipbuilding Company of Camden has been awarded a contract to build a new battleship. The award of the contract is worth $7,250,000 and will give the over 900 employees of the yard 4 years’ worth of work. The battleship is one of 3 to be constructed. The other 2 will be built at New York and Newport News.

Also in New Jersey, Mr. Thomas Edison is studying the habits of fish in his laboratory at Llewellyn Park for his research to design a new type of submarine. Mr. Edison recently visited the New York Navy Yard to study submarines there with Secretary of the Navy Daniels (both men shown below). Mr. Edison said he intends to develop a craft which will be able to remain submerged indefinitely.

Edison & Daniels

In entertainment news, the grand opera season opens tonight at the Academy of Music where the Behrens Opera Club will perform Friedrich von Flotow’s “Martha”. On the other hand at the Chestnut Street Opera House, the motion picture “Ireland A Nation” will be playing. Admission is .10¢.


In Belgium, King Albert has led his army back into his country and again joined the fight. The Belgians are now holding the line around the Yser River.

Berlin is reporting that some of the outer forts around Verdun, France have been taken. Also, in France, since the failure of their attempt to take Dunkirk, the Germans are now trying to break through the allied lines between Lille and Menin. German and Austrian artillery groups are moving toward the lines to strike at the allied forces there.  Further to the southeast, the armies of the German Crown Prince and the Crown Prince of Bavaria have suffered heavy losses in fighting in the valley of the Meuse.

In the east, the Russians report that they have driven the German-Austrian army back to Lodz, Poland. Also, fighting continues in Galicia near Przemysl.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, October 19, 1914

It will be a sunny and fair Monday in our city with the high reaching 69° and the low around 48° overnight.

Football fans are jubilant today over the announcement that an agreement has been reached between West Point and Annapolis and that an Army-Navy game will be played this year in Philadelphia. A 5 year schedule has been worked out between the academies alternating the games between New York and here. The Athletics Baseball Club has offered Shibe Park as the location. The game will be free of rental charges and additional stands will be constructed for greater seating capacity.

Philadelphia is quickly becoming a convention city. Between now and the end of the year 15 national conventions are scheduled to be held here. Some of the gatherings include the Merchants and Manufactures Association, the Electric Vehicle Association, the American School Hygiene Association, the American Federation of Labor, the High School Agricultural Clubs of California and the Ohio Corn Boys.

Prominent Jews of our city have expressed approval of statements made by Rabbi Joseph Krauskopf (shown below), founder of the National Farm School, near Doylestown [Now Delaware Valley College].

Joseph Krauskopf-americanjewisharchives.org

Speaking last night the Rabbi said that immigrant Jews had a better opportunity to develop into good citizens by moving west and engaging in agricultural work instead of toiling in sweatshops and living in crowded housing and neighborhoods in the city. The Rabbi said Jews are more suited to farm work and should move to where the soil is good.


The allied armies have checked the German move into France and now block the Kaiser’s forces at Dunkirk. In Belgium, it is reported that Admiral von Tirpitz, the head of the German Navy, has arrived in Antwerp to prepare for an attack on England.

In England, anti-German rioting has taken place today in a number of suburbs of London. The most violent was in Deptford where virtually every German owned shop or those owned by people of German descent were wrecked and burned. The most recent riot was apparently caused by the arrival of 800 Belgian refugees whose pitiful condition and stories of German atrocities incensed the English.

In the east continuous fighting is raging in Western Poland and Galicia. It is also reported that large packs of wolves are reportedly scouring the battlefields of Galicia and feasting on the dead. The wolves are brought by the smell of blood and rotting flesh. They have even pursued the troops after battle looking for a meal. Volleys of gunfire are often heard at night from the camps to drive them off from the sick and wounded men.

Today in Philadelphia – Sunday, October 18, 1914

It is Sunday in Philadelphia and it being Philadelphia it is a bit quieter and slower than that other large metropolitan area to the north. But there is some news to report. The skies will be cloudy with the high reaching 72° and the low this evening around 49°.

In collegiate news, the women students of Bryn Mawr College (shown below) are indignant today over a new rule concerning “cutting”. Cutting is not attending classes. The new rule deducts 1% of a grade for each of the first 8 cuts and 2% for each cut thereafter. Previously there had not been any rule against the practice. The students held a protest meeting and intend to petition the school’s president to make the penalty less drastic. The young ladies realize that cutting has been abused in the past but think the new rule too strict.

Bryn Mawr Merion Hall - loc

At the University of Pennsylvania, the senior class officers have appointed a committee to keep the freshman in line and to live up to the traditional rules of conduct and customs for a Penn student. Since hazing was abolished in 1911 senior class president James Patterson said freshman each year had become more flagrant in disregarding the traditions. Rules that freshman always carry matches to light the cigarettes and cigars of seniors and other duties are being ignored. A form of hazing does still exist in the architectural department where if a freshman gets out of line he is given a “tubbing” or “sink party” where he is immersed in water to learn his place. Architecture freshman are considered the best behaved on campus


Anatole France (shown below), poet, novelist and considered by many the ideal French man of letters has advised the French government that he will cease writing and has offered himself for induction in the army at the rank of private. He is now 70 years old.


In France, drenching rains continue to fall in northwest France and Belgium. British and French columns attacking the German right near Lille have advanced 5 miles. The allied line now runs almost directly north and south from the North Sea, near Ostend, Belgium to Ypres and close to Armentieres in France. In the east, a new battle has been engaged west of Warsaw between German and Russian forces. Previously the Germans were within 8 miles of the city but have since been repulsed.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, October 17, 1914

Partly cloudy skies will rest over the Philadelphia area today. The high will reach 72° with the low about 63°.

In business news, E.G. Budd Manufacturing Company, Ontario and I Streets has announced the rental of a large building at Stokley and Hunting Park Avenue for 7 years. The new location is needed to accommodate the increased orders for steel stampings. Edward G. Budd, president of the company, said business has never been better and they were now employing a day and night shift to meet the orders for automobile and trolley car bodies. The Budd company workforce has now expanded to over 500 employees.

The city’s weekly mortality report was released today showing a large decrease in the number of deaths last week. Only 389 deaths were reported to the Health Department which is 72 less than last week. Unfortunately 79 babies under 1 year old were among the dead. Also reported were 48 new cases of diphtheria, 15 new cases of typhoid and 20 new cases of scarlet fever.

In football, the Midshipmen of Navy (shown below) met the Quakers of Penn this afternoon at Franklin Field. It was the first meeting between the schools since 1902. The sight was reminiscent of Army-Navy games with the Middies supported by sailors and marines from League Island filling their side of the stands. On the Penn side accompanying the student body were 2000 boy scouts in their khaki uniforms, who were guests of the school. The crowd saw a hard fought game but when the final score was tallied the boys of Penn came out the victor, 13 to 6.

Navy Football October 17, 1914

In other games Villa Nova defeated Catholic U. 7 to 0; Army beat Colgate 21 to 7; Ithaca buried Bucknell 48 to 0; Pittsburg defeated Carlisle 10 to 3 and Yale beat Notre Dame 28 to 0.

In track and field, 60 schoolboy runners competed today in the annual cross-country championship held at Lemon Hill in Fairmount Park. The winning team was Northeast High. Central High finished 2nd, West Philadelphia 3rd and Catholic High last.


In Belgium it is reported that the Germans have taken the port city of Zeebrugge. And at Ypres the British have been reinforced by colonial troops and have set up a strong defensive position. The Belgian army, led by King Albert, has retired into France where it will recoup and reorganize.

In France near Soissons the British have repulsed the Germans and captured a number of their positions. Also, British and French forces have beaten the Germans back from Albert and Lille precluding a flanking movement. In the east, the Russians claim that they continue to drive the Germans back in Poland.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, October 16, 1914

Rain will fall throughout the Philadelphia area today. The high temperature will reach 70° while the low will be around 64°.

In crime news, the home of Abraham Rosenfelt, 947 New Market street, was raided last night. Rosenfelt was arraigned today before Magistrate Scott at the Front & Master street station on the charge of running a gambling house and held on $600.00 bail. Six patrons were arrested with him. Police found several games going on when they entered the house. A “tip” was received by police from Charles Musan, 942 N. 6th Street, who vowed to have the house raided after losing $42.00 there 6 months ago.

In West Philadelphia policemen have been stationed to protect the Chinese laundry, 5140 Hunters Avenue, of Mr. Hi Lee who died last week. The executors of Mr. Lee’s estate have made no provision to return the over 1000 shirts, collars and other things which patrons had left for cleaning and the owners are angry. A crowd gathered at the business this morning demanding their property and threatening to break into the building if they did not receive their goods. A committee has also been formed to go to Chinatown and find a Chinese interpreter so Mr. Lee’s notes and records can be deciphered and the belongings can be sorted out.


The H.M.S. Hawke (shown below) was sunk by a German submarine in the North Sea. The Hawke is the 6th British warship to be lost to submarine attack in the North Sea since the war began. It is feared that over 500 men have been lost in the cold waters.


The French and British lines now extend from Ypres to the sea. The new line was established to stop a German flanking movement supported by 240,000 new German troops sent to the area. Heavy rains in this area are drenching the troops and filling the trenches making movement difficult. On the eastern end of the line at Verdun, fighting is reported to be furious.

In the east, the Russians are reporting they have repulsed the Germans outside of Warsaw. The Russians also claim they are directing a devastating bombardment against the Austrian fortress at Przemysl in Galicia. Both the Germans and the Austrians dispute the Russian claims.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, October 15, 1914

The city will see occasional rain showers today and this evening. The high will reach 65° with the low around 55°.

The skies along the waterfront and in South Philadelphia were lit up last night by enormous flames. The Philadelphia and Reading Railroad pier at Delaware and Catherine street was engulfed in fire. An estimated 50,000 spectators watched the blaze from the surrounding neighborhoods. The streets became impassable until the police finally got control of the crowd. Twenty fire companies and 3 fireboats fought the inferno throughout the night. Flames reached 100 feet into the air at times. Seven fireman were injured as they fought valiantly to stop the fire from spreading to other piers, buildings and homes. This morning, the 180 foot wide and 280 foot long pier is but a mass of twisted steel girders and blackened concrete (shown here). The loss is estimated at $250,000.

Catherine Street Pier

The Coroner ruled yesterday that the death of Mrs. Katherine Spencer of 2012 Federal Street, a Negress, was due to hydrophobia. This is the first death due to rabies reported in the city in many years. However, on Tuesday, 6 children in Manayunk were bitten by a stray dog which was today found to have rabies. The children will undergo the Pasteur treatment. As a result of the incident the Police have been ordered to shoot any stray dogs they see in Manayunk.

In national news, Secretary of War Garrison, speaking on behalf of the President, has informed Governor Hunt that the Arizona militia must not be sent to the border. The Secretary wrote that such a move would only serve to inflame the situation. Secretary Garrison promised the Governor that U.S. Army troops would be sent to the town of Naco to protect American citizens and property. In Mexico, a peace conference resumed yesterday in Aguascalientes in the hopes of ending the conflict between the parties that ousted General Huerta. Representatives of President Carranza, General Villa and General Zapata are all present.


The trial of Gavrilio Princip and 23 others charged with high treason and conspiracy began yesterday in Sarajevo.

In Belgium, reports are that Ostend is being evacuated by British and French forces. In France, the Germans are reportedly weakening along a line from Noyon to Verdun. The other news from the front is confused with both sides claiming victory at Lille, Ypres and other areas.

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, October 14, 1914

Philadelphia will have cloudy skies today with rain possible in the late afternoon and evening. The high will be 63° with the low around 53°

The Philadelphia Athletics returned home today from Boston. Their train arrived at North Philadelphia station at 10:00am. The team was greeted by 6, yes 6, loyal fans. However, 2 of those fans were relatives of infielder Harry Davis, his 11 year old son and his brother-in-law. Notwithstanding the turnout the team was welcomed by the fans and the train station personnel with a rousing round of applause.

Belgian Consul General Paul Hagemans has appealed to Philadelphians for contributions to aid relief work in his country. Consul Hagemans said his country is suffering from lack of food. That women and children are left completely penniless since their husbands and fathers are either fighting in the army or out of work because of the destruction of industry. Donations of clothing, canned food and money can be made at the Belgium Relief Fund in the Lafayette Building or at 2080 N. 63rd Street.

On the southern border, The Governor of Arizona, George Hunt (shown below), has informed the War Department that he intends to send all available Arizona militia to the Mexican border to protect the citizens of his state. For 2 days Mexican forces of President Carranza and General Villa have been fighting a pitched battle across the river from Naco, Arizona. Artillery shells and bullets have been falling on Naco. Some believe the cross border shooting is intentional. Governor Hunt believes the militia must be deployed to protect American citizens.

Gov. George Hunt - loc


In France, a 72 hour battle has been taking place between Arras and Albert and between Roye and Lassigny. The French report they have repelled numerous German charges. In Belgium, reports are that British and French forces have taken Ypres, which is 33 miles southeast of Ostend.

In the east, the German advance in Poland is being met with stiff resistance. The line now extends from central Poland to southern Galicia. There is fierce fighting west of Warsaw. That city has a large Russian garrison and is defended by a ring of 15 forts. Over 3 million Austrian, German and Russian troops are now engaged in the fighting along a 200 mile front.

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, October 13, 1914

The city will have cloudy, overcast skies today with the high temperature reaching 70° and the low around 51°. The gloomy weather perfectly reflects the attitude of Philadelphia’s baseball fans.

The Board of Education at its meeting today received a communication from residents of the 26th and 36th Wards requesting that more Negro teachers be appointed for Logan School at 19th and Reed streets. The residents pointed out that 75% of the pupils in the school are Negroes. The matter was referred to the Committee on Elementary Schools.


In a 4 game sweep the Boston “Miracle Braves” took the crown of baseball from the reigning Athletics by a score of 3 to 1. It only took 1 hour and 49 minutes for the Braves to show that they fully deserved the championship.

Baseball fans, odds makers and gamblers are stunned at the result of the tournament. The Athletics had walked through the American League like titans. While the Braves, who were in last place in July were thought to be incapable of matching the “Mackmen’s” power, experience and ability. The grit and determination the Braves exhibited in their climb to 1st place never left them when they faced Connie Mack’s fearsome “Goliaths.” But as in that old story, Boston’s “Davids” won the day.

In today’s game the Braves played with steadiness, good defense and timely hitting while the A’s couldn’t manage a hit after the 5th  inning. The Athletics throughout the series played fine defense but they just couldn’t seem to get their bats going. The Boston pitchers seemed to outthink and outguess them at every turn.

The skies over Fenway Park had been cold, damp and windy during the game but when the last out was recorded 34,365 Braves fans ran onto the field in jubilation and celebration and all seemed sunny, warm and bright in Boston.

Billy Penn A's Fan


The German army is sweeping across Belgium toward Ostend. Bruges is under Bombardment and Ghent has been occupied. The Belgium government has been moved to Havre, France. However, King Albert has decided to stay with his army. In France, it is officially admitted that the Germans have taken Lille. Also, the Germans have renewed their bombardment of Verdun.

In the east, Germany claims that the Russians have been driven out of East Prussia and are being pushed back in northern Poland and Galicia.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, October 12, 1914

The city will have Sunny skies today with the high reaching 78° and the low around 52°.

Italians of our city today celebrated the 442nd anniversary of the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus. The day began with the laying of an elaborate floral display at the statute of Columbus in Fairmount Park. This afternoon a parade of 50 Italian societies led by the Columbus Day Italian Committee marched through South Philadelphia between Broad and 11th Streets and Christian and Dickinson. Homes all along the line of march were gaily decorated with Italian and American flags. Italians in Germantown, Frankford and Tacony held similar celebrations.


The 3rd game of the series was played in Boston’s Fenway Park today before 35,520 spectators. And the Braves won again. It was a hard fought, hard played 12 inning contest. The A’s finally played with the determination missing in the first 2 games. Three times the Athletics took the lead, in the 1st, the 4th and the 10th but the pesky Braves came back each time to even the score. As the sun went down and twilight set in, the lights of cigarettes and cigars were all that lit the stands.

Hank Gowdy the Braves catcher (shown below) was once again the hero for Boston going 3 for 4 including a home run in the 9th. And it was his double in the top of the 12th that led to the Braves win by a score of 5 to 4. A pinch runner for Gowdy was driven home by right fielder Herbie Moran when he bunted to A’s pitcher Joe Bush who made an errant throw to third scoring the runner.

 Hank Gowdy-loc

 Thousands of A’s fans crowded at the “Williams’ Boards” at Gimbel’s and Wanamaker’s Department stores and city parks to watch the play by play reports from Boston. The up to date reports are relayed by telephone and telegraph to the city. Philadelphians cheered and applauded for every A’s hit and run and moaned and groaned each time the Braves came back. When it was over depression and sadness were palatable among the A’s supporters.


In Belgium, previous reports that the Germans had taken Gent were incorrect but they are moving on the city. British and French forces are concentrating their units at Ostend. In France, German planes have again dropped bombs on Paris. Fighting continues along the rest of the western front.

In the east, The Russians and Austrians are fighting an artillery duel at Ivangorod, the fortress protecting Warsaw.

 Today in Philadelphia – Sunday, October 11, 1914

There will be sunny and fair skies this Sunday with the high reaching 84°. Overnight lows will be around 60°. Today Archbishop Prendergast presided at the dedication of a new church. St. Catherine of Sienna at King and Penn Streets in Germantown will be used by Negro Catholics of that area. A High Mass was celebrated by the Archbishop, Rev. Patrick McHale and Monsignor Kavanagh.

In Sports, the third game of the World Series will be played tomorrow afternoon in Boston at Fenway Park because the Braves’ regular home, the South End Grounds, is too small for the expected crowds. In college football Saturday, Army beat Rutgers, 13 to 0 and Pittsburg beat Navy 13 to 6. In other games Penn played Lafayette to a 0 to 0 tie; Pennsylvania State 7 Gettysburg 0; Yale 20 Lehigh 3; Harvard 10 Washington and Jefferson 9; Cornell 21 Carlisle 0; Swarthmore 9 Bucknell 0; Muhlenberg 35 Susquehanna 0.


An official announcement from Bucharest states that the King of Romania (shown below) has died. Carol I had ruled the country since 1881 and was 75 years old. Carol_I_of_Romania_-_foto01He was a member of the Hohenzollern family and a first cousin of the German Kaiser. There were reports King Carol wished to enter the war on the side of Germany while his ministers and most Romanians want to support Russia. It will be remembered that the Czar had promised Romania the Austrian provinces of Bukovina and Transylvania if it joined the war on Russia’s side. The King rejected this offer due to family loyalty. There is speculation that the King’s death may not have been due to natural causes and was the result of this split over what side Romania should support. Since the King died without issue it is expected that Prince Ferdinand, his nephew, will succeed him. Ferdinand’s opinions on the war are unknown.

In Belgium, British and French forces have repulsed 20,000 Germans near Termonde, 16 miles northwest of Brussels. The Germans appeared to be striking there in an effort to seize the coastal cities of Ostend, Dunkirk and Calais. If those cities are taken many in London believe Germany will attempt a cross channel invasion of England. There are also reports that the Germans may have entered Gent. In France, heavy fighting continues around Arras and Lille.

In the east, the Russians appear to have raised their siege Przemsyl for now. They were forced to do this because the supply lines to the fortress from Cracow could not be severed.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, October 10, 1914

There will be partly sunny skies today with possible rain overnight. The high will reach 88° with the low about 59°.

The City’s Department of Health released its weekly mortality report today. The report shows 461 deaths last week, 109 the result of transmissible diseases. The report also listed 56 new cases of diphtheria and 17 new cases of Typhoid this week. In political news, the Board of Registration has announced that 272, 871 men registered and are deemed qualified to vote in the November election.


Baseball fans around the country are stunned. Boston fans are jubilant. And Athletics’ fans are shocked, depressed and worried at the turn of events at Shibe Park.

Even before the game today the tension between the managers seemed to extend to the players as neither team crossed the lines to shake hands or speak with each other. For today’s game Connie Mack sent 40 year old southpaw Eddie Plank to the mound. While Braves manager George Stallings (shown here)  sent in 22 year old Bill James, who had won 26 games this season.George Stallings Braves Manager-locAnother sellout crowd of 20,562 filled the stands inside the park. The rooftops across the street were likewise full.

Both men pitched excellent games but Plank’s teammates were again were unable to hit the ball. The slugging A’s could only manage 2 hits today while compiling 8 strikeouts. Sixteen A’s batters have now struck out in the two games.

The game remained scoreless until the 9th.  It was then that Stallings’ gamble to use players he only uses against left handers paid off. In the 9th substitute 3rd baseman Charlie Deal pounded a double and was then brought home on a single by Les Mann. It was the first and only run in the contest. But it was enough. Boston won 1 to 0. The fact is the A’s have been outplayed, outfought and outguessed in these first two games and something must change if they have any hope of winning in Boston.


Today it was officially announced that yesterday at 2:30pm Antwerp surrendered. The Belgian garrison has left to join the rest of the army west of the city. In France, fighting is still intensive to the north of Lille.

In the east, Russian forces have reportedly captured Lyck and Marggrabowa, two important railway sites in East Prussia. In the south, Serbian forces have been driven back across the Drina River by the Austrians.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, October 9, 1914

The weather will be partly cloudy today and tonight with the possibility of light showers in the evening. The high will reach 82° with the low around 59°

THE WORLD SERIES BEGAN TODAY. The Philadelphia Athletics, reigning champions of baseball, met the Boston Braves at Shibe Park today in the 1st game of the tournament. The first pitch was thrown under sunny skies at 2:00pm by the A’s veteran Chief Bender. The Braves sent their pitching star Dick Rudolph (shown below) to the mound.

 Dick Rudoph 1914-loc

20,562 spectators crowded into Shibe Park while others sat on the rooftops of neighboring homes around the park to watch the action. But the anticipation and excitement of the A’s fans was quickly dashed. Boston’s Rudolph was superb, employing his fastball, curve and spitball to keep the A’s mighty hitters off balance. The home town team looked confused and sluggish and was only able to cobble together 5 hits and score 1 run. In fact, Rudolph would have pitched a shutout in his first World Series appearance if not for an error in the 2nd inning. The Big Chief was knocked out of the game in the 6th. And Boston went on to win 7 to 1.

Both the A’s players and the fans were stunned by the beating. After the last out, Braves fans in attendance took to the field led by a brass band and marched around while the home town crowd watched silently. Later, after having beaten the A’s best pitcher, Braves manager Stallings declared the Braves would win the championship. There is bad blood between Stallings and Connie Mack. Both managers, dressed in street clothes, even declined the opportunity for a pre-game handshake. Stallings’ boasting will only make that situation worse.


Reports from London are that Antwerp has fallen. The city has finally succumbed to the ceaseless shelling of the giant German guns. It is said portions of the city are in flames. On the northwestern battle front of France the largest cavalry engagement in history is taking place. French and English cavalry are facing German Uhlans and their Austrian allies. Arras, one of France’s great old cities has been partially destroyed by German artillery. The front now extends over 200 miles through France and Belgium to the North Sea.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, October 8, 1914

The city will see rain today and tonight. The high will reach 70° with the low about 58°. Most of the news and talk in the city today is about the World Series which begins tomorrow.

For those fans unable to get a ticket to watch the series from inside the park, homeowners across the street have begun erecting bleachers on their roofs (shown here) to be offered to “guests.” There is no word yet how much the guests will be charged for the rooftop seats.

Bleachers at Shibe

The National Commission of Baseball has announced how the World Series receipts will be divided. 60% of first 4 games receipts will go to the players, with 60% of that sum going to winners and 40% to losers. 30% will go to the 2 clubs and 10% to the National Commission. Receipts for all of the following games will be divided as 90% to the clubs and 10% to the National Commission.

Lloyd Davies the Athletics pitcher and sometime outfielder was told by physicians today that he must undergo an immediate operation for acute appendicitis. Davies, who resides at 2334 West Huntingdon Street rejected the operation and said he would wait until after the series to have “any carving done.” Also, Rube Oldring, the Athletics right fielder appeared in court today on a charge brought by his wife for non-support and desertion. A hearing on the charge was postponed due to the presence of newspaper reporters. Oldring was given bail and will face the charges at a later date.


Reports from Europe estimate that 1,160,000 men have been killed, wounded or are listed as missing in the war thus far.

Reports from France are that the German attempt to sever the allied communication lines along the French coast have been repulsed. In Belgium, the seat of government has been moved from Antwerp to Ostend. Antwerp continues to suffer continuous bombardment. Thousands of civilians have fled the city.

In the east, Vienna has announced that the Austro-Hungarian army has defeated the Russians at the Vistula River near Cracow. A combined German-Austrian army has also reported success in Galicia.

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, October 7, 1914

Today’s weather will be overcast and cloudy with the high reaching 68° and the low tonight around 56°.

In crime news, the man known as the “King of Cocaine” in this city was arrested today. Steve Martin of 247 N. 13th Street was captured at 10th & Arch as he handed a package of drugs to a customer. When arrested he had drugs in every pocket, some marked “two bits” and some “four bits”. Police hope that Martin’s arrest will end the cocaine traffic in the Tenderloin.

In national news, The United States Consul to Mexico, Mr. John Silliman has arrived back in Washington for consultations with the White House and State Department over the decaying state of affairs in that country. Administration officials have expressed their great concern over the possibility of a renewal of the civil war.

In sports, World Series tickets went on sale today starting at 9:00 am. Some sales at the leading hotels were made over the telephone. One of the early telephone sales taken at the Bellevue-Stratford went to George M. Cohan, a playwright, who paid $210.00 for 21 seats. Those having to purchase tickets in person lined 9th Street beginning at dawn this morning (shown below). Thousands stood in line down 9th to Gimble’s ticket window. Police did their best to weed out “speculators”, especially those from New York.

 Waiting for WS Tickets 1914

In baseball today the Boston Braves arrived in the city for Friday’s game. They spent the afternoon watching the A’s close out their season by demolishing the Yankees 10 to 0 at Shibe Park.


In the west, fierce fighting is taking place on the allies far left flank near Lille, France. The French admit the allied lines have been forced back to Lens. In Belgium, it is reported 2 more of the defensive forts around Antwerp have been taken by the Germans. The French report that they have shot 5 dogs used by the Germans as spies. The dogs were trained to approach French lines and when they saw red trousers to bark alerting German gunners to the French position.

In the east, the Russians report continued advancement into East Prussia and in the south toward Cracow. Also, Russian Cossacks have defeated Hungarian forces in the valley of the River Nagy-Ag.

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, October 6, 1914

The city will have bright and clear skies today. The temperature will be warmer with the high reaching 80°. The overnight low will be around 56°.

Over 400 hundred men and boys who were waiting in line for World Series tickets were put to flight by police this morning. The “fans” were lined up along the 9th street entrance to Gimbel Brothers department store (shown below). The police were called because owners of other stores along the street complained customers could not enter their establishments. It was a good natured rout, not a stick or fist was used. Many of the “fans” were earning .25¢ to .50¢ a day holding a space for speculators. The tickets will go on sale tomorrow morning at 9:00am.

World Series Fans 9th StreetLovers of mackerel will have their cravings satisfied over the next few months. Almost 9000 barrels of mackerel have arrived aboard the Danish ship “Canadia” and are being unloaded along the docks in Port Richmond. Because the Scandinavian countries were unable to ship their catch to European ports due to the war, they decided to send the bounty to America.

In baseball, The Phillies closed their season with a doubleheader at the Polo Grounds today. The Phillies lost the 1st game 5 to 1 but took the 2nd game 8 to 0. The Athletics are finishing their season with the visiting Yankees. The A’s lost today’s game 2 to 1. The World Series begins Friday at Shibe Park.

In scholastic football it seems West Philadelphia High’s chances for a championship may have been dashed. The teams’ captain and fine quarterback, Mr. Wagenknight, has suffered a broken shoulder and will be out at least 6 weeks.


In the west, the siege of Antwerp continues unabated. The Germans are employing huge siege artillery to smash the forts surrounding the city. In France, heavy fighting continues along the entire battle front.

In the east, the Russians report they are pressing the Germans on a line extending 69 miles from Wirballen in Russian Poland to Lyck in East Prussia.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, October 5, 1914

Today’s weather will bring cloudy skies with gentle easterly winds. The high temperature will reach 78° while the overnight low will be 58°.

Manayunk has a war hero and he is just a boy. Theodore Toperzer, 9 years old of 3816 Sharp Street returned home today. Young Master Toperzer had been visiting family in Hungary when the war broke out. He decided to come home and was asked by a few other families in the surrounding area if they could go with him. Since he knew the language and the route he led them from Budapest, Hungary all the way to London. In London he was met by the American Consul who proclaimed his actions extraordinarily heroic and provided him passage home. His friends and those of his parents in Manayunk gathered at his home celebrating his heroism today.

Fear of disease, particularly cholera, has led Dr. Harry Heller, the state quarantine physician to order the officers and staff at the Marcus Hook immigration station to exercise the upmost caution regarding passengers on incoming ships. There have been reports of cholera and other contagious diseases breaking out in parts of Europe due to the conditions of the war and Dr. Heller does not want disease coming here.

In sports, in football it was clear from many of the Saturday games that the eastern college teams are favoring the so called open game more so this year. This style employs the “forward pass” from both a mass and widespread formation. A number of upsets on Saturday seem to be due to this type of play including that of Franklin and Marshall over Penn.  In baseball, the New York Yankees are visiting Shibe Park and lost to the Athletics 2 to 0. The Phillies are in New York where they lost to the Giants 4 to 0.


In the west, French and British forces were repulsed in their attack on the German right wing north of the Oise River. In Belgium, the assault on Antwerp continues. Many in Britain feel the city cannot hold out much longer.

In the east, German forces have reformed in northern Poland after last week’s defeat on the River Nieman. Russian Cossacks have moved in Hungary and are cutting railway lines. Also, Austria reports that the Serbian and Montenegrin armies that had crossed into Bosnia have been driven out.


Today in Philadelphia -Saturday, October 3, 1914

The city will have a clear sunny day with the skies turning partly cloudy tonight. The high today will reach 75° with the low tonight around 45°.

The Philadelphia Retail Liquor Dealers’ Association has fully engaged in helping the Penrose-McNichol-Vare machine get voters registered. Every saloon keeper, liquor dealer and brewer has been contacted by letter and many by personal visit to get their friends and employees registered to vote. Also in the business world textile mills in this city and across the country have been inundated with orders for bed and horse blankets by European countries for their armies. The mills are struggling to keep with the demand.

In national news, congratulations go out to the Vice President of the United States.  Mr. and Mrs. Marshall (shown here) celebrated their 19th wedding anniversary yesterday. V.P. Marshall & WifeWhen asked for his advice on marriage the Vice President said “get married younger and have children” He also said “I think … men should be married around 25 or before 30.”

The Department of Health released the city’s mortality report today. There were 433 deaths in the city last week. Communicable diseases caused 113 deaths. Also 22 new case of Typhoid fever and 14 new cases of scarlet fever were reported.

In sports, football season is now in full swing, Villa Nova beat Swarthmore 6 to 0, Carlisle fell to Lehigh 21 to 6 and Penn lost to Franklin & Marshall 10 to 0. In baseball, the Senators beat the A’s 7 to 6 and Brooklyn took both games of a doubleheader from the Phillies up at Ebbets Field.


Forces under the command of the German Crown Prince were repulsed today in their assault upon French defenders in the Argonne near Varennes. Near Roye on the allied left flank fighting continues.

In the east, Russian forces continue their drive toward Cracow. Also, it is rumored that if Romania enters the war on Russia’s side the Czar has offered to give them the Austrian provinces of Bukovina and Transylvania at the end of hostilities.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, October 2, 1914

The city will have clear and sunny skies today with a light breeze out of the northeast. Today’s high will be 75°. Tonight’s low will be around 43°.

Theodore Roosevelt spoke here last night to a crowd of 5000 men and women at the First Regiment Armory. Mr. Roosevelt spoke in support of Gifford Pinchot in his campaign against Senator Penrose. In his speech Roosevelt called Penrose a “political gunman” and one of those who “personify forces of evil…” He called on all Pennsylvanians to rid the Senate of Penrose.

For its part the Penrose machine has distributed 500,000 pieces of political literature throughout the city’s saloons calling for registration to vote by tomorrow’s deadline. These handouts mysteriously appeared at bars over the last few days. They are intended to get patrons to register to offset the anti-liquor votes. The saloon owners have said they have no idea where they came from. Also, adhesive stickers have appeared on beer and liquor bottles sold in these establishments.

Penrose Registration Effort

In baseball yesterday, the Phillies beat Brooklyn at the Baker Bowl 9 to 7 and the Athletics beat the Senators 3 to 1.


In the west, fierce fighting is reported on the allied left flank at Roye, France. In Belgium, German troops have failed in their attempt to take the outer fortifications of Antwerp by storm. The Germans mounted 2 bayonet charges which were repulsed with great loss of life.

In the east, The Russians claim that as a result of the 7 day battle of the Niemen River, northern Poland has been cleared of German invaders. Also further south, Russian forces are reportedly attacking the advance defensive line outside of Cracow. The Austrians have been reinforced with 4 German army corps from Bavaria and Saxony. It is thought that the German-Austrian defenders around Cracow now number 2,500,000.

In the far east, a fleet of Japanese destroyers has joined in the bombardment of the fortifications of the German held city of Tsing-Tao, China. Previously, the stronghold had been under artillery attack from British and Japanese forces on the mainland.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, October 1, 1914

There will be bright and sunny skies today over the city with a high of 72° and an overnight low of 46°.

Three summers ago John Mullin of 2640 Oakford Street was walking along the beach in Atlantic City when her heard screams for help from a girl struggling in the surf. Mr. Mullin, being an accomplished swimmer, dashed into the ocean and saved the young lady from drowning.  The girl’s name is Katherine Murphy and she lives at 106 Fairmount Avenue. The two became friends and yesterday they became husband and wife. After the wedding ceremony and reception at the girl’s home the pair left for their honeymoon, which will not be in Atlantic City.

The Penrose-Vare machines have been hit with a blow in their election strategies, especially in the downtown wards. The nearly 300 mendicants and vagrants who provided repeated voting in previous elections are unavailable this election because most of them are in jail. The crusade to clear the streets of center city of beggars had the added effect of removing these Penrose-Vare supporters. The machines have attempted to get these “workers’ released before the election but to no avail.


The Kaiser today directly insulted the British soldiers fighting in France when he issued an order commanding his army to concentrate their energies on exterminating Britain’s “contemptible little army.” [The British Army would adopt the Kaiser’s insult and turn it into a term of endearment calling themselves “The Old Contemptibles.” Some of those Old Comtemptibles are shown here]


In the west, the combatants have entered the 19th day of the battle of the Aisne. Seventy thousand Indian troops have reinforced the French and British armies. In Belgium, Antwerp’s refusal to surrender has infuriated the Germans and they have intensified their bombardment of the city.

In the east, it is estimated that 6,000,000 men are now engaged throughout the eastern front. Four million of those are Russians divided into 2 armies, one arrayed against the Germans along the Polish frontier and the other against the Austrians moving toward Cracow. The Serbians have devastated the Austrian forces on the Drina-Shabats front.

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, September 30, 1914

Philadelphia will have sunny skies today with the high reaching 74° and the overnight low around 49°.

Yesterday, Mayor Blankenburg christened the balloon “Greater Philadelphia” (shown here). Its maiden voyage began at the U.G.I. recreation grounds. Votes For Women Balloon-9-30-1914Its first mission was to drop “Votes for Women” suffragette literature as it flew above the city. The balloon was obtained by the Philadelphia Aeronautical Society. The bag of the craft is painted bright yellow with the words Greater Philadelphia emblazoned in black.

Has “Jack the Clipper” returned? Gertrude Wonder, 15 years old of 6211 Germantown Avenue is the latest victim of a man who surreptitiously clipped a 6 inch length of her hair yesterday near Herman Street. According to the girl a man approached her and before she knew it she felt a tug on her hair. She immediately turned but the man ran away. The girl ran home crying and contacted police. It will be recalled that a man dubbed “Jack the Clipper” terrorized women some time back in West Philadelphia.

In baseball, Brooklyn beat the Phillies at the Huntington Avenue park 2 to 1. The Athletics’ scrub team is in Washington for their final series and defeated the Senators today 3 to 2. The World Series schedule was released today. The first two games will be played at Shibe Park on October 9th and 10th. The series will then go to Boston and be played on October 12th and 13th.

In Washington, D.C. Secretary of State Bryan announced today that a Treaty of Peace between Russia and the United States will be signed tomorrow. Similar treaties have already been entered into with France, Britain, Spain and China.


French forces have reportedly retaken St. Mihiel on the Meuse, effectively halting the German advance and pushing them back to the east bank of the river. In Belgium, the Germans are moving heavy siege guns toward Antwerp. Some believe the intent is to seize the city and use it as a base for an attack across the channel on England.

In the east, a six day battle on the River Niemen has resulted in halting the German advance on Grodno in Lithuania. Also, Russian forces have crossed through the passes of the Carpathian Mountains and are within 150 miles of Budapest. The Russian government has also released reports that the Turks have incited their Kurdish subjects to begin a massacre of Armenians along the Persian frontier.

 Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, September 29, 1914

The city will have clear and fair skies today. The high will only reach 64°, with an overnight low of 37°.

A gasoline propelled “bus” (shown here) was exhibited today by the Union Traction Improvement Company. Bus-9-29-1914The company hopes to receive a franchise from the city to run the bus east and west on Market Street and north and south on Broad Street. Each car seats 48 passengers inside and on the open roof. The bus is 21 feet long and runs at 14 miles per hour.

Representatives of the Thomas Edison Factories were in our city today to demonstrate its newest invention. The device is capable of recording the telephone conversations of both parties and transcribing it to a phonograph record. The company believes this will aid businesses in maintaining an accurate record of important conversations.

Jews of our area will begin their most solemn day of the Jewish year at sundown. Yom Hakipurim or the Day of Atonement begins tonight. Services will begin with a prayer called Kol Nidre a few minutes before sundown. Fasting is also a part of the observance. The fast will last till sundown tomorrow when it will be broken by a blast from a ram’s horn or “shoffar.”

In baseball, the Athletics and the Phillies are idle today.  But the Boston Braves won the National League title today with their 3 to 2 win over the Chicago Cubs.


The German army on the right wing in France is reportedly falling back. There is also a rumor that the Kaiser’s 3rd son, Prince Adalbert, has been killed by his own men by mistake as he led a charge. At this point it is also estimated that during the battle of the Aisne the Germans have lost 180,000 men.

Also, it has been learned that the Germans had asked the Swiss for permission to move their forces across Swiss territory to strike at France from the south. The Swiss have refused the request. Reports are that the Swiss have now begun mobilization and are moving troops to their borders in the event the Germans cross the border notwithstanding the denial.

In the east the Russians are reporting that the German army is being driven back out of Poland and into East Prussia. The Russians also report that they are continuing their advance toward Cracow. In the south, the Serbian and Montenegrin forces are bombarding Sarajevo, Bosnia.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, September 28, 1914

Safety First Carnival-9-28-1914

 We will see fair skies today and even frost in some areas of the city and surrounding locations. The high in the city today will be 63°, going down to 40° overnight. Two mounted police patrolmen of the Branchtown station were attacked last night by a cow. While attempting to arrest the cow on some charge perhaps including loitering, the animal took offense and attacked. The patrolmen’s horses shielded them from most of the intended abuse. Unfortunately the men had to shoot the cow. Its carcass was taken to the University of Pennsylvania where it will be checked for rabies. If rabies was not the reason for the cow’s attitude perhaps it was just having a very bad day.

In entertainment, Vernon and Irene Castle’s dance production has been so successful that they are being held over for another week at Keith’s, 12th & Chestnut Streets. Also in entertainment, Miss Mae West, known as the “original Brinkley Girl” will head the bill this week at the Broadway Theatre in South Philadelphia.

The Philadelphia Athletics are the Champions of the American League in baseball. The Athletics clinched the title with a win on Sunday over the St. Louis Browns 6 to 0. Mr. Mack sent most of his regulars home for a well-deserved rest in preparation for the World Series. For today’s game against the Browns the A’s put together a makeshift lineup. That lineup lost to St. Louis 7 to 1. The Phillies lost to the Reds 4 to 3.


An enormous battle is engaged between the German and Russian armies just inside the East Prussian frontier. The line extends from Eydtkuhnen through Goldapp to Lyck. Heavy rain and sleet is falling in the area making conditions nearly impossible for troop movement.

In the west, there are conflicting reports as to what is occurring in the battle of the Aisne. The allies are declaring that the Germans have been halted. While the Germans report that the French forts along the Verdun-Toul line have been silenced and that the German army is in force on the west bank of the Meuse. Also, in Belgium, Antwerp is under bombardment by the Germans in an effort to halt King Albert’s flanking attack.

Today In Philadelphia – Sunday, September 27, 1914

Philadelphians will enjoy a beautiful, sunny and somewhat cooler day. The high will reach 74° and the low tonight will drop to about 45°. It being Sunday and this being Philadelphia, most people will spend their time at church, visiting family and friends and perhaps after dinner gathering together to sing a few songs. So in that spirit I thought you might enjoy hearing an immensely popular song from 1914. Maybe today after your dinner you can gather the family and friends around and sing it together just like they did in the old days! Hope you enjoy.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, September 26, 1914

There will be fair skies with cooler temperatures today and tomorrow. Today’s high will reach 65° with tonight’s low around 47°.

A home for retired music teachers was opened today at Johnson and Jefferson Streets in Germantown. The institution was created through the generosity of Mr. Theodore Presser, a music publisher of this city. The dedication included speeches and a concert.

Physicians at Germantown Hospital discovered the largest tumor on record while examining Miss Robertta Brown, a Negress of Wayne & Pulaski Avenues. The tumor weighed 92 pounds and has been growing for 17 years. Unfortunately, by the time Miss Brown was brought to the hospital, surgeons were unable to operate and she died under the weight of the growth.

Today is the final day of the Bryn Mawr Horse Show and many of the areas young debutants strolled the grounds in their finest array (shown here).  Debutants At Bryn MawrThe entries at the show today included huge draft horses decorated with flowers and ribbons on their manes and tails. Participants also included younger children driving decorated buggies pulled by teams of ponies. Numerous entries from local farms took ribbons and prizes.

In sports, the Phillies took both ends of a doubleheader from the visiting Reds today 10 to 9 and 7 to 4. The Athletics beat the White Sox in Chicago again 9 to 3. In football, the University of Pennsylvania opened its season today at Franklin Field with a 14 to 0 win over Gettysburg.


The German attacks on the French forts between Verdun and Toul may be gaining success. Reportedly German forces have crossed the Meuse River. There are also reports of street to street fighting in the city of St. Quentin.

In the east, the Russians appear to have gone on the offensive in East Prussia. Russian troops are also advancing toward Cracow, Poland and are believed to be within a day’s march of the city. In the south, a fierce battle has been raging for 2 weeks near the mountain passes of Krupani in Serbia. This area is the only place where the Austrians have been able to gain a foothold on Serbian soil. Both sides have suffered enormous losses.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, September 25, 1914

Fall has arrived in the area. At noon today the temperature will fall to 65°. The skies will be cloudy. The low overnight may reach 57°.

The Drexel Institute opened its 1914-1915 session today with the largest enrollment, 560, in the school’s history. The enrollment of boys and girls is about equal. Also, the 174th session of the University of Pennsylvania opened today with a ceremony at Weightman Hall. For the first time in its 150 year history the Medical School will be admitting women.

Widows and deserted wives, most accompanied by children, appeared at the office of the City Treasurer today to receive a disbursement from the Mothers’ Pension Fund for September. The fund, authorized by City Council, paid out $1,583.50 to the women who applied.

In baseball, the Phillies defeated the Cubs 3 to 2. Gavvy Cravath’s home run in the bottom of the 9th gave the Phillies the win. The Athletics continue their winning ways in Chicago beating the White Sox 3 to 1.

On our southern border, in Mexico there are reports that the troops of President/General Carranza and General Villa are preparing for battle. Villa has declared that Carranza must leave Mexico as Huerta did. Villa presently has 25,000 men. Carranza commands 10,000 men.


The fiercest fighting in France is taking place at Verdun, along the Oise and Aisne Rivers. The Germans have launched a massive bombardment along the Verdun-Toul line of 15 forts. Nearly 5000 shells, each 5 feet long and 17” in diameter fall against Verdun every day. The city of Varennes on the Aire River directly west of Verdun has been taken by the army of the German Crown Prince Wilhelm.

In the east, the Russians continue to pursue the Austrians in Galicia. However, the movements of both armies have been slowed by torrential rains throughout the area.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, September 24, 1914

Philadelphia will be hot and humid today with the high reaching 90°. There is the possibility of showers this evening which will provide some cooling.

Tragedy struck yesterday at 1924 Passyunk Avenue. Little 5 year old May Summers was playing across the street from her mother who was sitting on the steps of their home. When Mrs. Summers called her daughter to come for some cake the girl bolted into the street without looking. At that same moment a trolley car approached. The little girl was hit and decapitated.  The motorman, Dominick Traveline of 1733 South Chadwick Street, said he had no chance to stop in time. He was arraigned in Magistrate’s Court and held without bail pending the Coroner’s investigation. Mrs. Summers has 4 other children and is very poor. He husband left her 5 months ago. She is disconsolate and was taken to St. Agnes Hospital.

In crime news, Otto Tallo, 12 years old, of 1505 Federal Street was arrested today at 15th & Snyder Avenue. The boy had stolen a bicycle from a nearby house but then realized he did not know how to ride a bike. Police found him walking the bike up the street. He was taken to the House of Detention and will receive a hearing tomorrow.

In baseball, the Phillies split a doubleheader with the Cubs today at the Baker Bowl. The Cubs took the first game 6 to 3. The Phillies won the 2nd game 6 to 2. The Athletics defeated the White Sox in Chicago 6 to 4.


German forces renewed their assault on the allied forts between Argonne and the Meuse. All along the front of this “battle of the Aisne” fighting continues but little progress is made by either side. German reports are calling 5/8 of a mile an excellent day’s gain. The changing weather has resulted in the French War Office ordering winter clothing for the troops. Snow has started to fall in the Vosges Mountains. In the east, Serbian forces have reportedly captured Srebreitza and Ljuboviya after a fierce fight with the Austrians and great loss of life.

The Aga Khan (shown here), temporal leader of 60 Million East Indian Mohammedans, pledged his full support to England in the war. Aqa_Khan_in_ChicagoThe Aga Khan directed the Khoja Moslems, of whom he is the spiritual head, to place themselves and their resources at the disposal of the British government. He has also volunteered to serve in any Indian Regiment formed even as a private. He said that his countrymen have no intention of being “crushed beneath the mailed fist of Prussian militarism.”

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, September 23, 1914

The city will see cloudy skies with temperatures in the 90s. Several hundred persons assembled at the Federal building at 9th & Chestnut Streets today to hear speeches in support of women’s suffrage. The meeting was organized by the Equal Franchise Society. Speakers said that giving women the vote will remove the sigma of inferiority and help them achieve economic and social emancipation.

The Department of Public Works has opened bids for the demolition of 69 additional house and small buildings along the proposed route of the Parkway. The buildings are located between Cherry and Appletree streets east of 17th Street and west of Logan Square.

In crime news, Police are looking for the mother of a 6 week old abandoned baby. The child was given to Mrs. Anna Landis, 908 N. 10th Street. Mrs. Landis said a woman asked her to care for the child while she went downtown to buy the child some clothes. The woman never returned. Mrs. Landis has cared for the child for 2 weeks but now thought it best to turn the baby over to police.

In baseball, the Phillies beat the Cubs 9 to 4 behind the 2 home run performance of Gavvy Cravath and the pitching of Grover Cleveland Alexander who won his 26th game of the season. In football, the Carlisle Indians defeated Lebanon Valley 7 to 0 at Carlisle, Pa.


In the 10th day of the battle of the Aisne (shown here),  Allied forces have advanced 10 miles along the River Oise in France.Armies on 9-23-1914The British report that after hours of artillery bombardment and fighting they captured 9 miles of German trenches filled with the dead and wounded bodies of Germans south of St. Quentin. Also, it is reported that the French have retreated from the outlying trenches at Rheims.

In the east, The Russians are bombarding Przemysl. Also, German troops are continuing their move through Russian Poland. In the Far East, the Japanese lost 3000 men when the Germans exploded 2 mines under them as they advanced on Kiao-Chau, China.

 Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, September 22, 1914

The city will have sunny and clear skies today but it will be warm with the highs reaching 90°. The area’s society women took to the course at the Bryn Mawr Polo Club’s Horse and Hound Show today. Hundreds of people strolled along the oval watching the competitions. The hounds were judged in hunting events. The riders and their mounts participated in jumping, saddle and harness events.

Bryn Mawr Show

A little 4 year old deaf and dumb girl, Becky Kater of 406 Mifflin Street, was run over by a coal wagon outside her home seriously injuring her and crushing her foot. The girl did not see or hear the wagon approaching. The driver saw the girl at the last moment and tried to swerve around her but the back wheel skidded and caught the child. She was taken by her mother to Mt. Sinai Hospital for care.

In national news, Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan is introducing a new “dry” drink to the market. The drink will be made of limes from his Florida home Villa Sorrento and is a substitute for grape juice. Secretary of War Garrison suggested the drink should be called “Villa-Carranza-Zapata”.

In sports, The Phillies lost to the Cardinals 5 to 4. In Cleveland the Athletics romped over the Naps 14 to 3. In tennis, Miss Marion Cresswell of the Philadelphia Cricket Club played brilliantly today and advanced to the 3rd round at the Women’s Philadelphia and District Tennis Championship Tournament in Haverford. Other local ladies that advanced included Mrs. H. Harrison Smith and Mrs. Robert Herold of Philmont.


Fierce fighting continues in the 10th day of battle in France. However, there is no appreciable change in the positions of the sides. The terrain along the entire front is a quagmire due to the heavy rains. The heaviest centers of fighting are around the River Oise, at the cities of Soissons, Rheims and Verdun.

There are reports that King Albert of Belgium shot and killed his chauffer. The story is that the King was making an inspection of his army close to the front when the driver drove toward the German lines. The King ordered him to turn around but he refused and headed full speed for the Germans. The King then shot him. After the incident papers were found on the man promising him $200,000 if he delivered the King into German hands.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, September 21, 1914

The city and region will have fair skies today with a high of 78°. A lot located at 831 N. 8th Street has been purchased for the construction of a new Hebrew synagogue by the congregation of Chevra Anshe Libavick. The property has a 30 foot frontage and extends back 113 feet.

In crime news, Mr. Edward Saunders of 105 Peach Street appeared in Magistrate Court today charged with “renting” seats on park benches to participants at the Knights Templar field day on Saturday.  The judge noted the benches were not owned by Mr. Saunders who charged the attendees .25¢ per seat. Mr. Saunders explained he had been out of work for some time and needed a way to earn some money. The judge levied an $8.70 fine which Mr. Saunders happily paid since he had collected $15.00 in “rent”.

In national news, President Wilson told reporters and visitors to the white house today that he has no intentions of calling a world congress for peace. The President said such a call would be “nonsensical” and “ridiculous” in the present situation.

In international news, King George II of Tonga (shown here)  has announced his nation of 23,000 people will remain neutral in the present war. King George II of TongaThe King only learned of the war a few days ago when a vessel from Auckland arrived in port. But the King thought it necessary to let his “good friend” King George of England know of Tonga’s position.

In sports, Coach Brooke of the University of Pennsylvania football team announced today that his players will wear numbers on the backs of their jerseys. This is being done so that spectators and newspaper men can better follow the performance of specific players during the game. Penn will open its season this Saturday against Gettysburg at Franklin Field. In baseball the Phillies lost to the Cardinals 6 to 3. The Athletics lost in Cleveland 5 to 4.


In France, in an attempt to break the French and British lines along the Aisne front at Craonne, the German army mounted a series of bayonet charges yesterday. The assaults were repulsed and resulted in a great loss of life to the Germans. The use of a bayonet charge in this 9th day of the battle of the Aisne lends credence to the reports that the great artillery duel has resulted in a stalemate.

In the east, 3 German armies numbering 120,000 men are moving out of East Prussia and toward Grodno in Lithuania. Grodno is a main railway line stop between Warsaw and Petrograd. Also, Montenegrin troops have sized towns only 30 miles from Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia.

Today in Philadelphia – Sunday, September 20, 1914

 Superintendent of Police Robinson issued an order yesterday prohibiting uncensored movies from being shown in Philadelphia. The order was issued in accordance with the ruling of the Court of Common Pleas on August 6, 1914 which held that imposing censorship on motion pictures is not unconstitutional.

Yesterday at the home of Miss Arabella Jay Adams and her sister Martha, 5111 Wayne Avenue, Prince Albert Edward, lay in state. Prince Albert, a dog, rests in a coffin in the parlor surrounded by beautiful flowers and his favorite blanket and toys.  Prince Albert The DogHis funeral will cost over $100.00 and he will be buried today in his favorite place under a red rose bush in their yard. The sisters, who shared their home with Prince for 12 years, are grieving but also sharing in the fond memories of their beloved pet with the neighbors and children who have come to offer their condolences.

The Zoological society announced yesterday that the 2 orang-outangs purchased from a New York dealer who got them from a crewman of a tramp steamer, have passed their health exams and will be placed on display starting October 1.

Jews in Philadelphia and around the world will begin celebrating their New Year or “Rosh Hashan” beginning today at sundown. The Jews count this year as 5675. At Synagogues across the city the ceremony will include the blowing of a horn called a “shofar” calling the people to prayer. Jews will kneel in prayer thanking God for the gifts received last year and blessings for the year to come. The observance will end on Monday at sundown.

The Department of Health released its mortality report Saturday. There were 416 reported deaths last week. Also, 28 new cases of Typhoid Fever were reported which is 7 less than the previous week. Twelve cases of Scarlet Fever were also reported. Of the deaths, 40 were due to Tuberculosis.


Reports are that the fighting along the Aisne front is developing into a stalemate. Infantry engagements are few but the great artillery exchange continues. There are also reports of an epidemic of rheumatism among the troops of both sides due to the cold heavy rains filling the trenches with water that the men must live in.

In the east, the Austrians continue to retreat and have now crossed over the San River. The Russians have taken the fortress of Jaroslav which is only 22 miles from Przemysl.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, September 19, 1914

 More than 50,000 members and guests of the Knights Templar met on the Belmont Plateau for their 14th field day this morning.


The assemblage opened the day with a fervent prayer for peace in Europe. The Knights, dressed in their brilliant uniforms with swords and regalia marched in parade accompanied by mounted units to the sounds of their band. The meeting will continue today with fireworks tonight.

The family of Michael Zaborowski, 2710 East Monmouth Street, had contacted an undertaker to remove his body from Philadelphia Hospital and bring him to his home for a proper wake. The undertaker went to the hospital with flowers, a casket and all other things necessary for a neighborhood funeral. However, Mr. Zaborowski wasn’t dead. Instead he got up from his sick bed, climbed into the undertaker’s wagon and rode home. When they arrived the undertaker informed the assembled mourners Michael was alive. They thought it a bad joke until Michael appeared in the doorway. After the shock subsided the wake became a party and Mr. Zaborowski was provide food and drink and a fine time was had by all.

The Phillies took a doubleheader from the Cardinals in St. Louis today, 7 to 0 and 7 to 6. In the first game, Grover Cleveland Alexander won his 25th outing of the season holding the Cardinals to just 2 hits. The A’s lost again in Detroit 4 to 3.


Reports are that German forces in France have broken through the 120 mile battle front along the Aisne River and have captured Beaumont and are bombarding Rheims. Along the rest of the line the battle is almost totally an artillery duel. It is estimated that both sides have lost 150,000 men killed and wounded in the 7 days of fighting. The armies have also been hampered in their construction of trenches by the wet and soggy ground from the recent rains.

In the east, General Von Hindenburg’s army has now begun to move into Russian Poland with the objective of capturing Warsaw. Further south, the Austrians have organized a strategic front between Cracow, Tarnow and Przemysl in the hope of stopping the Russians.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, September 18, 1914

Philadelphia will have fair and sunny skies today with the high reaching 68°.

There are reports that the Penrose-Vare machine has begun a campaign to quash a revolt in South Philadelphia begun last week by the Italian Political League. Republican ward leaders in the neighborhood have called upon the League leaders and threatened them personally, demanding they stop their campaign. There are also rumors that certain individuals will attempt to break up the next scheduled meeting of the League.

Dead rats caused a fight yesterday at a barber shop at 33rd & Market Streets. Tom Brennan, a rat catcher of 3210 Sansom Street went to the shop with his rifle in one hand and 2 dead rats in the other. He is employed as an expert rat catcher by the city. Brennan offered the rats to the barber’s son, Louis Mariana, apparently in exchange for a haircut. The young man refused at which point Brennan threw them in the boy’s face and a fight broke out. At some point a shoe was thrown through the store window shattering it. Brennan was arraigned in police court and released upon his promise to pay for the damage as soon as he made sufficient money killing more rats.

In sports, at the Women’s National Golf Championship at the Nassau Country Club two Philadelphia area ladies, Mrs. C.H. Vanderbeck and Mrs. Ronald Barlow have advanced to the semifinal round. Here at the Philadelphia Cricket Club competition for the St. Martin’s Cup began today with 64 golfers qualifying to continue out of the 200 entries. In baseball the Phillies completed their sweep of the Pirates here today with a 6 to 4 win. The Athletics lost to the tigers 3 to 2 in Detroit.


The battle along the front around the Aisne River continues today with little progress made by either side. The same can be said for the fighting in the Argonne and Lorraine sectors.

In the east, the Russians are continuing their assault on Przemysl. Reports are that German troops have joined the Austrians along the line of the San River in an attempt to stop the Russians. It is also reported that the Russians have organized 3 new armies totaling 2,000,000 men and will being moving them into central Poland.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, September 17, 1914

Today’s weather will be increasing cloudiness toward the evening with possible showers overnight. Temperatures will be in the low 60s.

The local survivors of the Battle of Antietam met today for their annual reunion at Lemon Hill in Fairmount Park. The battle which occurred 52 years ago took the lives of 545 of their comrades. The veterans are getting fewer in number each year making these reunions even more important for the men. The attendees represented the 69th, 71st, 72nd and 106th regiments of the Philadelphia Brigade.

In crime news, William Wolf, manager of a shoe store at 155 North 8th Street, was convicted yesterday in Quarter Session Court of assault and battery against Miss Siema Selmitzer of 948 North Franklin Street. Miss Selmitzer entered the store last December 26 to purchase slippers. When Wolf realized she was a deaf mute he invited her to follow him into the stock room where he then turned off the lights and attempted to have his way with her. Miss Selmitzer escaped. After the jury returned a guilty verdict the judge was so incensed with Wolf that he put off sentencing until later in the interest of justice.

For the ladies, the latest in Paris fashion trends suggest that every woman has at least 1 black evening dress. Shown below is the new long sleeve design with a high Basque girdle. This elegant dress can be worn at evening or even afternoon affairs.

  Black Gown For 9-17-1914

In sports, the Phillies took both games of a doubleheader here today from the Pirates 6 to 3 and 2 to 0. The Athletics are in Detroit where they beat the Tigers 8 to 3.


The Germans have effectively repulsed allied attacks along the Aisne. Although some advances were made by French forces on the far eastern end of the line and the British on the far west. Heavy fighting continues along the entire 120 mile front. It is also believed that the Germans have reinforced their forces on the front with 320,000 men from their East Prussian forces. It is believed that now the largest artillery battle in history is taking place with 5000 guns being employed by both sides.

In the east, the Russians have reportedly taken Przemysl on the San River. The Russians now are moving toward Cracow.

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, September 16, 1914

The city will see fair skies today with a few passing clouds. The high will be 62°.

It’s being called a miracle in South Philadelphia. Miss Catherine Crucio, 18 years old of 1932 South 8th Street, fell 3 stories from the roof top of her home landing on the concrete below and suffered only a broken leg.  Miss Crucio (shown here),  who is considered one of the great beauties of our Italian colony,Catherine Cruciowas hanging laundry for her mother on the roof when the woodwork she leaned against gave way. Physicians at the Pennsylvania Hospital where she was taken said it was miraculous the she was not killed in the fall.

In crime news, Frederick Hartman, 2240 Pratt Street, was about to be sentenced to prison but when the judge learned he had 9 children to support he changed his mind. Hartman was arrested on a charge of cruelty brought by his wife. The judge denounced Hartman for his actions but released him to return to work to support his children. The judge told Mrs. Hartman that if her husband fails to act properly and support his children she should return to the court and the judge would take the necessary action to punish him.

In sports, the Phillies beat the Pirates here at National League Park 6 to 2. Tomorrow, the annual invitational golf tournament for the St. Martin’s Cup will begin at the Philadelphia Cricket Club. Two hundred seventy golfers are expected to compete.


A fierce battle is raging north of the Aisne River. The Germans have reportedly formed 5 armies along a 60 mile front between St. Quentin and the Moselle River. The French have been reinforced by Indian detachments. Presently it is thought that there are 2,500,000 men facing each other in battle in France. Also, previous reports that German General von Kluk along with a substantial portion of his army had surrendered appear to have been false. In Belgium, Belgian troops have retired to the outer lines of Antwerp. They have also opened the surrounding dykes flooding the countryside to slow up the Germans. There are also unconfirmed reports that the Germans have abandoned Liege.

In the east, the German War Ministry is claiming that the Russians have been completely routed in East Prussia and suffered 100,000 killed and 70,000 captured. Also, Serbian and Montenegrin armies have joined forces and are now marching toward Sarajevo.

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, September 15, 1914

The weather today will be generally fair with light winds out of the northeast. The high temperature will reach 62°.

An infant efficiency contest was held today at Woman’s Hospital, 2139 College Avenue. The competition tested the mental abilities of the babies entered. Children were tested on their ability to follow bright objects, say “Mama” and “Dada”, show interest in toys put before them, imitate gestures and find their mothers in a crowd of women. The winner was John Mullin, 14 months old, shown here with his mother Lillian.

Baby Efficency PagentIn the political scene, downtown voters primarily in the south Philadelphia area are showing signs of revolt against the Vare machine. Most of the opposition comes from the Italian neighborhoods that are unhappy with the treatment and anti-Italian insults leveled against them by Vare representatives. An anti-Vare meeting was held last night by the Italian Political League at Mechanics Hall, 721 Carpenter Street.  Leonard Persicheti, who chaired the meeting, stated he would urge Italians to support Dr. Brumbaugh in the upcoming elections if the doctor will support changes in the political conditions.

The Phillies beat the Giants here 4 to 3. The Athletics downed the Yankees 3 to 1 in New York.


 The Belgians report they have defeated the German army south of Antwerp and that the Germans have evacuated Brussels. Also, according to unconfirmed reports, the German army, under the command of General von Kluk, has surrendered near Mezieres. Over 25,000 Germans have been taken prisoner. The army of the German Crown Prince is taking the offensive near Verdun. It appears the German armies are being centralized along the Aisne River for a final stand. German reports also claim that all French troops have been driven from Alsace.

In the east the Russians have announced they will not march on Vienna or Budapest but will leave that attack to the Serbians. Instead Czar Nicholas announced today he will personally lead the Russian army into Berlin. However, General von Hindenberg has telegraphed the Kaiser that his forces have completely decimated 2 Russian armies in East Prussia totaling over 200,000 men.

Today in Philadelphia –Monday, September 14, 1914

There will be fair skies and cool breezes today with the high temperature reaching 58°. The Board of Recreation announced today that attendance at the city’s bathhouses was only 39,745 last week. This was down from previous weeks where attendance averaged about 250,000 people per week. The Board also announced the bathhouses will probably close for the winter at the end of this month. At the port an amazing 46,000,000 pounds of sugar now sits waiting for processing. The sugar has all arrived since September 6 via the Panama Canal. Much of it is on its way to the Spreckels refinery at the Dickinson Street wharf.

Dr. Shmaryahu Levin, a member of the Russian Duma and leading Zionist will speak tonight at a meeting to raise funds for the Jews of Palestine who are suffering starvation. He will be joined in speaking by noted Boston lawyer Louis Brandeis (shown here) Louis Brandeis-loc

In crime news, Nicholas Denacitenly of 10th and Locust Streets was arrested yesterday on complaint of Miss Ester Burman, 19 years old, of 306 New Market Street. Miss Burman accused Denacitenly of flirting with her on the train from Willow Grove and when she wasn’t looking stealing her vanity case which contained $30.00. Denacitenly claims the girl gave him the case to buy her candy. She denies this. He is being held on $500.00 bail.

In sports, the Phillies lost the opener of a double header with the Giants 3 to 2 but took the 2nd game 10 to 6 at the Baker bowl. The A’s beat the Yankees 2 to 1 in New York at the Polo Grounds.


The German army in France is reportedly in retreat and reorganizing in the forest of Argonne. The French cities of Amiens, Lille, Rheims and St. Die are once again in French hands. Also, British and French forces have crossed the Aisne with the allied center being north of the Marne. Additionally, an estimated 170,000 Russian troops have arrived at Ostend, Belgium to reinforce French and British forces there.

In the east, a force of 200,000 Austrian troops has reportedly surrendered in Galicia to the Russians. The surrender occurred not far from the fortress town of Przemysl. Russian armies are also reported to be on the move toward Vienna.

Today in Philadelphia – Sunday, September 13, 1914

 Philadelphia will have cloudy and overcast skies today with possible showers. The high will reach 70°.

Yesterday, Joseph Norman, a citizen of Armenia, was ordered to be held at Philadelphia Hospital for Contagious Diseases by the Department of Health. Norman had gone to Pennsylvania Hospital for treatment where it was discovered he had leprosy and tuberculosis. He is believed to be from the 10th & Ellsworth vicinity and had been living in the city for 6 months. The Department is attempting to trace his movements and find all those with whom he has had contact so they can be tested.

The Department of Health also released its weekly mortality report. The report shows a rise in Typhoid Fever. Thirty five cases were reported last week. It is believed this may be due to people returning from vacation areas where they drank contaminated water. Overall, 412 deaths were reported in the city with 94 of those being infants.

The City’s amusement parks are closing for the season tonight. Woodside Park will close at 11:00pm. Point Breeze Park will finish its season with a grand carnival and Willow Grove Park will close with a concert by the John Phillip Sousa Band.

In baseball yesterday, the Athletics lost to the Yankees at the Polo Grounds 2 to 1 on a 9th inning home run by Ed Sweeny. The Phillies split a double header with the Giants at the Baker Bowl.


Henryk Sienkiewicz (shown here), the Polish writer and author of the novel Qua Vadis, has been arrested by the Austrians in Galicia where he resides.Sienkiewicz now 70 years old, is a supporter of Polish independence but has called on Poles to support the Russians in the war and fight against the Austrians and Germans. Henryk Sienkiewicz-loc

In the fighting in the west, German forces east of Paris are reportedly in retreat. A general retreat by the Germans is also reported between the Oise and the Marne rivers. Also, the German army in the Argonne appears to be moving north. The French are also making slight progress in Lorraine. In Belgium, the Belgian army continues its push against the Germans and has taken Oortenberg between Louvain and Brussels. It is also reported that the Belgians have retaken Ghent.

In the east, Russian forces in East Prussia are now completely on the defensive and retreating. The Austrians are reported to have lost 130,000 men now in Galicia.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, September 12, 1914

 There will be partly cloudy skies today with the high temperature of 67°.

Last night fire raged through the Catholic Home for Destitute Children at 29th & Allegheny Avenue. Only the heroic actions of the Sisters of Charity, who run the home, saved the 270 children from death and disaster. The Sisters, at great personal risk, carried children from the burning building to safety. They went back into the flames time after time to find and remove the children too sick or too afraid to get out on their own. Three of the Sisters suffered injuries from burns, smoke inhalation or because of having to jump from the upper floor windows to escape the flames. None of the children were seriously injured.

The Reading Terminal’s Saturday market report was released today. The report shows that vegetables are selling at very low prices. Eggplant is at .02¢ apiece; sweet potatoes at .20¢ a ½ peck; string beans at .20¢ a ½ peck. Prices for meats include: lamb chops at .30¢ a lbs.; ham at .22¢ a lbs.; beef bologna at .20¢ a lbs. and veal at .35¢ a lbs.

In baseball, The Athletics and the Red Sox played to an 8 to 8 tie in a game called for darkness. Shibe Park was so dark that by the 7th inning fans in the left field bleachers had rolled up newspapers and lit them on fire to use as torches. In Boston, the Phillies lost again 6 to 5.


In the west, the Belgian army continues driving the Germans away from Antwerp toward France. Also, in what is being now called the battle of the Marne, German forces continue to retreat from north and east of Paris toward Verdun. The Germans have now fallen back over 46 miles since the battle began on September 6. Further south, French and German forces continue fighting between the Argonne forest and the River Meuse.

In the east, Russian forces in East Prussia have been repulsed at Lyck and the left wing of the Russian army has been defeated by the Germans under General Von Hindenburg. The Russians are said to be in full retreat. Serbia reports its army has taken Semlin across the river from Belgrade in Austrian Slavonia. The city is an important strategic center as it sits on a strip of land between the Danube and the Save Rivers.

In Turkey, it is reported that Enver Pasha (shown here), Minister of War and the Ottoman Crown Prince, Mehmed Ziyaeddin, have fought a duel over the war policy of the Empire. Reportedly both men were shot but the injuries are not life threatening.

Enver Pasha2-loc

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, September 11, 1914

The city will see cloudy skies with cooler temperatures. The high will only be reaching 65°.

Many of the city’s barbers attended an open air meeting last night at 60th & Market Street. About 200 barbers met to discuss a proposal of a universal closing time of 8:00pm for all shops. The barbers feel a standard closing time will be better for business.

City Councils have approved an $11,700,000 loan. The money is to be put toward street paving, sewer repair, police and fire station improvements and construction and rapid transit upgrades. There is also $1,000,000 set aside for work on Pennsylvania Hospital.

In national news, Britain, France, Spain and China have proposed entering into a peace treaty with the United States. The effect of the treaty would be to prevent America being drawn into the war. Russia, Germany and Japan have signified they would also enter into such a treaty after negotiations.

In baseball, The Athletics beat the Red Sox 8 to 1 at Shibe Park. Prior to the game both Stuffy McInnis and Rube Oldring were presented with automobiles. The motorcars were prizes for being voted the most popular players on the team. Alternatively the Phillies had nothing to celebrate dropping both games of a double header to the Braves in Boston.


Reports from Belgium are that the Germans are being driven back from Antwerp by the Belgian army. In France, British forces continue to drive back the Germans around the Marne. As of this report the Germans have been driven back 37 miles. Also, in Germany, Count von Zeppelin’s request to be reinstated in the German Arial Corps has been turned down by the Emperor due to his age. The Count (shown here) is the inventor of the great airships which bear his name but he is also now 70 years old. Zeppelin-loc

In the east, Austrian troops have evacuated Cracow, the ancient capital of the Kingdom of Poland. The Austrians have also admitted that they lost 120,000 men in the battles in Galicia. German reinforcements are said to be rushing to Austria’s aid in Galicia. Serbia reports that its troops have crossed the River Save into Hungry.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, September 10, 1914

 The city will have fair and clear skies today with a high of 69°.

Old folks were honored yesterday by the Lemon Hill Association. About 1,000 elders from 60 to 100 years old were taken to the park and provided ice cream and other treats. The guests are all residents of homes for the aged throughout the city. The ladies in the group also received a bouquet of flowers.  The Franklin Institute School of Mechanics, Arts and Commerce opened its 91st year today. The school offers classes in mechanical and architectural drawing, mathematics and naval architecture.

In Washington, President Wilson announced today he would not support an increase in the income tax to raise revenue to offset the $100,000,000 deficit. The Democrats in Congress wanted to pass a 1 ½% tax on incomes of $2,000 or more. Now some believe the tax may fall on gasoline.

In baseball yesterday, the Phillies split a double header with the Braves in Boston. The Athletics dropped an 11 inning contest to the Red Soxs at Shibe Park.


The War ministry in Great Britain announced today that 300,000 men have enlisted since the war began. In France, the British army has crossed the Marne and driven the Germans back 25 miles. The German center appears to be giving way. In the Vosges region, the French are holding the Germans in check along a line that extends from upper Alsace to within 40 miles of Paris. Also, the Germans claim that Maubeuge has fallen and that they have taken 40,000 French prisoners.

The Germans have also named their price for not occupying Ghent, Belgium. The Germans require 1 thousand liters of benzene, 1 thousand liters of mineral water, 150 kilos of oats, 100 bicycles, 10 motorcycles and 100,000 cigars.

In the east, 20,000 Japanese troops have now landed outside the German held city of Kiau Chau in China.

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, September 9, 1914

The weather will be for fair skies and cool breezes today. The high will reach 67°

Hundreds of public and parochial school students enjoyed a day at the Philadelphia County Fair being held at Byberry. The day was arranged by the organizers of the fair. The children and their parents enjoyed a carnival midway with rides and sideshows. There were also exhibitions of farm animals and agricultural and farming machinery and techniques.

In crime news, A.J. Norris, animal trainer, was charged with starving 6 greyhounds at his kennel at Lena & Wister Streets in Germantown. The charges were brought by the Women’s Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. One dog died as a result of the lack of food. Norris was fined $20.00.

In Washington, President Wilson signed a proclamation today asking Americans to pray for peace. The proclamation sets aside October 4th as a day of national prayer.

In baseball, The Athletics are in Washington where they split a double header with the Senators. The Senators took the first game 2 to 0. In the 2nd game the A’s drove Washington’s top pitcher, Walter Johnson (shown here), from the game in the 3rd inning. The A’s won that contest 9 to 4. The Phillies moved into 5th place with a win over Brooklyn.

Walter  Johnson -loc


Americans living in Paris have organized a volunteer regiment and offered to fight for France. Fighting northeast of Paris continues. British and French forces are having success repulsing the Germans along the Ourcq and Petit Morine Rivers. The allies also claim they have driven the German right wing back into the Marne Valley. Fighting also continues along the front from Nanteuil to Verdun. In Belgium, Ghent has surrendered to the Germans. However, an agreement has been reached between the burgomaster and the German commander that the city will not be occupied.

In the east, Russian reports are that the Austrian army is in retreat along the entire front stretching along the Bug and Vistula Rivers.

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, September 8, 1914

Today will be partly cloudy with the high reaching 72°. The low tonight will be around 54°.

About 200,000 children between the ages of 6 and 16 began school today throughout the city.

Thousands of Germans from our area spent yesterday at Point Breeze Park. The event was sponsored and organized by the United German Trades Association. The day’s events included speeches, music, games for children and races.

In Labor Day baseball yesterday, both teams played doubleheaders. The Phillies took both games of their contests here yesterday from Brooklyn, 7 to 4 and 7 to 6. The A’s split a doubleheader with the Senators in Washington.


Colonel James Webb Hayes, U.S.A. (shown here), son of the late President Hayes has arrived in France. He is carrying letter for the American Ambassadors to Belgium and France and is delegated to review the war situation and visit Louvain, Belgium. James Webb Hayes- rbhayes.org

In France a great battle continues to the north and east of Paris. The line is from Nanteuil-le-Haudouin in the west to Verdun stretching 140 miles toward the east along the plains of the Marne. France has also called up the class of 1915 who are about 20 years old to add 200,000 troops to its army. In Belgium, it is reported that the Germans have executed hundreds of civilians in the town of Dinant, removed all money from the local bank and then destroyed the town. It is claimed this was done in retaliation for sniper fire from the surrounding hills.

In the east from St. Petersburg, the Czar has announced that Galicia has been annexed and made a Russian province. Also, the Russians are said to be surrounding the Austrians at Przemyal. Military analysts believe that if the Russians are as successful in southern Poland as they have been in Galicia the road to Berlin will be wide open.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, September 7, 1914

It is Labor Day in Philadelphia and throughout the Country. This Labor Day will have partly cloudy skies with the high of 86° and the low tonight of 67°.

The Department of Health reports that the new rat receiving station at the Race Street Warf has already collected over 500 rats. Most of the rats were alive and the collectors received the .05¢ bounty. No one has yet brought in a rat with bubonic plague. Anyone who does will receive a bounty of $10.00. One rat catcher brought in10 rats he caught in his home around 2nd & Fairmount Avenue. The man was asked why he did not move from the house. He replied he had considered it before but now he regards the house as a gold mine.

Atlantic City reports that the number of visitors this season exceeded all records. Even now that the season is officially over Atlantic City expects 3 conventions to take place there during September.

On the International scene, in Rome yesterday at a magnificent ceremony in the Sistine Chapel of the Vatican, Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa was crowned Pope Benedict XV.


In France, British and German forces have been in almost continual battle since September 5th along the Marne. 1,275,000 Germans face 1,000,000 Frenchmen (French forces shown below),  and 125,000 Britons 23 miles from Paris. The fate of France may be decided here.French At Marne - Bibliotheque Nationale de France

London announced today that since the Battle of Mons in August the British have lost about 15,000 men. To the east of Paris, around the city of Nancy, it is reported the Kaiser himself has taken command of the army and is directing its action. The French army has retreated from Verdun and retrenched closer to Paris. In Germany, the “Landsturm” comprising all men between 25 and 45 have been ordered to the colors. This will bring about 2,000,000 men into the army.

In the east the Russians have announced that their army has taken Allenstein and are investing Koenigsberg in East Prussia. Also, the Russians are chasing the retreating Austrians from Lemberg toward Przemysl. Additionally it is reported that Montenegrin forces have defeated the Austrian army in Herzegovina at Boljanitz.

Today in Philadelphia – Sunday, September 6, 1914

Philadelphia will see partly cloudy skies today. The high temperature will be 82°. Tonight’s low will be 51°. West Philadelphians voted for their queen today and Miss Dorothy Grob of 227 South 60th Street won the crown. The election was all part of the annual carnival held by the 60th & Market Street Businessmen Association. Along with her crown, Miss Grob also received a jeweled ring, flowers and a royal purple and gold robe.

The City’s Department of Health released its weekly mortality report yesterday. Four Hundred and Seventeen deaths were reported which is 51 less than the previous week.

In entertainment, the Broad Street Theatre opened its season last evening with the comedy play “He Comes up Smiling” staring Douglas Fairbanks.

In baseball, the Phillies lost here to the Braves 7 to 1. The Red Sox beat the A’s 4 to 1 in Boston.


In the west, in France it is reported that Reims has fallen to the Germans who claim to have captured 12,000 French prisoners. Also, the defenses around Paris are continuing with the addition of 1,000 great cannons now in place. In Belgium, fighting is again reported around Antwerp.  German forces seem to be trying to encircle the allies in Paris. German armies have now reached the Marne, near Meaux.

In London yesterday the British, French and Russian governments signed a protocol and agreement that they would not conclude any separate peace. The 3 nations pledged that any peace agreement must be agreed upon by each of the allies.

In the east, Russian armies are reportedly sweeping through Galicia driving the Austrian army in front of them. There are reports that 5 German army corps have been transferred from Belgium and France to East Prussia to defend against the Russians. In response the Czar has declared that he will send 1,000,000 men to meet the Germans.

 Today in Philadelphia – Saturday September 5, 1914

Philadelphians will enjoy sunny skies today with temperatures much more mild. The high today will reach 75° while the overnight low will be around 50°. Temple College has announced it will be offering evening classes on the elementary level. The school believes that those young people who feel the need to make up for deficiencies in their early education could greatly profit from these classes. The classes will be offered 2 or 3 nights a week depending on need. The school is located on Broad Street below Berks Street.

The Reading Market released its weekly prices today for meats, fruits, fish and vegetables. Some of those prices include: Peanut butter at .40¢/lbs.; egg prices have risen four cents to .40¢ per dozen; ducks are at .30¢ per lbs.; lamb chops are at .30¢ per lbs.; and lobster is at .30¢ per pound.

In the sports scene, in baseball the A’s lost their 3rd straight game to the Red Sox in Boston yesterday, 4 to 2. It was a good day for Boston as the Braves also beat the Phillies here 6 to 5 in 12 innings. In Polo, the Philadelphia Freebooters beat Point Judith yesterday in the last Polo match of the season at Narragansett. Philadelphia was led by Rodman Wanamaker 2nd, who scored 3 goals.


Parisians are awaiting the beginning of a great battle at the city’s outlying forts. Free train passage has been offered for civilians in Paris to leave the city. Thousands are taking advantage of the opportunity. The French War Ministry reports that the Germans have been stopped at Verdun. Also it reports that the French army has been meeting with success in Lorraine and the Vosges. The German War Office reports that they now have 750,000 men engaged between Reims and Verdun. In Britian Premier Asquith has called on every able bodied Briton to enlist.

In Canada there are reports of thousands of East Indian troops including Sikhs and Gurkhas traveling through the country on trains heading east for the St. Lawrence River.

In the east, it is reported that 6 German army corps have been transferred from France to East Prussia to repel the Russians. Also the Russians are reporting that the Austrian army attacking near Warsaw has been repulsed.

 Today in Philadelphia – Friday, September 4, 1914

Fair skies again will cover the city. The high temperature will reach 81°. The overnight low will be 61°. Two crowded trolleys collided last evening at 58th and Chester Avenue. At least 10 passengers were injured, 3 of whom seriously. The injured were taken to University Hospital. Those with less serious injuries were treated at a nearby drugstore.

Yesterday in Juvenile Court, Judge Gorman stated that more “rules” are not enough to protect children from injury in the public playgrounds. The Judge advised that certain games should be prohibited and the playing of others should be roped off in to certain areas. The judge’s comment came as he heard the investigation into the death of Marcus Lydroff, 14 years old, of 1949 South Franklin Street who was killed when struck in the head by a heavy shot-put.

The city’s Rat Receiving Station formerly opened today at the Race Street Warf. The city is paying a bounty of .05¢ for every live rat turned in and .02¢ for each dead one.

The Red Sox took a double header from the A’s yesterday in Boston. Meanwhile at the Baker Bowl the Phillies beat the Boston Nationals 7 to 4.

In international news, the Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church in conclave last evening elected Cardinal Giacomo Della Chiesa as their new Pope (shown below). His formal coronation will take place on September 8 where he will take the name Benedict XV. Cardinal Della Chiesa is the 258th  Pope of the Roman Catholic Church. Benedict XV-loc


In France, Amiens has been taken by the Germans. The city is the capitol of the Department of the Somme and 55 miles from Paris. Le Fere has also fallen. However, reports are that the toll suffered by the German army has been enormous. Entire German infantry regiments have been wiped out in the fighting. Also, 3,000,000 Frenchman are now under arms to protect Paris in entrenchments around the city. However residents of the city, especially women and children are evacuating when then can. Those who cannot leave are collecting food in anticipation of a siege.

Prince William of Wied, who was but a short time ago selected by the Great Powers of Europe to be King of Albania has fled the country due to revolution.

In the east, it is reported that the Austrians have lost 100,000 men as a result of their defeats in Poland and Galicia.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, September 3, 1914

The city will see sunny skies todady and somewhat cooler temperatures. The high will reach 84° with the low tonight of 68°.

In Quarter Sessions Court today Judge Audenried ruled that the sale of an abandoned cemetery at 12 & Tasker Street could proceed. The cemetery, opened in 1834, is owned by the Philanthropic Burial Grounds Association and holds between 10,000 and 12,000 bodies. The graves are spread over about 2 acres. A settlement is to be made with the lot holders and arrangements will be made for removal and reburial of the bodies.

Thomas H. Brown of Wyncote and Walter Dannenbaun of 3339 North 16th Street are returning home to America from England. The pair originally planned to vacation in France and Germany but the war forced a change in plans and they decided to tour England. While in England they were arrested as German spies. The arrests were due to their purchase of large quantities of gasoline. The men explained due to their inability to secure train passage around the country because of troop movements and war restrictions they bought a motor car. Unfortunately the car was not of good quality and constantly needed gas.  The British accused them of purchasing the gasoline for use in German aeroplanes. Once the British were satisfied with the men’s explanation they were set free. They will be returning on board the Lusitania.

In baseball, the Phillies lost a doubleheader yesterday to the Braves, 7 to 5 and 12 to 3.


In the east, the Russians have reportedly captured Lemberg in Galicia and the Austrian army is in full retreat. The battles north of Galicia have the Germans beating back the Russians from East Prussia. The Germans have reportedly entered Lodz in Poland.

In France an official announcement was made today that the capital will be moved from Paris to Bordeaux. In Belgium, the Germans have announced that in the event of any uprising in Brussels, artillery will be brought against the city and it will be destroyed. In northern France the British and French forces have engaged the Germans around Montdidier and Compiegne.

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, September 2, 1914

The city will be very hot today with the high reaching 94° and the low of only 70° tonight. There will be cloudy skies with possible showers later in the afternoon.

Mayor Blankenburg has asked city councils to meet on September 15 to draft a question for public ballot for a 15 million dollar loan for the city. The Mayor says the money is needed for public improvements and for relief of unemployed workingmen for the fall and winter.

A clinic to treat infant diseases opened today at the East Montgomery Avenue Methodist Church at Frankford and Montgomery Avenues. Treatment will be provided to all in need.

It was announced today that due to the war in Europe the Metropolitan Opera House will cancel its grand opera season. The announcement was made, with regrets, by Mr. E.T. Stotesbury, President of the Opera House Company.

In sports, At Newport, Rhode Island, Richard Norris Williams 2nd (shown here), of this city captured the National Lawn Tennis title yesterday. R._Norris_Williams_in_1916-WikiWilliams defeated Maurice McLoughlin in 3 sets. In baseball, the A’s clubbed the Cleveland Naps 16 to 3 at Shibe Park. The game was attended by the members of the Boston Braves who arrived a day early in the city for their game tomorrow against the Phillies.


Dispatches from all fronts show that yesterday marked the largest battles in history. A full 6,000,000 men in the west and the east were engaged in battle. In the east various battles were fought between German and Austrian forces against Russian armies. Three million men were engaged in battle along a 400 mile front. At Allenstein in East Prussia the Germans are reporting they have destroyed 3 Russian corps, killing 120,000 Russians with over 70,000 taken prisoner. In Galicia the Austrians have suffered a colossal defeat.

In the west fighting continues on a line from Reims to La Fere and also in the Vosges. The Kaiser yesterday visited the field at Charleroi and Mons and spent the evening in Brussels. The Royal Palace in Brussels has been turned into a headquarters for the German General staff. The German army is now only 45 miles from Paris.

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, September 1, 1914

Philadelphia will have fair skies today with the high temperature reaching 90°. The low tonight will be 64°.

Contractors have been working on the excavation of the old Spring Garden Reservoir at the Green Street entrance to Fairmount Park. The workers have already removed 130,000 cubic yards of dirt and stone. When excavation is completed the site will be used for the construction of the new Municipal Art Gallery. The Park Commission has asked for a $1,000,000.00 appropriation to construct the gallery which will grace the new Parkway.

In entertainment, the Knickerbocker Theatre, 40th and Market Street, had a gala opening last night. The Theatre, owned by Marcus Loew, will hold 2400 patrons and is one of the prettiest theatres in the city. One of the “grand opening” acts last night was Irving Berlin (shown here) who performed 3 of his new songs.   Irving_Berlin_1906

In national news. it was learned today that President Wilson will seek a 2nd term in office. Prior to this time, Mr. Wilson had been reluctant to run again for office. But he now believes that the American people should be given the opportunity to decide if they approve of his administration through the voting box.

In baseball, the A’s beat Cleveland 9 to 3 at Shibe Park yesterday behind the pitching of Kennett Square’s own Herb Pennock.

In international news from Rome, a conclave began yesterday of the cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church to choose a new Pope. Fifty seven Cardinals are in attendance, 31 of which are Italians and 26 are from other countries


French forces are being driven back in northern France. British forces have also been forced to retreat from the Cambrai area. It is reported that 2 German armies are now within 85 miles of Paris. The French advance in Lorraine and the Vosges has been halted near Mortagne.

In the east, Germany reports it has taken 30,000 Russian prisoners in fighting around Tannenburg. The Austrian army reports victory over Russian forces at Krasnik in Poland and is forcing the Russians back toward Lublin.

Reports are that if Turkey decides to join the war on the side of Germany and Austria the Balkan states including Greece, Rumania, Serbia, Montenegro and Bulgaria have pledged to unite against Turkey. The Turkish Embassy in London has denied any reports that the country will enter the war.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, August 31, 1914

 Three boys were thrown from the side of the trolley car they were hanging onto and fell into a 25 foot open sewer ditch at 51st & Gray’s Ferry Avenue yesterday. Their screams and calls for help were heard by residents who pulled them from the hole. The boys, Charles McCann, 13 of 83 South 26th Street, James McCuen, 13 of 2622 Catherine Street suffered broken arms and other minor injuries. The third boy, Daniel Harley, 13 of 75th & Buist Street suffered a fractured skull and internal injuries and is not expected to survive.

Police from the 20th & Fitzwater station, at great risk to their lives, rescued 35 horses from a fire in the stable at 1611 Montrose Street yesterday afternoon. The horses belong to the Fidelity Storage & Warehouse Company. The cause of the fire is unknown but the flames were fed by the hay and straw stored on the 2nd floor of the building.

Dr. Richard Harte, Director of the Department of Public Health, said today that rats cause the loss of over $1,000,000 a year to the city. The loss is due to food they consume and also pollute with their excrement. Dr. Harte asks all citizens to help the city trap or destroy as many rats as possible.

In baseball, in Cincinnati yesterday the Phillies took a double header from the Reds. The Athletics took a trip down the shore to play an exhibition game against the Atlantic City team. The A’s won 8 to 5.


British and French forces continue to be driven back in the north of France. The British have reportedly lost close to 12,000 men. The allies’ lines now run through Labercies, La Cateau and Cambrai in France. In Paris, a German aeroplane flying over the city dropped 6 bombs near Gare de l’Est. Little damage was reported. The French Ministry of War has called up another 200,000 men.

Stories of the sacking, burning and destruction of Louvain (shown here) by the Germans are reaching Holland.Louvain-in-ruinsThe horror has turned many in the Netherlands who were formerly supporting the Germans or remaining neutral, to change their position. There are tales of citizens being rounded up and executed by firing squad and others of people locked in buildings which were then set afire. The screams of those burning could be heard for blocks around.

Also, the Germans have levied a war tax on the cities of Lille and Roubaix, France in the amount of $20,000,000 dollars.

In the east, 2 Russian armies are reported to be advancing north of Thorn, German and the other moving toward Lemberg in Galicia. However, the Germans have reported a victory over the Russians outside of Koenigsberg.

Today in Philadelphia – Sunday, August 30, 1914

The city will have fair skies today with the high reaching 79°.

It was announced today that a conference is planned for local businessmen next Thursday. The group will review plans to take advantage of gaps in trade with South American countries resulting from the war. Local manufacturing concerns believe there could be a tremendous boon to Philadelphia companies if businesses work together to exploit opportunities.

In tragic news, the body of a 6 month old boy was found yesterday on a lot at Hope Street & Indiana Avenue. Police are searching for the child’s parents. Police believe the parents may have been too poor to provide for funeral services for the child.

Mr. Rodman Wanamaker (shown here), son of John Wanamaker, has announced that he will see to the education of Indian boys at the Mercersburg Academy in Mercersburg, Pa.Rodman Wanamaker-locMr. Wanamaker said Indians are perfectly capable of utilizing a higher education, entering the professions and doing noble and philanthropic work. Once the boys finish their courses at Mercersburg, Mr. Wanamaker will facilitate their attending Princeton.

In baseball, the Reds beat Phillies 6 to 2 in Cincinnati. The Athletics defeated Cleveland 2 to 1 at Shibe Park.


The War Office in Paris today has issued an order that all villages and towns within a 34 mile circle of Paris be destroyed. The Ministry declared that this is to deny the Germans food, shelter or cover in the event of a siege of Paris. All persons living in the area are ordered to destroy their homes within the next 4 days. In the north, despite a noble defense the British army has retreated from Cambrai. The Germans have now occupied the town.

In the east, reports are that the German army under the command of General von Hindenburg (shown here), has defeated 5 Russian army corps south of Allenstein in East Prussia. von Hindenburg-locAlso the Austrians are reporting that they are driving the Russians back out of Galicia and are invading Poland.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, August 29, 1914

Rain will be in the forecast today with the high reaching 86°. The city sends its best wishes for a Happy Birthday to Murrell Dobbins (shown here), one of our community’s leading businessmen and former school board member and City Treasurer (Dobbins High School would be named after him). MurrellDobbins-002Also, the cornerstone was laid today for the new American Oncologic Hospital at 33rd & Powelton Avenue. The construction is expected to be completed within a year.

The Autocar Company of Ardmore has received an order for 150 army cars from one of the belligerent countries. The company has asked the State Department if completing the order would violate the Neutrality Act. The State Department advised as long as the cars are delivered in a non-belligerent country the act will not be violated.

The market basket report for the Reading Terminal was released today. Prices included: eggs at .33¢ a lbs.; rib roast at .30¢ a lbs.; catfish at .18¢ a lbs.; bacon at .26¢ a lbs.; pineapples at .20¢ apiece and bananas at .15¢ per dozen.

In New Orleans, the health department reported the city’s 21st case of bubonic plague yesterday. The victim is 84 year old Mary Jones, a Negress.

In baseball, in a rain shortened game today at Shibe Park the Chicago White Sox beat the A’s 8 to 5 in 6 innings. This despite the fact that Wally Schang (shown here), catcher, knocked out 2 home runs.Wally Schang-locIn amateur ball, the Southwark Field Club will host a double header this afternoon against the boys from Logan Square at Southwark’s 10th & Oregon field.


There appears to be a lull in the fighting along the lines in both Belgium and Northern France. But reports are that all armies are preparing for reengagement. British and French military spokesman admit their armies have been pushed back but state they are in good order and regrouping.

Reports are that the ancient city of Louvain, Belgium has been completely destroyed by the Germans. The Germans assert the city was burned to the ground as a military measure and in revenge for hostile acts of the population against German troops. The Germans have also levied a war tax on the Belgium province of Brabant equaling 3 million dollars.

In the North Sea the British Admiralty has announce that the Navy has sunk 2 German Cruisers and 2 German destroyers of Helgoland. In the east, the Russians have reportedly taken Tilsit in East Prussia and are within striking distance of Posen.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, August 28, 1914

The city will have cloudy overcast skies with rain throughout the day. The high temperature will reach 76°.

In crime news, the police and a local posse made up of men and boys from the neighborhood are searching for a man in the Oak Lane section of the city. The man is described as middle aged and shabbily dressed. He accosted one girl and attacked another outside the Northwood Cemetery.

At the seashore, Wildwood, New Jersey held its annual Baby Parade on the Boardwalk yesterday (shown here). One thousand babies participated. Music for the marchers was provided by the Wildwood Municipal Band.Wildwood Baby Parade jpg - EPL

In Washington, the House Rules Committee agreed on a bill to permit more autonomy for the Philippines and declared the intention of the United States to promote full independence for the islands. The bill is expected to pass the full house. Also, Secretary Bryan has advised that all American should leave Europe as quickly as possible. The Secretary cautioned that the war could cause great disruptions in transportation and Americans may become trapped on the continent.

In baseball, the Athletics beat the Chicago White Sox at Shibe Park 6 to 1. In Cincinnati the Phillies fell to the Reds 3 to 2.


Reports from France are that Paris is preparing for a siege. The Ministry of War is taking steps to convert Paris into an entrenched camp. In the north, the Germans have occupied Lille, Roubaix and Valenciennes in France across the Belgium border. The French also report that their offensive between Vosges and Nancy continues with success.

In the east, Russian forces are continuing their advance against the Germans in East Prussia. Reportedly the Germans have now retreated from Allenstein. Also, the Austrians report they have defeated two Russian corps of almost 200,000 men at Krasnik in Russian Poland. Finally, the Emperor of Austria has sent the children of assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand and the Duchess Sophie to Switzerland for the duration of the war.

 Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, August 27, 1914

The city will be under fair skies with a warm breeze. The high temperature will reach 80°.

The city’s Department of Health opened the rat receiving station at Delaware Avenue and Race Street. There will also be a rat patrol which will inspect all ships in port and will travel throughout the mostly poor, congested sections of the city in an attempt to eradicate the rat problem. A bounty is also offered for people to bring in rats to the station. The bounty is .05¢ for a live rat and .02¢ for a dead one. Also, an additional payment will be made of $10.00 if a rat infected with bubonic plague is brought in.

For the first time in city history, or so it is believed, a saloonkeeper has been required to pledge not to drink any liquor as long as he remains in the saloon business. John Conlon of 2801 North 9th Street was arrested on complaint of his wife. She charged that he drinks too often and sometimes beats her when he’s drunk. The Central Police Court ordered that give up alcohol in exchange for his release. His compliance will be monitored by police. His wife agreed to the conditions.

In sports, a 30 mile motorcycle race will be held tonight at the Motordrome in Point Breeze Park. Participants will include the current American champion George Wiley. In baseball, the Athletics beat the Chicago White Sox’s at Shibe Park yesterday with Bob Shawkey pitching the shutout.


 Fierce fighting is reported all along the Belgium lines. The French and British are reported to be retreating from Mons and Charleroi. Reports from Vienna are that Austria has severed diplomatic relations with Japan. In the east, the German army is retreating in East Prussia. However, Austria reports that its troops are advancing against the Russians on both sides of the Vistula River in Poland.

Prince Louis of Orleans-Braganza (shown here) has joined the British army. Prince Louis resigned his commission in the Austrian army to fight with the allies. The Prince is the pretender to the throne of the Empire of Brazil.


Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, August 26, 1914

Philadelphia will have partly cloudy skies today with the high reaching the mid 70s.

An enormous fire engulfed the Marine barracks at the Navy Yard last night. Potions of the buildings have either been completely destroyed or seriously damaged. Over 600 sailors and marines, including those from ships in port fought the blaze. City firemen were also called in to assist before the fire was finally brought under control. Crowds in South Philadelphia stood on Broad Street watching the flames light up the sky. The origin of the fire remains a mystery today.

Maestro Leopold Stokowski and his wife Olga Samaroff returned to the city today from their holiday in Germany. Mr. Stokowski spoke with reporters about the difficulties the couple experienced in leaving Germany and getting to England for their return trip. He also stated that although he is a British citizen, being born in London, his sympathies lie with Germany in the present conflict. He said that this was in respect to his Polish ancestry and with the depredations and oppression Poland has suffered under Russian domination.

In entertainment, the motion picture “The Wrath of the Gods” is at the Metropolitan. The story is about the love between an American sailor and a young Japanese woman and the breaking of a curse on her family through the acceptance of Christianity.  The_Wrath_of_the_Gods_poster Also, at the Stanley, the motion picture “The Escape” directed by D.W. Griffith is playing.


Reports are that the French army is in full retreat from all occupied territories in Belgium. The French have said they will fall back to the river Meuse to regroup. The French are also reported to be withdrawing from Alsace. The British are also in retreat. In the east, the Serbian government reports that all Austrian forces have been driven from Serbia.

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, August 25, 1914

There will be partly cloudy skies today with the high reaching 91°. In local news, several passengers were injured last night when the trolley car they were riding in jumped off the tracks, slid 50 feet and crashed into a pole at 19th and Lombard. The passengers became panicked when the doors would not open to allow escape. Police finally arrived and broke open the doors. Many passengers had cuts on their hands and face due to broken glass. The injured were taken to Polyclinic Hospital.

In news of the heart, Joseph Delquatro, 24 years old of 1008 Morris Street shot himself in the arm yesterday while trying to win back his beloved. Mr. Delquatro meant to scare his former fiancé Lena Estositio, 17 years old of 715 Kimball Street who had recently told him she did not want to elope with him and in fact no longer wanted to be engaged. Delquatro saw her this morning at 10th and Carpenter Streets and pleaded that she change her mind. When she refused he pulled the gun out to scare her into reconsidering but accidentally shot himself instead.

In sports, Miss Elaine Golding of this city (shown here) has won the Milo trophy in New York. Miss Golding took the swimming trophy by finishing first in the race from the Battery to Coney Island in just under 4 hours and 35 minutes. Golding-loc  In baseball, the Phillies beat the Pirates in Pittsburgh yesterday 3 to 2. The Athletics took a double header from the Browns at Shibe Park.


 Reports from Belgium are that an agreement has been reached regarding the fate of Brussels. The Germans have agreed to only pass through the city in exchange for food and lodging when needed and the garrisoning of 3000 troops there. Also in Belgium, Namur has fallen. Additionally, there is heavy fighting at Mons between British and German forces. In France, the unfortified town of Nancy has reportedly been taken by the Germans. In Upper Alsace there are reports of heavy fighting between the French and German armies in the Vosges Mountains. In the east, the Russians report they now occupy a 50 mile front inside German territory. And in the Pacific, Japan has commenced the bombardment of the area around the German held port city of Kiau-Chau in China.

 Today in Philadelphia – Monday, August 24, 1914

The city will have fair skies today but possible showers this evening. The high will reach 85°. In local news, Police were attacked yesterday by women when they attempted to arrest pushcart vendors at Kater and South Streets for selling without the proper license. The women barraged the police with fruit, vegetables and other missiles in an attempt to cover the getaway of their husbands, fathers, brothers and friends. Four vendors were arrested. None of the women were taken into custody.

A resolution was passed last night at the Irish-American Club at 726 Spruce Street. The pronouncement declared that the Irish will not fight for England and that it is Germany that is a true friend to the Irish people and to Ireland.

The University of Pennsylvania announced today that its new School of Education will open next month with Dr. Frank P. Graves as dean. The school will teach students the latest techniques and methods in classroom instruction. Across the river in Camden at the New York Shipbuilding Company the torpedo boat destroyer USS Ericsson was launched yesterday afternoon.


At Antwerp, Belgium reports are that the defensive arrangements for the city by the Belgium army is completed. Also, the Germans have offered to not fully occupy Brussels but to instead merely march through the city if they are paid the sum of $40,000,000. Reports from Paris and London state that French and British troops are engaged in a great battle with 7 German army corps on a front stretching from Mons to the frontier of Luxemburg.

In the east, Japan has declared war on Germany. In Tokyo last evening at 6:00pm the Japanese Emperor Taisho (shown here)  issued aEmperorTaishō-Wikiproclamation announcing that a state of war existed between the Empire of Japan and Germany. The Emperor also stated Japan would ally itself with Great Britain in accord with treaties between those two countries.

Today in Philadelphia – Sunday, August 23, 1914

Joseph Bates, a longtime beggar, was arrested by the mendicant unit at 16th & Locust yesterday. Although he will be serving a jail sentence he won’t have to do it alone. Bates is blind and paralyzed in one arm. Because of this he will be allowed to take his faithful companion, a Scotch terrier, to jail with him. Bates told the court the dog helps him through the day and to cope with life.

The Socialist Party of Philadelphia held their annual picnic and athletic outing at Point Breeze Park yesterday. The event included speeches, food, refreshments and track and field competitions as well as a motorcycle race. A good size crowd attended and a wonderful time had by all.

In entertainment, John Philip Sousa, “The March King” will begin an engagement at Willow Grove Park today. Mr. Sousa’s band will appear there until September 13. In baseball, the Phillies, behind the pitching of Erskine Meyer, defeated the Cubs 3 to 1 in Chicago. The Athletics split a doubleheader with the St. Louis Brown’s at Shibe Park.


 The latest reports from London and Paris are that the Germans have not yet occupied Ghent or Ostend. However, all correspondents report that an enormous battle is taking place along a front extending from Namur to Charleroi, Belgium. In the east, reports from St. Petersburg state that the Russian army is making great gains against the German army in East Prussia and the Austrians in Galicia. Also, the British government has issued an order that all British reservists living in the United States report to the Consular office nearest them. They are not yet required to join the active service but they are required to provide their contact information.

 Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, August 22, 1914

 There will be fair and sunny skies today with the high temperature reaching 84°. In local news, three boys, one age 15 and two aged 10 walked into the Trenton Avenue and Dauphin Street police station yesterday and voluntarily confessed to stealing milk, bread and newspapers from doorsteps in the neighborhood. The boys said they were members of the “Young Red Sweater Gang”. They told police that their conscience bothered them and they wanted help. Lt. Shultz of the station did not arrest the boys but ordered them to report to the station every Friday and to keep a daily dairy of their actions to show him while he conducted an investigation.

A battle was fought in a waterfront saloon at Delaware and Washington Avenue last night between the English and Belgian crew of the steamship Manitou and German seamen in port on another vessel. Alcohol helped fuel the argument as to which country was responsible for starting the war. The Germans drove the English and Belgians out of the bar, down the street and back to their ship. Police arrived but no arrests were made.

In International news, the body of Pope Pius X lay in his pontifical robes in the Chapel of the Blessed Sacrament in St. Peter’s Basilica today (shown here). The Pope will be buried in the crypt under the altar next to the body of Pope Pius VI.

Pope Pius X lying in state - Wiki


In Belgium, German forces have occupied Gent and Ostend while Namur is under siege. The German army is now in control of Brussels. Also, in southern Belgium the French have suffered a catastrophic loss near the village of Rossignol at what is being called the Battle of the Frontiers. The French lost 27,000 soldiers killed in one day. [This would be the single bloodiest day for the French army in WWI and in fact in its entire history.] In Alsace-Lorraine the German army is on the offensive and French forces are in retreat.

In the east, Russia announced it now has 500,000 troops on German soil and plans on sending another 300,000 men into Germany soon. And Japan has given Germany until 4:00am tomorrow to respond to its ultimatum. Japan has also asked the United States to look after its affairs in Berlin should the two countries go to war.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, August 21, 1914

There will be overcast skies today with thunderstorms expected later in the afternoon. Today’s high will reach 90°. In local news, the widow of Stonewall Jackson, General of the Confederacy, was in our city today. Mrs. Mary Morrison Jackson (shown here) is traveling through the city to her home and stopped for a visit at Kensington Hospital for Women where her nephew is a physician.

Mrs. Stonewall Jackson - Wiki

A large bull escaped its owner yesterday at Broad and Snyder Streets and took off down Passyunk Avenue sending pedestrians into a panic. The bull’s owner Mr. K.F. Jernon of Magazine Lane said the bull was spooked by the sound of a motorcycle. The bull was finally stopped at Morris Street by Philip Cardon when he grasped the rope around its neck and brought it to a halt. Unfortunately, the bull turned on the 15 year old Mr. Cardon and kicked him, breaking the boy’s leg. Young Mr. Cardon was taken to St. Agnes Hospital for treatment.

In sports, Mrs. Burton P. Gray of Boston took the championship in the women’s competition of the Archery Tournament at Merion Cricket Club. In baseball, the Athletics beat the Tigers for the third straight time 3 to 1. Unfortunately, the club lost the services of catcher Jack Lapp when he broke his hand during the game. The Phillies also won in St. Louis, beating the Cardinals 1 to 0.

In national news, President Wilson has cancelled his planned vacation which was to start this weekend. Due to the events in Europe, The President has decided to remain in Washington.


A total lunar eclipse today put all of Europe in darkness for a time today. Some were suggesting it is a sign of things to come. King Albert of Belgium arrived in Antwerp this morning. The entire Belgium government has now been established in that city. The Belgium army has evacuated Brussels and is also moving toward Antwerp for what is believed will be a final defense of that Country. In the East, Russian forces have reported that they have taken the prosperous manufacturing town of Lyck in East Prussia.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, August 20, 1914

From Rome, Italy word is received that His Holiness, Pope Pius X (shown here) has died.  Pius X -loc The Pontiff’s last words were said to have been “Together in one; All in Christ.” The cause of death is said to be from bronchitis, a weak heart and exhaustion from his work to end the war. The Pope was 80 years old. Pope Pius was born Giuseppe Sarto on June 2, 1835 in a small town near Venice. Pius X began his Pontificate on August 9, 1903. Funeral arrangements were not yet announced.

In local crime news, two white men, Edward Miller & Benjamin Lichtenstein of 1431 North 10th Street, attempted to punish a Negro, Lewis Johnson, for pushing a white woman the two men were walking with near 10th & Columbia. Johnson fought back and pulled out a knife, stabbing the two men. When police arrived Johnson was arrested and is now being held on $1,000.00 bail for further hearing.

Leaders of Philadelphia’s 70,000 strong Polish communities met yesterday evening. Discussion was had about the Czar’s offer of autonomy for Poland in exchange for its loyalty to Russia in the war. Wikter Dorazowski, secretary-general of the Polish Alliance said that although he hopes the Czar will keep his promise, after 200 years of oppression it is difficult to believe.

In entertainment news the Municipal Band will be appearing in Gorgas Park, Roxborough tonight. The Philadelphia Band will be at Convention Hall at Broad Street and Allegheny Avenue. In baseball, the Athletics beat Detroit 7 to 6 at Shibe Park. The Phillies Cardinals game in St. Louis was rained out.


Reports are that the French offensive in Alsace has been stopped by the Germans. In Belgium the German army is moving toward Louvain and Antwerp. Also, the Austrians are mobilizing their forces along the country’s border with Italy. In the East, Germany has rejected Japan’s ultimatum to withdraw its forces from the Chinese port city of Kiau-Chau and Chinese and Japanese waters. It is believed that Germany’s rejection will mean war with Japan.

In Ottawa, Canada the Canadian Parliament today endorsed Great Britain’s participation in the war and pledged full Canadian support.

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, August 19, 1914

The weather today will be cloudy with possible showers. The high temperature will reach 93° making this the hottest August 19th on record.

An attempted holdup in a saloon last night at 1216 South 2nd Street turned into an old west style shootout. At about 12:40am 3 men with drawn pistols entered the bar and ordered the 5 patrons to “throw up their hands”. The robbers immediately shot off their guns in the air and began collecting booty from the customers. But the saloonkeeper, August Leistrum, went behind the bar, pulled out a rifle and returned fire. One robber was shot and the others fled the scene taking with them 1 pencil, 1 cigar cutter and some small change. The saloon’s patrons had money on their persons but the thieves never got to them due to Leistrum’s actions. The wounded thief is not expected to survive.

The USS Nicholson (shown here) was launched today at Cramps Shipyard to cheering crowds. The Nicholson is the newest torpedo boat destroyer and is named after a distinguished American naval family.USSNicholsonDD52 - Wiki

In sports, the 37th annual Tournament of the American Archery Association begins today at the Merion Cricket Club in Haverford. This is the first time the tournament has been held there. Both men and women will compete for trophies (shown here).The competition will continue through the week.Archery Meet 2 - locIn baseball, the Athletics split a doubleheader with the Detroit Tigers yesterday. The Phillies lost to the Cardinals in St. Louis 6 to 1. Also in baseball the young Red Sox pitcher George Ruth was transferred to the Providence Club of the International League today to work on his speed.


Reports are that Brussels, Belgium has fallen to the German army. On the Alsace-Lorraine front the French are said to have made great gains and are sweeping up the Rhine River toward Metz.

In Rome, Pope Pius X is said to be in serious condition and Vatican officials have asked for prayers for his return to health.

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, August 18, 1914

Philadelphia will have partly cloudy skies today but will also be very warm with the high reaching 91°. One hundred and three men tested eligible for the position of police patrolmen according to a list released today by the Department of Public Safety. The men will remain eligible for appointment for up to 3 years. Druggist opened their annual convention at the Bellevue today. The exhibit drawing the most attention was ice cream made with Horlick’s malted milk. Many druggists were impressed that ice cream could be made so smooth and tasty with the product.   Horlick's Malted Milk

In entertainment, Gus Edwards’ “Kid Kabaret” will be appearing at Keith’s Theatre. The troop, made up of teenagers and younger children, sing, dance and perform comedy sketches as though they were old Vaudeville hands. At the Nixon Grand, 17 year old Orville Stamm (shown here), “The Boy Hercules”, will be performing feats of strength for the audience.Orville Stamm


Belgium has moved its seat of government to Antwerp. Also, more troops have been moved to defend Brussels and large battles have raged today between allied and German forces. French causalities are reported as very heavy in the battles being fought between Namur and Dinant. It is also reported that Austrian forces have joined the Germans there.

In Rome, it is reported that Pope Pius X is very ill. The Pope suffered a heart attack last year and it is said by some that since the beginning of the war he has fallen into a deep melancholy which has drained his strength.

In the east, the Czar will sign a proclamation giving Hebrews equal civil and political rights in Russia. And Japan has announced that any action it feels necessary to take against Germany will not extend beyond the China Sea.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, August 17, 1914

The city will see partly cloudy skies today with the high reaching 88°. A series of explosions along Delaware Avenue last night blew 7 manhole covers as much as 30 feet into the air. The heavy metal covers narrowly missed people returning on the Pennsylvania Railroad Ferry at Market Street from their seashore vacations. It is thought a buildup of gas in the underground lines was ignited by a spark from a passing train which caused the chain reaction.

Miss Dora Keen (shown here) of this city, the well-known mountain climber and explorer has reached Alaska with her party. She intends to explore part of the Chugach Mountains and the source of the Harvard and Bryn Mawr glaciers.  Dora Keen-Wiki

In baseball, the Phillies met a semi pro team called the “S and S” in Detroit yesterday. The Phillies beat “S and S” 5 to 0.


Reports are that the last fort protecting Liege, Belgium has fallen. Also, German forces are sweeping along the Meuse River Valley south of Namur and have reached Dinant, Belgium. The French army is reportedly in place to meet them. France has announced that its army is in possession of all the passes of the Vosges Mountains in the Alsace region. The French army is also said to be taking offensive action along the front line from Luneville to Saareburg on the German Frontier.

In the east, Japan has sent an ultimatum to Germany demanding its withdrawal of all warships in Japanese and Chinese waters. Japan has also demanded Germany evacuate the city of Kiau-Chau which is located on the western coast of the East China Sea. Germany has leased the city from China since 1898. Japan’s ultimatum is thought to be a precursor to a declaration of war.

Today in Philadelphia – Sunday, August 16, 1914

 Michael Denanno, known as the “King of the Mendicants” was arrested yesterday at 5th & Girard for begging. Denanno is an armless beggar well known to police in that area where he has been begging for 20 years. When arrested it was found he had $20,000 dollars. Police also visited one of the 3 homes he owns at 15th & Tasker Streets. Inside they found it sumptuously furnished with velvet rugs an expensive player piano and other fine musical instruments. Denanno has never denied his wealth saying to the Magistrate yesterday he never asks for money. People see his pitiful appearance and donate to him out of their own generosity. Denanno came to America 30 years ago from Italy. While working at a stone quarry in Wayne, Pennsylvania an explosion took of both his arms.

The City’s Bureau of Health released the weekly mortality report yesterday. It reported 470 deaths last week of which 158 were children and infants.

In sports, Shannahan Catholic Club won the Championship of the Catholic Young Men’s Archdiocesan Union yesterday at a track and field meet at 44th & Parkside Avenue. It was Shannahan’s 4th straight year taking home the trophy. In baseball, the Phillies were crushed by the Dodgers in both ends of a doubleheader at Ebbets Field, 8 to4 and 13 to 5. The Athletics beat the Senators at Shibe Park 6 to 0.


 An enormous battle is expected between the French and German armies along a 266 mile front from Sarrebourg to Luneville in Lorraine. The battle between the armies may be the largest in the history of warfare. In Belgium, The King has declared he will stay with his troops at the front and die with them if necessary to prevent the German occupation of Brussels. Also there are reports that German troops around Liege are so demoralized that many are committing suicide by jumping into the River Meuse.

In the east 400,000 Austrian troops have been repulsed by the Serbs in their assault on the city of Nish, Serbia. Also in Russia, Grand Duke Nicholas (shown below), commander in chief of the Russian armies, has told the Poles that is they remain loyal they will be given autonomy after the war and freedom of religion and language.Grand Duke Nicholas-loc

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, August 15, 1914

There will be fair and sunny skies today with the high temperature reaching 84°. Three thousand employees of Cramps Shipbuilding Company signed a petition to Congress opposing a bill that would allow the United States to buy merchant vessels of other nations and incorporating them into the merchant fleet. The petition states such a law would have a paralyzing effect on shipbuilding here and throw thousands of men out of work.

Bishop McCort will officiate tomorrow at the laying of the cornerstone for the church of the Mater Dolorosa at Paul & Ruan Streets in Frankford. The ceremony will begin at 3:30pm and be conducted in both English and Italian.

It appears the Italian Consulate at 717 Spruce Street has been secretly registering reservists at the rear door on Manning Street between Spruce and Locust. Yesterday 150 men were seen standing by the back entrance. Officials at the Consulate deny any knowledge of such activity. It is unclear why such registration would be kept secret since there is no prohibition under United States law from doing so.

Prices at the Reading Terminal were released today. Some of the available meats, fruits and vegetables are Baked Ham for .50¢ lbs., Beef Bologna at .20¢ lbs., Salmon at .35¢ lbs., California oranges for .50¢ dozen, watermelon for .25¢, and lettuce for .08¢ per head.

Yesterday, the Phillies beat the Dodgers at Ebbets Field 8 to 7. The Phillies needed 2 runs in the 9th to get the win. Earlier in the game a terrible collision at home plate may have ended the season of Brooklyn shortstop Ollie O’Mara (shown here). O’Mara tried to steal home Ollie O'Mara - locover Phillies catcher Bill Killifer but in the meeting broke his leg. It’s reported the snapping of the bone could be heard throughout the park.


It is reported that German artillery has begun concentrating its fire on the Liege forts on the west side of the river Meuse. German reports are that Russian forces have virtually evacuated Poland and are regrouping further east. Also in the east, the army of Montenegro aided by Herzegovinians has reportedly invaded Austria.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, August 14, 1914

Philadelphia will have partly cloudy skies today with a high of 83°. Frank Klodowsky of 721 North 8th Street appeared in Magistrate’s court today on charges of theft. He was arrested for unlawfully retaining the household goods of his wife. Klodowsky’s wife brought the charge. However, Klodowsky explained to the judge that he thought his wife was dead. A neighbor appeared on his behalf and explained he had even been asked to arrange her funeral. Klodowsky told the judge he was very happy to hear his wife was alive and he would be happy to return the items to her. He said he had kept them all in the basement of his home, lovingly wrapped. The judge said he would continue the case pending further investigation.

In baseball, the Athletics beat the Senators 7 to 0 behind the superb pitching of Bob Shawkey who only surrendered 2 hits. The Phillies lost to the Dodgers 3 to 0 at Ebbets field.

In national news, Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Franklin Delano Roosevelt (shown here)  announced today his intention to seek the nomination of the Democratic Party for the office of United States Senator from New York. FDR 1915 - loc


The British Foreign Office announced today that a state of war existed between Great Britain and Austria. The Austrian Ambassador to Great Britain was given his passport in London and is making arrangements to leave the country. Also, the Netherlands has assured France that it intends to remain neutral.

It is reported that a one million man German army is now along a 200 mile front from Louvain, Belgium through Luxemburg to the Swiss-Alsace frontier. It is also reported that Italy has amassed 200,000 troops along its Austrian-Swiss border.

Fighting between German and Belgium forces at Diest lasted the entire day yesterday. The 7,000 Belgians held off a 10,000 strong German army. France suffered serious reverses at Mulhausen in Alsace yesterday where they faced a German army that outnumbered them by 4 to 1.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, August 13, 1914

There will be fair skies today with the high temperature reaching 81°. Yesterday afternoon police arrested Francisco Spizzeri of 1211 Wharton Street on the charge of theft of 2 diamond rings worth $350.00. However, he wasn’t taken away until after the pool game he was playing finished. Spizzeri was found at the pool hall at 10th & Arch playing in a game for the championship of Arch Street. The crowd at the hall pleaded with the police to let the contest finish. Not wanting to disappoint them and being sportsmen themselves the officers agreed and watched the game for over an hour before removing Spizzeri, who lost the game.

In entertainment, Hugh Dougherty (show here), one of the most famous of the old time minstrels will be appearing at Keith’s Theater tonight only. Dougherty is considered one of the best of the old black faced comedians. Dougherty - pds.lib.harvard.eduIn baseball, the Phillies-Pittsburgh game was rained out yesterday. The Athletics are playing in Canada where they lost to the Hamilton team 5 to 4. However, the day there was not without fun for the A’s. Before the game the team was paraded through the town in automobiles led by a bagpipe band of kilted Scots.

In national news, the British Admiralty has informed American officials that the western Atlantic is now safe for merchant shipping. The Admiralty stated British cruisers will protect the trade routes.


Germany appears to be commencing a new phase of operations in Belgium by moving large forces of the army north of Liege and into the heart of Belgium. But fighting still goes on for control of the forts around Liege. King Albert has left Brussels to join the army at its headquarters in Louvain.

The Kaiser has stated that he held back large portions of the German army at Liege to lessen possible civilian casualties. The German War Ministry has also forcefully denied that the army suffered 20,000 casualties at Liege thus far.

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, August 12, 1914

Thunderstorms are expected though the city and area today with the high temperature reaching 84°.

Police are looking for the thief who stole a horse and wagon from outside a store at 10th & Market Streets. Police traced the wagon to a fertilizer plant at Front & Snyder Streets and demanded the horse from the proprietor. The owner of the plant told them the horse was sold to him by a colored man who claimed the animal was old and rundown. The plant owner gave the man $5.00 for the horse. He then turned the horse into fertilizer.

Also in crime news, the 2 men who attempted to rob the Navy Yard Post Office appeared in court this morning for a bail hearing. Their real names are James Cross & Ralph Ganurie of 8th & Green Streets. Both men have long criminal records. Bail was set at $10,000.00.

In national news, Mrs. Wilson was buried today in Rome, Georgia beside her parents. A group of about 800 friends and family attended the short service.

In baseball, the Phillies beat the Pirates 5 to 4. The Athletics will be playing 2 exhibition games in Canada against teams from Brantford and Hamilton, Ontario.


The German army is now within 30 miles of Brussels and 10 mile of Louvain, where the main Belgium army is located. A major battle is certain. Liege still remains in Belgian control. It is also reported that the Germans have filled trucks with Belgian civilians and placed them on the Pont Neuf over the Meuse River as shielding for the Germans to prevent Belgian artillery from firing at them. Reports from Alsace are that the Germans have stopped the French advance. The French have also evacuated the unfortified town of Muelhausen.

Switzerland has offered to convert the entire country into a Red Cross camp and receive and care for soldiers of all nations if its neutrality is guaranteed. Also, from England the Duchess of Sutherland (shown here)  has joined the Red Cross as a nurse and has left for Belgium.Duchess of Sutherland-loc

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, August 11, 1914

Services were held yesterday in the East Room of the White House for Mrs. Wilson. At the conclusion of the service, the First Lady’s body was taken to Union Station for the trip to Rome, Georgia where she will be buried beside her mother and father. The body was accompanied by the President and his daughters, their husbands and other close family friends.

Locally, 892 Italian residents of the city left yesterday afternoon on the Italian Line steamship Ancona. The details surrounding the sailing are shrouded in secrecy and none of those leaving yesterday would speak about the purpose of the trip. However, it is believed the men intend to enlist in the Italian army.

In entertainment news, the wonderful singer Grace Edmond (shown here) will be appearing at Keith’s Theater with the Meistersingers Minstrels this week.Grace Edmond 1Also, The Metropolitan Opera House at Broad & Poplar Streets will begin its season of motion picture presentation prior to the opening of the grand opera season. There will be 2 showings daily.

In baseball yesterday, the Athletics beat the Cleveland Naps 5 to 1 for their fourth straight victory. The Phillies lost to the Pirates 4 to 2.


From Belgium it is reported French troops have reached Liege and are attempting to outflank the Germans and cut off any retreat. Also in Belgium, 600 German spies have been arrested throughout the country and yesterday it is reported 100 were executed.

In Upper Alsace a major battle is reported between French and German armies between the towns of Colmar and Neu Breisach. In London, the Austrian ambassador has still not left the city, leaving unsettled the question of whether Great Britain and Austria Hungry will formerly declare war against one another.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, August 10, 1914

Thunderstorms will be moving through the area today. But it will remain warm with the high temperature reaching 85°.

Two daring yeggmen dynamited their way into the post office building at the Navy Yard on League Island last night in an attempt to steal thousands of dollars’ worth of stamps. The explosion was heard by marines on duty and a pursuit was started for 2 men seen carrying mail sacks. The hunt covered almost the entire Island. Hundreds of shots were fired at the criminals and they returned fire. Over one hundred marines and sailors joined the search and were eventually assisted by Philadelphia mounted police. The pair were finally routed into a meadow surrounding the yard and captured by police from the 4th & Snyder station. They identified themselves as James Reynolds, 37 years old, of Franklin & Green Streets and Jack Carron of 8th & Green Street.

Last night Germans of this city met at the German Society of Philadelphia, Marshall & Spring Garden Street, to show moral and financial support for their countrymen in Europe. Speakers addressed the crowd of about 800 and asked for donations for wounded soldiers and the families of those soldiers killed in the fighting. One speaker, Dr. C.J. Hexamer (shown here), President of the National German American Alliance said he was saddened by the unsympathetic attitude many Americans have shown toward Germany in this conflict.Dr. C.J. Hexamer - locHe blamed such attitudes on the slanted press reports which favor England. Many in the crowd blamed the war on the jealousy of other Europeans nations toward Germany’s prosperity and way of life. About $12,000 was collected in donations.

In baseball yesterday the A’s beat the Cleveland Naps 10 to 5 behind the pitching of Eddie Plank. the Phillies were idle.


The German army surrounding Liege appears to be waiting for reinforcements to outflank the defenders and take the city. The forts surrounding the city are still in Belgium control. It is reported that the Kaiser’s nephew, Prince George of Prussia, has been captured by the Belgians.

Under General Joffre, French forces have continued their move through lower Alsace and have captured more towns. Losses on that front are estimated at 30,000 Germans and 15,000 French killed or wounded. In the east, Montenegro has joined with Serbia in its war against Austria. King Nicholas of Montenegro and King Peter of Serbia are both at the head of their armies and hope to meet and join forces at Niksic, Montenegro.

Today in Philadelphia – Sunday, August 9, 1914

The city will be under partly cloudy skies today and very hot. The high temperature will reach 94°. The Northeast Boulevard will open today. This road will connect Broad Street with the northeastern section of the city. The Boulevard will run for 7 miles from Broad and Cayuga Streets to Rhawn Street in Holmesburg. Construction on the boulevard began in 1903 and it is estimated that when fully completed it will have cost over $3,000,000.00. The City also released last week’s mortality report. There were 503 deaths in the city with 171 of those being infants.

Thirteen special trolley cars carried 1500 poor children from all sections of the city to Fairmount Park for a day of games, amusement rides, fun and ice cream. The outing was organized by the Lemon Hill Association. At the seashore, Ocean City, New Jersey will hold a Venetian Carnival on its bay tonight. The participating boats will be decorated to look like the gondolas that ply the canals of Venice.

In sports, at the National Regatta being held on the Schuylkill River, hundreds of spectators watched the Vesper Club and University Barge Club bring home victories in two of the races. The Vesper Club’s John B. “Jack” Kelly (shown here) took the win in the senior single sculls.JBK Sr-1920 In baseball yesterday, the Athletics defeated Cleveland 5 to 4. The Phillies lost to the Pirates 4 to 3.


British troops have landed in France and Belgium. 20,000 British soldiers landed at Ostend, Calais and Dunkirk yesterday. Additionally, the British colonies of Australia, New Zealand and Canada have formally offered their armed forces to Britain. The British government has accepted their offer. And Portugal’s Parliament has declared that it will fight on the side of Great Britain if asked. French forces have taken the city of Muelhausen in Alsace-Lorraine.

From Belgium there have come reports that Liege has not yet fallen. The Belgium ministry of war said yesterday that Germany has lost 15,000 soldiers killed, 5,000 wounded and 5,000 captured in the siege. It also reported that 800 Belgium soldiers had been killed. This figure does not include civilian deaths. Around 120,000 German soldiers remain around Liege.

In the east, 40,000 German troops have invaded Russia, landing at Ekenas, Finland. Austrian forces have also invaded Russia sending 160,000 men across the Galician frontier.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, August 8, 1914

The city will see cloudy skies with possible showers. The high temperature will reach 88°.

In local news, the Reading Terminal Market released its current the prices for meats, fruits and vegetables on sale now at the market. Some items include: boiling chicken for .45¢ lbs.; duck for .25¢ lbs; leg of mutton for .18¢ lbs; string beans for .20¢ ½ peck; and bananas at .15¢ a dozen.

In entertainment, vaudeville actor Arthur Geary (shown here on far right in costume) appearing at the Nixon Theater, received the newsArthur Geary in Costumethat he had been called back to duty in England during the intermission of his matinee performance yesterday. Mr. Geary is retired from the British military but had served as a sergeant with the Tenth Hussar Regiment during the Boer War.

In sports, at the National Regatta on the Schuylkill River the western clubs have captured most of the victories. Our own Vesper Club was the only local winner in the senior double sculls. In baseball, the Phillies beat the Reds 2 to 0 behind a great performance by Grover Cleveland Alexander. The Athletics defeated the Cleveland Naps 4 to 0 with big Chief Bender getting the win.

In national news, it was announced today that funeral services for Mrs. Wilson will be held Monday in the East Room of the White House. The First Lady will be buried in Myrtle Hill Cemetery in Rome, Georgia near her childhood home. Services at the cemetery will be private. Messages of sympathy have poured in from around the world to the President and his family including from the heads of Europe. In Philadelphia, Mayor Blankenburg has ordered all flags on city buildings to be flown at half-mast as a sign of support and sympathy for the President and his family


The Belgium resistance to the German invasion has amazed the world. Reports are that the German army has now entered the city of Liege. The Belgium army is now engaging in street to street fighting. Many historic buildings in the city have been destroyed by German artillery. It is estimated that the Germans have lost 25,000 men killed and wounded in the fight to take the city. French forces are moving toward Belgium to join the fighting. Also, it is reported that a French army of 400,000 is moving toward Germany. In the east, Austrian artillery is continuing the bombardment of Belgrade, Serbia.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, August 7, 1914

Philadelphia will see fair and sunny skies today with the high temperature reaching 87°.


Mrs. Ellen Wilson - loc

Mrs. Ellen Axson Wilson died yesterday at 5:00pm with the President and her 3 daughters at her side. Mrs. Wilson had been ill for the last 4 months but the extent of her illness had been kept a secret. The official cause of her death is Bright’s disease. At the end, Mrs. Wilson’s thoughts went to her husband and the poor of Washington D.C. for whom she had tirelessly worked. She asked her husband to work to pass the alley bill. That bill is presently in congress and would eliminate the alley slums in Washington D.C. and build modern housing for the poor. Mrs. Wilson had engaged in philanthropic work for the poor since becoming First Lady. Finally, with her last words she asked her daughters to look after their father.

In the Senate, the announcement of Mrs. Wilson’s death was made by Senator Kern of Indiana from the floor. Upon hearing this news the Vice President of the United States, sitting as President of the Senate, adjourned the body. Word was also relayed to the House of Representatives and the news read by Representative Underwood of Alabama to the body. A resolution was adopted unanimously expressing the members’ deep regret and sympathy after which the House was adjourned.

In local sports news, the National Regatta begins today on the Schuylkill River. Crews are coming from all over the country to compete through the weekend. Of course, Philadelphia’s own Schuylkill Navy teams will be represented. In baseball, the Phillies lost to the Reds 4 to 2. The Athletics were idle today.


German artillery is besieging Liege, Belgium. The ancient fortifications of Liege have held the Germans back for 36 hours. The Belgians are putting up a staunch fight. It has been reported that the British fleet is driving back German warships to the Dutch coast. Sea battles are reported up and down the Atlantic Ocean and in the North Sea.

In Berlin, it is reported that the Kaiser has ordered the execution of 100 socialist deputies, including the Socialist leader Herr Liebknecht. Reports from the eastern front are that German and Austrian forces may have captured Warsaw, the capitol of Russian Poland.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, August 6, 1914

There will be fair skies throughout the area today with the high temperature reaching 79°.

Little Miss Ida Gummel, age 2, of 1310 North Franklin Street won the title of prettiest baby at the annual picnic of the Retail Grocers Association of Philadelphia at Woodside Park today. The Retail Grocers Association is one of the City’s largest groups with 25,000 members. Other winners included fattest baby, won by Thomas Ward of 6040 Rhinehard Street and the prettiest twins which went to Helen and Margaret Nagel of 910 North 13th Street. All the winners were given prizes including a $5.00 gold piece. The choosing of the winners capped a day of parades, music and fun.

In baseball, the Phillies beat the Reds 5 to 0. The Athletics beat the White Sox 7 to 4.

In national news, President Wilson formerly offered his services to the European countries to act as a mediator in the conflict. The President stated he was making the offer under Article 3 of the Hague Convention to which the United States is a signatory. Also in Washington, it is reported that Mrs. Wilson is gravely ill. She has been suffering for the last 4 months from a number of illnesses as well as Bright’s disease which has greatly sapped her strength. She is being attended to by her daughters and the President.


Reports are that the German army has met stiff resistance from Belgium forces. There are also reports the Germans have been pushed back in some areas. At Liege, the Germans are said to have massed 100,000 troops but have suffered thousands of dead and wounded. It is also reported that 2 Belgium towns, Argenteau and Vise have been overrun by the Germans and burned to the ground.

In London, the streets were filled with citizens parading, signing and waving the Union Jack. And an untold number of people filled the grounds outside Buckingham Palace waiting to see the King. At 8:00 pm His Majesty appeared on the Palace balcony with Queen Mary, The Prince of Wales (shown here)  and Princess Mary and greeted the crowd. Edward, Prince of Wales - loc

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, August 5, 1914

Skies will be sunny today with the high reaching 78°. In local news, James Dougherty, 45 years old of 111 North 53rd Street was sentenced to 10 days in jail today. He was charged with annoying Miss Anna Montagle of 242 North Felton Street at the moving picture show at 4th & Market streets. Miss Montagle testified that she asked Dougherty numerous times to leave her alone but he would not stop. So she called police and had him arrested.

Also today, 23 candidates for the position of teacher passed their examinations and were ruled qualified for the positions. They will be paid $80.00 per month. Additionally, 17 assistant male teachers were also ruled qualified. They will receive $65.00 per month. In other education news Mr. George W. Schock, the oldest school teacher in the city celebrated his 89th birthday yesterday at his home on Mechanic Street near Thomas Mill Road in Roxborough. Professor Schock teaches mathematics at Central High School.

In baseball, Gavvy Cravath’s 11th inning home run gave the Phillies the win over the Reds, 4 to 3. The Athletics beat the White Sox in Chicago 5 to 4.

In National News, President Wilson signed yesterday a formal Neutrality Proclamation, declaring to the world that the United States will maintain strict neutrality regarding the European conflict.


 Last evening in London, Great Britain formerly declared war on Germany. Prime Minister Asquith told Parliament that Germany’s rejection of Britain’s request that Belgium neutrality be respected forced His Majesty’s government to take this step. Throughout Britain a sort of martial law has now been imposed. It has also been confirmed that the German army has invaded Belgium.

In Belgium last evening, King Albert (shown here) spoke to both houses of the Parliament stating, King Albert - loc “Our Fatherland is in danger. Let me make an appeal to you my brothers. At this supreme hour the entire nation must be of one mind… that we will maintain untarnished the sacred patriotism of our fathers. Long live Independent Belgium.” With that the entire assembly rose to their feet in applause while shouting “Long Live Independent Belgium.”

Meanwhile, the German Kaiser in a speech to the German Imperial Parliament yesterday stated the fault of the war rests solely with the Tsar of Russia for standing against Austria’s legitimate designs in Serbia. Additionally, 100,000 German troops in 3 columns are advancing into France through Luxemburg.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, August 4, 1914

Philadelphia will have sunny skies today with the high temperature reaching 78°. Here in Philadelphia, room 687 of City Hall was extremely busy yesterday and today. That is the room of the Clerk of Quarter Session Court were naturalization papers are applied for and issued. The clerks reported that Russian applicants were the largest group followed by Austrians and Hungarians. There were only a few Englishman seeking naturalization along with 1 Frenchman and 1 Belgium.

Over 1,000 men appeared at the German Consulate on West Washington Square today offering to enlist. About 100 men also went to the Austrian Consulate at 806 Spruce Street seeking enlistment and over 100 Frenchmen attempted to enlist at that country’s consulate at 524 Walnut Street.

Wanamaker’s is having a large furniture sale this week using the advertising slogan “While Europe Turmoils with War, Americans Will Go on Building Homes and Filling Them With Good furniture.” Men’s straw hats are also on sale for $1.50 each.

In national news, President Wilson advised Americans to maintain cool heads and exhibit the calmness and steadiness of purpose which will help the rest of the world. The President also said there is no cause for alarm for America.

In baseball yesterday, the Athletics fell to the White Soxs in Chicago 9 to 8. Here, The Phillies beat the Cubs 5 to 1.


The British government today assured France that it will not permit the German Fleet to attack the French coast. However, His Majesty’s government also stated it has not pledged any army to fight in a continental war. The German embassy is reportedly trying its utmost to keep Britain neutral. The embassy has given Britain assurances that the German Fleet will not attack the northern or western French coast. The Britain government has also formed a war cabinet and named Lord Kitchener  (shown here) War Minister.Kitchener - loc2However, Sir Edward Grey told Parliament today that this is not a declaration of war by Britain and that the country will continue to press for peace.

In France, in what may be the first major engagement of the war the German Uhlan cavalry attacked French Custom Guards at Petit Croix today. It is reported the Uhlans were driven back and suffered heavy casualties under machine gun fire from the French.

Italy declared today that it intends to remain neutral in this conflict notwithstanding certain treaty agreements it has with Germany and Austria. The Italian government stated that it interprets the actions of Germany and Austria-Hungry to be offensive and not defensive as the treaty provisions prescribe.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, August 3, 1914

Philadelphia will be warm today with partly cloudy skies and a high temperature of 81°.

Here in the city a large meeting of Serbian residents took place last night at the Croatian Protective Society, 1938 Germantown Avenue. Many of the Serbs attending expressed their willingness to return to their homeland and fight. The evening also included the signing of religious hymns and patriotic songs.

At the seashore off North Wildwood, New Jersey, William J. Bate, a fisherman, had his left hand bitten off by a shark yesterday. The 4 foot shark was caught in Bate’s net and when he tried to free it the shark turned on him and mangled his hand.

In entertainment, at the Garrick theater, Juniper & Chestnut Streets, the moving picture “John Barleycorn” opens today. The picture is based on the semi-autobiographical book by Jack London and stars Hobart Bosworth (shown here) Hobart Bosworth

In baseball, the Athletics beat the White Sox’s 5 to 2 behind the pitching of Bob Shawkey.

 War News from Europe


100,000 German soldiers crossed through neutral Luxemburg into France near Cirey between the cities of Nancy and Strasbourg. No declaration of war was declared or proffered by German representatives to the French government. The troops are said to be moving quickly toward Paris. The government of Great Britain has formerly inquired of the German government as to whether it will respect Belgium neutrality. The Germans have replied that at this time they are unable to answer such a question.

Russian forces have reportedly invaded Germany near Schwinden and Eichenreid.

French and British military reservists currently residing in the United States have been called home by their respective governments. King Nicholas of Montenegro has signed a decree ordering the mobilization of his country’s armed forces. It is believed Montenegro will stand with Serbia.

Today in Philadelphia – Sunday, August 2, 1914

Philadelphians will enjoy fair and sunny skies on this Sunday with the temperature reaching a mild 78°.

Yesterday over 1000 young and some not so young athletes participated in track & field games organized by the Sons of Temperance of Pennsylvania and held at Hunting Park. A fun and exciting day was had by all attendees.

$30,000,000 in gold coins was shipped from the Philadelphia mint to the sub-Treasury in New York City yesterday to meet the demand of Americans for gold to be used in meeting obligations in the countries now threatened by war. 70 million in gold coins had been sent to New York previously this week on secret trains.

In entertainment, renowned composer Victor Herbert (shown here) and his orchestra will begin a 21 day engagement at Willow Grove Park today.Victor Herbert - locAlso, for your musical pleasure, the Philadelphia Band will play this week on the north Plaza of City Hall. The Municipal Band will appear at Hunting Park at York Road and Hunting Park Avenue tonight. Later this week they will be at the school yard at Tabor & Water Streets and at the Park at 33rd & Chestnut Streets.

War News from Europe

Germany has formally declared war on Russia. At 7:30pm last evening the German ambassador in St. Petersburg presented a declaration of war to the Foreign Minister of Russia. Germany asserts it had to declare war after Russia refused to abide by the Kaiser’s demand that Russia cease its mobilization.

In France, a general mobilization has been ordered. The streets of Paris were filled with people celebrating and signing patriotic songs. However, President Poincare has stated “mobilization does not mean war”. The German ambassador to France, Baron von Schoen, advised Premier Rene Viviani of Germany’s declaration of war against Russia. Von Schoen asked what France’s intentions in this situation were and gave the French until 1:00pm today to reply.

In Sweden, the government announced today that Sweden will remain strictly neutral in any conflict.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, August 1, 1914

There will be fair and sunny skies again today but the temperature will be warmer, reaching a high of 84°.

The annual Scottish Games will be held today and tomorrow at Point Breeze Park. The games are organized and run by the Philadelphia Caledonian Club.

Members of the Austrian and Serbian colonies here in Philadelphia began meeting to discuss how or if they will return to their homelands to fight. A number of Austrians met at the Austrian Consulate at 806 Spruce Street last night. Serbians met at a restaurant at 3rd & Brown. Serbia does not have a consulate office in the City.

In baseball, the Phillies beat the Cubs 8 to 1 at the Baker Bowl. The A’s took 10 innings to defeat the St. Louis Browns 9 to 7 in St. Louis. And in minor league play the Atlantic City team will come to town to meet the Southwark Field Club at 10th & Oregon this afternoon. The AC team beat Southwark yesterday at their field in Atlantic City.

War News from Europe

The only things stopping a general European war now seems to be that Austria and Russia are engaged in direct negotiations and that Great Britain and France are doing their utmost to propose peace. However, Russia has ordered a general mobilization and in response Germany has declared a “state of siege” which is a prelude to general mobilization.

The Kaiser (shown here) today issued a decree that Germany, with the exception of Bavaria, was in a state of war. Kaiser - locBavaria, as a separate and independent kingdom will have to issue its own decree. The Kaiser’s decree is seen as a preliminary formality to a declaration of war against Russia.

Reports from Serbia indicate that the Serbian army is holding fast against the Austrians. However it is also reported that there are heavy losses on both sides.

Also, as a matter of self-defense and precaution, smaller European countries have begun mobilizing their armed forces. They include Belgium, Holland, Switzerland, Norway, Sweden and Denmark.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday July 31, 1914

Philadelphians will enjoy fair and sunny skies today with the high a pleasant 70°.

Due to the events in Europe the Philadelphia Stock Exchange has closed today. This is the first time the exchanged has closed on a regular business day since the panic of 1873. The New York and London exchanges have also closed. Representatives of the market stated that the closure here and in other cities was done to prevent a complete market collapse over war fears.

In baseball, The A’s beat the Browns 4 to 1. The Phillies split a doubleheader with the cubs at the Baker Bowl.

War News from Europe

 The German government has sent Grand Duke Ernest of Hesse (shown here) to St. Petersburg to confer with the Tsar in a last minute attempt to avoid war. Grand Duke Ernst of Hesse - locThe Grand Duke is the brother of the Russian Empress. An official statement was issued today by the Russian government in St. Petersburg. It reads “Russia desires no war. Our partial mobilization is a precautionary measure to preserve the independence of Serbia.”

In Serbia, reports are that a major battle is raging between Austrian troops and Serbians about 20 miles south of Belgrade. It is estimated there are now 300,000 Austrian troops in Serbia. It is also reported that Austria, due to Russia’s partial mobilization, will declare war on Russia tomorrow.

In Great Britain the government has begun transferring troops from Ireland to England. The question of Irish Home Rule has been placed on the back burner for the foreseeable future. All political parties seem united in trying to keep Britain out of a European war.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, July 30, 1914

Cold temperatures have come to the City after the blistering heat of a few days ago. The low temperature this morning was 58°, making this the coldest July 30th on record. the high today will only reach 68°.

Today the state Dairy and Food Commission conducted raids though the congested foreign district bordering 10th street and Delaware Avenue between Chestnut Street and Washington Avenue. Forty-eight arrests were made of small merchants. Most were charged with selling adulterated soda water, decayed chicken or rotten eggs. At 4th & South streets some merchants refused arrest and fights broke out. Philadelphia Police had to be called to assist in the arrests and disperse the crowd of local supporters of the merchants.

In other crime news, John King, a policeman at the 19th & Oxford Street station was taken before the Board of Inquiry today. King is charge with conducting a nightly cabaret shows for his friends in Glenwood Cemetery. Neighbors of the cemetery accused King of using the tombstones as tables and chairs during the shows. King denies the charges.

In baseball, the Cardinals beat the Phillies in 12 innings 8 to 5. The Athletics defeated the St. Louis Browns 5 to 0.

War News from Europe

Reports from Europe are that Austrian gunboats are bombarding Belgrade from the Danube River. Some unofficial reports are that Austrian troops have already occupied the city. The Austrian Emperor has written a personal letter to the Russian Tsar in the hopes of avoiding war. Reports from Berlin are that the Kaiser has also written to his cousin in St. Petersburg in an attempt to avoid hostilities. However, the Russians have stated they will come to Serbia’s aid if that nation is invaded. Also, German troops are moving to its border with Russia.

In Western Europe, it is reported that France is massing 200,000 troops along its frontier with Germany. Belgium and Switzerland are also said to be mobilizing. Prime Minister Asquith (shown here) of Great Britain said today that the British government was doing all it could to limit the conflict. Asquith-loc

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, July 29, 1914

The city will see partly cloudy skies today with the high reaching 72°.

Austria Has Declared War on Serbia

Austria has formerly declared war on Serbia. Yesterday, the Emperor Franz Joseph issued a statement to the Austrian people explaining the necessity of going to war. The Emperor stated it was his hope, in his declining years, to lead the Empire through a time of peace and prosperity. But he said it was his duty to defend the dignity of the monarchy. He accused the Serbs of being ungrateful to Austria for its assistance in their gaining independence. He also said that Serbia’s continued hostility to Austria was behind the murderous attacks which have so wounded the Empire. It is reported that Austrian troops have already crossed the Serbian border along the Danube River driving the Serbian army back.

News of the declaration of war by Austria was greeted in London with deep gloom. In contrast, crowds in Paris took to the streets in patriotic celebrations. There are rumors that the French government is mobilizing the army. In Vienna, crowds marched through the streets in exhilaration.

In Germany, the North Sea Fleet has been mobilized and army mobilization is in progress. Germany has made it clear that even the partial mobilization of the Russian army will lead to full German mobilization. Reportedly there are meetings in St. Petersburg between Russian and Austrian representatives who are trying to find a diplomatic way to avoid hostilities between the two empires.

As yet there has been no move to mobilize by Great Britain. However, the efforts of Sir Edward Grey to mediate the situation have ended for now.

In local news, Mrs. Horace Brock, president of the Pennsylvania Association Opposed to Women’s Suffrage, stated today that she believes the campaign for suffrage in Pennsylvania is doomed. Mrs. Brock said her organization has gathered many more pledges for a no vote on the issue than the pro-suffrage movement has garnered yes votes.

A motor ambulance hurrying with a patient to Episcopal Hospital ran over 9 year old Oswald Taylor of 1905 Ringgold Street at 20th & Montgomery Avenue. The ambulance stopped, picked up the boy and transported both patients to the hospital. The boy was treated overnight and released. Little Oswald said he just didn’t see the ambulance coming before it hit him.

In entertainment news, the Municipal band will perform at Castor & Arrott Streets tonight. The Philadelphia Band will be playing at City Hall Plaza and the Fairmount Park Band will be performing at Belmont Mansion. In baseball, the Athletics’ streak of 12 straight wins came to an end yesterday when they fell to the Tigers 4 to 3. The Phillies beat Cardinals 5 to 0 in St. Louis.

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, July 28, 1914


Reports from London are that Austria invaded Serbia last evening. Supposedly, the Austrian army crossed the Danube River about 50 miles west of Belgrade. Hope, however, still exists that some form of mediation will halt the troop movement before too many lives are lost. Sir Edward Grey (shown here), Foreign Secretary of His Majesty’s Government, said in Parliament today that Great Britain  is attemptingEdward Grey - locto set up mediation. He stated that Russia and Austria seemed favorable to a meeting in London but that Germany had not yet replied. France and Italy have already accepted Britain’s proposal to meet in conference.

The German Kaiser has stated today he does not seek war. He said Germany would not have anything to gain from war. In St. Petersburg, the Tsar has ordered a partial mobilization of the Russian Army stationed along the Austrian frontier. The Tsar then left for Finland on a previously scheduled visit. Also in England, the First Fleet of the Navy has been recalled to port for orders and refueling. The First Fleet consists of 28 battleships as well as cruisers and torpedo boat destroyers.

Here at home, President Wilson was asked today if he intends to try and mediate a peace between the European powers. The President responded he had not considered that possibility and that the traditional policy of the United States was to not mix into European affairs. Additionally, dispatches from the American embassies in Berlin and St. Petersburg tonight said the prospects for peace now were brighter than they had been in weeks.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, July 27, 1914

Mrs. Margaret Ruggles of 1718 North 12th Street, had her husband William, arrested today to save his life. Mrs. Ruggles feared the excessive heat would overcome her husband at his job which involved working on the roofs of tall buildings. She said the last few days he had come home exhausted and seemed out of his right mind. When police arrested Mr. Ruggles they also found him delirious and transported him to Pennsylvania Hospital where he will be kept overnight.

The seashore resorts are reporting a wonderful season so far. Ocean City is considering expanding its boardwalk. In Wildwood there is an enormous demand for hotel rooms and Atlantic City is reporting the largest crowds in years. Also in Wildwood over 2000 children greeted Chief Two Moons (shown here) the last surviving Chief of the Battle of the Little Bighorn.Two Moons - locThe Chief is visiting the area on a good will tour and the little ones wanted to show him how much he was appreciated and that there were no hard feelings. Next he will visit President Wilson in Washington before returning home to Montana.

In Europe it seems war clouds are gathering. The Serbian Ambassador To Austria has been given his papers and has left Vienna. Proclamations have been published in Austria ordering mobilization of the military. Some in Europe are predicting a quick war between the two countries with Austria occupying the Serbian capitol of Belgrade rather easily.

In sports, over 400 athletes competed in a track & field meet at Point Breeze Park. The meet was held under A.A.U. guidelines and organized by the combined tribes of Red Men of Philadelphia and vicinity. In baseball, the Phillies defeated the Cardinals at the Baker Bowl 3 to 0 behind the pitching of Grover Cleveland Alexander. In Detroit, the A’s beat the Tigers 10 – 4 with Eddie Plank getting the victory.

Today in Philadelphia – Sunday, July 26, 1914

The city will be under fair and sunny skies today, the temperature will reach the mid 80°s.

The Detective Bureau is investigating the possibility that 10 young women from Philadelphia and the surrounding towns have been abducted by “white slavers”. Stories from the families of these missing girls have led the bureau to believe there may be a traveling gang of kidnappers passing through our area. In other local news, the Schuylkill Arsenal has completed work on a new type of kitchen tent. The tent can be used in both the field and in camp. It is designed to keep out flies and mosquitos by using screening on the windows and doors. It also comes in sections so it can be enlarged in size.

In Europe, Austria-Hungry has severed all relations with the Kingdom of Serbia. Although the Serbian government did agree to some of the terms demanded by the Austrians earlier this week, it is reported they could not agree to all. Many in Europe consider the Austrian demands as the most humiliating ever given to a sovereign nation. Upon Serbia’s failure to fully comply, the Austrian Ambassador ordered his diplomatic corps to return to Vienna. King Peter of Serbia has reportedly left Belgrade for the fortified city of Kraguyevatz. Reports are that both countries have begun mobilizing their armies.

In Vienna and also Berlin, Germany great crowds assembled in the streets cheering for war. It is reported from St. Petersburg that the Tsar has approved the immediate mobilization of the Russian army.

In Washington, the United States has announced that it will not sell warships to any belligerents should the Austrian-Serbian crisis develop into a war. The government stated this was in accord with our policy of absolute neutrality.

In entertainment news, Miss Jennie McLaughlin, known as the “Girl in the Moon” (shown here) Girl in the Moon3 -locbecause she performs while perched jauntily in a crescent moon suspended over the audience, will be signing at Nixon’s Grand Opera House this week. It may be remembered that Miss McLaughlin is a native of our city hailing from the Kensington section.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, July 25, 1914

Today will be partly cloudy, hot and humid in the city with a high reaching the mid 80s.

The papers today are full of stories concerning International news. In Europe, there are grave concerns that the note sent yesterday from Vienna to Belgrade demanding Serbia suppress the pan-Serbian movement and punish those involved in the assassination of the Archduke and his wife could be read as an ultimatum. Such an ultimatum could lead to war between the two countries. Many are now looking to see what, if any, role Russia will play in this matter. Most diplomats believe that without Russian support Serbia will be forced to comply with Austria Hungary’s demands. Additionally, there are reports from Berlin that Germany completely supports Austria Hungary’s position in this matter.

in Washington D.C. today the State Department has announced that the 4 major parties in the Mexico conflict, Provisional President Carbajal, General Carranza, General Villa and General Zapata have all agreed to work together to find a solution to end the war and restore peace and harmony to Mexico.

In our area it is reported that that great actress and singer Lillian Russell (shown here)Lillian Russell - loc is reportedly quite ill. Miss Russell has been summering in Ventnor, New Jersey and has taken a cottage there. According to her doctor, with rest, quiet and relaxation Miss Russell should make a full recovery.

In New Orleans, the Bubonic Plague outbreak has now claimed its 10th victim.

In baseball, the Athletics were idle but the Phillies lost their 8th straight game to the Pirates in Pittsburgh yesterday 3 to 2.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, July 24, 1914

Thunder storms will be traveling through the city today bringing some relief from the heat. The high today is expected to reach 78°. Yesterday was recorded as the hottest July 23 in recorded history in Philadelphia. Seven more deaths were reported from the heat and hundreds were felled with prostration.

In crime news, Judge Pennock of Municipal Court released Robert Manning of 222 Catherine Street from a charge of reckless driving. Manning was arrested after driving his horse and wagon at an excessive speed from Dock Street to 3rd & Chestnut Streets. Mr. Manning explained to the Judge he was rushing to finish his day’s work so he could make it to his wedding on time. The judge took pity on the young man and wished him luck in his marriage.

In national news, in New Orleans, a 4th person has died from the Bubonic Plague as officials try to stop the spread of the disease in that city. Out west a Philadelphia man has run into some trouble. Bert Brent was arrested in Kansas City after recently arriving in that city and purchasing cowboy clothes and gear, including chaps, a revolver and a brass studded holster. He then proceeded to shoot at the feet of passing pedestrians to make them dance. He was arrested, fined $50.00 and told by the judge such things were not done there. In response he stated he thought everybody out west carried a gun and did a little shooting when they felt like it.

In International news, a note has been sent by the Austria-Hungarian government to Belgrade, Serbia containing demands for the suppression of the Pan-Serbian movement and the punishment of those involved in the assassination of the Archduke. The note requests a reply by 6:00 pm Saturday evening.

In baseball, the A’s beat the Cleveland Naps 9 to 2 for their 9th straight win. The Cubs whipped the Phillies 15 to 2 in Chicago.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday July 23, 1914

It will be sunny and very hot in Philadelphia with the high reaching 96°.

In local crime news, Emil Berger appeared in Magistrate’s Court today on the charge of beating his wife, Julia. Mrs. Berger has now left her husband and is living at 2nd & Wolf Streets. Mr. Berger claims the beating was justified because his wife had gone to the moving picture show 4 times in 1 week. Also, she had not provided him with diner on those nights and he felt neglected. He has been held over on $800.00 bail for trial. Also, 30 musicians will appear in court today to answer charges that they were conducting worldly employment last Sunday at Woodside Park in Fairmount Park. The musicians are all part of a band that played at the park. The charge was made against them by nearby residents who resented the music.

In national news, the United States is considering armed intervention in Haiti and Santo Domingo. The U.S.is receiving pressure from certain European Powers to take steps to stop the violence from the ongoing civil wars on the Island. Secretary of State Bryan and Secretary of the Navy Daniels will confer tomorrow on possible action. All previous attempts to bring the parties together for a diplomatic solution have failed.

In Mexico, fighting continues due to both internal and external issues affecting the Constitutionalist Party. First, General Villa is refusing to accept General Carranza as leader of the Party. Also, General Carranza has refused to agree to a general amnesty and is insisting on an unconditional surrender of the Federal forces. In response, President Carbajal has stated he will fight till the end with whatever forces he can muster. Additionally Britain, France and Spain are demanding satisfaction and reparations from General Carranza relating to the killing of their citizens and confiscation of their property by General Villa.

In sports, in track & field the Cadets of Our Mother of Sorrows parish took the overall team title in the Catholic Total Abstinence Union Games at Willow Grove. In baseball yesterday, the A’s beat Cleveland 3 to 0 at Shibe Park. The Phillies lost to the Cubs in Chicago 4 to 2.

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, July 22, 1914

The weather will be hot and sunny with the highs reaching 89°.

The ‘Inasmuch Mission” at 1011 Locust Street, provided a beef dinner to all down and outers last night. The invitations were passed out in the worse sections of the city and was simply worded, it said “come and bring a friend, drunk or sober, it matters not.” 750 hobos, mostly men, of all ages and conditions came to the dinner.

In Europe there is growing concern from many capitols over the increasing tensions between Austria Hungry and Serbia. Austria Hungry has stated that investigations done by its security services show at least the indirect involvement of certain Serbian officials in the murder of the Archduke. Some in Europe are predicting war may be coming between the two countries.

In London, for the first time in modern English history a King has recognized and warned his countrymen that the nation is near to civil war. King George V (shown here) pleaded with the leaders of all political parties during a meeting at Buckingham Palace today to reach a

George V -locsettlement on the Irish Home Rule crisis.

In baseball, the Athletics took both games of a doubleheader from Cleveland yesterday. The Phillies lost to the Cubs in Chicago 4 to 3.

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, July 21, 1914

The city will be under fair skies with a high of 82°.

The city has given permission for a curbside market to be opened on 11th Street between Christian and Wharton Streets. Also here today, at Cramps Shipyard the torpedo boat O’Brian was launched amid a large cheering crowd. The boat is named after Revolutionary War hero Captain O’Brian and was christened by Miss Marcia B. Campbell, a great grand daughter of the Captain.

In Mexico, General Carranza informed the United States today that he is prepared to order a suspension of hostilities against government forces pending negotiations on the transfer of power. In England, at Portsmouth the British Home Fleet was led out to sea by King George V. Over 200 fighting ships and an equal number of auxiliaries sailed into the English Channel. Accompanying the King were the Prince of Wales and the First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill. The King stood on the royal yacht as the ships passed by in review.

In baseball, the Athletics beat the White Soxs 3 to 0. The Phillies lost to the Cubs in Chicago 8 to 1.

Also in baseball a strike has been called for players in the American and National Leagues by the President of the Players’ Fraternity, David L. Fultz (shown here).David Fultz - locThe dispute has arisen over salary payments to a player named Clarence Kraft who was sold to a class A club but was still wanted by a AA club for a better salary. A previous agreement between the Fraternity and Baseball clubs covered this type of conflict. But the owners are now refusing to abide by it. Member of the Athletics who were asked about the matter said they had no intention of striking.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, July 20, 1914

The weather should be fair today with the high reaching 79°.

Soda clerks and bartenders in the city must now present themselves to medical inspectors of the Bureau of Health if milk is to be sold where they work. New rules state that no person may handle milk offered for sale who may be suffering from tuberculosis, mumps, influenza, malarial fever, whooping cough, septic sore throat, measles or other contagious diseases. All such persons in professions where milk is sold must now be evaluated.

The Department of Public Works has reported that over 500 buildings were demolished in 1913 along the route for the new proposed Parkway.

Ignatz Grissel, 52 years old of 31 Queen Street, was struck by a locomotive on the Pennsylvania Railroad tracks at Swanson & Ellsworth streets last night. Grissel was on his way to work when he was hit. When the train’s engineer reached what he thought was a dead body, Grissel got up and began walking away. Police were called and he was taken to Mount Sinai Hospital. Although no injuries were found on him, Grissel was kept overnight for observation. He protested this saying he was already late for work.

In New Orleans a 7th case of Bubonic Plague has been discovered.

In England, the King has called upon leaders of all parties to attend a conference and search for a solution to the Irish Home Rule question to avoid threatened violence.

In baseball yesterday, the Phillies lost to the Cardinals in St. Louis 5-4 on a throwing error by Bobby Byrne (shown here) Bobby Byrne - locplaying 2nd base. The Athletics were idle.

Today in Philadelphia –Sunday, July 19, 1914

Philadelphia will see fair skies today. It will be somewhat cooler and breezier with the high in the mid 80°s. Six more deaths have been reported today from the heat wave. All told 425 deaths were reported last week. Of those 116 were of children under 1 year of age.

5000 people attended the formal opening of the Whitehall Commons Playground in Frankford today. The opening included a parade with marching bands and the singing of patriotic songs. The opening was one of a carnival atmosphere despite the intense heat.

The school board announced yesterday that girls in grades 7 and 8 will be given instruction in the knowledge and care of infants. The courses will teach the girls the scientific phases in the care of small children. It is hoped the course will turn them into “Little Mothers” so that they will be able to care for infants when Mother is away not just hours but for a day if necessary.

A race riot was narrowly averted in South Philadelphia at Broad and Catherine Streets. Luther Thornton, colored, began grabbing and hugging white girls. After doing this to 3 girls he attempted to grab Teresa Rando of 726 Marvine Street. Miss Rando repulsed him and screamed for help. A group of white men came to her rescue and went after Thornton who ran away. Police were also called. Thornton who stands over 6 feet tall and weighs over 300lbs resisted arrest and had to be subdued by the crowd and police using their nightsticks. Thornton was transported to Howard Hospital for treatment and will appear in court next week.

Patrick Conway and his Band (shown here) Patrick Conway & Bandwill return to Willow Grove Park this week starting tonight. In baseball, the Phillies lost to the Cardinals 6 to 5 in St. Louis. The Athletics took a double header from Chicago.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, July 18, 1914

Philadelphia will see partly cloudy skies today with the high reaching 92°. A rash of heat related deaths are being recorded in the city. Most of these deaths are occurring in the poorer, congested areas of the city. Some have been blamed on house construction where those poorer dwellings have tin roofs and the sun beating down on them turn the homes into virtual ovens. Six deaths were reported yesterday the oldest being Bertha Langdon, 55 years old of 1657 61st Street and the youngest being 5 week old Helen Turner of 2421 North Alder Street.

Four policemen have been brought up on charges of dereliction of duty while guarding the President during his July 4th visit to Independence Hall. Instead of guarding the President they spent their time in a nearby saloon. The policemen are Joseph Mackey, Robert Frantz, John Haley and Jules Frey all of the 8th & Jefferson Street station.

In news from Mexico it has been learned that the United States government is making entreaties to Emiliano Zapata (shown here)Zapata-locthe leader of the revolution in southern Mexico. The U.S. is attempting to persuade Zapata to accept General Carranza as the new President. General Zapata has about 24,000 troops under his command.

In baseball, due to the poor condition of Shibe Park from the rain the Athletics game against the White Sox’s was postponed. The Phillies lost in St. Louis to the Cardinals 8 to 4 with Eppa Rixey taking the loss.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, July 17, 1914

There will be showers again today in the city but the rain has brought much needed relief from the heat. Today’s temperature will only reach 71°.

The electrical storms caused a severe injury to Miss Agnes Boardman, 21 years old. Miss Boardman was struck by lightning while working as a telephone switchboard operator on the 8th floor of the Reading Terminal building last night. It is believed a lightning bolt struck the building and traveled along a telephone wire to the switchboard, electrocuting Miss Boardman as she inserted a plug into the board. She was knocked unconscious and lay on the floor for close to 2 hours when she was found by a security guard. When found she was still clutching the telephone plug. She has been taken to Jefferson Hospital and is in serious condition.

In national news, Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan has issued a statement today fully supporting women’s suffrage. Mr. Bryan stated that he will support the Nebraska state constitutional amendment granting suffrage to women in that state which is to be voted on in November.

In Mexico, Provisional President Carbajal has informed the United States that he intends to resign in favor of the leader of the Constitutionalist Party, Venustiano Carranza (shown here). Carranza -locPresident Carbajal has said he asks only for amnesty for those who fought against the rebels. Reportedly Carranza will travel to Mexico City to begin negotiations.

In baseball, the Phillies beat the Cardinals in 10 innings 6 to 3. The Athletics beat Chicago 10 to 6.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, July 16, 1914

Today we will see partly cloudy skies with the high of 83°. Many injuries are reported as a result of the electrical storms that swept the city again yesterday. Also, a great deal of property damage have been reported throughout the city as a result of the rain and flooding. The street at Orianna and Thompson collapsed and caved in.

After a lapse of 17 years the Philadelphia County Courts are once again taking citizenship applications in Room 687 of City Hall. The first to apply was Miss Mary Mullen. Miss Mullen, 25 years old, was born in Caledone, Tyrone, Ireland and came to the United States in 1907. She presently lives at 242 N. 21st Street.

Philadelphia Congressman, J. Washington Logue has introduced in the House of Representatives a resolution designating the Star Spangled Banner as America’s National Anthem. Congressman Logue, a graduate of LaSalle College, explained that most Americans recognize the Star Spangled Banner as our anthem out of custom but no formal official enactment has ever been made.

In Mexico, President Huerta has resigned his office. Along with him, his entire cabinet has also resigned. President Huerta’s resignation was read to the Mexican Chamber of Deputies last evening. The position of chief executive will be assumed by Francisco Carbajal (shown here) who will act as temporary President. Francisco-Carbajal Carbajal has stated he will seek, through negotiations with the Constitutionalist Party, a general amnesty.

In baseball, the Phillies lost to the Reds in Cincinnati, 6 to 4.

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, July 15, 1914

The rain will continued today throughout the area with high humidity. Temperatures will reach the low 80°s. The heavy rains of late yesterday swept over the city causing sewers to flood, drenching pedestrians and causing traffic delays on flooded streets. Trains have also been delayed both in and out of the city. More rain is expected to fall today.

A feud has broken out in Port Richmond over the accidental death of a young boy. Stanislaw Ekterowicz, 7 years old of 2725 Salmon Street was accidentally killed by 7 year old Thaddeus Skzadzinski of 2741 Salmon Street as the two were playing. Since the death family, friends and neighbors have taken sides in this tragedy threatening violence to each other. The 2700 block of Salmon Street and surrounding streets are on edge. The District Attorney’s office has decided to hold Thaddeus in Juvenile Court custody rather than release him to his parents for fear he will be harmed.

In Mexico, rebel forces are moving toward Mexico City in anticipation of the resignation of President Huerta. Also, in southern Mexico, Acapulco has fallen to the forces of General Emiliano Zapata.  On the international front, a United States government official has intimated that if the U.S. intervenes in Haiti and Santo Domingo it will set up a trusteeship and take over the Island’s fiscal affairs. The American official stated the goal will be to set up a fair system of taxation and proper expenditure of the two countries funds.

In baseball the A’s Browns game at Shibe Park was rained out. The Phillies split a doubleheader with the Reds in Cincinnati. In the first game Grover Cleveland Alexander pitched a fine game for the 5 to 3 victory. Unfortunately in the second game the Phillies big Indian, Ben Tincup (shown below), couldn’t handle the Reds bats and lost 5 to 2.  Ben tincup - LOC

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, July 14, 1914

We will have cloudy skies today with the high reaching 86°. An 8 foot rattlesnake took possession of the Pennsylvania Railroad Terminal at Broad Street Station for almost an hour last night. The snake was discovered around 8:00 pm. Hundreds of people fled the building when the snake was discovered. When police arrived they somehow lured the creature into a large canvas bag and transported it to the Zoo.

Young Daniel Kelly, 9 years old of 6068 Upland Street tried to weigh himself with the scale of an ice wagon yesterday. Unfortunately he slipped and the hook of the scale caught him through the mouth. Daniel hung there for some time until Patrolman Marshal of the 24th & York Street station passed by and rescued him. He was taken to the hospital where he is expected to fully recover.

In national news, Acting Secretary of the Navy, Franklin D. Roosevelt announced today that several hundred marines have been placed in readiness at Guantanamo Cuba for possible intervention into Haiti and Santo Domingo. The situation there has been described as hopeless as bands of revolutionaries are roving freely throughout the Island.

In International news, a woman, Khionia Guseva, has reportedly stabbed the mystic monk Grigori Rasputin (shown here) Rasputin - State Museum of Russiain his native village of Pekrovsky near Tobolsk, Siberia. Initial reports were that the monk had died but now we are told he has survived and is being treated for his injuries. Rasputin, who had recently been dismissed from service to the royal court, was said to have had an enormous influence over the Tsar and his family. Some even believed he was the power behind the throne.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, July 13, 1914

It is partly cloudy, humid and hot in the city today with the high reaching 89°. Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, Horace Lurton, (shown here) Justice Lorton - locdied yesterday of a heart attack at the apartment he was vacationing in at the Marlborough Blenheim Hotel in Atlantic City. Justice Lurton had been battling illness for some months.

Bishop Joseph McGinley of the Philippine Islands who is visiting the city presided at the laying of the cornerstone of the new school and convent to be built at St. Aloysius Parish, 26th and Tasker Streets. The event included a neighborhood parade with children and their parents carrying American flags marching from 23rd & Wharton Streets to the site. Over 5000 people attended the festivities.

In news from Mexico it is reported that President Huerta intends to resign his office to end the civil war. It is reported he will hand over the government to Francisco Carvajal, Minister of Foreign Affairs. Carvajal will then step aside when a provisional president acceptable to the Constitutionalist is named.

In Europe unofficial talks are taking place between Sweden and Norway regarding a new alliance. The 2 countries separated in 1905 and barely avoided a war. Now, fears of Russian expansion have brought the question of unity of the countries back to the forefront. Most people in the 2 countries do not seem opposed to the idea.

In baseball, the Phillies defeated the Reds in Cincinnati 7 to 1. The Athletics were idle.

Today in Philadelphia – Sunday, July 12, 1914

It will be sunny and hot today with highs reaching 87°. A huge blaze lit up the sky in Kensington overnight at the Enterprise Cooperage plant at Trenton & Allegheny Avenues. The fire is believed to have started when sparks from a Philadelphia & Reading Railroad locomotive fell onto some of the 15,000 oil soaked barrels in the plant’s yard. Four firemen were injured fighting the fire. The company’s 10 horses were rescued from its stable but 2 mules were burned to a crisp.

Police had to fight off 5 lean, hungry & savage cats in a garbage strewn house at 640 North 16th Street today to recover the body of Sarah Starr, 69 years old. Miss Starr had died in the house and her sister called police to remove the body. After breaking down the door the officers were met with an overpowering stench and 5 vicious cats. They beat the cats off with their nightsticks and retrieved the body.

1300 poor children enjoyed a day of hospitality at Lemon Hill yesterday provided by the Lemon Hill Association. The day included athletic competitions, merry-go-round rides, religious services and free ice cream. The outing is organized yearly by the Association.

The Fumigating Tug Neptune (shown here) Fumigating Tug Neptune left the port today for New Orleans to assist health authorities in fighting an outbreak of Bubonic Plague. The Battleship Maine also left League Island Navy Yard today. The ship will be sailing for Naples, Italy to replace the USS Idaho which was recently sold to Greece.

In Sports, the A’s split a doubleheader with Branch Rickey’s St. Louis Browns. The Pirates beat the Phillies 3 to1. In Polo, the Bryn Mawr “Reds” defeated the Bryn Mawr “Blazers” to win the Edward Browning Cup yesterday.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, July 11, 1914

The city will be under partly cloudy skies with the high reaching 78°.  Philadelphians send out their birthday greetings to one of the city’s most distinguished businessmen, John Wanamaker (shown here) who is celebrating his 76th birthday.29 - John Wanamaker A huge explosion rocked the diamond dealers’ neighborhood this morning. The explosion occurred at the jewelry manufacturing company of William Bershtein, 905 Samson Street. Apparently a worker knocked over an oxygen tank during a smelting operation which started a fire. The fire reached a gas line which caused the explosion. Windows were blown out and workers and customers in surrounding shops were knocked to the ground and received cuts from flying glass and bricks. However, no fatalities were reported.

In political news, Herbert Maris, select councilman for the 34th Ward was arrested today on charges of bribery. It’s charged that he accepted $93.00 from men working as day laborers for the city. The money was to gain his support for better working conditions including paid sick time off and vacation time.

Tragedy struck yesterday afternoon outside a home at 229 Lombard Street. There 3 year old Jacob Volinsky was crushed and killed by a trolley car. The boy was playing outside his home when he ran into the street and was hit. Neighbors removed the body from underneath the vehicle. The boy’s mother came out of the house when she heard the screams of neighbors and collapsed when she saw her child.

In Mexico, Generals Villa and Carranza have signed a protocol ending their dispute. Villa has recognized Carranza’s authority as First Chief of the Constitutionalist Party. It was also agreed that should the Constitutionalist be successful Carranza will serve as head of state until elections are held.

In sports, darkness halted the game between the Athletics and the Tigers after 11 innings with the score tied at 8. The Phillies have defeated the Pirates in Pittsburgh 5 to2.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, July 10, 1914

Philadelphia is under partly cloudy skies with the high reaching 82°.

Philadelphia lost one of its most beloved residents today. “Empress” the elephant (shown here)Phila03- Empress - Zoo Photo the largest pachyderm in captivity died today at the Philadelphia Zoo. Empress had been delighting visitors to the Zoo of all ages since 1876. She was 60 years old. Her hide was skinned off and her skeleton sent to the Academy of Natural Sciences. Her carcass was given to a fertilizer company. Rest in Peace Empress and thanks for the memories.

Dr. Martin Brumbaugh, Superintendent of Schools, has endorsed the position adopted by the National Education Association at their convention in St. Paul, Minnesota opposing the teaching of sex hygiene in the public schools. Dr. Brumbaugh said “sex matters should be taught in the home and not turned over to teachers”.

In Mexico, Guadalajara has fallen to the Constitutionalist Army. An estimated 12,000 federal troops have been routed by the forces of General Obregon. In Mexico City it is reported that President Huerta is in a panic and has taken to drinking heavily.

In sports, the A’s lost both games of a doubleheader to the Tigers. The Phillies beat the Pirates in Pittsburgh.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, July 9, 1914

Philadelphia will have fair and sunny skies today with a high of 82°.

A gunman last night took over the 5th Street Trolley at Fitzwater Street and ordered the motorman to proceed at full speed to Walnut Street. Henry Cohen of 4th & Dickenson became angry over the fare he was charged and decide to use a gun to prove his point. Women on the car became hysterical and began screaming alerting police in the area. Some passengers forced open the rear emergency doors and jump to the street. Police eventually boarded the trolley and disarmed the assailant.

Count Mihaly Karolyi of Hungry (shown here) Count Karolyiis visiting the city today. The millionaire leader of the Hungarian independence party expressed his sadness over the murder of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The Count feels the Archduke would have been a supporter of Hungarian independence. The Count is on an American tour asking for help and contributions towards Hungarian independence.

The American Gunboat Machias was fired upon by Dominican rebels last night. The ship returned fire into the city of Puerta Plata and the shooting stopped. Regarding the Mexican situation, Constitutionalists have informed the ABC mediators that they refuse to attend any peace talks with representatives of President Huerta.

The government of Greece today tendered a check to the United States for $12,535,275.96 for the purchase of the battleships USS Mississippi and USS Idaho. The Idaho is to be renamed the Lemnos and the Mississippi renamed the Kilkis.

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, July 8, 1914

Possible showers are in the forecast for today under partly cloudy skies with a high of 73°.

Two boys learned a valuable lesson when they went for a ride with a man driving an auto moving van. The boys Anthony Walters, age 12, of 2327 N. 25th Street and John Kennedy, age 14, of 2526 West Gordon Street went with the man who took them to Reading and left them on a street. The boys hesitated to call police for fear of what their parents would do to them. They were eventually picked up by a Reading patrolman. The boys learned the depth of a parents’ love when they were returned home to a tearful and joyous reception.

Unfortunately, 9 year old Francis Gallagher’s story did not end as happily. Francis, of 2629 North Chadwick Street, was killed when he ran out from between 2 freight cars he was playing on near 22nd & Allegheny and was hit by a Reading Railroad passenger train.

In Mexico, there are rumors that rebel forces are moving toward Vera Cruz to engage the Mexican Federal Army there. The Mexican Federal commander has informed General Frederick Funston (shown here),General Funston-loccommanding officer of American forces in Vera Cruz, of the situation. General Funston has ordered reinforcement of all American positions. No fighting has been reported yet.

In Europe, a dispatch from Belgrade, Serbia states that there is extraordinary military activity taking pace in Austria Hungry. It is reported 40 carloads of artillery have left Budapest for the frontier with Serbia. This is in addition to other military activity taking place along the whole northern border with Serbia. In Italy, violence and rioting have broken out during the current nationwide elections.

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, July 7, 1914

Mayor Blankenburg’s request for a special session of city councils to address his request for a loan question on the November ballot was rejected today by president McCurdy of Common Council. In police news, 6 patrolmen have been ordered to appear before the Police Court of Inquiry on the charge of loitering. The men are charged with spending their time in a saloon at 9th & Market Streets instead of out patrolling their beats.

Residents of Overbrook are seeking help in finding the miscreant who has poisoned several dogs this week. One dog, “Dick”, a small fox terrier has died. Dick was owned by Mrs. James Hewitt of 844 Highland Avenue and was especially loved by the neighborhood children. An open air meeting was held last night at Germantown & Lehigh Avenue by suffragettes. The speakers discussed how suffrage would benefit motherhood and homemaking. A large crowd attended the event.

In Mexico, Generals Villa and Carranza have agreed on a division of duties and responsibilities regarding the army in northern Mexico.

In sports, the A’s beat the Yankees 2 to 0. The Phillies split a doubleheader with the Giants.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday July 6, 1914

The city will see fair skies today with a high of 76°. Mayor Blankenburg (shown here) 11 - Rudolph_Blankenburghas asked the presidents of city councils to hold a special summer session to consider a bill placing an authorization on the November ballot for a $13,000,000 loan for public improvements.

Three fires were discovered overnight at the Smith, Kline and French chemical manufacturing plant at 39th & Poplar Streets. Fireman put out the first blaze but less than 25 minutes later were called back for a fire on the 2nd floor. After extinguishing that fire but before they left, a 3rd fire was reported in a room containing a large amount of combustibles. Firemen rushed to the room and extinguished that fire also. The Fire Marshal is investigating the possibility the fires were intentionally set.

Two men were arrested and charged with disorderly conduct after they attempted to break up a picnic by Lithuanian immigrants celebrating the 4th in Maple Grove in the Fox Chase section. The pair attacked the crowd with brass knuckles and a revolver. No reason was given for the attack. They were violently stopped by the Lithuanians. No serious injuries were reported. This incident did not stop the party goers from enjoying the day as the Lithuanians continued their fun till well after 1:00 AM. [ NOTE: I included this story for personal reasons. Because of its location and the fact that it involves Lithuanian immigrants, I have every reason to believe my Grandparents would have been in attendance. And if what I have learned about my Grandfather is true, he may very well have been one of the individuals that “violently stopped” the attackers. He did not suffer fools gladly.]

Today in Philadelphia – Sunday, July 5, 1914

The weather in the Philadelphia area today is for cloudy skies with a high reaching 76°.  More parades and community events are being held throughout the city today in celebration of Independence Day. There have been a few injuries reported from fireworks but considerably fewer than previous years. The Octavia Hill Association has announced it will open 2 playgrounds in poor sections of the city. One will be on the roof of a 4 story tenement at 7th and Carpenter. The second will be at Front and League Streets. Along with physical activities classes will be provided for children by qualified teachers.

At the sea shore, rail road records released today show that 250,000 people traveled to Atlantic City and points south to celebrate the 4th of July at the beach. In Ocean City, the new Music Pier is now open. The Pier opened officially on Friday evening with a concert by the Ocean City Municipal Band.

In Europe, The Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were laid to rest today beneath the chapel at Artstetten Castle (shown here).blick_in_die_gruft_von_artstetten_mit_den_sarkophagen_von_erzherzog_franz_ferdinand_und_seiner_gemahlin_herzogin_sophie_von__originalIn Mexico, elections will be held tomorrow for President and Vice President.

In sports, the Giants took both games from the Phillies in a doubleheader at the Polo Grounds. the Athletics split a doubleheader with the Yankees.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, July 4, 1914

                                                             A Glorious Day of Celebration in Philadelphia

Under sunny skies with a light breeze and a temperature of 72°, Philadelphia celebrates the 138th birthday of America. All sections, neighborhoods and streets of the city are celebrating today. Many are holding parades, athletic events, concerts and of course, fireworks this evening. Perhaps the largest celebration is in South Philadelphia where a flag raising will be held this morning at South Philadelphia High School at Broad and Snyder Avenue. This will be followed by athletic events and races down Broad Street from Snyder Avenue to Wolf Street. There will also be a baby parade, a community sign alone and concert and fireworks at Broad and Oregon Avenue this evening.

Visitors from around the country have also been arriving since yesterday for the ceremonies today at Independence Hall. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States will open the ceremony. In attendance will be Governors from the surrounding states, as well as senators, representatives and delegations from the 13 original colonies. Special guests of the city include descendants of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. President Wilson arrived this morning at Broad Street Station. He was escorted to Independence Hall by the First City Cavalry Troop along with an honor guard of sailors and marines from the Navy Yard. The President was welcomed by over 100,000 cheering people (shown here).Wilson in Philadelphia July 4, 1914He spoke on the meaning of the Declaration today and on issues including the country’s economy and the situation in Mexico and Europe.

In sports, the People’s Regatta takes place today on the Schuylkill River. Teams from all along the east coast and as far away as Detroit and Toronto are scheduled to compete.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, July 3, 1914

Philadelphia will see fair skies today with the temperature reaching 84°.

Frank A. Travascio of this city and prominent member of the Italian-American community has been made a Chevalier of the Crown of Italy (Shown here) italyby royal decree of King Victor Emmanuel. Mr. Travascio, who lives at 934 North 63rd Street, was presented with the honor for his work among Italian immigrants to our city. He is President of the Society for Italian Immigrants located on the corner of 10th and Bainbridge. The Society offers a daily nursery, free medical dispensary, naturalization classes and 25 beds for newly arrived immigrants in need.

Two prisoners escaped from the House of Corrections yesterday under a hail of bullets. The convicts were tending a flower garden outside the window of the Superintendent’s office. That area is not normally watched by the guards. The 2 took off running for the river as guards chased them. They jumped in the river and swam the ½  mile stretch to the Jersey side where they were met by waiting friends. The pair left their prison uniforms on the river bank. They are still at large.

In national news, information is coming to light that Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan may have facilitated arms shipments to Mexican rebels despite this Country’s formal arms embargo. There are also reports that he may have instructed the Department of Justice not to prosecute arms smugglers.

In sports, the Red Sox defeated the A’s in both games of a doubleheader at Shibe Park. The Phillies game in Boston against the Braves was rained out. In golf, at the women’s tournament at the Cape May Golf Club, Mrs. R.H. Barrow of Merion defeated Mrs. Caleb Fox of Huntington Valley.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, July 2, 1914

Today’s weather will be cloudy skies and the possibility of rain. Temperatures will be in the mid 70s.

400 young blind people were treated to an excursion to Willow Grove Park today courtesy of the Blind Relief Fund of Philadelphia. In sad news we learn of the story of Antone Resrimski, 40 years old, who committed suicide last night in his tenement room at 267 south 3rd Street. Resrimski, an artist, immigrated from Russia just 4 months ago. Unfortunately, he was unable to sell any of his art and fell into poverty. Then, 4 Weeks ago his young wife left him and has not been seen since. Despondent, Resrimski shot himself.

Miss Anna Jarvis, a longtime resident of this city (shown here)Anna Jarvis - LOCreceived from Congress today a charter to organize an effort to make “Mother’s Day” a national institution. The charter gives her association the authority to raise funds to promote a national observance for all our dear mothers.

In national news, President Wilson has accepted the city’s invitation to speak at the 4th of July festivities at Independence Hall. In Mexico, marines and sailors of the United States, Britain, France and Germany in Vera Cruz have been placed on alert. The forces have been told they may have to move to protect foreign nationals in the city in the event President Huerta’s government collapses. In Europe, yesterday Albanian government forces suffered another defeat in battle against muslin rebels north of the capitol city of Durazzo.

In sports, the Athletics were idle but the Phillies took a doubleheader from the Braves. The winner of the Morelton Cup in Polo will be decided today at Bala between the teams from the Philadelphia Country Club and Bryn Mawr.

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, July 1, 1914

The weather is fair today with sunny skies and the high reaching 79°. The city officially opened 116 public playgrounds today. Each playground will be manned by a school teacher or other city employee. It was also announced today that a ban has been placed on the sale of fireworks. There is considerable outrage over this from both local shopkeepers and residents who say this will disrupt many already scheduled activities. However, city officials say the ban is for the protection of children.

Also today bans and prohibitions enacted by federal and state law go into effect. Drinking alcohol on naval bases or on board ship is now prohibited as is the purchase of unpasteurized milk in the city. All income taxes are due today. There is reportedly over $500,000.00 of outstanding taxes owed in the city. Finally, the purchase of heron aigrette feathers for ladies hats (like that shown here) is now prohibited.2ab27e08c3794b0dcb42ea9fbd70227fIn crime news, William Epple, 16, of south 10th street and Howard Morse, 16, of south 2nd street were arrested today for stealing 16 pies from a grocery store at 23 South 18th Street. Both boys are being held at the 15th & Vine Street police station. The boys have not said what they were going to do with the pies.

Reports from Sarajevo are that Gavrilo Princip, the assassin of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie, has implicated high officials of the Serbian government in the conspiracy. Also, it is reported that Serbia and Montenegro are preparing to announce a union of the two countries. Finally, Serbian King Peter is reported to be seriously ill. In Albania, forces loyal to King William have been defeated by Muslim rebels north of the capitol city of Durazzo.

Entertainment in the city tonight can be had at City Hall Plaza where the Philadelphia Band will be performing. The Municipal Band will be playing at 10th & Glenwood. In sports, the Phillies split a doubleheader with the Braves but the A’s lost to the Red Sox 8 to 5. Also, Connie Mack has moved to his summer residence at 5343 Magnolia Avenue in Germantown. During the off season Mr. Mack maintains his residence at 2119 West Ontario Street.

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, June 30, 1914

The heat wave seems to be gone. There will be Fair skies in the city today with the high reaching 77°. Colonel Theodore Roosevelt stopped over in Philadelphia today on his way to Pittsburgh for a meeting of Progressive Party Representatives. He spent about 20 minutes speaking to supporters at Broad Street Station.

The Home for Colored Orphans at 44th and Haverford Avenue has been sold for $34,000.00. The Home was operated by the Society of Friends. It is thought that the building will be torn down and the land turned into a park. New building construction in the city has greatly improved compared to last year, according to the Bureau of Building Inspection. The growth in construction is being led by the building of new 2 story houses.

In Washington, D.C., President Wilson told a group of 500 suffragettes at the White House today that he believes women’s suffrage is a state issue and not a federal one. Therefore, he will not support a Constitutional Amendment to give women the vote.

In Europe, rioting has engulfed Bosnia Herzegovina today as a result of the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie on Sunday. 200 Serbians have been massacred by Muslims in Mostar and the city has been set on fire. Martial law has been declared and all newspapers have been shut. In Vienna, high government officials have today asserted that the conspiracy to assassinate the Archduke was a result of Serbian nationalists’ propaganda which originated in Serbia.

In entertainment, At Keith’s, Philadelphia’s own Elizabeth Murray will be appearing (shown here) Elizabeth Murray - LOC- 0457ralong with Nonette the “violinist who sings” and William Ingersoll also on the bill.  At the Globe, 5 new excellent acts have been added . The Municipal Band will be playing tonight at 4th and Green Streets and the Fairmount Park Band will be performing at Strawberry mansion.

In sports, the A’s split a doubleheader with Boston. The Phillies game against the Braves was postponed due to poor field conditions. In cricket, Haverford College’s team continued their winning ways against Uppingham School in England yesterday.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, June 29, 1914

The weather in the area will be a bit cooler today, with clear skies and the high reaching 80°.

The wife of the Superintendent of Schools, Mrs. Anna Brumbaugh died at her home at 254 Walnut Lane in Germantown overnight. Mrs. Brumbaugh had been ill for some time. She was 53 years old. Her husband, Mr. Martin Brumbaugh is a leading candidate for governor in the next election.

Frank Krause, 21 years old of 108 Clymer Street was electrocuted and died at his job this morning at an ice cream manufacturing plant at 782 South Swanson Street. Just yesterday, Mr. Krause had married Julia Solenski, 19 years old. The new Mrs. Krause had asked her husband to stay home with her today to celebrate their wedding. But Mr. Krause said he could not because he had promised his employer he would be on the job today. Mrs. Krause said her husband kissed her goodbye this moring telling her he loved her and that he would be home soon.

In other affairs of the heart, Miss Anna Fitzpatrick of 4334 Factory Street has filed suit in Common Pleas Court today against Joseph Koenig for breach of promise to marry. She stated in her papers that she met Koneig in January 1913 when he said his name was Joseph Holsted. The two were engaged on November 27, 1913 and the wedding set for April 25, 1914. It was only after he failed to attend the wedding that she learned his real name and that he was married. She is asking for $10,000.00 in damages.

The Director of the Public Works has awarded a contract to Keystone Wrecking Company to demolish 97 properties west of Logan Square for $3,900.00 for the continuing Parkway construction. Most of the buildings are small homes or buildings previously acquired by the city.

In Mexico, Pancho Villa has called off his march to Mexico City and returned to Torreon. No specific reason was reported for the turnaround but it is thought Villa’s army may have run low on ammunition.  In Niagara Falls, Canada the ABC mediators have given General Carranza until tomorrow to state whether he will enter into peace talks with President Huerta.


The Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie (shown here with their children) 2- Franz Ferdinand and Sophie and familywere murdered yesterday morning in Sarajevo, Bosnia while visiting the city on a good will tour. The Archduke was the heir to the Throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The couple was driving in a car on the way to a hospital to visit others who were injured in a bomb attack which occurred earlier in the day. The driver of the Royal car apparently took a wrong turn and drove down a dead end street. While trying to turn the car around, a member of the conspiracy to assassinate the Archduke, Gavrilo Princip, saw the couple and shot them. The couple leaves behind three children, Sophie 13, Maximilian, 12, and Ernst, 10 years old.

Although the assassination is a tragic event for the Austrian Empire, reports from Vienna conclude it will not result in political upheaval for the monarchy. The present Emperor, Franz Joseph, although old and a bit ailing could remain on the throne for a few more years to allow a seamless transfer to the new heir, Archduke Charles Francis Joseph, who is 27 years old.

In Philadelphia the assassination has stirred little interest in the city’s Austrian and Hungarian colonies. Those interviewed have mostly said it does not concern them. They said Austria is too far away to worry about. Many stated that they had come to America to leave that sort of thing behind and that America is their country now.

In sports, The United States Foot Ball Association received word today from the International Federation of Foot Ball that it has been accepted as a permanent member. The US now joins 21 other countries covered by the International body. The Phillies double header with Boston is rained out.

Today in Philadelphia – Sunday, June 28, 1914

Heavy thunderstorms swept over the city and region today breaking the heat wave and dropping temperatures from the low 90°s to a high of only 74°. However, along with relief from the heat the storms brought problems. Lightning struck a trolley car at 13th and Shunk Streets. The lightning bolt blasted a hole in the roof of the car, setting it on fire.  Many of the passengers were knocked down and received an electric shock. No one required hospitalization.

200 Catholic school girls left today on a special train from Broad Street Station for the Brice Farm in Port Kennedy, Pa. The trip is organized by the St. Vincent DePaul society and will provide the girls with a week on the farm. The Society sends Catholic children to the country side every year to provide them with a bit of fresh air and get them out of the crowded city. In Atlantic City, the town has passed an ordinance prohibiting men from gathering around the bath houses on the beach and ogling or annoying women.

In Europe, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife Sophie are visiting Sarajevo in Bosnia today on a good will visit. The couple will tour the city and visit with Bosnian officials.

In sports, after a 20 round fight (shown here),  Johnson-Moran FightJack Johnson took the decision over Frank Moran at the Velodrome D’hivre in Paris, France yesterday, retaining his heavyweight title.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, June 27, 1914

Philadelphians will suffer under hot and humid skies with temperatures reaching 91°. Occasional showers are also expected.

Residents of the Falls of Schuylkill were held in terror last night by a crazed man with a shot gun. Joseph McCready roamed the streets threatening to shoot anyone he saw. The shooting began at Ridge Avenue and Calumet Street where McCready shot out a store window. Then McCready shot 3 men in their legs who were coming out of the Fairmont Inn. Eventually a group of men formed and subdued the gunman. The men began beating McCready while being cheered on by the ladies in attendance. When police arrived and arrested him, McCready blamed his actions on the excessive heat.

In other police news, 220 young men hoping to become policemen took the civil service test today. The applicants were tested in arithmetic and writing and given physical exams. Their fingerprints were also taken. The Health Bureau reported today that there were only 394 deaths in the city this week, 58 less than last week. Tuberculosis and heart disease were the leading causes of death.

In Europe, King George of England and his wife Queen Mary (shown here) George and Mary - LOCwere assaulted in London when militant suffragettes broke through a police line and bombarded the King with leaflets. One of the leaflets knocked off the King’s hat. Neither Royal was injured. The women were arrested.

In sports also in England, the Haverford College cricket team is continuing its tour. Today they defeated the team from Rossall School near Blackpool, which is considered the Atlantic City of Britain.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, June 26, 1914

The city will have sunny skies with less humidity and the high temperature reaching 88°.

Reports from Mexico state that General villa’s army is in pursuit of Federal troops fleeing Zacatecas. However, as the soldiers are found they are being executed by the rebel forces. In Europe, Greece has called up its Naval Reserve forces leading many to believe the country is preparing for war with turkey.

A rare occurrence in professional base ball yesterday as the Athletics were awarded a victory by forfeit over the Washington Senators. Home plate umpire Oliver Perry Chill (shown here) Oliver Perry Chill - LOCwarned Senator’s pitcher Joe Engel that he was using an illegal delivery. Engel ignored the warning and continued to throw against the umpire’s instruction. At that point Chill began calling every pitch a ball. Senator’s manager Clark Griffith then called his players off the field. Umpire Chill called for the Washington team to return to their positions but was ignored. After waiting for over 5 minutes, Chill declared a forfeit and awarded the game to the Mackmen. This isn’t the first time this year that umpire Chill has been involved in controversial calls. In May he had to be rescued by police from rioting Yankee fans in New York who disagreed with his calls.

In other sports news, the Phillies beat Brooklyn 8 to 7. Penn’s rowing team is in Poughkeepsie, N.Y. to compete in the Intercollegiate Rowing Championship. In cricket, the New York Veterans defeated the Germantown Colts.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, June 25, 1914

It will be hot and humid again in the city with the high temperature reaching 91°. But over 2000 little orphans from various institutions will be whisked off today for a trip to Willow Grove Park (shown here).

Willow Grove loc

The outing is sponsored and arranged by the Quaker City Motor Club. This is the 7th straight year the Club has shown the little ones a day at the Park.

In crime news, David Weber of Myrtlewood Street was arrested and held on $600.00 bail after being charged with annoying and flirting with girls in the park at 39th and Lancaster Avenue.

News from Mexico is that Pancho Villa’s army has captured Zacatecas. Reports are that over 2000 federal soldiers have been killed and 5000 have been captured. Now, three rebel armies are moving toward Mexico City. In Europe, it was announced in Belgrade, Serbia that King Peter will return to the throne once he recovers from health problems. The palace clarified yesterday’s announcement by stating the abdication by King Peter in favor of his son Alexander was only temporary.

In sports, the Phillies defeated Brooklyn 2 to 0. The Athletics lost both games of a doubleheader to the Senators. In the competition for the Halifax Cup of Cricket it is a tight race between the teams from Philadelphia, Germantown and Frankford.

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, June 24, 1914

Philadelphians will be suffering under oppressive heat and humidity today with possible thunderstorms. The high temperature will reach 89°. A recent archaeological discovery at the University of Pennsylvania appears to contain the oldest account of the fall of man and the great flood.  The story is contained on a Babylonian stone tablet dated to 2,500 B.C. which has been residing in the Nippur Collection at the school. The discovery was made by Professor Stephen Langdon from Oxford who has been studying the writing.

Congress has approved $200,000.00 for the construction of new shipways at the Navy Yard. Additionally, an appropriation of $31,000 has been approved for the building of new store houses at the Frankford Arsenal.

In Europe, reports from Belgrade, Serbia are that King Peter I has abdicated in favor of his second son Prince Alexander (shown here) due to illness. PríncipeAlejandroDeSerbia--balkancockpitpol00pric_0283

In Albania, the rebel forces have declared a holy war or “Jihad” against the government and the Christian King, William of Wied. Also, fighting continues today outside the capitol city of Durazzo.

In sports, the Phillies lost to the Cardinals 7 to 5.

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, June 23, 1914

The weather today is for cloudy skies with light rain. Temperatures will reach a high of 85°. The Philadelphia public schools closed today for the summer. Schools will reopen on September 8.

In Municipal Court at the 11th & Winter Street Police Station, Magistrate Tracy was transported back to a different time and place. Half Moon Starlight, a Chippewa Indian recently arrived in our city from South Dakota, was brought before the Magistrate this morning. Last night after visiting the tenderloin section of the city Half Moon became “excited.” At the corner of 12th & Cuthbert Streets he began an Indian dance and drew a large crowd. Mr. Starlight and a friend were arrested for intoxication.

Magistrate Tracy asked Mr. Starlight for his promise not to cause any more disturbances. Mr. Starlight gave his solemn word as an Indian. The Judge then discharged the case and set him free. But Half Moon would not leave the court until the Judge and the arresting officers smoked a peace pipe with him. Mr. Starlight produced the pipe from his pocket and all involved shared a smoke and passed the pipe around the courtroom.

For those looking for evening entertainment, Creatore and His Band will be appearing at Willow Grove Park tonight.


In sports, the International Olympic Congress rejected the inclusion of baseball in the games of 1916.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, June 22, 1914

The city will experience high humidity and rain throughout the day. Showers will be heavy at times. The high will reach 78°. Mrs. Margaret Garwood will be celebrating her 107th Birthday today. Mrs. Garwood lives at the Union Home For Old Ladies at 49th and Lancaster Avenue. Mrs. Garwood was born in Ireland in 1807 and came to America to escape the great famine in 1847. During her life her in Philadelphia she has worked as a domestic and cook. Happy Birthday Mrs. Garwood.

President Wilson said today he would support a provision in the Navy bill moving through Congress to sell 2 Battleships (the USS Mississippi and the USS Idaho) to Greece. In Niagara Falls, Canada at the meditation talks, President Huerta’s representatives have informed the ABC mediators that they are prepared to meet with representatives of the constitutionalists’ party. In Mexico, reports are that General Villa is preparing to hurl his army of 30,000 against the Huerta stronghold of Zacatecas.

In Europe, King William of Albania has opened peace negotiations with the rebels and a 3 day truce has been declared. In Greece, King Constantine declared today that if war with turkey does come for Greece it will be a war fought for morality and that his country will not seek any territory.

In entertainment, Mary Pickford (shown here) Mary Pickford - locis appearing in the motion picture “The Bishop’s Carriage” at the Stanley. In sports, the Browns beat the A’s 5 to 0 and the cubs defeated the Phillies 5 to 4.

Today in Philadelphia – Sunday, June 21, 1914

It is Sunday in 1914 Philadelphia. And Philadelphians took seriously the charge that Sunday be a day of rest. Newspapers did not publish, sports teams did not play, stores did not open and certainly bars and saloons were shuttered. On Sundays, Philadelphians went to church services and visited with family and friends. After Sunday dinner the more financially well off might sit around the Victrola listening to the latest popular songs or gather around the piano and sing old family favorites. The poorer families would gather also. Perhaps in a common courtyard or on the front stoop. A guitar, mandolin or harmonica might provide the tune as the neighbors sung the songs of the old country. No matter their situation, Sunday for Philadelphians was for God, family and quiet rest.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, June 20, 1914

Philadelphians will experience the coldest June 20th on record today with the high reaching only 51° under clear skies. Madness and unrequited love caused a terrible scene last evening at 531 S. 17th Street. John Barnes, colored and 28 years old of 1609 Lombard Street went to the restaurant there to order a meal and see Miss Hattie Lucas, colored, who worked as a waitress. It is known Barnes had been bothering the 19 year old girl for months and she had rejected his advances. Last night, after ordering a meal Barnes followed Miss Lucas to a back room. She ordered him to leave her alone whereupon he pulled out a handgun and shot her in the head. Miss Lucas died instantly. Then Barnes put the gun to his head and shot himself dead.

In entertainment news, The Municipal Band will perform tonight at Westmoreland Park, 5th & Allegheny. The Philadelphia Band will be playing at City Hall Plaza and the Fairmount Park Band will be at Belmont Mansion. On the stage, Miss Sophie Barnard and Mr. Fred V. Bowers will be performing their vaudeville acts at B.F. Keith’s Theater (shown below).

Keith's Theater loc

In sports, more than 100 horses will take part in the annual City Carnival on the Fairmont Park Speedway north of Belmont Mansion today. The events included all manner of trotting and racing competitions.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, June 19, 2014

The city is under cloudy skies today with the high reaching 77°. Little Warren McCarrick was buried from his home today. After services, his body was taken to Mount Moriah Cemetery where he was laid to rest.

In political news, Theodore Roosevelt announced today he will run for President on the Progressive Party ticket if he is nominated. Teddy said he would be a candidate “because he is convinced the country is in an unhealthy state and the majority of men of the Nation want him to cure it.”

On the Mexican situation, President Huerta stated today that if mediation talks fail at Niagara Falls, Canada, he may call on the Mexican congress to declare war on the United States.

In Europe the future King of Italy, Crown Prince Umberto (shown below) fainted away while attending his first bull fight in Majorca, Spain. The little Price is 10 years old and was overcome by the sight of blood. After regaining consciousness he was removed from the arena by his tutor with whom he is travelling. He was taken crying and frightened to an Italian ship in the harbor to recover.

Umberto LOC

In Sports, the International Olympic Congress has voted to allow boxing as a sport in the 1916 games in Berlin. In base ball, the Phillies beat the Cardinals 12 to 4 and St. Louis beat the A’s 6 to 5.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, June 18, 1914

Philadelphia saw fair skies today with the high reaching 79°. Smiles were abundant today on the faces of the children of Kensington. The North Kensington Businessmen Association made their annual excursion to Atlantic City for a day of fun in the sun. 1200 men, women and children from the neighborhood went as their guests. Upon arrival at the beach every child received a toy bucket, shovel and a box of delicious candy. A happy day was had by all.  

In Europe, an unsuccessful attempt was made today to assassinate Nicholas, Tsar of Russia, his wife Alexandra and son Alexis, the Tsarevich (mother and son shown here). The family was returning from a visit to the King of Rumania when a bomb exploded on the tracks just ahead of the train they were travelling on. The explosion occurred about 75 miles from St. Petersburg.

Alexandra and Alexis loc

In Albania, Muslin rebels are making gains against the forces of King William outside of Durrazo, the capitol city of the country. The royal army, which is personally led by the King, suffered the loss of almost 500 men in yesterday’s fighting.

In sports, the Philadelphia Country Club Polo team suffered it’s first loss of the season to the team from the 1st  Troop of the Philadelphia City Calvary at Bryn Mawr today.

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, June 17, 1914

Philadelphians will enjoy clear skies today with a gently breeze and the high temperature reaching 75°. An autopsy was conducted today on the body of Warren McCarrick. Doctors stated the cause of death is virtually impossible to determine due to the state of the body. The boy’s parents have asked for help in discovering the circumstances of their son’s death. Both parents believe it impossible that he fell into a sewer drain to be swept to the Schuylkill River and then carried to the Delaware River and the Vine Street Warf. The couple also noted that the boy’s overcoat, sweater and boots are still missing.

Commencement exercises occurred today at the University of Pennsylvania. 707 students received degrees. The assembly was addressed by Mr. Jean Adrien Jusserand (shown here), France’s ambassador to the United States.

Jusserand loc

In Mexico, General Villa has for all practical purposes become the master of northern Mexico. Last night villa’s forces seized all government offices in the city of Juarez. Similar actions occurred in Chihuahua and Torreon. Also, there are some reports that Villa has broken ties with General Carranza.

In base ball, the A’s beat the white Sox 10 to 7 but the Phillies lost to the Cards 4 to 3.

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, June 16, 1914


A City Mourns For Little Lost boy

The body of Little Warren McCarrick was recovered today floating in the Delaware River off the Vine Street wharf. Little Warren disappeared from his home at 619 S. 19th Street on March 12th. The boy’s body was unrecognizable as a result of being in the water and was only identified through his clothing and underwear which his mother has specially sewn for him just days before his disappearance. Members of the boy’s family, including an uncle who is a police detective, went to the morgue to identify and retrieve the body.

Warren McCarrick

Little Warren’s mother is inconsolable with grief and being attend to by physicians, family and friends. The boy’s father, James, believes Warren’s death was not a result of an accident but murder. Police say the cause of Warren’s death is a mystery. Did he wander away from home and fall into the river? Did he somehow fall into an open sewer and then his body was carried into the river? Police are not ruling out any theory, including foul play. The Chief of Detectives has assure the parents that they will continue the investigation until the facts surrounding Warren’s death are known and if murder is the cause, the perpetrator will be brought to justice.

In International news, Muslim rebels in Albania have attached the capitol with heavy artillery. Prince William (formerly of Wied), sovereign of Albania, is personally commanding the Albanian forces.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, June 15, 1914

The City will have fair skies with a high of 78°. The City’s Baby Clinic opened today at the Chestnut Street pier. This is the 5th year the clinic will be operating. The clinic will provide medical services for babies not ill enough to go to a hospital. Mothers who bring their babies to the clinic will be given advice by nurses. For those wishing a pleasant evening Carl Schroeder and his band will be performing at Woodside Park. There will also be fireworks at the park this evening.

In National news, Adlai Stevenson (shown below), Vice President of the United States from 1893 to 1897 died yesterday in a Chicago Hospital. Stevenson, who was born October 23, 1835 and served as Vice President under Grover Cleveland.

Adlai Stevenson

In the Mexican situation, mediation efforts at Niagara Falls, Canada have entered a critical stage. American and Mexican delegations are wide apart on who shall be named provisional President of Mexico. President Huerta has made it clear through his representatives that he will not step down if a member of the “Constitutionalist” party is named. Huerta demands that the new President be neutral in the conflict.

In International news, Greece has formerly annexed the Turkish islands of Chios and Mitylene.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, June 13, 1914

A massive explosion and fire occurred today at the Lubin Manufacturing Plant and Movie Studio at 20th & Indiana (shown below). 16 homes adjacent to the Plant, along the 2900 Block of Garnet Street were destroyed by the flames. The explosion was heard blocks away. 200 girl workers, mostly actresses at the studio, fled into the streets to escape the flames and screaming in terror. Many were hospitalized. Also a young boy, about 10 years of age who worked at the studio was badly burned and not expected to survive. It is feared that all of the celluloid films of the studio stored at the plant have been lost to the fire.


In more pleasant news, Flag Day was celebrated throughout the city. Special events were held and parades took place in every neighborhood. Celebrations were held at the Betsy Ross House and Independence Hall where representatives of the Daughters of the American Revolution handed out flags to members of each Boy Scout troop of the city.

In international news, Turkish forces attacked the town of Alvalik on the Aegean coast. The town is home to about 25,000 Greeks. Greek naval vessels are proceeding to the area.

In sports, Haverford College’s Cricket team left for England today to engage in a 17 match series against Britain’s best teams.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, June 12, 1914

The city is sweltering in the heat today with the high reaching 93°, making today the hottest June 12th on record. The Society of Organizing Charities is making excellent progress in ridding the streets of beggars. The Society has been working with the City since last December and has removed 454 mendicants from the streets. Most of these were able bodied young men and were turned over to the Department of Corrections. 24 have been deported.

The power to confer the degree of Bachelor of Science to students completing a 4 year course in engineering was given to the Drexel Institute today by the Court of Common Pleas.

For those seeking a day away from the city heat, the Chicago Symphony Orchestra will be performing at Willow Grove Park this week. In base ball the Phillies beat the Reds 3 to 2 on Gavvy Cravath’s 9th inning home run. The A’s lost to Cleveland.

 Gavvy Cravath

In International news, reports from the Balkans suggest that war clouds are gathering between Greece and Turkey. Turkey is adopting a policy to cleanse all Greeks and Bulgarians from Asia Minor and Turkish Thrace. This move is believed to be a prelude to Turkey reacquiring Saloniki and Macedonia.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, June 11, 1914

Philadelphia would see sunny skies today with the high reaching the mid 70°s.

Criminal activity by juveniles leads the news today. Fights between the students of the Vare Public School, 3rd & Morris and the Morris School at 2nd & Morris have become so violent that Judge Gorman of the Juvenile Court will visit the schools today to speak with the boys. The Judge intends to put them on their honor that the fighting will stop. Also, 3 boys were arrested today for setting fire to the tail of a horse at the Freihofer Bakery’s stable at 20th & Indiana. The boys were caught by the stable boss and turned over to police. The horse is expected to fully recover.

In England, Militant Suffragettes attempted to blow up the Coronation chair in London’s Westminster Abbey. Fortunately, the explosion caused little damage to the great oak chair or to the Stone of Scone. Coronation Chair

In Sports, the Philadelphia Country Club Polo team defeated Bryn Mawr’s team 8 to 7 in the second game of the Tournament for the Wootton Cup. In base ball, the Phillies lost to the Reds 8 to 2 while the A’s defeated Cleveland 8 to 0.

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, June 10, 1914

Three policemen were beaten last night attempting to break up a disturbance at Front and Laurel Streets. The policemen were assaulted with bricks and pipes by the crowd. The assailants are still being sought.

In the Mexican situation, an impasse has been reached by the ABC group mediators. The stumbling point is over President Huerta’s resignation and who will be named his successor.

Kermit Roosevelt, second son of former President Theodore Roosevelt, was married today in Spain to the former Miss Belle Wyatt Willard, daughter of the American Ambassador to Spain.

In Europe, riots have broken out in Rome and throughout Italy by striking workers. Railroad stations have been burned and martial law has been declared in sections of central Italy. It is believed socialists are behind the outbursts.

In sports at the Women’s National Tennis Tournament only two Philadelphia women remain in the competition, Miss Sarah Myers of the Merion Cricket Club and Miss Hannah Wright of Germantown. In base ball the Phillies defeated the Pirates 3 to 1, despite the efforts of the buccaneer’s shortstop Honus Wagner (shown below.) Wagner smacked the 3,000th hit of his 17 year career in the game.

Honus Wagner

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, June 9, 1914

Yesterday’s heat has dissipated for a bit with today’s high only reaching into the high 70°’s under sunny skies.

Miss Margaret Wilson, daughter of the President Margaret Wilsonvisited the city today. Miss Wilson was here to undergo a minor throat operation at the office of Dr. D. Braden Kyle, 1517 Walnut Street. Miss Wilson, who came to the city unaccompanied, went shopping on Walnut Street and Market Street after the procedure. She apparently went unrecognized by her fellow shoppers.

Commencement exercises are being held today at Villanova College and St. Charles Borromeo Seminary. Both exercises will be presided over by Archbishop Prendergast.

Fire overnight destroyed the rooms of the Edwin Austin Colored Republican Club at Cresson and Grape Streets in Manayunk. The fire is thought to have been started by a club member discarding a cigar into a wooden box used as a cuspidor.

In sports, the Women’s National Tennis Championship is now in progress at the Philadelphia Cricket Club, St. Martin’s. In baseball, Pittsburgh beat the Phillies 7 to 3 in a game notable for the unusually erratic pitching of Grover Cleveland Alexander.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, June 8, 1914

The temperatures in the city today will reach the low 90°s under sunny skies. The city announced today that the public bath houses will be opened next Monday and remain open until September 30th. The decision was made due to the unusually hot weather we are experiencing. Also, the Walnut Street Business Men’s Association are proposing the closing of their businesses in July and August due to the heat. However, the proposal is not unanimous and some business owners are not in favor of closing.

In Mexico, President Huerta has announced he will not blockade the port of Tampico. Additionally, on the Mexican situation progress has been reported in the negotiations in Niagara Falls, Canada by the ABC group (Argentina, Brazil, Chile) over Vera Cruz. The constitutionalists under General Carranza have made approaches and proposals which the United States finds acceptable. Also, President Huerta’s representatives have informed the group that he has withdrawn his refusal to step down as President.

Former President Theodore Roosevelt has arrived in Spain for the wedding of his son Kermit to Miss Belle Willard, daughter of the American Ambassador to Spain. T.R. was met upon arrival by King Alfonso XIII (shown below).  Alfonzo - King of Spain

In Sports, the Pirates beat the Phillies 5 to 3 and Detroit defeated the A’s 4 to 1.

Today In Philadelphia – Saturday,  June 6, 1914

The Babies Welfare Association opened today in City Hall, room 714. Parents with sick children can now telephone “Electrical Bureau 91” and a woman will be on duty 24 hours a day to answer questions, give advice, help find first aid, find a doctor or hospital close to the caller or call an ambulance if necessary. Only New York City has a similar service. The Association will work in concert with other city charities for children.

The University of Pennsylvania Medical School has announced that beginning next semester it will admit women to its program to study to be doctors. In other medical news, the City released its weekly mortality report showing 442 deaths last week. The majority, 71, were due to tuberculosis.

In sports, Central High School (shown here) Central High Schoolhas won the quadrangular Track & Field Championship for the 5th straight year defeating West Philadelphia, Northeast and Southern High Schools. In baseball the Phillies beat the Pirates 13 to 3.

In Mexico, Pancho Villa and President Huerta have exchanged messages by telegraph. It is thought Villa sent the messages in celebration of his birthday which was June 5th. In one message Villa writes to Huerta “Wait for me pig. I’m going to hang you” Reportedly the other messages were less pleasant.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, June 5, 1914

Today’s skies are partly cloudy with the high reaching 73°. Miss Maude Lydes of 15th and Beechwood Streets was arrested last night for public intoxication. She was sentenced to 5 days in jail by Magistrate Briggs at the 28th & Federal Street Police Station. However, when Miss Lydes said she was set to sail back to Ireland tomorrow the Magistrate decided to commute her sentence on the promise that she mail him a letter on her arrival. Miss Lydes agreed and soon she will be drinking in Ireland.

Shoppers are being warned that inspectors at the Farmers Market at 20th & Oxford Streets have found that the scales used for weighing butter and eggs are defective. The owners of the butter & eggs stores and carts have been ordered closed until their scales are brought up to required standards.

Temple University today bestowed degrees on 125 graduates in the fields of law, theology, Pharmacy, dentistry and arts and sciences. This evening the Municipal Band will be giving a concert in Franklin Square at Franklin & Vine Streets. In sports, both the A’s and the Phillies were rained out.

On the Mexican front, both Great Britain and Holland are pressuring President Wilson to act, if necessary, to keep the port of Tampico open. President Huerta has threatened to blockade the port even though he previously promised Britain and Holland it would remain open.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, June 4, 1914

There has been another possible sighting of Little Warren McCarrick, this time in Doylestown, Pa. Dr. William Erdman of that area has wired police saying that he encountered a boy matching little Warren’s description with a shabbily dressed man. Dr. Erdman spoke to the boy who said he had not seen his mother in 3 months and appeared very afraid of the man he was with. Police are investigating.

The Board of Education has announced it will open the position of truant officer to women. The Board believes that in certain situations in the home women are better equipped than men to understand the domestic problems causing truancy.

The Bureau of Public Works has announced a delay of work on the Parkway. The Bureau had received only 1 bid last week for the necessary demolition work to be done along the proposed route. The Bureau will extend the deadline for bids in the hopes of attracting more companies.

In sports, Philadelphia’s women defeated Boston’s ladies in the 1st round of the Tri-City match for the Griscom Cup of golf being held in Greenwich, Connecticut. In baseball, the A’s took a doubleheader from the Red Sox’s and the Phillies beat the Giants 10 to 3.

In international news, a plot has been uncovered by militant suffragettes to kidnap Prince Henry (shown below), the youngest son of King George V. Prince Henry is 14 years old and is attending school at Eaton. The suffragettes intended to hold the boy until the king went to Parliament and demanded full and unlimited suffrage. Security around the royal family has been enhanced.

Prince Henry, 1914

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, June 3, 1914

Philadelphians woke to a fair and sunny sky today with the high reaching 81°.

IS “LITTLE WARREN” IN CANADA? A new clue has arisen in the search for Little Warren McCarrick. The boy’s father James has received a telegram claiming the boy may be in Canada. The telegram is from Mr. Bryon Fischer stating he has found a boy in Wallaceburg, Ontario. Mr. Fischer has also written the Mayor with additional information. The boy is described as being stout, about 7 years old, with dark eyes and medium color hair. Frank O’Brian, the police detective in charge of the case could not be reached for comment. He is out of the city on a “secret mission” but is expected to return today.

In other local news, three children and a woman were bitten by a Fox Terrier dog which is believed to be rabid. The attacks occurred on Diamond Street between 27th and 33rd Streets. The children have been taken to Philadelphia Hospital and are undergoing the Pasteur treatment. The dog was caught and its brain is being studied for signs of the disease.

In sports yesterday, the Phillies split a doubleheader with the Giants and the A’s split their doubleheader with the Red Sox’s.

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, June 2, 1914

The skies will be fair today with a high of 68°. People are advised to avoid wooded areas between Coatesville and Parksburg in Chester County today. The area is being searched by hunters on horseback for an escaped tiger. The tiger reportedly escaped form a travelling circus and has been seen by many local residents. If you live in that area you are advised to stay indoors.

In entertainment, Mr. Douglas Fairbanks (shown below) will be appearing at Keith’s Theater, 208 N. 8th Street, in the comedy play “A Regular Business Man”. The Municipal Band will be giving a concert tonight at Penn Treaty Park, Columbia Avenue and the River. In sports, both the A’s and the Phillies will be playing doubleheaders today. The A’s face the Red Sox and the Phils meet the Giants. Yesterday, The Phillies lost to the Giants and the A’s split their doubleheader with the Yankees.

Douglas Fairbanks Sr.

In the Mexican situation, the peace talks in Niagara Falls, Canada have become snarled over General Carranza statement he will not accept any imposed provisional government decided upon by the mediators that does not include him. In international news, in Rome, Pope Pius X celebrates his 79th birthday today.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, June 1, 1914

Philadelphians saw an overcast day with the high reaching 70°. A grand festival and parade is planned today by the German American community of our city to celebrate Witsuntide. The party will be centered at the park at 5th and Cayuga Avenue and be opened with an address by Mayor Blankenburg who is also named the day’s guest of honor.

Today is also the semi-official start of the wedding season. The Marriage License Bureau in City Hall has reported that by noon today almost 200 couples have applied for licenses and the waiting lines are still long. City Hall also announced today that in June, July and August the offices will close to the public each day at 3:00pm. However, the Mayor’s office made clear the employees will remain at their workplaces until 4:00pm.

A license was granted today to Frank O’Brian to operate a saloon at the corner of 9th & Cherry Streets with the provision that women not be served. This provision was included by the Police Vice Squad which believes serving women in that area (Tenderloin) will lead to the saloon being frequented by undesirables.

In England, militant suffragettes burned down the church of St. Mary’s at Wargrave-on-Thames. The church had been built in 1538. The incendiaries left behind suffragette literature in the burned out ruins (shown below). Other churches were also targeted over the weekend but those plots were discovered and stopped.

St. Mary's at Wargrave-on-Thames

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, May 2, 1914

The weather is beautiful today with sunny skies and a high of 61°. It was a great day for a parade. Over 2000 Suffragettes paraded today through center city. The parade began at Rittenhouse Square at 1:45pm with the ladies singing (to the melody of “My Country Tis of Thee”) the following lyrics:

“My Country tis of thee, to make your women free, this is our plan

High have our hopes been raised, in these enlightened days

That for her justice praised, our land might be”

With the announcement by one of the leaders “Quick girls, powder your noses, we are going to start” the ladies marched on to Washington Square. The women were splendidly regaled with some parading on foot, some on horseback and some in cars. Although the ladies received no taunts of disparagement from onlookers neither did they receive much applause or signs of support. Parades were held today in almost all large American cities.


The city released its weekly reports on mortality yesterday noting there were 594 deaths in total with 76 from pneumonia, 5 from scarlet fever and 4 from typhoid.

In sports, the A’s defeated Washington 7 to 6 and the Phillies beat Brooklyn 8 to 6.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, May 1, 1914

Philadelphians will enjoy fair and sunny skies today with a high temperature of 56°. In arts and entertainment news, Miss Eugenie Blair (shown below) brings her gripping performance as Jacqueline Floriot in “Madame X “ to the Walnut Theater this evening. [In the tradition of great actors, while performing in “Anna Christie” in Chicago in 1922, Miss Blair, although feeling ill and not wanting her understudy to take the stage, gave a splendid performance in act I. After which she went back stage, asked for water and dropped dead.]

Eugenie Blair

 In Mexico City it is reported that 1500 American citizens are attempting to leave the city. Also, President Huerta has agreed to the armistice requested by the South American ambassadors as they attempt to resolve the dispute between his government and the United States over Vera Cruz. In other Mexican news reports are received that a second rebel army is preparing to move on Tampico. General Carranza, while reviewing this army in Chihuahua, stated that he believes once the constitutionalists defeat Huerta the Americans will leave Vera Cruz.

In sports, Miss Dorothea Samuels, 15 years old, of 369 Gowen Avenue, Mt. Airy, competes today in the Senior National Fencing Championship being held in New York City. Miss Samuels is a member of the Philadelphia Fencers Club and has already won the Pennsylvania State Championship. In baseball, both the Athletics and the Phillies were rained out.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, April 30, 1914

It is a partly cloudy day with the high reaching 50°. A terrible fight took place last night at 19th and Federal Streets between a gang of white boys and a gang of colored boys. The combatants used fists, bricks and stones to pummel each other. Edward Gains (colored) of 20th & Wilder Street was arrested and has been sentenced to 5 days in jail.

In Mexico, Vera Cruz was quiet yesterday but fighting between Mexican federal forces and rebels continued in Tampico. Major Louis J. Magill of 2507 South Cleveland Street (shown below) has now assumed command as adjunct of the Marines located offshore at Tampico.


In sports, Charles H Newcomb of this city has won the state trap shooting competition sponsored by the Keystone Gun Club at Homesburg Junction. Also, John H. Scott of the Southwark Catholic Club has set a new walking record by traveling between Boston and Washington, D.C. in 8 days, 5 hours and 57 minutes. In baseball, the Senators beat the A’s, 6 to 4 yesterday and the Phillies were rained out again in Brooklyn.

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, April 29, 1914

It is a rainy day in the City with a high of 52°. Old timers will remember Billy McLean from his boxing days which ended in 1869 and from his time as a baseball umpire. Now the 80 year old spends his time acting as a “major domo” for the children at Rittenhouse Square. McLean spends his time retrieving boats and dolls dropped by the kiddies in the pool in the square. He lives with his daughter at 2213 Latona Street says he loves being around and helping the little ones because it makes him feel young.

Professor Dick’s Dancing Academy has opened at the corner of 12th and Spring Garden Streets. The school provides lessons in the Waltz, the Tango and all others dances enjoyed by the fashionable set.

Concerning the situation in Mexico, the ambassadors of Argentina, Brazil and Chile have asked Presidents Wilson and Huerta to enter into an armistice while negotiations proceed. Also, General Carranza of the Constitutional forces has changed his position on the occupation of Vera Cruz. Carranza now says he believes the occupation is a good thing and will give him a better chance of defeating the dictator. It is thought Carranza changed his position under pressure from General Villa. Additionally, 500 Marines from Philadelphia arrived today aboard the ship Morro Castle to join Major Butler’s force.

In sports, the A’s defeated Walter Johnson and his Senators 2 to 1 behind the pitching of Bucknell University graduate Weldon Wychoff (shown below).  Also, the 2 day Keystone Gun Club shooting tournament begins today at Holmesburg Junction.


Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, April 28, 1914

The city will be under cloudy skies today with the high temperature reaching 60°. In local news, there have been no new developments in the search for little Warren McCarrick. Also, Mr. J. Munroe Tompkins, a piano dealer from 5147 Germantown Avenue, learned a costly lesson yesterday at the circus. He left his motor car in the care of a young lad at 19th & Hunting Park Avenue while he attended the show. After the performance he went to retrieve his car but found both it and the boy were gone. The theft has been reported to the police.

In Mexico, Vera Cruz is quiet today. There are no reports of hostile actions. Also, the King of Spain has asked the ambassadors of Argentina, Brazil and Chile to act as mediators in the situations between Mexico and the United States. President Wilson seems willing to accept their assistance. It is also reported that General Emiliano Zapata (shown below) may support President Huerta in fighting the United States and attacking our forces at Vera Cruz. Previously General Villa had stated he will not assist Huerta.


In sports, yesterday at the University of Pennsylvania Relay Carnival, the Oxford relay team was victorious in the first ever international 4 mile relay race. The Oxford team led by their captain Arnold Jackson, reached the finish line less than 1 foot before 2nd place finisher Wallace McCurdy of Penn. Oxford was well received here by the 25,000 in attendance at Franklin Field. Last evening they were the guests of honor at a dinner and party on Penn’s campus. Also, in baseball the A’s defeated the Yankees 5 to 4 at Shibe Park. The Phillies were rained out in Brooklyn.

Today in Philadelphia, Monday, April 27, 1914

It is partly cloudy today with the high reaching 56°. And it is a grand day for a parade. Especially a circus parade. The Barnum and Bailey Circus has arrived in Philadelphia. The performers and animals will be parading from 19th and Hunting Park Avenue, where they will be performing under the big top this week, through the city to 5th and Market to visit Independence Hall. Tickets are .50¢ for adults and .25¢ for the kiddies.


In national news, the census has reported that the population of the United States has reached over 98 million. In Minera, Texas a border clash broke out today in which 10 Mexicans were killed and 20 wounded. It is believed the Mexicans were attacking in retaliation for the U.S. occupation of Vera Cruz. No Americans were injured. In Vera Cruz, Mexico, marshal law has been declared. From Mexico City we learn that President Huerta has sent his assurance to Secretary Bryan that he will allow any Americans in that country to leave unhindered.

In Sports, the Quaker City Concourse Association held its pigeon race yesterday. The winners were the team of Adam Burk, whose birds covered the 100 mile course from Maryland to Philadelphia in just over 2.5 hours.

In Europe, the majority of European governments have expressed support for America’s actions at Vera Cruz. The exception being Germany, which has criticized America’s intervention. King Alfonso of Spain has offered to act as a mediator or arbitrator between the United States and President Huerta. The King said he is willing to help in any way possible to bring an end to the hostilities. In other European news, the condition of Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph has taken a turn for the worse.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, April 25, 1914

It will rain throughout most of the day with high temperature reaching 53°. In local news, the University of Pennsylvania may step in to save the building at 111 Spring Street. The building is where Benjamin Franklin spent some of his poverty stricken early years in this city. Presently the building is in decay and may be torn down unless a buyer can be found.

On social scene, the YMCA is planning a festive and gay pageant tonight at Convention Hall, Broad and Allegheny Avenue. The performance will include spirited dances and a beautiful tableau evoking an ancient country festival with the girls singing and dancing around a maypole. All the dances are intended to signify womanly strength and purity.

Vera Cruz is mostly quiet today broken by occasional sniper fire that is quickly suppressed by our boys. It is learned that the Marine commander who led the first contingents ashore is Major Smedley Butler (shown below) of West Chester. Major Butler is the son of Congressman Thomas Butler.                                                                       Smedley Butler

Rioting has broken out in Mexico City and Americans are being targeted. Jorge Huerta, the son of President Huerta, led a mob which toppled a statute of George Washington given to Mexico as a gift from the American people. Reinforcements are heading for Vera Cruz. The 5th Army Brigade left Galveston, Texas today as thousands cheered them from the dock and a band played Dixie as they sailed off.

In sports, yesterday the Yankees defeated the A’s 8 to 7 and the Phillies beat the Giants 8 to 2. At Franklin Field, the University of Pennsylvania Relay Carnival begins this afternoon.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, April 24, 1914

The weather today is clear but a bit cold with the high reaching only 48°.

It is reported that a second Philadelphia boy has been killed in Vera Cruz. Seaman Charles A. Smith (shown below) of 2168 East Sergeant Street was killed while trying to retrieve a fallen America Flag during battle. Seaman Smith was serving aboard the U.S.S. New Hampshire.

Charles A. Smith

In the city, Mr. Edward B. Cassett, the son of Alexander Cassett former president of the Pennsylvania Railroad, has offered to reenlist in the Army and organize the “Pennsylvania Rough Riders.” Mr Cassett is well known here for the thoroughbred horses he raises on his Berwyn farm as well as for his service in the Army as a cavalry officer. Mr. Cassett has stated that his Rough Riders will be composed mostly of University of Pennsylvania men and former cavalry soldiers.

In Mexico, it is reported that the American Embassy in Mexico City has been attacked and burned. Also, American civilians are being harassed and attacked throughout northern and eastern Mexico cities. Many of these Americans are attempting to leave the country. General Pancho Villa has met with American representatives near Juarez and assured them that he has no intention of fighting the United States.

In sports, the Yankees beat the A’s 5 to 3. The Giants beat the Phillies 12 to 4.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, April 23, 1914

The weather today is fair and cool with a high reaching 57°.

The parents of Philadelphia’s own, George Poinsett (shown below), killed while carrying Old Glory in battle at Vera Cruz, spoke to reporters today. The grief stricken mother and father of this American hero were interviewed at their home at 5321 North 12th Street. Mr. Poinsett said the news that his son had died was very hard to take but “it’s glorious to know he gave up his life for his country.” Mrs. Poinsett stated she has received many telegraphs from government officials sending their condolences, including one from the Josephus Daniels, Secretary of the Navy. Of her son, Mrs. Poinsett said she was proud that he died for his country. Poinsett 1

In Washington, it has been learned that diplomatic relations between the united States and the government of President Huerta have been severed. Huerta has returned the passport of Charge d’affaires O’Shaughnessy and ordered him to leave the country. Also, Mexico’s Charge d’affaires in Washington has been recalled by Huerta. There are also reports that rebel leader Carranza may join forces with President Huerta to attack American forces and retake Vera Cruz.

In South Philadelphia, the Passyunk Branch of the Free Library was dedicated today at 20th and Shunk Streets. The library is a testament to the great improvements made in that area over the last 10 years. the area was formerly a desolate wilderness with brickyards, dumps, vacant lots and a few old farm houses. Now it is a thriving residential community with broad, well lit paved streets.

In sports, The A’s will play their first game this year at Shibe Park against the visiting Yankees. Their game yesterday in Boston against the Red Sox ended in a 9 to 9 tie. The game had to be called to allow the teams to catch trains to their next destinations. The Phillies beat the Braves at the Baker Bowl 3 to 1. In high school baseball, South Philadelphia High beat Catholic 6 to 3. Central High beat Northeast 11 to 9 and at the seashore Wildwood beat Ocean City 9 to 6.

Today in Philadelphia –Wednesday, April 22, 1914


3000 American Sailors and Marines are ashore at Vera Cruz, Mexico. Congressional approval for this action was finally given at 3:00 am this morning. Authorities in Washington have stated the forces were sent in to occupy the Custom House and prevent the delivery of arms to General Huerta from a German Ship which was unloading them at the port city. By 1:00 pm it is reported the city has been taken and the American Flag flew over the Custom House (shown below). Additional reinforcements are on the way from other American ships expected to arrive later today.Raising Flag At Vera Cruz-4-21-14

One of the first Americans killed in the fight was Seaman George Poinsett of our city. Poinsett was serving on the U.S.S. Florida and was killed as he carried the American Flag at the Custom House. Here, the Navy Yard is fully mobilized and ready in the event additional resources are called upon.

The weather today will be clear and fair with highs around 70°.

In sports, the Boston Braves beat the Phillies 4 to 3 at the Baker Bowl. In Boston, the A’s and Red sox played to a 1-1 tie when the game was called in the 13th inning due to darkness.

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, April 21, 1914


Even before receiving congressional approval, President Wilson has ordered marines ashore at Vera Cruz. The marines have been ordered to seize the customs house at the port (shown below). American officials say this was done to prevent the intended landing of a shipment of arms from a German vessel intended for President Huerta’s forces. President Huerta has called for full resistance and asked the rebel forces under Carranza and Villa to join the effort. Marines Landing At Vera Cruz

In Washington, the Senate is still debating the President’s request for authorization to act. However, administration officials have stated that moving on Vera Cruz was fully within the President’s constitutional authority.

In Philadelphia, nurses of the Red Cross have announced that they are ready, willing and able to serve with American forces if needed. Also, the nearly 5000 veterans of the Spanish American War in our area have offered their service through their fraternal organizations, The Spanish War Veterans and The Veterans of Foreign Service.

In sports, the A’s took both games of their doubleheader against Boston. Penn’s rowing team beat the Naval Academy at Annapolis. And the track team from England’s Oxford University has arrived in the city and is training today in preparation for the University of Pennsylvania’s Relay Carnival [Now known as the Penn Relays].

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, April 20, 1914

In national news, President Wilson will speak to a joint session of Congress (shown below) on the situation in Mexico. It is expected that he will ask for authorization to occupy the Mexican cities of Tampico and Vera Cruz. Mexican President Huerta still refuses American demands to salute the Flag as a sign of apology for the Tampico incident. Also, the U.S. Army has ordered the movement of its 2nd Division, comprising 10,000 troops, to the Mexican border.

Wilson Addressing Congress 4-20-1914(2)

In Philadelphia, hundreds of men and boys today are crowding the Navy recruiting center at 1412 Filbert Street and the Marine recruiting station at 1403 Filbert Street. The War Department has stated that in the event that invasion is necessary, it is prepared to call for 250,000 volunteers. It is expected that at least 21,000 will be called from Pennsylvania.

Locally there is a new development in a story reported some time ago. The reader will remember the strange case of Miss Helen Brown who had contracted hydrophobia (rabies) without ever being bitten by a dog. It was thought that Miss Brown contracted the virus from her brother who had been bitten and was treated for the disease years ago. Doctors speculated perhaps her brother had somehow transferred the virus to her through a bite or scratch. Yesterday specialists who have been examining Miss Brown concluded it was actually a case of hysteria brought on by a subconscious fear. Miss Brown is much improved and is presently resting in Samaritan Hospital.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, April 18, 1914

It is a cloudy day in Philadelphia with the high reaching 70°.

Officials in Washington stated today that if President Huerta refuses to accept American terms to salute the American Flag the ports of Tampico and Vera Cruz will be occupied. If Huerta does not act immediately, President Wilson will go to congress on Monday to ask for Authorization to act.

MediaStream (1)Philadelphia began this years “clean up” week with a parade of its sanitation workers on Broad Street (shown here). The workers clad in their sparkling white uniforms and known as the “white wings” marched up Broad Street from Fitzwater to Diamond. The 2000 men, mostly Negros and swarthy sons of Italy paraded in groups and were accompanied by bands. The Mayor reviewed the workers at Broad & Race.
Miss Mary Morish, 19 years old, jumped from the 2nd floor window of a house at 3rd & Brainbridge to escape White Slavery. The girl told police she had been brought from Poland by a young man upon a promise to marry. The young man later became infatuated with another girl. He disposed of Mary by taking her to the home of Isadore and Sophie Louder at 3rd and Bainbridge where she was drugged and left. The Louders then kept the girl locked in their house and used as a servant for 4 months. The Louders have been charged under the Mann Act.

In sports, the Phillies beat the Giants 5 to 1 but the A’s lost to the Yankees 4 to 0.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, April 17, 1914


He did it by attacking Beatrice Taylor, 18 years old of 3140 North Stillman Street. Miss Taylor answered the back door of her home to whom she thought was a beggar. The man asked for food and when she turned to get some for him, he snipped off 18” of her hair and ran away. The young lady has given the police a description of the man which matches previous description so authorities believe it is the same culprit.

37172rA new theater is scheduled to open soon. It will be owned by Mr. Jules Mastbaum (shown here) and located at 1614 to 1622 Market Street. Mr. Mastbaum promises it will be a beautiful place to enjoy plays and motion pictures. The theater will have a seating capacity of 1,457 and will be able to accommodate a full orchestra.

Distressing news from Mexico. It seems that President Huerta has shifted his position on firing a salute to the American flag. Huerta now requires that Mexican and American guns be fired in alternate rounds. The first round to be fired by Mexico followed by a round from an American ship. President Wilson has refused to accept this new requirement. President Wilson has instructed Secretary Bryan to inform Huerta he must fire a 21 gun salute first and then and only then will American guns respond.

In sports, both the Phillies and the A’s were rained out yesterday.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, April 16, 1914

President Huerta of Mexico has agreed to order a salute to the American Flag. There is however one condition and that is that American ships respond with a salute in acknowledgement. There is also the question of the number of guns to be used in the salute. Negotiations are ongoing and the ambassadors of France and Germany have been instrumental in arranging this agreement. It is hoped that this crisis will pass within the next 24 hours. The U.S.S. Michigan left League Island today on its way to Mexico. Officers interviewed today at the Navy Yard were disappointed to hear that war may be averted.

In local news, representatives of the city are in Washington D.C. today to petition Congress to expand the Frankford Arsenal. The group will ask the government to purchase 25 acres of unused land adjacent to the site.

In Europe, it is reported that the Emperor of Austria-Hungry, Franz Joseph is seriously ill. He is presently resting in Schonbrunn Palace.

In sports, congratulations go out to St. Rita’s Catholic Club Pool Team who defeated St. Elizabeth’s team last night to win the Catholic League Pool Championship. In boxing,

Eddie McAndrews of Manayunk defeated Brooklyn born Young McGowen at the new White Elephant Athletic Club last night. In baseball, the Phillies will face the Giants here today while the Athletics are in New York against the Yankees.

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, April, 15, 1914

It was a rainy day in Philadelphia with the high reaching only 44°. There was no new news in the search for little Warren McCarrick.

Is War with Mexico approaching? The attention of Philadelphians is consumed with the situation in Mexico. Readers will recall that on April 9th Mexican military officials arrested American sailors in Tampico who had gone to the city to purchase fuel. It is also reported that the Mexican authorities intercepted dispatches from the American Charge de Affairs.

Even though the sailors were released and American property returned, Admiral Mayo demanded that the Mexican government fire a 21 gun salute to the American Flag as part of an apology. Admiral Mayo has stated the incident is an affront to American honor. Mexican President Huerta has stated a written apology has already been proffered and no further action is necessary.

U.S.S. South CarolinaPresident Wilson has supported Admiral Mayo’s demand. He has ordered portions of the Atlantic fleet to the area, including the U.S.S. South Carolina (shown here). In less than a week 7 battleships and other warships will arrive carrying 2,500 marines and 10,000 sailors. President Wilson has determined that Mexico will salute the Flag or the Atlantic Fleet will seize Tampico and Vera Cruz. There are currently 5 battleships in the Philadelphia Navy Yard being prepared to sail.

In sports, yesterday the Phillies beat the Giants 10 to 1. The Athletics lost to the Yankees 3 to 2. Today’s games have been rained out. In high school baseball, Central beat Roman Catholic 16 to 4. This was mostly due to 15 fielding errors committed by the Catholic boys. Northeast High beat West Philadelphia High 4 to 2.

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, April 14, 1914

It is an overcast rainy day in Philadelphia with highs reaching only around 41°.

.Today is the Opening Day of the 1914 Baseball season. The Phillies will open here at the Baker Bowl against the Giants. The starting pitcher for the Phillies will be Grover Cleveland Alexander while the Giants will give the ball to Christy Mathewson. The Athletics will take on the New York Yankees at the Polo Grounds in New York City. Chief Bender 1913Chief Bender [shown here] will start for the A’s while Ray Keating will take the mound for the Yankees

In startling news for beer lovers, whiskey is supplanting beer as the city’s favorite drink. Tax authorities reported here that revenue collection from beer fell by $73,000. But whiskey revenue rose by $78,000. Some saloon owners said this was due to new regulations prohibiting them from selling over 1 quart at a time. This has cut into the pitcher and can trade. Previously a patron could bring a pitcher into a salon and fill it with 2 or 3 quarts for .10¢. But now bartenders are required to measure out 1 quart at a time, which is lowering consumption.

In international news, the Mexican situation is becoming increasingly more dangerous. President Wilson has ordered portions of the Atlantic Fleet to Tampico, Mexico. The U.S.S. South Carolina is already in route. The deployment is being done to persuade the Mexican government that the 21 gun salute to the American Flag as a sign of apology for the arrest of American sailors last Thursday is necessary and required to assuage American honor. 

Today in Philadelphia –Monday, April 13, 1914

Philadelphians enjoyed clear and sunny skies today. But temperatures remained close to freezing.It is reported that as part of the our Easter festivities yesterday, Philadelphians ate over 144,000 eggs!

The city is taking all possible precautions today against an outbreak of small pox. An intern at Philadelphia General Hospital was found to be infected with the disease. As a result patients at the Hospital were vaccinated today. Also over 3000 residents in the neighborhood of 72nd Street and Woodland Avenue, where the women lived, are being visited today and through the week to vaccinate them as a precaution.

“Aunt” Mahala Ayers is celebrating her 114th birthday today. Aunt Mahala resides at the Home for Aged and Infirm Colored Persons located at Girard and Belmont Avenue. She was born a slave on a Maryland plantation. The date of her birth is attested to in an old Bible. Aunt Mahala credits her long life to clean living and reading her Bible. She is in good health and in possession of her faculties.

Toe rings, worn with sandals on the 1st and 3rd toe, are the newest sensation in women’s fashion in Paris. Philadelphia women have yet to adopt this decoration but with the coming of the spring and summer months who can tell what the young ladies of our city may embrace.

In National and International news, President Wilson has told visitors to the White House today that he fully supports Admiral Mayo’s position regarding the firing of a salute to the American Flag by the Mexican government.

In sports, the Phillies defeated the Athletics at Shibe Park 6 to 5. Also the areas amateur baseball teams are looking for opponents and trying to line up games for their season. Over 50 local teams hope to be in action this summer.

Today in Philadelphia – Sunday, April 12, 1914

Christians in Philadelphia and throughout the Country attend Easter Sunday Services today. After church, people returned to their homes for relaxation and family Easter dinners. The city’s businesses including its newspapers were closed for the day.

But there was news from Mexico which was beginning to capture the attention of the nation. Dispatches have been received today that the government of Mexico has refused to salute the American flag as a sign of its apology for the arrest and detention of American sailors last Thursday in Tampico. The sailors were in the city to purchase gasoline and retrieve mail for the American ships in port. According to Mexican authorities, the arrests were a mistake by a junior officer and were not meant as a provocation. President Huerta has already sent a written apology to the American Charge d’ Affaires in Mexico.

Admiral MayoBut Admiral Mayo (shown here), commander of the American Fleet in the region has demanded a 21 gun salute as a tangible expression of the formal apology. President Wilson has approved and supported Admiral Mayo’s demand. Also in Tampico, the American navy is assisting refugees and foreign nationals fleeing the fighting.
In college baseball yesterday, Columbia beat Penn 5 to 0 and Villanova defeated Swarthmore 4 to 2.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, April 11, 1914

Train to AC Philadelphians by the thousands are heading for the shore to spend Easter by the sea. All Philadelphia railway terminals were full today and yesterday with anxious vacationers. Atlantic City is expecting throngs of strollers along its boardwalk. But the town fathers of that city have proclaimed the beach town will be “dry”. Only water will be available to quench the thirst on the boardwalk. Consumption of alcohol will be prohibited and those found breaking the law are subject to heavy fines and possible imprisonment.

 The search continues for little Warren McCarrick. Today detectives travelled to Ambler, Pennsylvania acting on a tip that a German farmer there was the author of the 2 letters describing the boy’s death and burial. After searching the farm in question and questioning the man, detectives left finding nothing. However, police said the man will be kept under surveillance pending further investigation.

The Philadelphia Bureau of Health reported today that pneumonia was responsible for 108 of the 592 deaths in the city last week or about 18%. The Bureau is issuing an advisory telling people to avoid contact with others who appear ill. Readers will recall that pneumonia swept through the city last year about this time killing thousands. On a more pleasant note the Women’s City Relief League is distributing free Easter bonnets to poor little girls today at Reading Terminal at 12th & Filbert. Also, the Jewish citizens of Philadelphia and the world are celebrating Passover today which, according to their traditions, began last night.

In sports, the Phillies beat the Athletics 4 to 1 in another city series game.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, April 10, 1914

Good Friday services are being held today in the area churches as Christians commemorate the day of Christ’s execution. Although the skies are clear and sunny it will also be cold with the high only reaching 32°.

In the ongoing search for little Warren McCarrick, an informant has told police he knows the man who wrote the 2 letters in German detailing the boy’s fate. Police have been told the man lives on a farm near Ambler, Pennsylvania. The man has been in America about 4 years and has a wife and 4 children. The informant says the man has been acting very depressed for the past few weeks. Detectives have been dispatched to locate the man and investigate the claims.

The chief of police has issued an order which prohibits boys from playing pussy or baseball on city streets. Any boys found playing these games will be arrested. The Bureau of Police stated the order was issued as a result of numerous complaints received from citizens who have been injured as a result of the games or have had their windows broken. [“Pussy” is no longer played in Philadelphia. It was a game also known as tip-cat in other cities but called “pussy” in Philadelphia. It was played with a long piece of wood, something like a baseball bat and a shorter, tapered piece of wood which was batted in the air.]

In sports, a federal judge in Chicago today denied the request of the Chicago Whales of the Federal League for an injunction against Bill Killefer (shown here) playing for the Phillies. The Whales argued that Killefer has already signed a contract to play for them this season. “Reindeer Bill” denies signing any such contract.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, April 9, 1914

 All department stores both large and small are holding Easter sales today. Easter is this Sunday, April 12th. Gimbels, Wanamaker’s, Snellenburg’s and Strawbridge & Clothier are advertising their spring finery. Men’s suits are selling for $15.00 dollars, the newest derby hats can be had for $2.00, women’s poplin and silk skirts for $7.00 and silk stockings are priced at the low price of 65¢.

The Philadelphia Stock Exchange announced today it will be closed tomorrow in observance of Good Friday. Also, 25 bodies will be disinterred today from the Ninth Presbyterian Church grave yard at 19th & Race Streets. The grave yard is to be closed for land and building improvements.

In New York City, a descendant of Napoleon Bonaparte was married today. Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte, a great nephew of Napoleon I and the great-grandson of Jerome Bonaparte the former King of Westphalia married Blanche Pierce Strebeigh (divorcee). On his application for marriage Mr. Bonaparte, who lives in New York, listed his occupation as “none”.

In national news, rumors are swirling that American Marines may be landed at Tampico, Mexico to protect American citizens there as well as other foreign nationals.

In sports the Brooklyn Robins beat the Athletics 3 to 2 at Ebbets Field. The Phillies game against the New York Yankees was rained out.

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, April 8, 1914

In local news, the city is experiencing another outbreak of German measles. Last year 10,000 children were struck with the disease. So far this month 1,791 cases are reported. The majority of these cases are said to be located in Germantown. The Tenderloin was searched today for little Warren McCarrick. During the search 2 men were arrested for heroin possession. The men, when brought before the Magistrate Court, begged the judge to return their heroin. He refused.

In sports, the Athletics defeated the Phillies 2 to 1, winning the city series.

In International news the United States agreed today to pay Columbia 25 million dollars for the partition of Panama and the Acquisition of the Canal Zone (shown below). The treaty was signed in Bogata. In Mexico, 612 Spanish citizens deported by Pancho Villa have reached the border and entered American Territory. Also, it is reported Tampico has been taken by the rebel forces. 

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, April 7, 1914

In local news, 2600 tailors and other garment workers went on strike today. The workers claim they are overworked and underpaid. They assert they often work long hours every day and are not provided any overtime pay. The workers are demanding a 9 hour workday, a 10-15% raise in base pay and they want overtime pay. Also, In the continuing search for little Warren McCarrick, city police are once again dragging the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers for the boy. Captain of Detectives Cameron has stated categorically that the search would not be stopped until the boy is found.

ED WYNNvcvg24 In entertainment news, Ed Wynn (shown here) and his troop will be appearing at Keith’s Vaudeville Theater, 1116 Chestnut Street,  in “The King’s Jester.” Mr. Wynn is a native son of our city. He was born here in 1886. In those days he was known as Isaiah Edwin Leopold before entering the theatrical world.  [modern readers may know Mr. Wynn from his numerous appearances on television in the 50’s and 60’s and his movie roles in Mary Poppins and Babes in Toyland .]

In sports, the Athletic’s beat the Phillies 6 to 1 at Shibe Park in a city series game. In college baseball the Carlisle Indians defeated Cornell 3 to 1.

In foreign news reports have been received that in Mexico, in the town of Conception del Oro, rebels have erected a Guillotine to be used to execute members of the Federal army and their sympathizers.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, April 6, 1914

In the continuing search for little Warren McCarrick, police are trying to trace the manufacture of the peculiar envelope used which contained the letter written in German describing the boy’s death and burial. Police are contacting stationary companies in the hope that the envelope’s shape and lavender border could lead them to where that type of envelope was sold. Hopefully that information will lead them to its purchaser.

Mr. Simon Gratz, Chairman of the Special Committee reviewing the salaries of public school teachers, has recommended increases in salaries for both male and female teachers. Presently men earn between $800.00 to $1,300.00 per year depending on term of service and grade taught. Women earn between $700.00 to $1,000.00 per year. Also, after Easter a new school will open in South Philadelphia. The Edgar Allan Poe school will be opened at 22nd & Ritner Streets. The school will accommodate 1,100 students and was necessary due to the expanding population in the area.

151px-RaisuliIn foreign news, it is reported that the Raissuli of Morrocco (shown here) is dying of typhus. Readers will remember that in 1904 the Raissuli kidnapped Mr. Ion Perdicaris (one time citizen of Trenton, N.J.) demanding ransom.  The incident is also remembered for President Roosevelt’s stating “Perdicaris alive or Raissuli dead.” [Modern readers may be familiar with the incident due to the 1975 movie “The Wind and The Lion” in which the Raissuli was played by Sean Connery and Mr. Perdicaris was turned into Candice Bergen]. In Mexico, Pancho Villa has ordered the deportation of all 600 Spanish citizens from the city of Torreon.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, April 4, 1914


The death sentence for the desperado of the Tenderloin has been commuted. Due to the efforts of concerned citizens for pilfering pouches, Jerry will live. Mr. Charles Biddle, esquire, announced today that Jerry’s sentence has been commuted to life…in the countryside. Jerry (By the way, the picture isn’t really of Jerry) will be handed over to a fine lady, who wishes to remain anonymous. She has sworn in court to become Jerry’s jailer and keep him locked away in the meadows and rolling hills of her estate outside of the city. When given the news of this decision, Jerry handled it with the same dignity and grace he exhibited when receiving the death sentence. He turned in a circle, 3 times, and then calmly lay down next to his water dish for a nap. Good Luck Jerry.

At the Seaside, a new bridge was opened today linking Ocean City, New Jersey with Somers Point. Crowds on both sides of the bridge cheered and took a stroll across to the other side. Residents are happy the bridge was completed in time for the Easter tourist season.

In sports, Southern High School was presented with the championship trophy as this year’s winner of the Public League Basketball Championship.

In foreign news, reports are being received that Pancho Villa is executing federal troops and their supporters who had surrendered in the battle of Torreon. In Europe, Greek forces have invaded Albania. William, the recently crowned King of Albania has stated he will personally take command of the army and lead his troops into battle.

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, April 3, 1914

Jerry the dog is still alive. Jerry had been accused, tried and sentenced to death in Municipal Court for stealing clothing and other items from store fronts in the Tenderloin section of the city and for biting the police officer who apprehended him. But now Jerry may have a new lease on life. Lawyers have come forward to take up the case and appeal the death sentence. Since the sentence Jerry has been living well at the Morris Animal Refuge at 12th & Lombard and enjoying elaborate meals. Since the sentencing the judge and city officials have received threats from animal lovers opposed to the execution.

In the case of little Warren McCarrick a second letter, written in German, has been received. This time the letter was sent to the parents of little Warren. This letter recounts the same events as was contained in the previous note. Why it was sent directly to Warren’s parents is not known. Police continue to ask for help in tracking the letter writer from the city’s German community.

In the Arts, Anna Pavlova and her company performed yesterday at the Academy of Music in a program based on Liszt’s symphonic poem “Les Preludes”. In Sports, the Phillies beat the Athletics 4 to 0 this afternoon.

In Mexico, it has been confirmed that Torreon has fallen to Pancho Villa. Torreon was a stronghold of President Huerta. In the 6 day battle it is reported Villa’s forces lost 500 men and the Federal forces lost over 1000. 

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, April 2, 1914

The Bureau of the Census reported today that 60% (879,363 persons) of the city’s white population is composed of persons born in Europe or the children of persons born in Europe.

In crime news, last night Police patrolman Crooks engaged in a terrifying fight on the roof of a home at 1234 South 17th Street. Patrolman Crooks found James Brown, age 30, trying to burglarize the home. When he attempted to arrest Brown the man resisted and tried to throw patrolman Crooks off the roof. Eventually the patrolman was forced to “severely subdue” Brown who is now in the hospital.

In foreign news, the daughter of the Czar of Russia, Grand Duchess Olga was engaged today to Prince Charles heir to the throne of Romania.

!!!wadell4There is sad news in sports where it has been learned that George Edward “Rube” Waddell (shown here) died yesterday at his home in Texas. He was 37 years old. It is believed he died of tuberculosis. Waddell had been out of baseball since 1910 and reportedly was penniless. Athletics fans will remember that Waddell pitched for the team from 1902 to 1907. He won 131 games for the A’s and led them to the pennant in 1902 and 1905. 

Today in Philadelphia – Wednesday, April 1, 1914

 A new lead has arisen in the Warren McCarrick case. Detectives are combing the city for the writer of a note about the fate of little Warren. The note, written in German, states the boy was accidentally killed when he was kicked by the horse pulling the writer’s wagon. The writer claims little Warren spooked the horse when he went under it to retrieve a toy he was playing with and was kicked. In fear the writer says he placed the boy’s body in his wagon and took it to a farm for burial. He claims he is very depressed over this and will return the body if he is promised immunity from prosecution. Police are asking the Philadelphia German community for help in finding the writer.

The Pennsylvania Association Opposed to Women’s Suffrage, located at 261 South 15th Street, announced today the opening of their campaign against votes for women. Mrs. Horace Brock, the organization’s president, stated “We oppose votes for women because we realize that the spheres of men and women, owning to nature, are essentially different.” She said “only a few women want to vote and most of these women are undesirable voters.” Mrs. Brock stated “Women are wholly dependent upon men for security … It is the man’s responsibility to do the chief work in the public business and bear the responsibility.”

In sports, the Athletics defeated Penn’s baseball team yesterday at Shibe Park 14 to 4. Also, the Philadelphia Women’s’ Fencing Club left today for New York to compete in the National Foils Championship. Seven members of the team are from Temple College where fencing is one of the compulsory divisions of the curriculum.

Today in Philadelphia – Tuesday, March 31, 1914

Freihofer’s Bread Company has announced they will be having a Shetland pony parade at its 20th & Indiana Streets location this Saturday. They are inviting all the city’s children to come out and take pony rides on the numerous ponies from their stable. And one lucky boy or girl will have the chance to win one of the ponies.

The University of Pennsylvania has reported that 180 students have converted to Christianity as a result of Billy Sunday’s speaking engagement there yesterday. In other educational news the Narberth public schools have closed down due to an outbreak of Scarlet fever in the area. On student, Roy Nelson age 12, has died from the disease so far.

In sports, the baseball team of the University of Pennsylvania will play the Athletics in an exhibition game at Shibe Park this afternoon. Negotiations are under way to bring the Army-Navy football game back to Philadelphia. However, Baltimore, New York and Princeton are also vying for the game. The U.S. Olympic Committee voted yesterday to ban women from competition in the 1916 games in Berlin with a few exceptions. Women will still be able to compete in tennis, gymnastics and shooting.

In foreign news, in England the Home Rule Bill calling for Irish autonomy was called up for a second reading in Parliament. There has been furious debate over the measure including the resignation of a number of cabinet ministers and military officers who oppose the measure. In Mexico, General Pancho Villa has declared that the Federal army in the city of Torreon has been completely defeated.

Today in Philadelphia – Monday, March 30, 1914

Yesterday, Sunday, throughout the city’s churches prayers were said, candles were lit and hymns were sung in remembrance of little lost Warren McCarrick. Detectives have also announced a new lead to the boy’s whereabouts. Information has been received that a boy answering little Warren’s description is said to be being held by 2 men on Barbadoes Island near Norristown in the Schuylkill River.  Detectives intend to search the Island as soon as possible.

Mayor Blankenburg has asked the City Controller to speak with him about a $30.00 expense for the manufacture of 20,000 buttons to be distributed to school children announcing the City’s clean up week in April. The Mayor wants to insure the money is a reasonable expenditure of the City’s funds.

Billy SundayEvangelist Billy Sunday brought his revival and mission to Philadelphia today. Sunday preached and exhorted a crowd of 3000 faculty, students and guests at Weightman Hall on the campus of the University of Pennsylvania this afternoon. The crowd opened the event by welcoming Mr. Sunday with the Penn cheer as he walked on stage. Some may remember Mr. Sunday, during his baseball career, he played for the Phillies in the 1890 season.

Today in Philadelphia – Saturday, March 28, 1914

Philadelphia detectives were sure they were on the verge of solving the case of missing little Warren McCarrick. The admitted today they were wrong. Police felt they had credible information that the boy was being held in a vacant house at 12th & Pine Streets. Unfortunately after an extensive search of the house today, no trace of the boy was found.

Another youngster, 7 years old James Bernard of South Philadelphia, had a terrible evening last night. While playing with his father’s pistol, the boy shot off his nose. He is now recovering in Methodist Hospital.

In Britain, opposition to Home Rule in Ireland has arisen in the ranks of the British Army. A list of at least 900 army officers, including Field Marshal Sir John French have expressed their intention to resign from the service if Home Rule is approved. The officers have stated they will not fight Unionist in Ulster should they rise up against Home Rule.

Reports from Mexico are that General Pancho Villa has captured the city of Gomez Palacio after 4 days of fighting. Also, news has been received that Villa’s forces have entered the city of Torreon. No official reports on casualties have as yet been received but Federal losses are said to be heavy.

In sports, preliminary bouts in the intercollegiate wrestling tournament were held last night at Weightman Hall at the University of Pennsylvania. The bouts resulted in a 3 way tie between Penn, Lehigh and Cornell. In baseball, the Phillies lost their exhibition game to the Senators 5 to 2. 

Today in Philadelphia – Friday, March 27, 1914

 Frank O’Connor, one of the lead detectives in the Warren McCarrick case stated today he believes the boy has been kidnapped and is still alive. O’Connor refused to provide any further information. Now the police are looking to question 2 female fortune tellers who were known to be on Bainbridge Street at the time of the boy’s disappearance. Also, Wilkes-Barre police have notified Philadelphia police that they have dispatched men to intercept a “gypsy” wagon which was said to have contained a young blond boy.

The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts today awarded its Medal of Honor to Miss Mary Cassatt (shown below), in recognition of her high achievement in art and for her service to the academy. Miss Cassatt is a graduate of the Academy.

The Pennsylvania Railroad office here today confirmed reports that it has laid off 15,000 employees over the last 3 months due to economic concerns. Additionally the Company has reported that about 40,000 employees are to be placed on shorter or limited time schedules.

In sports, Mrs. R.H. Barlow of the Merion Cricket Club lost the title game of the amateur golf championship to Miss Florence Harvey of Canada at Pinehurst, N.C. The Jasper team beat Camden 42 to 18 in the 3rd playoff game of the Eastern League Basketball tournament at the Nonpariel Club, Kensington Avenue & Ontario Street. The game was marked by fighting between the teams and eventual police intervention to control the crowd.

Today in Philadelphia – Thursday, March 26, 1914

“Jack the Clipper” struck again yesterday. This time at 52nd & Parkside Avenue. The victim is 12 year old Helen Faulker of 5236 Jefferson Street. “Jack” approached the unsuspecting girl and cut off a full 18” of her tresses before running away.

A solemn ceremony took place today in Rittenhouse Square. It was the burial of Thomas Rittenhouse, resident cat. Old Tom had lived in the Square for 27 years and was loved by all who knew him. He was always willing to play with the neighborhood children or just sit on a welcoming lap and purr. Tom died last night in the arms of his longtime friend, patrolman Thomas Jefferson who had cared for him for many years. The funeral included a crepe draped coffin, pall bearers, and many mourners. Tom was laid to rest under his favorite tree.

No progress was reported in the search for little Warren McCarrick.

The Pennsylvania Railroad office here today confirmed reports that it has laid off 15,000 employees over the last 3 months due to economic concerns. Additionally the Company has reported that about 40,000 employees are to be placed on shorter or limited time schedules.

In Mexico, Pancho Villa and around 2,000 of his men have been driven back from Torreon by Federal cavalry units. Villa had been camped about 6 miles from Torreon and was surprised by the Federals who had flanked him. Villa has had to retreat 22 miles from Torreon. This, however, has not stopped the battle at Torreon where rebels are still besieging the city.

In Sports, the Athletics lost their exhibition game to the Baltimore Internationals today in Wilmington, North Carolina, 6 to 2. Two costly errors by second baseman Eddie Collins helped the Baltimore team top the A’s. The Phillies defeated the Raleigh Capitals, 11 to 2. The Raleigh team is led by player/manager Earl Mack, Connie Mack’s son.

Today In Philadelphia – Wednesday, March 25, 1914

Philadelphia detectives travelled today to New Jersey in search of little Warren McCarrick. Reports have been received from New Jersey police that the boy may be with a group of Gypsies who are living near Pemberton.

In crime news, “Jack the Clipper” has struck again in West Philadelphia. “Jack” is known to approach unsuspecting women and cut off pieces of their hair. The latest incident occurred at 52nd & Wyalusing to Miss Marie Wiegard while she was speaking with a friend. The man bumped into her, then apologized and ran away. It wasn’t until later that Miss Wiegard and her friend realized what had occurred. Police are asking for the public’s help in apprehending this fiend.

In sports, the weather finally cooperated for the Phillies down south and they were able to play a game beating Raleigh, North Carolina 7 to 0. The Athletics lost to the Cardinals in Jacksonville, Florida, 5 to 3.

In Mexico, fighting continues at Torreon. However, reports are that the Mexican Federal forces have repelled General Villa’s army for now.

Today In Philadelphia – Tuesday, March 24, 1914

Police today began dragging the Schuylkill River for the body of little Warren McCarrick.  Police believed Warren may have waded into the river to test his new hip boots and was swept away.

Also in the news, a delegation of Philadelphia and Camden officials met in Washington, DC today with Secretary of War Garrison. The delegation is there to ask for funds to build a bridge across the Delaware Rive to join the two cities. The group proposes the bridge be named the “William Penn Memorial Bridge”. The group contends that now all cross river traffic is controlled by private corporations which deprive the cities of needed revenue. They are requesting that the federal government assist them with the costs of building the bridge.

In society news, it was announced today that the poet Ezra Pound of our area is engaged to marry Miss Dorothy Shakespeare of London. Mr. Pound, a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania and a former resident of the Wyncote section has been living in England. The couple plan on marrying on April 18 of this year.

On our southern border American troops were fired upon by Mexican federal forces across the Rio Grande at McKee’s Crossing, Texas. No American injuries were reported. This is the first time Mexican forces have fired on Americans since the Mexican American War of 1848. Also, Pancho Villa’s men are attacking the city of Torreon, Mexico. Mexican government troops are putting up a stiff resistance. It is reported that there are already over 1500 dead in the battle.

In sports, spring training for the Phillies has not gone well. The team has lost almost 2/3 of their practice days due to snow and rain in Wilmington, North Carolina. Today’s game, in Durham North Carolina, against Trinity College was also rained out. Also, Mrs. R.H. Barlow (shown below) of the Merion Cricket Club has won the gold medal today in the qualifying round of the amateur golf championship at Pinehurst, North Carolina.

Mrs. R.H. Barlow

Today In Philadelphia – Monday, March 23, 1914

The search for 7 year old Warren McCarrick (shown below) still continues. But today we learn of an ominous development. The parents of the boy have received a ransom note demanding $7,500.00 for the boy’s return or he will be killed. Police, however, do not believe that the author of the note actually have the boy. They believe it is just an attempt to extort money from the grieving parents.

Wareen and parents2

On the Waterfront today, America launched it new dreadnought, the U.S.S. Oklahoma. The ship was launched from the Camden dock of the New York Shipbuilding Company. The launching was attended by Secretary of the Navy Daniels and Assistant Secretary Franklin Delano Roosevelt. The ship is the largest vessel ever launched on the Delaware River.

New homes are available on Christian Street between 57th and 58th Streets. The homes offer hot water heat, electric light, a combination range and basement laundry. The homes can be purchased for $3,600.00

In Mexico, it is reported that Pancho Villa has begun his bombardment of the city of Torreon. Villa has amassed 12,000 troops outside the city.

Today In Philadelphia – Sunday, March 22, 1914 

Were Gypsies involved in the disappearance of little Warren McCarrick? Or perhaps the “Black Hand”? Police have received information that little Warren McCarrick may have been taken by a band of Brazilian Gypsies. The information is supplied by members of a Hungarian Gypsy group presently living at 2nd and Bainbridge. The Hungarians told police, they saw a young blond boy with the Brazilians earlier this week. The Hungarians found this strange because blond children are unusual among Brazilians. They then saw the Brazilians suddenly pack up their tents and move on at night. Police are trying to locate the Brazilian group who they think moved onto Delaware County.

Also, Police in Norristown, Pa. have discovered a letter allegedly written by the “Black Hand” that states they have the boy and are willing to return him if the police do not pursue them. The letter explains the Black Hand took the wrong boy. They had meant to kidnap a different boy, who they still intend to take at a later date.

In foreign news, Mexican President has reportedly said he would be willing to resign in favor of foreign Minister Jose Lopes Portillo if it would put an end to the civil war.

In sports, Cambridge University has announced that for the first time in its history it will send a team to a foreign shore. Cambridge stated it will send its team to compete in the University of Pennsylvania relay games to be held at Franklin Field in 1915.

Today In Philadelphia – Saturday, March 21, 1914

The search for little 7 year old Warren McCarrick continues today. Police have received a tip from a citizen that the boy was seen in the company of a white man about 40 years of age in Camden and the pair boarded a train for Clementon, New Jersey. Police have been dispatched to Camden and Clementon to track down the lead. In this city groups of police and citizens continue to search the area around 19th and Bainbridge including abandoned houses and warehouses and along the Schuylkill River waterfront.

In news of the heart, the first ever marriage at the 9th and Chestnut street Post Office was performed today. Mr. Nazzarino Alusio and Miss Maria Teluzzi were wed today by the Federal judge who had convicted Mr. Alusio of white slavery. Miss Teluzzi had claimed that Mr. Alusio brought her to America on the promise of marriage but once here took advantage of her and then left her. The judge sentenced Mr. Alusio to 2 years in prison but offered to suspend the sentence if Mr. Alusio married the young women. Mr. Alusio apparently considered marriage better than prison. The happy couple will be residing at 1340 South Mole Street.

In sports, The Gimbel Cup Trophy for High School football was presented today to West Philadelphia High School by Mr. Ellis Gimbel. West Philadelphia will only hold the Cup for half the next year as it must be shared with Central High School since both teams finished the season with identical records.

In Mexico General Pancho Villa has amassed a force of 12,000 men outside of the city of Torreon which is held by Federal forces. Villa has announced he will soon take the city.

Today In Philadelphia – Friday, March 20, 1914

It is cold today with a high of only 26°. Snow is in the forecast with up to 3” predicted.
The search for young Warren McCarrick continues.  Little 7 year old Warren went missing last week from the area around 19th and Bainbridge Streets. His parents are secluded in their home at 619 South 19th Street surrounded by friends and family. Neighbors and friends by the hundreds are assisting police in searching the neighborhood for any clue to the boy’s whereabouts. A reward of $6,000.00 has been offered by the city and local business men for information leading to the boys return.

Warren McCarrick

 In other news, a house at 731 South Iseminger Street collapsed overnight killing 5 people and injuring 4 others. The dead and injured, all Negros, were asleep when the collapsed occurred.

In Mexico, 232 Mexican Federal soldiers were executed yesterday by the rebels. The Federal troops had been surrounded and were promised safety if they surrendered. The federal soldiers surrendered and gave up their weapons. The rebels then asked them if they would join their cause. When the Federal soldiers refused they were summarily executed.

In sports, Central High School was forced to cancel its basketball game today with Catholic High School because all but one of its players is too ill to play. In Eastern League Basketball last night Jasper defeated Trenton 34 to 21 at the Nonpareil Club last night.